The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Mauritania

Jan. 26, 2022, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Cyprus, D R Congo, Djibouti, East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Oman, Papua New Guinea, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: IIP-SCALE-1

2.0
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The law states that any act or attempt to damage a girl’s sexual organs is punishable by imprisonment and a fine of 12,000 to 30,000 ouguiyas ($333 to $833). Nevertheless, authorities seldom applied the law, since the accompanying implementing law remained provisional" (16). "On February 11, the Ministry of Social Affairs, Childhood, and Family confirmed that more than 2,000 traditional health providers publicly abandoned the practice of FGM/C in the areas of the Hodh El Chargui, Braknah, Gorgol, and Taghant" (16).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"According to UNICEF, in 2017, 37 percent of girls were married before the age of 18, and 14 percent were married before the age of 15" (17).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"On December 17 and 18, the Ministry of Social Affairs, Childhood, and Family hosted a workshop with international experts to discuss the challenge of gender-based violence in Mauritania. The event was cosponsored by the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and attended by representatives from the Ministry of Social Affairs of the Child and the Family, the Ministry of Justice, and the Commissariat for Human Rights" (15). "Nevertheless, the government continued to work with UNICEF to implement a program to combat child marriage through a series of judicial and political reforms" (17).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal marriage age is 18... Since consensual sex outside of marriage is illegal, a legal guardian can ask local authorities to permit a girl younger than 18 to marry" (17).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"There were two separate prisons for women, one in the capital Nouakchott and the other in the country’s second-largest city, Nouadhibou. Almost all supervisors of female inmates were male because the all-male National Guard was assigned the task of supervising prisons nationwide. The few female supervisors in prisons were not members of the National Guard but rather were members of civil protection teams (firefighters). Detention conditions for women were generally better than those for men" (3). "Defendants enjoy the right not to be compelled to testify or confess guilt and have the right of appeal. These rights extend to minorities and men but do not extend equally to women... Courts...more
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law states that any act or attempt to damage a girl’s sexual organs is punishable by imprisonment and a fine of 12,000 to 30,000 ouguiyas ($333 to $833)" (16).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Spousal abuse and domestic violence are illegal, but there are no specific penalties for domestic violence" (15).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Despite the existence of the 2006 and 2012 laws promoting women’s access to elective positions (to include a quota of 20 percent of seats reserved for women on lists of candidates in legislative and local elections and a quota of 20 seats reserved for women in the National Assembly) the number of women in electoral politics remained low" (13).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The government regularly enforced the law [on rape]; 50 persons were charged and about one-half of them were sentenced to between five to 10 years’ imprisonment" (15). "Nevertheless, as in years past, wealthy rape suspects reportedly avoided prosecution or, if prosecuted, avoided prison. It was common for the families of the rape victim to reach an agreement with the perpetrator in the form of monetary compensation" (15).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Following the 2018 legislative elections, 30 women held seats in the 157-member National Assembly" (13).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Former slaves in subservient circumstances were also vulnerable to mistreatment. Women with children faced particular difficulties. Because they were particularly vulnerable and lacked the resources to live independently from their former masters, they could be compelled to remain in a condition of servitude, performing domestic duties, tending fields, or herding animals without remuneration" (24).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"Possession of child pornography is illegal, with penalties of two months to one year in prison and a fine of 16,000 to 30,000 ouguiyas ($444 to $833)" (17).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"Four women were named to the new cabinet, one from the non-Arab sub-Saharan ethnic community and three from the Beydane ('White Moor') community" (13).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"In the modern wage sector, women also received family benefits, including three months of paid maternity leave" (27).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"Women have legal rights to property and child custody, and the more educated and urbanized members of the female population were more likely to enjoy these rights" (16).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Spousal abuse and domestic violence are illegal" (15).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Nevertheless, such practices ['slavery, forced labor, and de facto slavery'] also occurred in urban centers where young children, often girls, were retained as unpaid domestic servants" (25). "The report also stressed that exploitation of girls was more frequent in domestic work... Several reports suggested girls as young as age seven, mainly from remote regions, were forced to work as unpaid domestic servants in wealthy urban homes" (26).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Commercial sexual exploitation of children is illegal, and conviction carries penalties of five to 10 years in prison and a fine of 500,000 to one million ouguiyas ($13,890 to $27,780)" (17).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rapists who are single men face penalties of imprisonment, forced labor, and whipping" (15). "The law prohibits sexual relations with a child younger than 18, with penalties of six months to two years in prison and a 12,000- to 18,000-ouguiya ($333 to $500) fine" (17).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal. Rapists who are single men face penalties of imprisonment, forced labor, and whipping, and married rapists are subject to the death penalty, although this penalty has not been enforced since 1987. The government regularly enforced the law; 50 persons were charged and about one-half of them were sentenced to between five to 10 years’ imprisonment" (15).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Since consensual sex outside of marriage is illegal, a legal guardian can ask local authorities to permit a girl younger than 18 to marry. Local authorities frequently granted permission" (17).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal... married rapists are subject to the death penalty, although this penalty has not been enforced since 1987" (15).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law mandates six years of school attendance for all children, but the law was not effectively enforced" (17).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Women faced widespread employment discrimination, because employers usually preferred to hire men, with women overrepresented in low-paying positions" (27).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Spousal abuse and domestic violence are illegal, but there are no specific penalties for domestic violence. The government did not enforce the law effectively, and convictions were rare" (15).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The law mandates six years of school attendance for all children, but the law was not effectively enforced. Many children, particularly girls, did not attend school for the mandatory six years" (17). A significant difference in attendance between girls and boys indicates barrieers to attendance (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The law allows children born outside the country to Mauritanian mothers and foreign men to obtain Mauritanian nationality at age 17. According to the code of nationality, as amended, children born to Mauritanian fathers and foreign mothers are automatically Mauritanian. If the father is stateless, children born outside the country are subject to statelessness until age 17, at which point the child is eligible for nationality" (11). "One can derive citizenship from one’s mother under either of the following conditions: if the mother is a citizen and the father’s nationality is unknown or he is stateless, or if the child was born in the country to a citizen mother and...more
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Traditional and cultural factors restricted women from participating in political life on an equal basis with men" (13).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: CUST-LAW-1

"Women have legal rights to property and child custody" (16).