The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Poland

Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-2

"A child acquires citizenship at birth if at least one parent is a citizen, regardless of where the birth took place. Children born or found in the country whose parents were unknown or stateless are also citizens. The government has a system of universal birth registration immediately after birth" (16).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion or involuntary sterilization" (16).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (13).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"While courts may sentence a person convicted of domestic violence to a maximum of five years in prison, most of those found guilty received suspended sentences. The law permits authorities to place restraining orders without prior approval from a court on spouses to protect against abuse" (15).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-1

"The constitution provides for the same legal status and rights for men and women and prohibits discrimination against women, although few laws exist to implement the provision. The constitution requires equal pay for equal work, but discrimination against women in employment existed" (16).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"On January 11, the Przemysl Regional Court sentenced former head of Podkarpackie Province Miroslaw Karapyta to four years in prison for rape and corruption. The court found him guilty of nine charges, including two cases of attempted rape, accepting a personal favor in the form of sexual intercourse, and accepting expensive gifts in return for favors. Karapyta pleaded not guilty and appealed the court’s ruling" (13).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage is 18, although courts may grant permission for girls as young as 16 to marry under certain circumstances" (16).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal and punishable by up to 12 years in prison" (15).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-3

"Some incidents of gender- based violence in the centers for asylum seekers occurred, but UNHCR reported that local response teams involving doctors, psychologists, police, and social workers addressed these cases. UNHCR reported no major or persistent problems with abuse in the centers" (11).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-1

"The Women’s Rights Center reported that police were occasionally reluctant to intervene in domestic violence incidents if the perpetrator was a police officer or if victims were unwilling to cooperate" (15).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"While courts may sentence a person convicted of domestic violence to a maximum of five years in prison, most of those found guilty received suspended sentences. The law permits authorities to place restraining orders without prior approval from a court on spouses to protect against abuse" (15). "The law requires every municipality in the country to set up an interagency team of experts to deal with domestic violence" (15).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"The constitution provides citizens the ability to choose their government in free and fair periodic elections held by secret ballot and based on universal and equal suffrage" (13).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"The Women’s Rights Center reported that police were occasionally reluctant to intervene in domestic violence incidents if the perpetrator was a police officer or if victims were unwilling to cooperate. The law requires every municipality in the country to set up an interagency team of experts to deal with domestic violence. Centers for victims of domestic violence operated throughout the country. The centers provided social, medical, psychological, and legal assistance to victims; training for personnel who worked with victims; and 'corrective education' programs for abusers" (15).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The constitution provides for the same legal status and rights for men and women and prohibits discrimination against women, although few laws exist to implement the provision. The constitution requires equal pay for equal work, but discrimination against women in employment existed" (16). "The law prohibits discrimination with respect to employment or occupation in any way, directly or indirectly, on all grounds, in particular on the grounds of race, sex, color, religion, political opinion, national origin, ethnic origin, disability, sexual orientation, age, or trade union membership, and regardless of whether the person is hired for definite or indefinite contracts, or for full- or half-time work. The law does not specifically...more
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"Child pornography is illegal. The production, possession, storage, or importation of child pornography involving children younger than 15 is punishable by three months’ to 10 years’ imprisonment. During the year police conducted several operations against child pornography and alleged pedophiles" (16).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal and punishable by up to 12 years in prison" (15). "The law prohibits sexual intercourse with children younger than 15. The penalty for statutory rape ranges from two to 12 years’ imprisonment" (16).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"According to the government and the Children Empowerment Foundation, a leading NGO dealing with trafficking in children, trafficking of children for sexual exploitation remained a problem" (17).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, and violations carry penalties of up to three years’ imprisonment. According to the Women’s Rights Center, sexual harassment continued to be a serious and underreported problem" (16).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"On August 9, the Rzeszow local prosecutor’s office pressed charges against a 34- year-old man for attacking a 22-year-old Polish Muslim woman and her three- month-old baby in Rzeszow. The man was charged with making threats and offending the woman on the grounds of religious affiliation. On August 2, the attack took place as the woman was pushing her baby in a stroller along the river. The man verbally abused her and tried to throw the stroller with her baby into the river. He also made death threats against the woman and shouted, 'heil Hitler' and 'white power'" (19). This incidence reveals that Muslim women may not be as safe...more
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"While courts may sentence a person convicted of domestic violence to a maximum of five years in prison, most of those found guilty received suspended sentences. The law permits authorities to place restraining orders without prior approval from a court on spouses to protect against abuse. The Women’s Rights Center reported that police were occasionally reluctant to intervene in domestic violence incidents if the perpetrator was a police officer or if victims were unwilling to cooperate" (15).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The government plenipotentiary for civil society and equal treatment has a mandate to counter discrimination and promote equal opportunity for all. The plenipotentiary implements the government’s equal treatment policy, develops and evaluates draft acts, analyzes and evaluates legal solutions, and monitors the situation within the scope of application of the principle of equal treatment. The plenipotentiary is subordinate to the Prime Minister’s Office, did not have the same institutional independence as the ombudsperson, and did not have a separate budget" (15). Equal opportunity for all should include women, although no specifications are made to clarify whether this does counter discrimination against women (JLR-CODER COMMENT). "The constitution provides for the same...more
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The penalties for obstructing trade union activity range from fines to community service. The government did not effectively enforce applicable laws. Resources, inspections, and remediation efforts were not adequate, and the small fines imposed as punishment were an ineffective deterrent to employers. Administrative and judicial procedures were subject to lengthy delays and appeals. Unions alleged that the government did not consistently enforce laws prohibiting retribution against strikers. On April 10, the international company Orpea disciplinarily fired Anna Bacia, a physical therapist with 16 years of experience, who was a chairperson of the trade union representing company workers. According to All Poland’s Trade Union, the dismissal, which happened shortly after she...more
Oct. 14, 2021, 7:25 a.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ABO-PRACTICE-1

