The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for New Zealand

Sept. 17, 2021, 10:06 p.m.
Countries: China, New Zealand
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"The government complained to the Chinese embassy following a July 29 incident at the University of Auckland in which three mainland Chinese men verbally and physically assaulted a Hong Kong student while she was at a rally in support of Hong Kong’s antiextradition law protesters. The focus of the government’s complaint was a statement issued by the Chinese consulate in Auckland praising the mainlanders’ actions as 'spontaneous patriotism' and criticizing biased coverage of the Hong Kong situation" (5-6).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits discrimination with respect to employment and occupation. The government effectively enforced these prohibitions. The HRC has an equal opportunity employment team that focuses on workplace gender-related problems. This team regularly surveyed pay scales, conducted a census of women in leadership roles, and engaged public and private employers to promote compensation equality. The Office of Ethnic Affairs continued to take measures to promote ethnic diversity in occupation and employment" (17).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"The E Tu Whanau program is a Maori-centered response, supported by government social services resources, to high levels of violence within Maori homes, which aims to increase protective factors and decrease risk factors for family violence" (10).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits child pornography and provides for a maximum 14 years’ imprisonment, as well as maximum individual and corporate fines of NZ$200,000 ($129,000) if a person produces, imports, supplies, distributes, possesses for supply, displays, or exhibits an objectionable publication. The Department of Internal Affairs Censorship Compliance Unit polices images of child sex abuse on the internet and prosecutes offenders" (11).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"The law provides citizens the ability to choose their government through free and fair periodic elections held by secret ballot and based on universal and equal suffrage" (7).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"The government complained to the Chinese embassy following a July 29 incident at the University of Auckland in which three mainland Chinese men verbally and physically assaulted a Hong Kong student while she was at a rally in support of Hong Kong’s antiextradition law protesters. The focus of the government’s complaint was a statement issued by the Chinese consulate in Auckland praising the mainlanders’ actions as 'spontaneous patriotism' and criticizing biased coverage of the Hong Kong situation" (6).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The law provides that any person who has a sexual connection with a person younger than age 16 is liable to a maximum prison sentence of 10 years. Further, the law makes it an offense punishable by seven years’ imprisonment to assist a person younger than 18 in providing commercial sexual services; to receive earnings from commercial sexual services provided by a person younger than 18; or to contract for commercial sexual services from, or be a client of, a person younger than 18. The law also makes it an offense to traffic in persons younger than 18 for sexual exploitation or for forced labor. The courts may prosecute citizens...more
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"Domestic violence is a criminal offense. Police were responsive to reports of domestic violence. The law provides victims with 10 days of paid domestic violence leave. The government partially funded women’s shelters, psychosocial services, rape crisis centers, sexual abuse counseling, family violence victim support networks, and violence prevention services. Victims’ programs include: a new crisis response plan for the 72 hours after a sexual assault; programs to reduce harmful sexual behavior, offending, and reoffending; programs focusing on adults who pose a risk to children; and services for male survivors of sexual abuse" (9). "The E Tu Whanau program is a Maori-centered response, supported by government social services resources, to high...more
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-DATA-1, VOTE-DATA-2

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. At the last general election in 2017, 46 women were elected to parliament, and this number has since grown: with a 2019 total of 49 female members of parliament, women comprise more than 40 percent of all members of parliament (MPs). Voter turnout in the general election was 79 percent, while turnout in designated Maori electorates was lower and ranged from 60 percent to 69 percent. In South Auckland electorates with a high percentage of Pacific Island voters, turnout was 69 percent" (8).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits discrimination with respect to employment and occupation. The government effectively enforced these prohibitions. The HRC has an equal opportunity employment team that focuses on workplace gender-related problems. This team regularly surveyed pay scales, conducted a census of women in leadership roles, and engaged public and private employers to promote compensation equality. The Office of Ethnic Affairs continued to take measures to promote ethnic diversity in occupation and employment. According to the New Zealand Council of Trade Unions, Maori and Pacific Island people--and women in particular--remained disadvantaged compared with the general population in terms of conditions of employment and wages" (17).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment and provides civil penalties. Sexual contact induced by certain threats may also fall under the criminal code, with a maximum prison sentence of 14 years. In July the HRC released an updated guide on making a complaint about sexual harassment, which includes access to the HRC’s free, informal, and confidential service for questions or complaints about sexual harassment and unlawful discrimination. The HRC also published fact sheets on sexual harassment and made regular sexual harassment prevention training available to schools, businesses, and government departments" (10).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age for marriage is 18 for both men and women, but persons between 16 and 18 may marry with family court approval. Marriages involving persons younger than 18 were rare. Watchdog groups believed that a small number of marriages of persons between 16 and 18 were forced by parents. To reduce these, the parliament passed a law in May 2018 requiring family court approval of marriages involving a person younger than 18" (11).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-2

