The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Nicaragua

May 23, 2024, 10:23 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Law against Trafficking in Persons of 2015 (Law 896) criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties ranging from 10 to 15 years’ imprisonment; these penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. Inconsistent with the definition of trafficking under international law, the law established the use of force, coercion, or deceit as an aggravating factor rather than an essential element of the crime; the penalties increased to 16 to 18 years’ imprisonment for trafficking offenses involving these factors. The penalty for child trafficking increased to 19 to 20 years’ imprisonment. The law also defined...more
May 9, 2024, 12:30 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

Is selling sex criminalised? Selling sex is legal and no associated activities criminalised although sex workers vulnerable to exploitation from police and others because legal situation pushes sex work underground. Is buying sex criminalised? No. Is organising/managing criminalised? Yes - inducement, procurement, promotion or facilitation of any and all paid sexual acts is criminalised.
March 31, 2024, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Chad, China, Cuba, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Iran, Libya, Nicaragua, North Korea, Papua New Guinea, Russia, Somalia, South Sudan, Turkmenistan, Venezuela, Yemen
Variables: TRAFF-SCALE-1

4.0
March 30, 2024, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

According to the U.S. State Department's 2023 TIP report, Nicaragua ranks as a Tier 3 country (85).
Feb. 2, 2024, 6:33 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: DV-DATA-1

According to 2022 data from the WHO's Global Health Observatory, the proportion of ever-partnered women and girls (aged 15-49) in Nicaragua who have been subjected to physical and/or sexual violence by a current or former intimate partner in their lifetime is 23 percent (KMM-CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 24, 2024, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Argentina, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Barbados, Bhutan, Brazil, Brunei, Cape Verde, Colombia, Cuba, Cyprus, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Guatemala, Honduras, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Libya, Maldives, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Suriname, Tunisia, Vanuatu
Variables: MMR-SCALE-2

2
Jan. 24, 2024, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Nicaragua, Philippines
Variables: MMR-SCALE-1

78
Jan. 24, 2024, 3:15 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, D R Congo, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lesotho, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Namibia, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

1more
Jan. 24, 2024, 3:06 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cambodia, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, D R Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritius, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nicaragua, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: DACH-SCALE-2

1more
Jan. 24, 2024, 3:03 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belize, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Georgia, Guatemala, Honduras, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Libya, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Nicaragua, North Korea, Oman, Palestine, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Solomon Islands, Suriname, Syria, Tajikistan, Trinidad/Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam
Variables: DACH-SCALE-1

1
Jan. 21, 2024, 11:10 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

According to a 2023 report on global trends in maternal mortality from 2000-2020 published by the WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, World Bank Group, and UNDESA/Population Division, in 2020 the maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) in Nicaragua was 78 (KMM-CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 20, 2024, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

According to 2023 World Bank Gender Data collected from the most recent ILO modeled estimates from 2020 onwards, the female laborforce participation rate (as a percentage of the female population ages 15+) in Nicaragua is 49.4% (KMM-CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 7, 2024, 3:30 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: DACH-DATA-1

According to the World Bank, as of 2021, life expectancy in Nicaragua is 77 years for women and 71 years for men (KMM-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 28, 2023, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: DACH-DATA-1

According to 2019 data from the WHO's Global Health Observatory, average life expectancy in Nicaragua is 72.1 years for men and 77.9 years for women (KMM-CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 12, 2023, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Bangladesh, Belize, Bolivia, Botswana, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, Fiji, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Libya, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Nicaragua, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
Variables: BR-SCALE-1

1
Sept. 29, 2023, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Algeria, Nicaragua
Variables: BR-DATA-1

"19.6 births per 1000 population"
Sept. 8, 2023, 3:54 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"In the intestate succession, neither the sex nor the primogeniture" (109). "The following are called to the intestate succession: 1º The legitimate descendants of the deceased. 2º Their legitimate ancestors. 3º The legitimate collaterals. 4th The natural children or natural grandchildren. 5º Their natural parents or natural grandparents. 6º The natural brothers. 7º The surviving spouse. 8º The municipalities. The order of succession is that indicated in the subsequent title" (109-110). The most recent laws noted in the WomanStats Database (since 1904) relating to inheritance are still current as of December 2022 and no changes have been made, as verified by consulting The Women, Business, and the Law database for...more
Sept. 8, 2023, 3:32 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The spouses have equal rights and responsibilities during the marriage and in particular to choose the place of residence of the family; decide freely and responsibly the number of sons and daughters, as well as the interval of their births, counting for it with information, education and means that allow them to adequately exercise this right; exercise their profession or occupation, have property and dispose of the goods free of charge or for consideration" (16). "The economic regimes of marriage and stable de facto union will be those that the spouses or cohabitants stipulate in their capitulations. These may be: a) Regime of separation of assets. b) Regime of participation...more
June 20, 2023, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"At the heart of the system of production, consumption and commerce are rural families, in which women participate actively on an equal basis in the various production chains, which in turn contributes to their empowerment and economic independence." (29).
June 20, 2023, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"At present, the right to spousal maintenance is set forth in the Family Code (Act No. 870), the aim of which is to guarantee the protection, respect and restoration of the human rights of all families. It has constitutional status, brings together the content of all the earlier family legislation and stipulates a new model of responsibilities shared by both spouses, whereby marital relations are founded on mutual respect, solidarity and the absolute equality of rights and obligations. Spousal maintenance constitutes a necessary financial benefit provided to enable a person to subsist. The amount payable is calculated based on the relation between the financial capacity of the person obliged to...more
June 20, 2023, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: ASR-DATA-1