"Protesters targeted Catholic churches across Poland on Sunday in the fourth straight day of upheaval against a near-total ban on abortion in the EU country. Demonstrators chanted 'we've had enough!' and 'barbarians' inside a church in the western city of Poznan in scenes that were repeated across the deeply Catholic country. The protesters were reacting to Thursday's ruling by Poland's constitutional court that an existing law allowing the abortion of damaged fetuses was 'incompatible' with the constitution" (para 1-3). "Protesters, brandishing placards bearing expletives and others saying 'I wish I could abort my government', clashed with police and supporters of the ban outside a landmark church in central Warsaw. Local...more
Oct. 14, 2021, 7:25 a.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Protesters targeted Catholic churches across Poland on Sunday in the fourth straight day of upheaval against a near-total ban on abortion in the EU country. Demonstrators chanted 'we've had enough!' and 'barbarians' inside a church in the western city of Poznan in scenes that were repeated across the deeply Catholic country. The protesters were reacting to Thursday's ruling by Poland's constitutional court that an existing law allowing the abortion of damaged fetuses was 'incompatible' with the constitution" (para 1-3). "Protesters, brandishing placards bearing expletives and others saying 'I wish I could abort my government', clashed with police and supporters of the ban outside a landmark church in central Warsaw. Local...more
Oct. 14, 2021, 7:25 a.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"The protesters were reacting to Thursday's ruling by Poland's constitutional court that an existing law allowing the abortion of damaged fetuses was 'incompatible' with the constitution. The country's Constitutional Tribunal ruled in favour of a ban on abortions in cases of fetal defects, tightening Poland's restrictive abortion laws even further. The decision means that abortions will only be permitted in cases of rape, incest or when the mother's health is at risk" (para 3-4). "Last week's abortion verdict - which is final and cannot be repealed - drew condemnation from several human rights groups in Europe and the Council of Europe, the continent's leading human rights organisation, with Commissioner for...more
Oct. 14, 2021, 7:25 a.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ABO-DATA-1

"The country of 38 million people sees fewer than 2,000 legal abortions a year in Poland - which even before the ruling enforced some of the strictest termination restrictions in Europe - and the vast majority of those are carried out due to damaged fetuses. But women's groups estimate that up to 200,000 procedures are performed illegally or abroad" (para 14-15). "'[The] decision represents a total ban on abortion in Poland as 98 percent of legal terminations in Poland are related to fetal malformations,' Krystyna Kacpura, head of the Federation for Women and Family Planning, said after the court's ruling" (para 21). "Kacpura said the situation for women with modest...more
Sept. 13, 2021, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Angola, Bahamas, Brunei, Burkina Faso, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Djibouti, El Salvador, Estonia, Germany, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, Iceland, Laos, Madagascar, North Korea, Poland, Portugal, Serbia, Slovakia, Suriname, Tanzania, Togo, Uruguay
Variables: LRW-SCALE-12

2.0
July 9, 2021, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"The court’s decision halted pregnancy terminations for fetal abnormalities, virtually the only type of abortion currently performed in the country. Abortions of pregnancies resulting from rape and those threatening the life of women are still formally legal"(para 16).
July 9, 2021, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"On Wednesday[10/2020], people — overwhelmingly women — poured out from their offices to take part in the work stoppage. They filled the streets in cities like Gdansk, Lodz, Warsaw and Wroclaw, but also in smaller towns like Siemiatycze in eastern Poland, which used to be a stronghold of the Law and Justice party"(para 11)."Cezary Tomczyk, the parliamentary leader of the main opposition party, Civic Platform, accused Mr. Kaczynski of issuing a 'call to lynching' and condemned what he said was the creation of 'militias' loyal to the ruling party. After they reached Parliament on Wednesday, demonstrators tried blocking an exit, scuffling with the police guarding the building. 'Let’s do a...more
July 9, 2021, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ABO-PRACTICE-1

"Tens of thousands of women took to the streets in dozens of Polish cities and towns for a nationwide strike on Wednesday to protest a top court’s decision to ban nearly all abortions, even as the nation’s leading politician urged his conservative supporters to 'defend Poland'"(para 1)."'This is the only way we can win this war,' Mr. Kaczynski[Jaroslaw Kaczynski, the deputy prime minister] said, using martial language that critics said served as a call to arms.His remarks, made in a speech to Parliament on Wednesday and in a video posted Tuesday night to his supporters on Facebook, came as protests stretched into a sixth straight day and drew in the...more