The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Russia

Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"[T]he NGO Human Rights Watch released a report based on interviews with four men who were detained for periods of three and 20 days between December 2018 and February 2019... One was reportedly raped with a stick" (8). If the police also rape men, then police rape is not a differential treatment for women (SFR - CODER COMMENT). "There were reports of rape and sexual abuse by government agents. For example, according to press reports, on August 27, two police officers in the city of Anapa in the Krasnodar region threatened a 17-year-old girl with arrest and administrative charges in order to force her to engage in sexual acts" (8)....more
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"There were reports of rape and sexual abuse by government agents. For example, according to press reports, on August 27, two police officers in the city of Anapa in the Krasnodar region threatened a 17-year-old girl with arrest and administrative charges in order to force her to engage in sexual acts" (8).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

In some parts of the North Caucasus, women continued to face... forced adherence to Islamic dress codes" (56) .
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"The law does not allow for same-sex couples to adopt children together, only as individuals" (66).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"There is no domestic violence provision in the law and no legal definition of domestic violence, making it difficult to know its actual prevalence in the country... The law prohibits threats, assault, battery, and killing, but most acts of domestic violence did not fall within the jurisdiction of the prosecutor’s office" (53). "A 2017 law made beatings by 'close relatives' an administrative rather than a criminal offense for first-time offenders, provided the beating does not cause serious harm requiring hospital treatment" (54). "The country does not have a law on child abuse but the law outlaws murder, battery, and rape" (57). "A 2017 law that makes beatings by 'close relatives'...more
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"[S]ex workers were afraid to appear in the official system due to threats from law enforcement bodies. Economic migrants also concealed their HIV status and avoided treatment due to fear of deportation. By law foreign citizens who are HIV-positive may be deported. The law, however, bars the deportation of HIV-positive foreigners who have a Russian national or permanent resident spouse, child, or parents" (66).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"The antidomestic violence NGO ANNA Center estimated that 60 to 70 percent of women suffering from some type of domestic violence do not seek help due to fear, public shame, lack of financial independence from their partner, or lack of confidence in law enforcement personnel" (53). "[T]he number of reported domestic violence cases has fallen by half. NGOs working on domestic violence noted that official reporting of domestic violence decreased because the decriminalization deterred women suffering domestic violence from going to police. In contrast, an antidomestic violence hotline center noted an increase in domestic violence complaints after the 2017 amendments, which the center considered to be a direct effect of...more
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Local authorities may authorize marriage from age 16 under certain circumstances. More than a dozen regions allow marriage from age 14 under special circumstances, such as pregnancy or the birth of a child" (57).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Women held approximately 17 percent of legislative seats during the year" (50).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs in Dagestan reported FGM/C was occasionally practiced in some villages, estimating that 1,240 Dagestani girls are subjected to it every year. In November 2018 Meduza reported that a private clinic in the Best Clinics network was offering FGM/C procedures to girls between ages five and 12, which the Federal Service for Health Supervision (Roszdravnadzor) later confirmed. The Best Clinics case was referred to the Investigative Committee in February" (55).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"In one case in July 2018, three teenaged sisters allegedly killed their father... On October 1, authorities confirmed that the father had physically and sexually abused the girls for many years without any repercussions. As of December the girls remained under house arrest as they awaited their trial for murder, which prosecutors argued was premeditated. The case ignited widespread support for the sisters across the country during the year, with many persons calling for their release" (54). "[T]he Justice Ministry responded that claims about the scale of domestic violence in the country were 'quite exaggerated' and these women’s claims were undermining 'the efforts that the government was making to improve...more
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: PRN-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities considered child pornography to be a serious problem" (58).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"Significant human rights issues included: ...coerced abortion and sterilization" (1-2). "There were reports of coerced abortion or involuntary sterilization. Multiple media outlets during the year, including the Dozhd television channel on October 4 and the Izvestiya newspaper on November 7, published articles containing allegations that female residents of long-term psychiatric care facilities have been involuntarily sterilized or subjected to forced abortions. Data about the extent of the practice were not available" (56).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"[A]ccording to press reports, on August 27, two police officers in the city of Anapa in the Krasnodar region threatened a 17-year-old girl with arrest and administrative charges in order to force her to engage in sexual acts. Following an internal investigation, 11 police officers were fired, including the Anapa police chief. As of December authorities had not opened a criminal case" (8). "According to NGOs, many law enforcement personnel and prosecutors did not consider spousal or acquaintance rape a priority and did not encourage reporting or prosecuting such cases. NGOs reported that local police officers sometimes refused to respond to rape or domestic violence calls unless the victim’s life...more
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: MURDER-DATA-2