"Through its National Institute of Technology, Nicaragua has been running technical education programmes to provide women and men with technical skills. Women’s participation in these programmes has increased, notably in specialisms that were previously open only to men, in particular in the industrial, construction, agricultural and forestry sectors." (7-8). "The Gender Commission of the Supreme Court has been established. It is composed of the Court’s five female judges and the gender secretariat and is responsible for implementing the gender equality policy. A greater number of public defenders have been made available to users of the justice system and have served 186,791 women. Training on gender-sensitive human rights and development has...more
June 20, 2023, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: RISW-PRACTICE-1

"As a result, general poverty rates fell by half (from 48.3 percent in 2006 to 24.9 percent in 2018) and extreme poverty by two thirds (from 17.2 percent in 2006 to 6.9 percent in 2018). The Gini coefficient 4 improved from 0.38 to 0.33, and the sustained reduction in poverty indices was recognized by the Inter-American Development Bank." (3). "Act No. 952, amending the Criminal Code (Act No. 641), the Comprehensive Prevention of Violence Against Women Act (No. 779) and the Criminal Procedure Code (Act No. 406) of 2017 protect the right to life, security and freedom and the personal, psychological and mental well-being of women, children and adolescents. By...more
June 20, 2023, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: ATC-DATA-3

"Nicaragua respects independence, sovereignty and national self-determination as inalienable rights whose violation puts people’s lives at risk. Since the extradition of Nicaraguans from the national territory is not permitted under the Nicaraguan Constitution, Nicaragua is unable to sign and ratify the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women because articles 1 and 2 of the Optional Protocol are contrary to those constitutional provisions. The Convention is nevertheless recognized and implemented by the National Assembly, which has been bringing the country’s legal framework into line with international conventions." (6).
June 20, 2023, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"From 2002 to 2010, the national police had its own gender department and a handbook of duties that incorporated institutional advances and modernization and provided guidance on gender-related responsibilities." (8)(NF - CODER COMMENT - The creation of a separate department shows that there was an issue in regard to the treatment of female victims by law enforcement). "In 2012, the national police issued Administrative Order No. 014-2012, through which it approved and put into effect a handbook of police investigation procedures for criminal offences and misdemeanours. The handbook describes the procedures for the specialized handling and investigation of domestic and sexual violence offences against women, children and adolescents, and forms...more
June 20, 2023, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Property Office has prioritized women in land titling plans, providing legal certainty regarding their right to housing. From 2007 to 2018, the Government issued 395,167 land titles…"(8). "Programmes have been launched to ease access to capital for women organized in solidarity groups by granting them loans at fair interest rates and providing goods and production inputs to strengthen their economic entrepreneurship and production capacities. The Usura Cero (Zero Usury) microcredit programme financed 510,454 loans between 2007 and 2018."(10). "Access to credit in Nicaragua was extremely limited and no provision was made in the national development plan for the period 2000–2007 for options enabling women to obtain finance. The Government...more
June 20, 2023, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-4

"From 2002 to 2010, the national police had its own gender department and a handbook of duties that incorporated institutional advances and modernization and provided guidance on gender-related responsibilities." (8).
June 20, 2023, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LR-DATA-1

"Nicaragua is engaged in a permanent battle against illiteracy. In 2007, it ran a national literacy campaign, entitled 'From Martí to Fidel', that led to a reduction in the illiteracy rate from 22 percent in 2006 to 3 percent in 2010. As a result of this historic achievement, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization declared Nicaragua free of illiteracy. From 2007 to 2018, 717,583 women, mainly from rural areas, were taught to read and write." (19).
June 20, 2023, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: SRACE-PRACTICE-2

"Special programmes and projects will be put in place to that end. The Government acknowledges the right to create and enjoy all forms of art and culture. The national human development plans for the periods 2008–2012 and 2012–2016 contain guidelines for public institutions on fostering the preservation and promotion of all features of our national identity and culture, supporting and developing expressions of local and national culture, and encouraging the widespread practice of all sporting disciplines" (27). "Article 28 of the Equal Rights and Opportunities Act stipulates that the State and regional and local governments shall promote culture, ensuring equal opportunities for women and men, by funding the development of...more
June 20, 2023, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

"Special Police Units for Women had been operating in Nicaragua since 1996 to support women, children and adolescents in situations of domestic and sexual violence. In 2006, this became a national specialism when the Directorate of the Special Police Unit for Women and Children was created (provision 023/06). In 2007, investigation, prevention, information and criminal analysis were enhanced. The work of the special units received national and international recognition in 2012. All psychologists have specialized as forensic psychologists and all social workers have received specialist training in social inquiry. The network of promoters and volunteers has been expanded, with 4,080 trained in prevention and victim support at 162 of the...more
June 20, 2023, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Article 16 of the Constitution provides that that any son or daughter of a Nicaraguan father or mother, whether or not they were born on national soil, is a national of Nicaragua. It also sets forth the right to retain one’s nationality, establishing that no one may be deprived of it, even if they decide to acquire another nationality, since the holding of multiple nationalities is permitted. Foreign individuals can become naturalized citizens if they meet the legal requirements. Nicaragua protects the right to form a family either by marriage or by stable de facto union; once a bond is established, no acquired rights, including nationality, may be renounced." (18)....more