The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Philippines

March 25, 2022, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-DATA-1

“…Local newspapers reported on court cases involving violence committed against maids and other domestic workers. In August local media reported that the Philippine Overseas Labor Office in Dubai had sheltered a total of 1,737 women between January and June, 86 percent of whom left their employers due to alleged maltreatment, including long work hours, verbal and physical abuse, and lack of food” (36).
Jan. 26, 2022, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Latvia, Lesotho, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela
Variables: IIP-SCALE-1

1.0
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Nearly three years after her arrest, during which prosecutors used a variety of legal tactics to delay arraignment, including filing new and amending previous charges, opposition Senator Leila de Lima remained in police detention on a charge of conspiracy to commit drug trading. In February a CHR statement raised concerns about de Lima’s treatment by the PNP. Her case began in 2016 after she opened hearings into killings related to the antidrug campaign. Although in detention, de Lima had access to media and some visitors. Her case attracted widespread domestic and international attention, with many observers denouncing the charges as politically motivated" (12). "Men dominated the political scene, although there...more
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: IRP-LAW-2, AW-LAW-1

"No comprehensive legislation provides for granting refugee status or asylum. The Department of Justice’s Refugee and Stateless Persons Protections Unit (RSPPU) determines which applicants qualify as refugees in accordance with an established, accessible system that appeared to provide basic due process" (19-20).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"...The law criminalizes physical, sexual, and psychological harm or abuse to women and children committed by spouses, partners, or parents. Penalties depend on the severity of the crime and may include imprisonment or fines" (26). "...The law provides 10 days of paid leave for domestic violence victims" (27).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the commercial exploitation of children and child pornography and defines purchasing commercial sex acts from a child as a trafficking offense. The statutory rape law criminalizes sex with minors under 12 and sex with a child under 18 involving force, threat, or intimidation. The maximum penalty for child rape is 40 years in prison plus a lifetime ban from political office. The production, possession, and distribution of child pornography are illegal, and penalties range from one month to life in prison, plus fines of from 50,000 to five million pesos ($935 to $93,500), depending on the gravity of the offense" (29).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"Reports of rape and sexual abuse of women in police or protective custody continued. The Center for Women’s Resources noted that many of the rapes occurred in connection with police antidrug operations; however, updated data for 2018-19 has yet to be released" (6). "...In the year to August, the PNP’s Women and Children Protection Center recorded 944 cases of rape involving female victims, of which 463 were filed in courts and 320 referred to prosecutors. The rest were either dropped, settled out of court, or dismissed. Additionally, BuCor reported 9,737 inmates in its facilities were convicted of rape, 213 of these were remanded in custody during the year to June....more
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal, with penalties ranging from 12 to 40 years’ imprisonment with pardon or parole possible only after 30 years’ imprisonment. Conviction can also result in a lifetime ban from political office. Penalties for forcible sexual assault range from six to 12 years’ imprisonment. The law criminalizes physical, sexual, and psychological harm or abuse to women and children committed by spouses, partners, or parents. Penalties depend on the severity of the crime and may include imprisonment or fines" (26). "...The statutory rape law criminalizes sex with minors under 12 and sex with a child under 18 involving force, threat, or intimidation. The maximum penalty for child...more
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, and violations are punishable by imprisonment from one to six months, a fine of from 10,000 to 20,000 pesos ($187-$374), or both. Sexual harassment remained widespread and underreported, including in the workplace due to victims’ fear of losing their jobs. A 2016 Social Weather Stations study showed that 60 percent of women in Metro Manila were harassed at least once in their lifetime. In July, President Duterte signed the Safe Streets and Public Spaces Act to prevent and punish acts of sexual harassment in public places, online workplaces, and educational institutions..." (27).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"Government limits on foreign travel were generally based on security or personal safety factors, such as when a citizen had a pending court case, or to discourage travel by vulnerable workers to countries where they could face personal security risks, including trafficking or other exploitation. The Philippine Overseas Employment Administration manages departures for work abroad. It requires overseas workers to register and receive predeparture screening, training, and certification before traveling, and is intended to ensure that future overseas workers deal with legitimate, licensed recruitment agencies" (18-19).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"...In August custodial staff denied a transgender woman access to the women’s restroom at a mall in Quezon City, the first municipality in the country to adopt an antidiscrimination ordinance. The transgender woman recorded the incident. After public backlash, Quezon City mayor Joy Belmonte condemned the incident and ordered a check of the mall’s compliance with the city’s ordinance requiring 'all- gender' toilets in both public and private establishments" (33).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age for marriage for both sexes is 18 years; anyone younger than 21 must have parental consent. Under Muslim personal law, Muslim boys may marry at 15 and girls may marry when they reach puberty" (29).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: PRN-PRACTICE-1

