The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Madagascar

Sept. 13, 2021, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Angola, Bahamas, Brunei, Burkina Faso, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Djibouti, El Salvador, Estonia, Germany, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, Iceland, Laos, Madagascar, North Korea, Poland, Portugal, Serbia, Slovakia, Suriname, Tanzania, Togo, Uruguay
Variables: LRW-SCALE-12

2.0
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The constitution provides for tuition-free public education for all citizen children and makes primary education until the age of 16 compulsory. Nevertheless, parents were increasingly required to pay registration and various fees to subsidize teacher salaries and other costs. As a result, education became inaccessible for many children. According to UNICEF, boys and girls generally had equal access to education, although girls were more likely to drop out during adolescence" (p 22).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Some observers believed that cultural and traditional factors prevented women from participating in political life in the same way as men participate, however" (p 18).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"On January 25, the president promulgated a nationality code amending the 1960 nationality ordinance, giving men and women equal rights to pass their nationality to their children and giving more protection to women and children against losing their nationality. Its main reform grants Malagasy women the right to transmit nationality to their children regardless of a woman’s marital status" (p 16). "Mothers may confer nationality on children born in wedlock only if the father is stateless or of unknown nationality" (p 22),
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape but does not address spousal rape. Penalties range from five years to life in prison. Rape of a child or a pregnant woman is punishable by hard labor. Authorities may add an additional two to five years’ imprisonment if the rape involves assault and battery. Authorities rarely enforced the law" (p 20).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-LAW-1

