The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Malaysia

July 3, 2024, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: IRP-DATA-3

"The sex industry was once the domain of local prostitutes, but this has almost totally changed over the last decade. Foreign prostitutes from China, Myanmar, Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, and Cambodia have swamped the locals, and now predominate" (para 6).
July 3, 2024, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"However, one of the ironical things about Malaysia, with its conservative Islamic leaning, is that the fleshtrade is thriving, as is the casual sex scene" (para 1). "Deeper underground, according to a documentary, there are many underage girls forcibly held in secret brothels and pubs in Malaysia. According to reports, many of these girls have been sold or kidnapped from their countries and have been to be brought into the country due to lax border enforcement of people smuggling" (para 13).
July 3, 2024, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-5

"Although prostitution is illegal in Malaysia, it is open for all to see today on the streets of Kuala Lumpur, with little apparent enforcement. However, even with the few police and immigration operations that are going on, huge numbers of prostitutes are being rounded up. Last year, over 6,000 Chinese, Thai, and Vietnamese prostitutes were rounded up in a three month period alone. According to the Havoscope Global Black Market Information website, the size of the Malaysian prostitution industry is calculated at USD963.8 Million, or RM 3.68 Billion" (para 3).
May 23, 2024, 10:12 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The 2007 Anti-Trafficking in Persons and Anti-Smuggling of Migrants (ATIPSOM) Act, as amended, criminalized labor trafficking and sex trafficking and prescribed punishments of three to 20 years’ imprisonment and a fine, which were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with those prescribed for other serious offenses, such as rape." (3). "An amendment to the Employment Act of 1955 took effect on January 1, 2023, which added a provision criminalizing forced labor offenses by employers used threats of intimidation, restriction of movement, or fraud to induce labor or services. The law prescribed penalties of up to two years’ imprisonment, a fine of 100,000 Malaysian ringgit (RM) ($22,730), or...more
May 9, 2024, 12:17 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

Is selling sex criminalised? Selling sex itself is legal although associated activities are criminalised, such as soliciting for the purposes of 'prostitution', which is criminalised under Article 372B of the Penal Code. There is also an offence against "prostitutes behaving in a disorderly or indecent manner in or near any public road or in any place of public resort" and other public order offences that can be used against sex workers in the Minor Offences Act 1955. There are also state level Sharia laws that apply to Muslim citizens, zina (adultery) and khalwat (being alone with someone of opposite sex who is not spouse or relative) - these can be...more
May 9, 2024, 12:02 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“We do quarrel over money such that having enough money but I don’t think it is a major problem. When we quarrel, my wife usually gives way…men are usually more ill-tempered so women should learn to give in. In Malay culture, men have more power…if she goes against me, it is disrespect and if she does it all the time, I will find someone else and divorce her” (5). “The second observation made is that apart from money, marital power is affected by more influential factors such as ideologies and religious teachings…Consequently, having more money does not necessarily mean having more control over the decision-making process as decision making in...more
April 12, 2024, 5:41 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-2

"On the case of the Malaysian mother giving birth abroad with their [non-Malaysian] partners, all 3,000 [cases] have been resolved last week" (para 13). This was said by the Home Minister of malaysia (MV-coder comment).
April 12, 2024, 5:41 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"'[P]arent' in the present constitution, for decades, has meant father" (para 4).
April 12, 2024, 5:41 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: WAM-DATA-1