"Despite the penalties, law enforcement agencies and NGOs reported that criminals and family members continued to use minors in the production of pornography and in cybersex activities. The country remained the top global internet source of online child pornography. Children continued to be victims of sex trafficking and the country remained a destination for foreign and domestic child sex tourists. Additionally, the live internet broadcast of young Filipino girls, boys, and sibling groups performing sex acts for paying foreigners continued. The government continued to prosecute accused pedophiles and deport those who were foreigners and to stop the entry of identified convicted sex offenders. To reduce retraumatization of child victims and...more
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-1

"Reports of rape and sexual abuse of women in police or protective custody continued. The Center for Women’s Resources noted that many of the rapes occurred in connection with police antidrug operations; however, updated data for 2018-19 has yet to be released" (6). "NGOs reported that because of cultural and social stigmatization, many women did not report rape or domestic violence. Reports of rape and sexual abuse of women in police or protective custody continued; the Center for Women’s Resources stated that 56 police officers were involved in 33 rape cases from July 2016 to October 2018" (26). "Despite the penalties, law enforcement agencies and NGOs reported that criminals and...more
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"No law mandates nondiscrimination based on gender in hiring, although the law prohibits discrimination in employment based on sex. Nonetheless, women continued to face discrimination on the job as well as in hiring (see section 7.d.)" (28). "...[I]n June a transgendered professor at the University of the Philippines disclosed that the reviewing committee denied her tenure application by citing both professional and interpersonal concerns. She believes her denial was due, in part, to her being transgender. Women faced discrimination both in hiring and on the job. Some labor unions claimed female employees suffered punitive action when they became pregnant. Although women faced workplace discrimination, they continued to occupy positions at...more
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the commercial exploitation of children and child pornography and defines purchasing commercial sex acts from a child as a trafficking offense...The production, possession, and distribution of child pornography are illegal, and penalties range from one month to life in prison, plus fines of from 50,000 to five million pesos ($935 to $93,500), depending on the gravity of the offense" (29).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"NGOs reported that because of cultural and social stigmatization, many women did not report rape or domestic violence. Reports of rape and sexual abuse of women in police or protective custody continued; the Center for Women’s Resources stated that 56 police officers were involved in 33 rape cases from July 2016 to October 2018" (26). "The PNP and the Social Welfare Department (DSWD) both maintained help desks to assist survivors of violence against women and to encourage reporting. In addition, the DSWD operated residential centers and community-based programs to assist women and children who were victims of rape, domestic violence, and other abuse. By the end of the second quarter,...more
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"...In October the Department of Justice’s Inter-Agency Council Against Trafficking partnered with the International Justice Mission, the Digital Freedom Network, and others to conduct several Prosecuting Online Sexual Exploitation training seminars for prosecutors and law enforcement officers on both prosecuting cases and obtaining and presenting digital evidence. Alumni of this program successfully convicted 33 online sexual exploitation of children cases in the year to October" (29). "The NBI and the PNP worked closely with the labor department to target and close facilities suspected of sex trafficking of minors. From January to June, DSWD data reported 29 cases in which children were victims of sex trafficking and 13 cases of child...more
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LO-LAW-1, CONST-LAW-1

