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Latest items for Poland

June 16, 2021, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"Poland adopted its first National Action Plan (NAP) in 2018 for the period 2018-2021...The NAP has four major objectives that focus on the need to increase women’s participation in peace processes, peacekeeping missions and operations; the need to strengthen women’s role in decision-making processes related to ensuring peace; and the need to protect and support women and children in conflict and in post-conflict settings. The implementation of activities set out in the document will be financed from the budgets of the relevant participating ministries and from the budgets of their subordinate units, academic centers, think-tanks and non‑governmental organizations" (para 1).
June 15, 2021, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kosovo, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Netherlands, Nicaragua, North Korea, Norway, Panama, Poland, Portugal, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tunisia, Ukraine, Uruguay
Variables: PW-SCALE-1

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June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"In the course of divorce proceedings, a spouse could apply for alimony. It was enough to file a motion for alimony during proceedings in the presence of the other spouse orally or in writing. The court’s decision as to which party is at fault for the breakdown of marriage was decisive in this respect. Pursuant to the Family and Guardianship Code, a spouse who was in need and was not found solely at fault for the breakdown of marriage could demand alimony from the divorced spouse to the extent corresponding to his/her justified needs and to the earning and property potential of the obligor. The obligation to provide the divorced...more
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"On 8 June 2010, new regulations concerning in particular stepping up the fight against paedophilia, including paedophilia in the Internet, entered into force.6 These regulations were aimed at stiffening the accountability of perpetrators of sexual offences against minors under 15 years of age. The scope of criminal liability for raping a minor under 15 years of age was stiffened by classifying such an act as a crime, punishable by a penalty of imprisonment for at least three years. A new type of offence, i.e. accosting children for sexual purposes via the Internet or other telecommunication systems (so-called grooming), subject to a penalty of imprisonment for up to 3 years, was...more
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ISTD-DATA-1, ISTD-DATA-3

In Table 18, titled "Results from Advisory and Diagnostic Points conducting anonymous and free-of-charge HIV tests combined with pre-test and post-test counselling", we see that in 2007, the number of HIV-negative women: 8,093, HIV-positive women: 44; number of HIV-negative men: 10,463, HIV-positive men: 172. In 2008, the number of HIV-negative women: 8,545, HIV-positive women: 47; number of HIV-negative men: 11,647, HIV-positive men: 199. In 2009, the number of HIV-negative women: 11,675, HIV-positive women: 52; number of HIV-negative men: 13,516, HIV-positive men: 269. In 2010, the number of HIV-negative women: 11,527, HIV-positive women: 42; number of HIV-negative men: 13,590, HIV-positive men: 243 (69).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"On 5 March 2004, the inter-ministerial Team for Combating and Preventing Human Trafficking (together with a Working Group), headed by the Undersecretary of State at the Ministry of the Interior and Administration, was established to provide opinions and advice to the Prime Minister. The institutions invited to cooperate within the framework of the Team for Combating and Preventing Human Trafficking included representatives of non-governmental organizations: the La Strada Foundation against Trafficking in Persons and Slavery, the Nobody’s Children Foundation (Fundacja Dzieci Niczyje), the Itaka Foundation – Centre for Missing People (Fundacja Itaka – Centrum Poszukiwań Ludzi Zaginionych), the Association Help-FULL for Women and Children of Immaculate Mary (Stowarzyszenie Po-MOC dla...more
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"health policy programmes between 2003 and 2010 focused...on improving women’s reproductive health [include]...Programme for antiretroviral therapy in an HIV-positive population in Poland for 2007–2009...; Implementation schedule for the National Programme for Fighting AIDS and Preventing HIV Infections" (68). "'These actions are carried out through social campaigns, publications, educational programmes, Advisory and Diagnostic Points, guides for doctors and trainee doctors, printing leaflets and posters, broadcasting radio and television spots, internet websites, etc. The national policy on preventing HIV infections and taking care of people living with HIV and AIDS patients has been implemented since 1996. The actions taken are largely directed at women and girls" (69).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: IM-DATA-1