"Children born in the country attain citizenship if either parent is a citizen or legal permanent resident of the country. Children born outside the country attain citizenship if either parent is a citizen born in the country. The law requires notification of births by both parents as soon as 'reasonably practicable,' deemed as being within two months of the child’s birth, and most births were registered within this period" (10).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Persons accused of a crime who are age 17 or older are tried as adults and, if convicted, sent to adult prisons. Authorities held male prisoners younger than 17 in four separate detention facilities operated by the national Child and Youth Welfare Agency. There was no separate facility for juvenile female prisoners because there were very few such prisoners" (2).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Pacific Islanders (also known as Pasifika), who comprised 8.1 percent of the population in 2018, experienced some societal discrimination and had the highest rates of unemployment (8 percent) and lowest labor force participation (60 percent) of any demographic group. In late 2018 the HRC reported on significant ethnic pay gaps in the country’s public service that left Pasifika women paid 21 per cent lower than the average" (13).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion or involuntary sterilization" (10).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rates of reported violence against women were at historic high levels, according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Ministry of Justice data shows there were 2,605 convictions for sexual offenses in 2018-19, up from 2,172 in 2009-10. According to a 2016 government report, one in three women reported having experienced physical or sexual violence or both by an intimate partner. The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape. The maximum penalty is 20 years’ imprisonment; however, indefinite detention may occur in cases where the parole board, during its annual review, believes the prisoner poses a continuing threat to society" (9). "The law provides that any person who has a...more
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, TRAFF-LAW-2, IRP-LAW-5

"The law provides that any person who has a sexual connection with a person younger than age 16 is liable to a maximum prison sentence of 10 years. Further, the law makes it an offense punishable by seven years’ imprisonment to assist a person younger than 18 in providing commercial sexual services; to receive earnings from commercial sexual services provided by a person younger than 18; or to contract for commercial sexual services from, or be a client of, a person younger than 18. The law also makes it an offense to traffic in persons younger than 18 for sexual exploitation or for forced labor. The courts may prosecute citizens...more
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides that any person who has a sexual connection with a person younger than age 16 is liable to a maximum prison sentence of 10 years. Further, the law makes it an offense punishable by seven years’ imprisonment to assist a person younger than 18 in providing commercial sexual services; to receive earnings from commercial sexual services provided by a person younger than 18; or to contract for commercial sexual services from, or be a client of, a person younger than 18. The law also makes it an offense to traffic in persons younger than 18 for sexual exploitation or for forced labor. The courts may prosecute citizens...more
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1

"Domestic violence is a criminal offense. Police were responsive to reports of domestic violence. The law provides victims with 10 days of paid domestic violence leave. The government partially funded women’s shelters, psychosocial services, rape crisis centers, sexual abuse counseling, family violence victim support networks, and violence prevention services. Victims’ programs include: a new crisis response plan for the 72 hours after a sexual assault; programs to reduce harmful sexual behavior, offending, and reoffending; programs focusing on adults who pose a risk to children; and services for male survivors of sexual abuse" (9).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, ATFPA-LAW-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women and men, including under family, religious, personal status, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws. Although the law prohibits discrimination in employment and requires equal rates of pay for equal or similar work, academics and watchdog groups argue that the lack of pay transparency hinders pursuing pay discrimination claims" (10).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRW-DATA-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Rates of reported violence against women were at historic high levels, according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Ministry of Justice data shows there were 2,605 convictions for sexual offenses in 2018-19, up from 2,172 in 2009-10. According to a 2016 government report, one in three women reported having experienced physical or sexual violence or both by an intimate partner. The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape. The maximum penalty is 20 years’ imprisonment; however, indefinite detention may occur in cases where the parole board, during its annual review, believes the prisoner poses a continuing threat to society" (9).
Sept. 13, 2021, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Algeria, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Barbados, Belize, Bhutan, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Rep, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Cyprus, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Fiji, Finland, Gambia, Georgia, Greece, Guyana, India, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Latvia, Liberia, Lithuania, Malawi, Malta, Mongolia, Mozambique, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Qatar, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Trinidad/Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: LRW-SCALE-12

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July 15, 2021, 11:32 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"[Jacinda Ardern] Has been outspoken on feminism and mental health". (Para 21).
July 15, 2021, 11:32 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"New Zealand is set for a centre-left coalition government led by Labour head Jacinda Ardern. Ms Ardern has been opposition leader for the last three months. At 37, she is set to be the country's youngest prime minister since 1856" (Para 1-2).
June 29, 2021, 3:51 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: GP-DATA-3, GP-DATA-4

"Minister of Women Jan Tinetti said the issues with periods at school included embarrassment, stigma, missing classes, being 'caught out' without products, cost, lack of knowledge and discomfort" (para 6).
June 29, 2021, 3:51 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"'Providing free period products at school is one way the government can directly address poverty, help increase school attendance, and make a positive impact on children's well-being,' Ardern said in a statement. 'We want to see improved engagement, learning and behaviour, fewer young people missing school because of their period, and reduced financial hardship amongst families of participating students.' Speaking to reporters later in the day, Ardern said research had shown one in 12 young people were missing school due to this issue" (para 3-5). "Minister of Women Jan Tinetti said the issues with periods at school included embarrassment, stigma, missing classes, being 'caught out' without products, cost, lack of...more
June 26, 2021, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"Violent attacks on women in the brothels are as common as ever. 'The men feel even more entitled when the law tells them it is OK to buy us,' says Sabrinna Valisce, who was prostituted in New Zealand brothels both before and after decriminalisation" (para 3).
June 26, 2021, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"[New Zealand's] sex trade was decriminalised in 2003, and has since been hailed by pro-prostitution campaigners as the gold standard model in regulating prostitution" (para 2).
June 26, 2021, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-DATA-2

"Trafficking of women into New Zealand into legal and illegal brothels is a serious problem, and for every licensed brothel there are, on average, four times the number that operate illegally" (para 3).