"In law but not always in practice, women have most of the rights and protections accorded to men, and the law seeks to eliminate discrimination against women. The law accords women the same property rights as men. In Muslim and indigenous communities, however, property ownership law or tradition grants men more property rights than women" (27).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"Sexual harassment remained widespread and underreported, including in the workplace due to victims’ fear of losing their jobs. A 2016 Social Weather Stations study showed that 60 percent of women in Metro Manila were harassed at least once in their lifetime. In July, President Duterte signed the Safe Streets and Public Spaces Act to prevent and punish acts of sexual harassment in public places, online workplaces, and educational institutions. For example, in October a passenger complained of harassment by a driver for an application-based ride service. Senator Risa Hontiveros, author of the law in the Senate, urged the ride service to investigate and resolve the case using the newly signed...more
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Decades of sectarian and political insurgency, sporadic interclan fighting, and natural disasters have generated significant internal displacement...Most IDPs were women and children...Security forces sometimes carried out military operations near IDP sites, increasing the risk of casualties and damage and restricting freedom of movement. Impoverished IDPs were highly susceptible to human trafficking networks. Additionally, despite a government policy of free public education, significant numbers of children in displaced families were unable to attend school because of unofficial school fees and transportation expenses" (19).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Men dominated the political scene, although there has been an increase in the number of women holding elected positions in government. Media commentators expressed concern that political dynasties limited opportunities for female candidates not connected to political families" (21).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, and violations are punishable by imprisonment from one to six months, a fine of from 10,000 to 20,000 pesos ($187-$374), or both. Sexual harassment remained widespread and underreported, including in the workplace due to victims’ fear of losing their jobs. A 2016 Social Weather Stations study showed that 60 percent of women in Metro Manila were harassed at least once in their lifetime. In July, President Duterte signed the Safe Streets and Public Spaces Act to prevent and punish acts of sexual harassment in public places, online workplaces, and educational institutions..." (27). "No law mandates nondiscrimination based on gender in hiring, although the law prohibits...more
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship derives from birth to a citizen parent and, in certain circumstances, from birth within the country’s territory to alien parents..." (28).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"The law provides citizens the ability to choose their government by secret ballot in free and fair periodic elections based on universal and equal suffrage..." (20).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Children continued to be victims of sex trafficking and the country remained a destination for foreign and domestic child sex tourists. Additionally, the live internet broadcast of young Filipino girls, boys, and sibling groups performing sex acts for paying foreigners continued. The government continued to prosecute accused pedophiles and deport those who were foreigners and to stop the entry of identified convicted sex offenders. To reduce retraumatization of child victims and spare children from having to testify, the government increased its use of plea agreements in online child sexual exploitation cases, which significantly reduced the case disposition time. In February, for example, a woman pled guilty to attempted trafficking in...more
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"While authorities endeavored to enforce the law, inadequate prosecutorial resources and capacity to analyze computer evidence were challenges to effective enforcement. The government made serious efforts to address these crimes and collaborated with foreign law enforcement, NGOs, and international organizations. In October the Department of Justice’s Inter-Agency Council Against Trafficking partnered with the International Justice Mission, the Digital Freedom Network, and others to conduct several Prosecuting Online Sexual Exploitation training seminars for prosecutors and law enforcement officers on both prosecuting cases and obtaining and presenting digital evidence. Alumni of this program successfully convicted 33 online sexual exploitation of children cases in the year to October" (29). "Children continued to be...more
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2, CWC-DATA-2

"...Unscrupulous employers subjected women from rural communities and impoverished urban centers to domestic servitude, forced begging, and forced labor in small factories…" (37).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1, GEW-DATA-1

"Leftist and human rights activists continued to report harassment by local security forces, including abuse of detainees by police and prison officials. Rape was not generally used as a weapon of war, but the UN Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict identified three cases of rape by the Maute Group in 2018" (14).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: GP-DATA-3, GP-DATA-5

"The PNP and the Social Welfare Department (DSWD) both maintained help desks to assist survivors of violence against women and to encourage reporting. In addition, the DSWD operated residential centers and community-based programs to assist women and children who were victims of rape, domestic violence, and other abuse. By the end of the second quarter, the DSWD reported it had assisted 194 women and girls who were, specifically victims of rape. With the assistance of NGOs, the CHR, and the Philippine Commission on Women, law enforcement officers continued to receive gender sensitivity training to deal with victims of sexual crimes and domestic violence. The PNP maintained a women and children’s...more