"The perinatal mortality rate (the sum of foetal deaths and neonatal deaths at the age of 0–6 days per 1000 live births and stillbirths) was constantly on the decline between 2002 and 2009. The perinatal mortality rate decreased by 1.5 points – from 8.7 in 2002 to 7.2 in 2009. The infant mortality rate between 2002 and 2009 also showed a steady downward trend. The infant mortality rate (the number of deaths of infants33 per 1000 live births) dropped by nearly two points – from 7.5 in 2002 to 5.6 in 2009. Currently, this rate does not show any differences between urban and rural areas. The child mortality rate (aged...more
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"In the Polish education system, the vast majority of public schools is co-educational. As at 30 September 2010, there were 700 schools in Poland for boys only and 137 schools for girls only" (39). "There are no obstacles in Polish law preventing an underage mother from continuing education at a school for young people. If she is unable to continue her education at a school for young people due to the necessity to look after the child, she may choose a school for adults...During the period of pregnancy, childbirth and confinement, teenage girls who became pregnant before reaching the maximum age when compulsory schooling is imposed, have the right to...more
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"In the reporting period, the Act of 15 February 1962 on Polish citizenship was in force (Dz. U. of 2000, No 28, item 353, as amended). None of the provisions of this Act discriminated against women as regards acquiring, changing or retaining their citizenship" (37).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Until the end of 2010, 35,988 women and 60,904 men received subsidies to start their own businesses under the OP HC" (50). "Pursuant to article 70(1) of the Act of 29 August 1997 – Banking Law (Dz. U. of 2002, No 72, item 665, as amended), the bank shall make granting credit contingent upon the borrower’s creditworthiness, irrespective of the borrower’s sex. With respect to mortgage loans taken by married persons (irrespective of their sex), the provisions of article 37(1) of the Act of 25 February 1964 – The Family and Guardianship Code (Dz. U. of 2012, item 788) apply, which stipulate that for the performance of legal action resulting...more
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Act on employment promotion (…) also contains penal provisions concerning the procedure to be followed in case of violation of discrimination bans. According to these provisions, any person who runs an employment agency and does not comply with the prohibition of discrimination on account of gender, age, disability, race, nationality, ethnic origin, sexual orientation, political beliefs and religion or on the grounds of membership of a trade union or, for the above-mentioned reasons, refuses to employ a candidate to fill a vacant employment or vocational training position shall be subject to a fine of not less than PLN 3,000" (4).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: SRACE-PRACTICE-1

"There are two Polish national organizations that actively promote women’s sport, namely the Polish Association of Women and Sport (PSSK) and the Women and Sport Commission of the Polish Olympic Committee (PKOl). The Polish Association of Women and Sport, a non-profit organization, was established in 1994 and is open to female competitors, including Olympians and representatives of various communities interested in the development of women’s sport. Since 2002, the Association has been a member of PKOl. The Women and Sport Commission of the Polish Olympic Committee, established in 1999 and open to female Olympians, sports journalists, representatives of sports organizations and sports academies, implements activities aimed at promoting the physical...more
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"Marriage to a foreigner or a change of citizenship by the husband did not automatically entail a change of his wife’s citizenship and did not confer upon her the status of stateless person or force her to change citizenship to that of her husband" (37). "Between 2002 and 2006, independent passports were issued for children and a child up to the age of 16 could be entered to the passport of its parent, either the woman or the man, and could travel under the care of the parent into whose passport it was entered. Children could be entered both to their father’s and mother’s passport. Entry of a child to...more
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LO-DATA-1, LO-DATA-2

"Furthermore, between 2009 and 2011, the Polish Agency for Enterprise Development implemented the Women for Women programme financed by the European Commission20, whose aim was to create a National Network of Female Entrepreneurship Ambassadors. Nine female and male ambassadors were chosen under the said project (four in Warsaw and five in Cracow). A group of 30 women was selected in both cities to participate in the 'My Job, My Company' workshop. During the 132-hour training the participants learned the rudiments of business activity from such thematic areas as: legal and tax-related aspects of business activity, the basics of accounting and marketing, the rules of preparing business plans. 12 out of...more
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Gminas also obtained support for stimulating the local population to action as well as assistance in appointing local male and female leaders, motivating them to take action and in encouraging residents to actively contribute to resolving social problems. Under the Project, action was taken to create local leaders. Nearly 90 per cent of them are women who discovered that active inclusion in community activities gives them the possibility of self-realization and self-development" (74).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