"A December 2018 study by human rights defenders, the first ever conducted, found 39 cases of honor killings (36 women, three men) between 2008 and 2017 in the North Caucasus region but estimated that the real number could be much higher" (55).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"[W]omen often encountered significant restrictions, including prohibitions on their employment in 456 jobs. Although the government promised to open most of these jobs to women by 2021, the approximately 100 jobs that the Ministry of Labor has ruled especially physically taxing, including firefighting, mining, and steam boiler repair, would remain off limits" (56). "The law restricts women’s employment in jobs with 'harmful or dangerous conditions or work underground, except in nonphysical jobs or sanitary and consumer services,' and forbids women’s employment in 'manual handling of bulk weights that exceed the limits set for their handling.' The law includes hundreds of tasks prohibited for women and includes restrictions on women’s employment...more
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"According to NGOs, many law enforcement personnel and prosecutors did not consider spousal or acquaintance rape a priority and did not encourage reporting or prosecuting such cases" (53).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"NGOs in Dagestan reported FGM/C was occasionally practiced in some villages, estimating that 1,240 Dagestani girls are subjected to it every year" (55).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-2

"In some parts of the North Caucasus, women continued to face bride kidnapping, polygamy..." (56).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"No laws limit participation of women and members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (50).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In some parts of the North Caucasus, women continued to face bride kidnapping, polygamy, [and] forced marriage (including child marriage)..." (56).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"In April 2018 a court in Petrozavodsk acquitted renowned historian of the gulag and human rights activist Yuriy Dmitriyev of child pornography charges" (16). Criminal charges for child pornography indicate that it is ilegal (SFR - CODER COMMENT). "The law prohibits... practices related to child pornography" (57). "The law prohibits the manufacture, distribution, and possession with intent to distribute child pornography, but possession without intent to distribute is not prohibited by law. Manufacture and distribution of pornography involving children younger than age 18 are punishable by two to eight years in prison or three to 10 years in prison if children younger than 14 are involved" (58). "Roskomnadzor has the...more
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"November 2, the Moscow Region Investigative Committee launched a criminal investigation into the video’s producers and participants on suspicion of 'violent sexual assault of a minor' younger than age 14, a crime punishable by 12 to 20 years in prison" (21). "The penalty for rape is three to six years’ imprisonment for a single offense, with additional time imposed for aggravating factors" (53).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"Domestic violence remained a major problem" (53). "According to a report published in April by the National Institute for Child Protection, one in four parents admitted to having beaten their children at least once with a belt. For example, on July 6, seven-year-old “Aisha” (not her real name) was taken to a hospital near her home in Ingushetia. She had countless bruises, bites, and burns all over her body; it turned out that her aunt, who had been her guardian for six months, had been abusing her. Aisha had to have extensive surgery to save her severely damaged arm" (57).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: IRP-DATA-1

"Some children, both Russian and foreign, were subjected to commercial sexual exploitation" (71).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The country does not have a law on child abuse but the law outlaws murder, battery, and rape. The penalties for such crimes range from five to 15 years in prison and, if they result in the death of a minor, up to 20 years in prison" (57).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The minimum legal age for marriage is 18 for both men and women. Local authorities may authorize marriage from age 16 under certain circumstances. More than a dozen regions allow marriage from age 14 under special circumstances, such as pregnancy or the birth of a child" (57).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"On July 9, the ECHR issued its first ruling on a domestic violence case in the country, ordering the state to pay 20,000 euros ($22,000) to Valeriya Volodina, who had filed a complaint in 2017. Volodina stated that her former boyfriend severely beat her several times, threatened to kill her, and abducted her. Volodina also claimed that police ignored numerous calls she made for authorities to investigate. In 2018 authorities agreed to charge the man with violating her privacy after he published intimate photographs of her, but the investigations never led to a trial, and Volodina changed her name and fled the country" (54). "According to NGOs police were often...more
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and members of minorities in the political process" (50).
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"November 2, the Moscow Region Investigative Committee launched a criminal investigation into the video’s producers and participants on suspicion of 'violent sexual assault of a minor' younger than age 14" (21). "Rape is illegal" (53)."The law contains a general provision against compelling a person to perform actions of a sexual character by means of blackmail, threats, or by taking advantage of the victim’s economic or other dependence on the perpetrator" (56). "The age of consent is 16" (57).