The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Libya

Sept. 13, 2021, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Malaysia, Maldives, Mexico, Nigeria, Palestine, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Yemen
Variables: LRW-SCALE-12

6.0
July 21, 2021, 10:30 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: GP-DATA-2, GP-DATA-6

"Activist and lawyer Najla Al-Mangoush, from the main eastern city of Benghazi, is the country’s first female foreign minister" (Para 11).
July 21, 2021, 10:30 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-1

"In a statement to the UN Human Rights Council this week, Britain urged the GNU to 'work toward the full, equal and meaningful participation of women, including in conflict resolution and decision-making'" (Para 8). "Interim Prime Minister Abdul Hamid Dbeibah, sworn in on Monday, was selected last month alongside a three-member presidency council as part of a UN-sponsored process launched in November" (Para 15). "'We are proud to see Libyan women named to key posts, but also unhappy that the prime minister failed to keep his commitment,' said Ghalia Sassi, president of the women’s association Maaha (With Her)" (Para 18).
July 21, 2021, 10:30 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"And while a decade of insecurity and conflict has had a profound impact on daily life in Libya, a worrying development has been violence against rights activists, including women. In November, unidentified armed men gunned down lawyer and women’s activist Hanan Al-Barassi in broad daylight in Benghazi. Human Rights Watch urged authorities to investigate the 'apparent politically motivated killing,' while the UN mission to Libya said Barassi’s death showed 'the threats faced by Libyan women as they dare to speak out.' Her killing came after the disappearance of lawmaker Siham Sergewa, who was taken from her home in Benghazi in July 2019. Her abduction came shortly after the airing of...more
July 21, 2021, 10:30 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: ASR-DATA-1

"She will be working alongside jurist Halima Ibrahim Abderrahmane, from the western town of Gharyan, who takes the justice portfolio, and Mabrouka Touki, an academic from the southern Fezzan region, who has a degree in nuclear physics and will head the culture ministry" (Para 13).
July 21, 2021, 10:30 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-4

"Mangoush rose to prominence in 2011 as part of the National Transitional Council, the political arm of the rebellion that brought an end to Qaddafi’s 42-year rule" (Para 12). "Although Libyan women played a key role during the 2011 uprising, they have had a limited presence in previous transitional bodies and in the current parliament. The GNU’s predecessor, the Government of National Accord, headquartered in western Libya and established in 2016, had just two women from some 30 portfolios. A parallel eastern administration, not recognized by the international community, had just one" (Para 22-24).
July 21, 2021, 10:30 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"Libya’s new government includes five women, with two in key portfolios — a first for the country nonetheless criticized by activists as insufficient and as not living up to a UN commitment" (Para 1). "The Cabinet comprises 26 ministers and six ministers of state, with women assigned to five posts, including the key foreign affairs and justice portfolios" (Para 4). "Activists point to his pledge when a candidate in the UN process to allocate 30 percent of ministerial positions to women. Under the current lineup, women account for just half that amount" (Para 16-17).
July 21, 2021, 10:30 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: GP-DATA-3, GP-DATA-4