"In Poland in the reporting period the pharmacological and surgical methods and artificial insemination were fully financed, whereas Assisted Reproductive Technologies (In vitro) were available but for a payment.37 Pursuant to the Ordinance of the Minister of Health of 29 August 2009 on the guaranteed services of hospital treatment (Dz. U. No 140, item 1143, as amended), the patient has access (under the State guaranteed services) to services in cases diagnosed as: For women: Recurrent pregnancy loss, Female infertility associated with an ovulation, Female infertility of tubal origin, Female infertility of uterine origin, Female infertility of cervical origin, Female infertility associated with male factors, Female infertility of other origin, Female...more
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Despite the existing legal regulations, differences in the remuneration of women and men remain significant. Research conducted by the Central Statistical Office on the salary structure by profession shows that sex remains a significant determinant of the amount of salary. The relation between the remuneration of men and women improved in 2010. While the average monthly gross salary for women constituted 83.1 per cent of the average salary for men in 2002, this share increased to 85.0 per cent in 2010. In the public sector this share increased by 5.2 percentage points, unlike in the private sector where it dropped by 3.5 percentage points" (48). In Table 12, titled "Average...more
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"The failure to pay for the support of a next of kin was a crime laid down in the Penal Code (art. 209(1)). It was subject to a fine, the penalty of restriction of liberty or the penalty of deprivation of liberty for up to two years. If a debtor did not perform any payable work and did not possess any tangible property that could be used to exact payment of debts, the person entitled to support could take legal action to obtain maintenance payments from the debtor’s family. In the event the enforcement proved ineffective, the child entitled to support payments from its parent could apply for financial assistance...more
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"In the reporting period, no provisions or instruments existed that would limit the legal capacity of women. Women and men had identical rights in respect of concluding all types of contracts, disposing of their fortune or executing a will or custody of an inheritance. As regards procedural rights, women – equally as men – possessed the judicial and procedural capacity (the right to sue and be a party to legal proceedings and the right to act in court proceedings). Women and men enjoyed equal access to free legal assistance" (81).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The protection of employment relationships of women raising children is tantamount to the prohibition of giving termination notice and terminating the employment agreement from the day of requesting child care leave by the employee to the last day of such leave. During this time, the employment agreement may be terminated only if the employer declares bankruptcy or liquidation and if there are reasons for terminating the employment agreement without notice through the fault of the employee. Furthermore, if the employee entitled to a child care leave files a written request to reduce his/her working time to a minimum of half of the working time in the period when he/she would...more
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Consequently, regulations demanding equal treatment and prohibiting discrimination in employment were strengthened. This includes in particular the Act of 14 November 2003 amending the Act – Labour Code and amending certain other acts (Dz. U. No 213, item 2081)1 and the Act of 21 November 2008 amending the Act – Labour Code (Dz. U. No 223, item 1460, which entered into force on 18 January 2009)" (3). "In view of the process of adjusting national gender equality law to EU regulations, the Act of 3 December 2010 on the implementation of certain provisions of the European Union on equal treatment (Dz. U. No 254, item 1700), adopted after the reporting...more
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"Articles 32 and 33 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland, which concern such issues as gender equality before the law and prohibit gender discrimination, have not been amended since the previous reporting period. Apart from the Constitution, individual spheres of the social and economic life in Poland were regulated by several other acts that contain provisions prohibiting and preventing discrimination" (3).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"The project consisted in a media campaign popularizing the principle of gender equality in the labour market and professional activity of women, including those from small towns, villages and rural areas (documentaries and TV programmes 'Professional women', 'I’m going to make it', 'A woman needed immediately' and radio broadcasts)...The campaign featured media activities promoting the partnership family model and mechanisms of reconciliation of roles: TV spots, press articles, radio and TV broadcasts. In addition, posters and brochures were distributed to 300 kindergartens and 300 primary schools all around Poland" (12). "As in the previous reporting period, school textbooks in Poland are admitted to school use on the basis of opinions...more
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"In the reporting period, pursuant to article 207 of the Penal Code, mental or physical mistreatment of an immediate family member or another person who is in a permanent or temporary state of dependence to the perpetrator, of a minor or a person who is vulnerable because of his/her mental or physical condition was subject to the penalty of imprisonment for a term of between three months and five years. If the act was connected with the practice of particular cruelty, the perpetrator was subject to the penalty of imprisonment from one year to 10 years. Other single acts which did not show all the features of an offence, consisting...more
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"Until the end of 2010, 35,988 women and 60,904 men received subsidies to start their own businesses under the OP HC" (50). In Table 20, titled "Structure of population working in individual agriculture in rural areas by sex" it shows that in 2003, 55.2% of the people who work in agriculture in the rural areas are men, and 44.8% were women. In 2010, 54.9% of people working ag were men, and 45.1% were women (78).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ACR-PRACTICE-1

"In Poland 27 clinics performing in vitro fertilization were registered under the European IVF Monitoring (EIM)" (66).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Between 2006 and 2008, the Government carried out a project entitled 'STEREOTYPES and equal opportunities of women and men in rural communities' co-financed from the funds of European Social Fund. The aim of the project was to break the stereotypes about the social roles of women in the rural community and strengthen their position on the labour market, as well as to remove the disparity between urban and rural areas as regards the possibility of local initiatives development...The project was attended by 640 women living in rural areas. The project beneficiaries included female gmina leaders, female gmina councillors, women involved in social or economic activity or willing to engage in...more
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The protection of employment relationships of women raising children is tantamount to the prohibition of giving termination notice and terminating the employment agreement from the day of requesting child care leave by the employee to the last day of such leave. During this time, the employment agreement may be terminated only if the employer declares bankruptcy or liquidation and if there are reasons for terminating the employment agreement without notice through the fault of the employee. Furthermore, if the employee entitled to a child care leave files a written request to reduce his/her working time to a minimum of half of the working time in the period when he/she would...more
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"Pursuant to article 13(1) of the Act of 13 June 2003 on granting protection to foreigners in the territory of the Republic of Poland (Dz. U. of 2012, item 680), a foreigner is granted refugee status, if as a result of a well-founded fear of persecution in his home country on account of race, religion, nationality, political convictions or belonging to a specific social group, he/she cannot or does not want to enjoy the protection of that country" (38).