The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Poland

Sept. 30, 2022, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Polish Civil Code recognizes the right of all citizens to use, collect profits from and dispose of their property within the limits set by the law and the principles of community life (Civil Code, 1964). There are no restrictions for women, married or unmarried, to own, manage, make decisions about or use land and non-land assets as collateral" (8). "There are no restrictions in the legal and policy framework in terms of accessing formal financial institutions, including with regard to opening a bank account and accessing credit. Women do not require the signature of their husband nor are there any other forms of discrimination that limit these rights in...more
Sept. 30, 2022, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"In the case of divorce, the spouses receive equal shares of the joint property unless the marriage contract provides otherwise (Family and Guardianship Code, 1964)" (9).
Sept. 30, 2022, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"There is no information that indicate the existence of discriminatory practices towards women’s inheritance rights, as widows or as daughters" (4).
Sept. 30, 2022, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"Women have the same rights as men to inherit and to write a will" (4).
Sept. 30, 2022, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"There is no information to suggest that there are customary, religious or traditional practices that challenge women’s legal property rights" (8). "There is no information indicating that gender discrimination is an issue in access to formal financial services" (9).
Sept. 30, 2022, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"The study by bank Credit Agricole, conducted jointly with the Ariadna research organisation, also revealed that 84 percent of the female respondents did not feel controlled by their partner when it came to spending, while 6 percent said they always had to ask their partner for money" (para 2). "The survey also found that women, by themselves, supervise the domestic budget in 52 percent of households, and in 32 percent of the cases they do it together with their partner" (para 5).
Sept. 30, 2022, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Up to 71 percent of Polish women consider themselves financially independent while another 40 percent have their own savings, according to new research" (para 1). "Nearly half (48 percent) of the women share a budget with their partner through which all expenses are financed. Outside the common budget, 23 percent have funds to finance their own needs" (para 3-4).
Jan. 26, 2022, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Latvia, Lesotho, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela
Variables: IIP-SCALE-1

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Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-2

"A child acquires citizenship at birth if at least one parent is a citizen, regardless of where the birth took place. Children born or found in the country whose parents were unknown or stateless are also citizens. The government has a system of universal birth registration immediately after birth" (16).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion or involuntary sterilization" (16).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (13).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"While courts may sentence a person convicted of domestic violence to a maximum of five years in prison, most of those found guilty received suspended sentences. The law permits authorities to place restraining orders without prior approval from a court on spouses to protect against abuse" (15).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-1

"The constitution provides for the same legal status and rights for men and women and prohibits discrimination against women, although few laws exist to implement the provision. The constitution requires equal pay for equal work, but discrimination against women in employment existed" (16).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"On January 11, the Przemysl Regional Court sentenced former head of Podkarpackie Province Miroslaw Karapyta to four years in prison for rape and corruption. The court found him guilty of nine charges, including two cases of attempted rape, accepting a personal favor in the form of sexual intercourse, and accepting expensive gifts in return for favors. Karapyta pleaded not guilty and appealed the court’s ruling" (13).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage is 18, although courts may grant permission for girls as young as 16 to marry under certain circumstances" (16).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal and punishable by up to 12 years in prison" (15).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-3

"Some incidents of gender- based violence in the centers for asylum seekers occurred, but UNHCR reported that local response teams involving doctors, psychologists, police, and social workers addressed these cases. UNHCR reported no major or persistent problems with abuse in the centers" (11).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-1