"Wafaa Al-Kilani is in charge of social affairs and Houria Al-Tormal the women’s ministry" (Para 14).
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"A November media report showed videos where migrants unable to pay smugglers were sold into slavery, including being forced to work as prostitutes or manual laborers, at auctions" (p 17).
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape but does not address spousal rape" (p 21).
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Nor was there any information regarding laws regulating the minimum age of consensual sex" (p 26).
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"There were also multiple reports of women who could not depart from the country’s western airports controlled by pro-GNA militias because they did not have “male guardians,” which is not a legal requirement in the country" (p 18). "On February 16, LNA commander Khalifa Haftar and the military governor of the region that extends from Derna to Ben Jawwad, Abdelrazeq al-Nadhouri, issued an order requiring women who wished to travel abroad by land, air, or sea to be accompanied by a male guardian. On February 23, al-Nadhouri repealed the order and expanded the travel restriction to all men and women ages 18 to 45. The PC issued a statement in...more
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"To address the abuse of migrants and refugees and combat trafficking in persons, the government launched an investigation and vowed to bring perpetrators to justice. Starting on November 29, the government also authorized UNHCR, the IOM, and other international agencies to open offices in the country and to provide assistance to refugees and migrants, repatriate those who wished to return to their home countries, and access detention centers in areas controlled by the GNA. At the November African Union-EU Summit on Migration and a November 28 UN Security Council session, the government strongly condemned allegations of slavery in the country. In December the government committed to setting up a joint...more
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Although the law prohibits discrimination based on gender, there was widespread cultural, economic, and societal discrimination against women. Sharia governs family matters, including inheritance, divorce, and the right to own property" (p 25).
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Sharia governs family matters, including inheritance, divorce, and the right to own property. While civil law mandates equal rights in inheritance, women often received less due to interpretations of sharia law that favor men" (p 25).
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes sexual harassment, but there were no reports on how or whether it was enforced. According to civil society organizations, there was widespread harassment and intimidation of women by militias and extremists, including accusations of “un-Islamic” behavior" (p 25).
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The Constitutional Declaration prohibits domestic violence, but it did not contain reference to penalties for conviction of violence against women" (p 24).
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"Militia checkpoints and those imposed by ISIS, Ansar al-Sharia, and other extremist organizations impeded internal movement and, in some areas, prohibited women from moving freely without a male escort. There were also multiple reports of women who could not depart from the country’s western airports controlled by pro-GNA militias because they did not have “male guardians,” which is not a legal requirement in the country" (p 18). "Women faced social forms of discrimination, which affected their ability to access employment, their presence in the workplace, and their mobility and personal freedom" (p 25). "On February 16, LNA commander Khalifa Haftar and the military governor of the region that extends from...more
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The minimum age for marriage is 18 for both men and women, although judges may provide permission for those under age 18 to marry" (p 26).
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"There were reports the government denied persons with HIV/AIDS permission to marry. There were reports the government segregated detainees suspected of having HIV/AIDS from the rest of the detainee population, often in overcrowded spaces, and they were the last to receive medical treatment" (p 28).
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-2

"Social and cultural barriers--including police and judicial reluctance to act and family reluctance to publicize an assault--contributed to lack of effective government enforcement" (p 24).
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Women faced discrimination in the workplace. Observers reported that authorities precluded hiring women for positions in the civil service and in specific professions that they occupied previously, such as school administration. They reported social pressure on women to leave the workplace, especially in highprofile professions such as journalism and law enforcement. In rural areas societal discrimination restricted women’s freedom of movement, including to local destinations, and impaired their ability to play an active role in the workplace" (p 30).
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In previous years rape survivors who could not meet high evidentiary standards could face charges of adultery" (p 24).
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, PRN-LAW-1

"There was no information available on laws prohibiting or penalties for the commercial sexual exploitation of children or prohibiting child pornography" (p 26).
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"By law, children derive citizenship only from a citizen father. Children born to a citizen father and a noncitizen mother are automatically considered citizens even if they are born abroad. Citizen mothers alone were unable to transmit citizenship to their children, but there are naturalization provisions for noncitizens. The law permits female nationals to confer nationality to their children in certain circumstances, such as when fathers are unknown, stateless, of unknown nationality, or do not establish filiation. In instances where the father is a noncitizen, the children produced from that union are effectively stateless and banned from entering higher education, travelling, and certain educational opportunities. Without citizenship, stateless persons are...more
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Female judicial police staff reportedly guards female detainees in al-Quafiya prison" (p 5).
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (p 25).
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, LRW-LAW-4

"By law a convicted rapist may avoid a 25-year prison sentence by marrying the survivor, regardless of her wishes--provided her family consents. According to UNSMIL, the forced marriage of rape survivors to their perpetrators as a way to avoid criminal proceedings remained rare" (p 24).
June 21, 2021, 6:19 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"Although a party to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), Libya does not have a National Action Plan per resolution 1325 (2000)" (para 2).
June 15, 2021, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Botswana, Brunei, Burundi, Comoros, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, D R Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Haiti, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Qatar, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: PW-SCALE-1

3.0