"[M]any Malaysian mothers took to social media to show that their cases are still pending" (para 14). "On X, user Tee Li Li , a single mother, is one of many who showed screenshots of their citizenship applications to register their child which is currently still marked as 'being processed' with her application dating back to 2017" (para 15).
April 12, 2024, 5:41 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Non-citizens are also barred from attending government schools" (para 18). Lack of citizenship can hinder a girl's education (MV-coder comment).
April 12, 2024, 5:41 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"In 2020, the advocacy group Family Frontiers sued the governemnt over the gender bias in the law and won when a Kuala Lumpur High Court judge ruled that foreign-born children of these mothers are entitled to citizenship" (para 9).
April 12, 2024, 5:41 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"[M]any Malaysian mothers took to social media to show that their cases are still pending" (para 14). This is a virtual protest towards the citizenship of their children (MV-coder comment).
April 12, 2024, 5:41 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"[T]he lack of citizenship sets up hurdles in [women's] daily lives, including hospital visits and schooling, with the latter costing exorbitant sum for non-citizens compared to the token 1ringgit ( US cents) for citizens" (para 17).
April 12, 2024, 5:41 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"[Malaysia is] allowing foreign-born children to Malaysian mothers and their non-Malaysian spouse to automatically get citizenship" (para 1).
April 12, 2024, 5:41 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"[T]he lack of citizenship sets up hurdles in [the] daily lives [of women and their children], including hospital visits and schooling, with the latter costing exorbitant sum for non-citizens compared to the token 1ringgit ( US cents) for citizens" (para 17).
April 12, 2024, 5:41 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"Article 14 of the constitution, made no mention of mothers when it comes to conferring citizenship to a person born outside of Malaysia" (para 5).
April 12, 2024, 5:41 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"[Malaysia is] allowing foreign-born children to Malaysian mothers and their non-Malaysian spouse to automatically get citizenship" (para 1). "Under the current law which goes back to 1963, only Malaysian men who marry non-citizens and have a child abroad can pass their citizenship to their children, while children born to Malaysian mothers under the same arrangement are deprived of the same right" (para 2). "Article 14 of the constitution, made no mention of mothers when it comes to conferring citizenship to a person born outside of Malaysia" (para 5). "[Malaysia] continues to prevent women from passing their citizenship to their children on an equal basis as men, if the child were...more
April 12, 2024, 5:34 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"[There is] a Malaysian woman living in Berlin, whose children were not Malaysian citizens due to this provision (para 7). "[A] Kuala Lumpur High Court judge ruled that foreign-born children of these mothers are entitled to citizenship" (para 9).
March 31, 2024, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Algeria, Belarus, Bolivia, Botswana, Brunei, Bulgaria, Congo, Dominican Republic, Egypt, El Salvador, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mauritius, Montenegro, Mozambique, Serbia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Swaziland, Syria, Trinidad/Tobago, Vanuatu, Vietnam
Variables: TRAFF-SCALE-1

3.0
March 30, 2024, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

According to the U.S. State Department's 2023 TIP report, Malaysia ranks as a Tier 2 Watch List country (85).
Feb. 2, 2024, 6:33 a.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: DV-DATA-1

According to 2022 data from the WHO's Global Health Observatory, the proportion of ever-partnered women and girls (aged 15-49) in Malaysia who have been subjected to physical and/or sexual violence by a current or former intimate partner in their lifetime is 19 percent (KMM-CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 24, 2024, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Armenia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, China, Costa Rica, Egypt, Georgia, Hungary, Iran, Kazakhstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Moldova, Oman, Palestine, Portugal, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkey, Ukraine, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan
Variables: MMR-SCALE-2

1
Jan. 24, 2024, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon, Malaysia, United States
Variables: MMR-SCALE-1

21
Jan. 24, 2024, 3:15 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, D R Congo, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lesotho, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Namibia, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

1more
Jan. 24, 2024, 3:06 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cambodia, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, D R Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritius, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nicaragua, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: DACH-SCALE-2

1more
Jan. 24, 2024, 3:03 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belize, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Georgia, Guatemala, Honduras, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Libya, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Nicaragua, North Korea, Oman, Palestine, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Solomon Islands, Suriname, Syria, Tajikistan, Trinidad/Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam
Variables: DACH-SCALE-1

1
Jan. 21, 2024, 11:10 a.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

According to a 2023 report on global trends in maternal mortality from 2000-2020 published by the WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, World Bank Group, and UNDESA/Population Division, in 2020 the maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) in Malaysia was 21 (KMM-CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 20, 2024, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

According to 2023 World Bank Gender Data collected from the most recent ILO modeled estimates from 2020 onwards, the female laborforce participation rate (as a percentage of the female population ages 15+) in Malaysia is 52.7% (KMM-CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 7, 2024, 3:30 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: DACH-DATA-1

According to the World Bank, as of 2021, life expectancy in Malaysia is 77 years for women and 73 years for men (KMM-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 28, 2023, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: DACH-DATA-1

According to 2019 data from the WHO's Global Health Observatory, average life expectancy in Malaysia is 72.6 years for men and 77.1 years for women (KMM-CODER COMMENT).