The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Malaysia

June 7, 2021, 6:32 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: ATC-DATA-3

"The Government of Malaysia declares that Malaysia’s accession is subject to the understanding that the provisions of the Convention do not conflict with the provisions of the Islamic Sharia’ law and the Federal Constitution of Malaysia. With regard thereto, further, the Government of Malaysia does not consider itself bound by the provisions of articles 9 (2), 16 (1) (a), 16 (1) (c), 16 (1) (f) and 16 (1) (g) of the aforesaid Convention. In relation to article 11 of the Convention, Malaysia interprets the provisions of this article as a reference to the prohibition of discrimination on the basis of equality between men and women only" (para 43). Article 9...more
May 28, 2021, 9:03 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia, Thailand
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"The legal loophole has also created what Thai children’s rights activist Anchana Heemmina described as the 'big business of cross-border marriage' – Malaysian men crossing into southern Thailand to easily engage in underage or polygamous marriages for which getting approval in Malaysia would be impossible or a very lengthy process. Mohammad Lazim runs one such business, helping arrange cross-border marriages for Malaysian men. He works with more than 50 bridegrooms a year, mainly wanting a second or third wife – but insists never with underage brides. He says that his business is tiny compared with some. 'People come from all over Malaysia to do this,' he said. 'Business is booming:...more
May 24, 2021, 2:10 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"In 2020, 100% of births in Malaysia were attended by skilled health personnele" (p 45).
May 24, 2021, 2:08 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: ISTD-DATA-3

"In 2018, there were ,18 new HIV infections per 1,000 uninfected population in Malaysia" (p 45).
May 24, 2021, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1

"From 2010-2018 the density of nursing and midwifery personnel in Malaysia was 34.7 per 10,000 population" (p 60).
May 24, 2021, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"From 2010-2018 the density of nursing and midwifery personnel in Malaysia was 34.7 per 10,000 population" (p 60).
May 24, 2021, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: MISA-DATA-1

In 2016, the prevalence of anaemia in women of reporducticve age (15-49 years) in Malaysia was 23.9% (p 70).
April 21, 2021, 7:01 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"According to a Malaysian news agency, police are currently investigating two separate cases involving women who claimed they were harassed by policemen at roadblocks. In the first incident, a woman, in a series of tweets, said that she was asked by an officer why she was not wearing a bra. She also claimed that “she was approached by a policeman who asked her to reveal her breasts, and threatened to issue a summons if the complainant refused,” said local district police chief, Anuar Omar. “The complainant was also asked by the policeman to provide her phone number before being allowed to leave, once her identity card had been verified,” he...more
April 19, 2021, 4:21 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Benin, Burma/Myanmar, Cameroon, Central African Rep, Chad, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, D R Congo, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Lesotho, Liberia, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Saudi Arabia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria, Yemen
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-2

4.0
April 19, 2021, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kosovo, Latvia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom
Variables: AOM-SCALE-3

0.0
April 19, 2021, 3:54 p.m.
Countries: Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, D R Congo, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, North Korea, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Rwanda, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad/Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam
Variables: AOM-SCALE-2

0.0more
April 7, 2021, 10:31 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"In 2020, 100% of births in Malaysia were attended by skilled health personnele" (p 45).
April 7, 2021, 10:16 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: DACH-DATA-1

"In 2016, the life expectancy at birth in Malaysia was 73.2 years for males and 77.6 years for females" (p 44).
April 2, 2021, 9:47 a.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: IM-DATA-1

"In 2018, the under-five mortality rate in Malaysia was 8 per 1000 live births" (p 45).
March 31, 2021, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: MMR-SCALE-1

"In 2017, the maternal mortality ratio for women in Malaysia was 29 per 100,000 live births" (p 45).
March 31, 2021, 3:22 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

"In 2017, the maternal mortality ratio for women in Malaysia was 29 per 100,000 live births" (p 45).
March 19, 2021, 3:56 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: BR-DATA-1

"The adolescent birth rate from 2010-2018 in Malaysia is 9.3 per 1000 women aged 15-19 years" (p 52).
March 8, 2021, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Albania, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, China, Comoros, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Georgia, Ghana, Indonesia, Israel, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Libya, Lithuania, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mongolia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Philippines, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Suriname, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