"The recruitment and incitement to prostitution generally carries a penalty of two to five years’ imprisonment and a fine of up to 10 million ariary ($3,100). Antitrafficking legislation, however, provides a penalty of forced labor for the recruitment and incitement to prostitution involving a child under the age of 18, the sexual exploitation of a child under 15, and the commercial exploitation of a child under 18. Both the penal code and antitrafficking laws address pornography, specifying penalties of two to five years’ imprisonment and fines up to 10 million ariary ($3,100). Authorities rarely enforced the provisions" (p 23).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Of 209 members of parliament (both houses), 38 were women and seven of 31 members of government/cabinet were women" (p 18).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The parents of a boy (usually around age 15) look for a spouse for their son (girls may be as young as 12), after which the parents of both children organize the wedding" (p 22-23).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"While there was little discrimination in access to employment and credit, women often did not receive equal pay for substantially similar work" (p 30).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Employers did not permit women to work in positions that might endanger their health, safety, or moralsAccording to the labor and social protection codes, such positions included night shifts in the manufacturing sector and certain positions in the mining, metallurgy, and chemical industries" (p 30).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is against the law, and penalties range from one to three years’ imprisonment and a fine of one to four million ariary ($310 to $1,240). The penalty increases to two to five years’ imprisonment plus a fine of two to 10 million ariary ($620 to $3,100) if criminals forced or pressured the victim into sexual acts or punished the victim for refusing such advances. Authorities did not enforce the law, and sexual harassment was widespread" (p 21).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The law prohibits domestic violence, but it remained a widespread problem. Domestic violence is punishable by two to five years in prison and a fine of four million ariary ($1,240), depending on the severity of injuries and whether the victim was pregnant" (p 21).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (p 21).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"In rural areas, where most of the population engaged in subsistence farming, traditional social structures tended to favor entrenched gender roles, leading to a pattern of discrimination against women. While there was little discrimination in access to employment and credit, women often did not receive equal pay for substantially similar work. Employers did not permit women to work in positions that might endanger their health, safety, or morals" (p 30).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"While widows with children inherit half of joint marital property, a husband’s surviving kin have priority over widows without children, leaving the widow eighth in line for inheritance if there is no prior agreement. Families did not always observe these provisions" (p 21).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"On September 14, the national gendarmerie officially launched its new morals and minors protection unit with responsibility for protecting children, including rape victims, in rural areas, which are not covered by the national police’s morals and minors brigade. The Ministry of Justice, collaborating with UNICEF and telecommunications companies, implemented a website called “Arozaza” (protect the child) that is intended to combat online sexual exploitation of minors and warn potential abusers. The website includes a form to report child endangerment or online pornography" (p 20-21). "Employers often abused and raped young rural girls working as housekeepers in the capital. If they left their work, employers typically did not pay them, so...more
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"There is no minimum legal age for consensual sex" (p 23).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape but does not address spousal rape" (p 20).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"Child abuse, including rape, was a problem. The press reported more than 20 cases of child rape, with most victims under the age of 12; the youngest was three years old. Government efforts to combat child rape were limited, focusing primarily on child protection networks, which addressed the needs of victims and helped raise public awareness" (p 22). "Employers often abused and raped young rural girls working as housekeepers in the capital. If they left their work, employers typically did not pay them, so many remained rather than return empty-handed to their families and villages" (p 23).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Labor laws prohibit discrimination based on race, gender, religion, political opinion, origin, or disability in the workplace" (p 30).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal age for marriage without parental consent is 18 for both boys and girls. Nevertheless, child marriage remained very common, particularly in rural areas and in the south" (p 22).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"There were few shelters for battered women in the country, and many returned to the home of their parents, where parents often pressured them to return to their abusers" (p 21). "Victims of domestic violence from vulnerable populations could receive assistance from advisory centers, called Centers for Listening and Legal Advice (CECJ), set up in several regions by the Ministry of Population, Social Protection, and Promotion of Women with the support of the UN Population Fund (UNFPA). These centers counseled survivors on where to go for medical care, provided psychological assistance, and helped them start legal procedures to receive alimony from their abusers" (p 21). "In Nosy Be, the local...more
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"Both the penal code and antitrafficking laws address pornography, specifying penalties of two to five years’ imprisonment and fines up to 10 million ariary ($3,100)" (p 23).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"According to a 2013 report by the UN special rapporteur, the practice of “moletry,” in which girls are married off at a younger age in exchange for oxen received as a dowry, continued. The parents of a boy (usually around age 15) look for a spouse for their son (girls may be as young as 12), after which the parents of both children organize the wedding" (p 22-23).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"The recruitment and incitement to prostitution generally carries a penalty of two to five years’ imprisonment and a fine of up to 10 million ariary ($3,100)" (p 23).
June 29, 2021, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"In 2013, Madagascar enacted a decree banning the migration of Malagasy domestic workers to Gulf countries, including Kuwait, Lebanon and Saudi Arabia, which were listed among the 10 worst countries in the world for workers in the 2019 global rights index compiled by the International Trade Union Confederation. Even so, at least 10 million of Madagascar’s citizens work as migrant workers, or around one third of the population. An estimated 1.3 million of those migrant workers are women and 80 percent of those women work as domestic workers" (para 17). "The Malagasy Ministry of Foreign Affairs says there are more than 500 Madagascar nationals in Saudi Arabia, most of them...more
June 29, 2021, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Like many women from Madagascar, 22-year-old Mélanie emigrated to Saudi Arabia to work as a maid" (para 1). "In 2013, Madagascar enacted a decree banning the migration of Malagasy domestic workers to Gulf countries, including Kuwait, Lebanon and Saudi Arabia, which were listed among the 10 worst countries in the world for workers in the 2019 global rights index compiled by the International Trade Union Confederation. Even so, at least 10 million of Madagascar’s citizens work as migrant workers, or around one third of the population. An estimated 1.3 million of those migrant workers are women and 80 percent of those women work as domestic workers" (para 17). "The Malagasy...more
June 15, 2021, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, East Timor, Eritrea, India, Indonesia, Israel, Kyrgyzstan, Madagascar, Mauritius, Philippines, Russia, Singapore, Turkmenistan, United Kingdom, United States, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam
Variables: PW-SCALE-1

2.0
May 24, 2021, 2:10 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"In 2020, 46% of births in Madagascar were attended by skilled health personnele" (p 45).
May 24, 2021, 2:08 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ISTD-DATA-3

"In 2018, there were .24 new HIV infections per 1,000 uninfected population in Madagascar" (p 45).