"The Women’s Rights Center reported that police were occasionally reluctant to intervene in domestic violence incidents if the perpetrator was a police officer or if victims were unwilling to cooperate" (15).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"While courts may sentence a person convicted of domestic violence to a maximum of five years in prison, most of those found guilty received suspended sentences. The law permits authorities to place restraining orders without prior approval from a court on spouses to protect against abuse" (15). "The law requires every municipality in the country to set up an interagency team of experts to deal with domestic violence" (15).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"The constitution provides citizens the ability to choose their government in free and fair periodic elections held by secret ballot and based on universal and equal suffrage" (13).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"The Women’s Rights Center reported that police were occasionally reluctant to intervene in domestic violence incidents if the perpetrator was a police officer or if victims were unwilling to cooperate. The law requires every municipality in the country to set up an interagency team of experts to deal with domestic violence. Centers for victims of domestic violence operated throughout the country. The centers provided social, medical, psychological, and legal assistance to victims; training for personnel who worked with victims; and 'corrective education' programs for abusers" (15).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The constitution provides for the same legal status and rights for men and women and prohibits discrimination against women, although few laws exist to implement the provision. The constitution requires equal pay for equal work, but discrimination against women in employment existed" (16). "The law prohibits discrimination with respect to employment or occupation in any way, directly or indirectly, on all grounds, in particular on the grounds of race, sex, color, religion, political opinion, national origin, ethnic origin, disability, sexual orientation, age, or trade union membership, and regardless of whether the person is hired for definite or indefinite contracts, or for full- or half-time work. The law does not specifically...more
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"Child pornography is illegal. The production, possession, storage, or importation of child pornography involving children younger than 15 is punishable by three months’ to 10 years’ imprisonment. During the year police conducted several operations against child pornography and alleged pedophiles" (16).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal and punishable by up to 12 years in prison" (15). "The law prohibits sexual intercourse with children younger than 15. The penalty for statutory rape ranges from two to 12 years’ imprisonment" (16).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"According to the government and the Children Empowerment Foundation, a leading NGO dealing with trafficking in children, trafficking of children for sexual exploitation remained a problem" (17).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, and violations carry penalties of up to three years’ imprisonment. According to the Women’s Rights Center, sexual harassment continued to be a serious and underreported problem" (16).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"On August 9, the Rzeszow local prosecutor’s office pressed charges against a 34- year-old man for attacking a 22-year-old Polish Muslim woman and her three- month-old baby in Rzeszow. The man was charged with making threats and offending the woman on the grounds of religious affiliation. On August 2, the attack took place as the woman was pushing her baby in a stroller along the river. The man verbally abused her and tried to throw the stroller with her baby into the river. He also made death threats against the woman and shouted, 'heil Hitler' and 'white power'" (19). This incidence reveals that Muslim women may not be as safe...more
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"While courts may sentence a person convicted of domestic violence to a maximum of five years in prison, most of those found guilty received suspended sentences. The law permits authorities to place restraining orders without prior approval from a court on spouses to protect against abuse. The Women’s Rights Center reported that police were occasionally reluctant to intervene in domestic violence incidents if the perpetrator was a police officer or if victims were unwilling to cooperate" (15).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The government plenipotentiary for civil society and equal treatment has a mandate to counter discrimination and promote equal opportunity for all. The plenipotentiary implements the government’s equal treatment policy, develops and evaluates draft acts, analyzes and evaluates legal solutions, and monitors the situation within the scope of application of the principle of equal treatment. The plenipotentiary is subordinate to the Prime Minister’s Office, did not have the same institutional independence as the ombudsperson, and did not have a separate budget" (15). Equal opportunity for all should include women, although no specifications are made to clarify whether this does counter discrimination against women (JLR-CODER COMMENT). "The constitution provides for the same...more
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The penalties for obstructing trade union activity range from fines to community service. The government did not effectively enforce applicable laws. Resources, inspections, and remediation efforts were not adequate, and the small fines imposed as punishment were an ineffective deterrent to employers. Administrative and judicial procedures were subject to lengthy delays and appeals. Unions alleged that the government did not consistently enforce laws prohibiting retribution against strikers. On April 10, the international company Orpea disciplinarily fired Anna Bacia, a physical therapist with 16 years of experience, who was a chairperson of the trade union representing company workers. According to All Poland’s Trade Union, the dismissal, which happened shortly after she...more