3.0
Feb. 18, 2021, 11:07 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: PW-DATA-1

"Polygamy — specifically, polygyny (one husband, multiple wives) — makes up between three to five percent of Muslim marriages in Malaysia today, according to varying estimates. Recent official figures reveal that between 2010 to 2016, around 8,808 polygamy applications were approved by Syariah Courts throughout the country. This number, however, significantly excludes the undeclared polygynous marriages contracted abroad, which, according to my own research in the northeastern state of Kelantan bordering Thailand, is seeing a gradual incline" (para 8).
Feb. 18, 2021, 10:56 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Cross-border marriages allow men with limited financial resources to take on multiple wives without prior permission from the state. This no longer makes polygamy in Malaysia a preserve of the elites, but an increasingly middle-class phenomenon. However, this also means that the men becoming polygamous today are also those who possess scarce financial resources. This is more likely to create greater competition between the co-wives – particularly those who depend on the husband as a common source of financial support – and plenty of unmet economic expectations. The consequences of financial insecurity on marital stability in polygamy are immense; these are often exacerbated by cases of 'male negligence', such as...more
Feb. 18, 2021, 10:54 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Malaysian couples circumvent such bureaucratic obstacles by eloping to Southern Thailand, where they may contract a quick, discreet, and Shariáh-compliant marriage. These cross-border marriages (perkahwinan rentasan sempadan) are a crime according to Malaysian Shariáh laws and punishable by a fine; nevertheless, they can be registered and legalised in Malaysia, if they fulfill the procedural requirements of marriage (nikah) in Islam. The possibility of contracting cross-border marriages in Thailand has been highly instrumental in opening an alternative pathway to polygamy, particularly for men who would be judged as financially unqualified for polygamy by a Malaysian Shariáh judge. In recent years, more and more Malaysian couples avail to this possibility – paradoxically,...more
Feb. 18, 2021, 10:49 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Under Malaysia's existing Islamic Family Law, Muslim men are allowed to practice polygyny – a form of polygamy (multiple marriage) in which one man marries multiple wives. As per the Islamic provision on polygamy stated in the Qurán (4:3), a man may marry up to four wives at a time – if he can prove in court that he has the financial wherewithal to support multiple families, can treat all wives 'equally', and has a justifiable reason for marrying additional wives" (para 1).
Feb. 18, 2021, 10:07 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Zunie's polygamous marriage was not the usual kind, if there is such a thing: she married her best friend from high school. He and his wife had been unable to have children. Zunie, who already had four boys from a previous marriage, thought she could help him have a child. 'I already had my own career, my own life, so I thought that I don't mind being a weekend wife, I don't need a husband 24/7,' she says. 'So I thought OK, this can work for me.' The couple married and Zunie fell pregnant, but it soon became apparent that the first wife was unhappy. Eventually, Zunie decided it was...more
Feb. 18, 2021, 9:52 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Sisters in Islam also recently conducted a separate survey of Muslim Malaysian women. It found that while 70 percent agreed that Muslim men have a right to polygamous marriages so long as they can treat all wives fairly, only 30 percent would allow their own husband to marry another woman. Zunie says the first wives she talked to in her previous research were 'unhappy, miserable and depressed'" (para 34-36).
Feb. 18, 2021, 9:49 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"A few years ago, Dr Wan Zumusni Wan Mustapha, or Zunie for short, worked on a research project with feminist organisation Sisters in Islam, which surveyed and interviewed more than 1,000 people in polygamous families: husbands, first wives, second wives and children. She discovered that women have a number of motivations for becoming a second wife. 'Most importantly women want to be taken care of. They want to be provided [for], they want to be protected,' says Zunie, who is also a senior lecturer at Academy of Language Studies at the Universiti of Teknologi MARA. 'There are still many women out there who are struggling, working very hard and if...more
Feb. 18, 2021, 9:41 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-DATA-1

"Although only a small percentage of marriages are polygamous, the practice is alive and well: each year in Malaysia, more than 1,000 men go to the Sharia Law Courts to apply for a polygamous marriage" (para 11).
Feb. 18, 2021, 9:39 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"The 37-year-old [Qobin] has six children — four with his first wife and two with his second. His two families live in separate homes, about 10 kilometres apart, in Malaysia's capital Kuala Lumpur... Qobin, whose full name is Muhammad Muqharabbin Mokhtarrudin, exemplifies Kuala Lumpur's unique mix of traditional and modern. As well as running several businesses, he's an aspiring politician who hopes to one day be Malaysia's sports minister. He says he 'never planned' on having two wives. Lowering his voice, he says he loves his first wife and describes her as 'perfect'. But after eight years of marriage, when Qobin was visiting Thailand, he met the woman who would...more
Feb. 18, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

10% of Muslims in Malaysia believe that polygamy is morally wrong, while 49% believe that polygamy is morally acceptable (CM - CODER COMMENT).
Feb. 13, 2021, 5:34 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

“In Malaysia women lack the same right as men to pass nationality to children born abroad, so many female citizens working overseas – if they are aware of the law’s discrimination – travel home to give birth in the country thereby securing citizenship for their child. However, the government is presently only allowing non-citizen spouses and children of Malaysian women to enter the country if they have already obtained a Long-Term Social Visit Pass (LTSVP). Many spouses and children of Malaysian women do not meet the LTSVP requirement. This means that some pregnant Malaysians who were outside the country when the government’s Movement Control Order went into effect have to...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 12:40 p.m.
Countries: Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lesotho, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Uganda, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

Table 1: Sex ratio and share of female population in urban and rural areas, selected countries in Africa, Latin America and Asia, latest available year (1999–2008) shows sex ratios between urban and rural areas in different countries.