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Latest items for Spain

June 8, 2022, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Though the term femicide—instances of women killed by men on account of their gender—wasn’t included in Spanish dictionaries until 2014, violence against women came into brutal focus with the murder of Ana Orantes in 1997, a woman from Granada who shocked the public, first when she spoke on an evening TV program about the abuse she suffered at her ex-husband’s hands for 40 years, and 13 days later, when her ex set her ablaze. Newspapers began tracking gender-based murders around 2000. In 2003, the government created its own registry, logging the number of women killed by partners or former partners. An independent study that includes femicides committed by men with...more
June 8, 2022, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The debate surrounding false accusations in particular has become a focal point in Spain’s culture wars in the wake of a high-profile case in which a woman accused five men of gang-raping her at Pamplona’s world-famous Running of the Bulls festival. When the men were acquitted of rape and found guilty of a lesser crime last spring, women throughout Spain took to the streets in what was considered the country’s #MeToo moment. Last summer, as the movement gained momentum, a self-proclaimed feminist government took office and promised to revise rape laws and make gender equality one of its top priorities" (Para. 11).
June 8, 2022, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Only one party in Spain is currently making that argument, and the speaker at the rally, Alicia Rubio, helps run its get-out-the-vote efforts. That party is Vox" (Para. 4). "The party also espouses what Sílvia Claveria, a politics professor at Carlos III University in Madrid, described to me as 'modern sexism': It advocates longer maternity leave and encourages women to be proud mothers, but once women want to separate from or divorce their partners, it shifts positions to take the man’s side. According to Manuela Carmena, the mayor of Madrid and a politician known for her efforts to promote women’s rights, Vox has sought to benefit from 'the frustration and...more
June 8, 2022, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"That strategy is apparent in remarks from Vox’s leadership. In a televised interview in January, the party’s president, Santiago Abascal, claimed that 87 percent of gender-violence accusations had been dropped because there was no evidence that the accused had committed a crime. (In fact, only 0.01 percent of gender-violence accusations are deemed false, according to data compiled by the office of Spain’s attorney general. The Barcelona-based lawyer Júlia Humet told me that some are indeed withdrawn or dropped, but frequently this is due to the cycle of violence itself: Women often give their abusers another chance out of a sense of love or loyalty, Humet said, or because they’re pressured...more
June 8, 2022, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: MURDER-DATA-1

"According to official figures, 992 women in Spain have been murdered by a partner or former partner since 2003. Though the term femicide—instances of women killed by men on account of their gender—wasn’t included in Spanish dictionaries until 2014, violence against women came into brutal focus with the murder of Ana Orantes in 1997, a woman from Granada who shocked the public, first when she spoke on an evening TV program about the abuse she suffered at her ex-husband’s hands for 40 years, and 13 days later, when her ex set her ablaze. Newspapers began tracking gender-based murders around 2000. In 2003, the government created its own registry, logging the...more
June 8, 2022, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: RISW-PRACTICE-2

"On a recent Sunday, a compact huddle of about 100 principally middle-aged men and women slowly advanced onto Puerta del Sol square here in the Spanish capital. A canopy of pale pink and blue balloons swayed above them like a roving baby shower, the theme song from Pirates of the Caribbean blaring from speakers nearby. A man carrying a megaphone led a chant, 'Feminism doesn’t represent me'" (Para. 1). "The 'March for Femininity,' as the demonstration was called, was a counterprotest to an enormous International Women’s Day rally held two days prior..." (Para. 2). "The smaller march that followed, however, was decidedly not courting the feminist vote. In a gravelly...more
June 8, 2022, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-3, GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The party also espouses what Sílvia Claveria, a politics professor at Carlos III University in Madrid, described to me as “modern sexism”: It advocates longer maternity leave and encourages women to be proud mothers, but once women want to separate from or divorce their partners, it shifts positions to take the man’s side..." (Para. 9).
June 8, 2022, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: RISW-PRACTICE-1

"The 'March for Femininity,' as the demonstration was called, was a counterprotest to an enormous International Women’s Day rally held two days prior, a historic affair that saw hundreds of thousands of women throughout Spain stream down their cities’ major avenues to demand the application and expansion of anti-gender-violence laws. That day, headlines hailed feminism in Spain as a force to be reckoned with. Nearly 65 percent of college-age women here embrace the label and, it follows, form a potent voting bloc for national elections being held this weekend. Politicians on both sides of the aisle have fallen at their feet, trying to lay claim to 'real' feminism, whether that...more
April 26, 2022, 1:16 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"The scope of the law was broadened in 2010 to allow abortion on demand in the first 14 weeks of pregnancy"(para 7).
April 26, 2022, 1:16 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1

"Even so, Spanish women still face obstacles, with “most” obstetrician-gynaecologists in the public sector refusing to carry out such procedures, the Organización Médica Colegial (OMC) doctors’ association has said. When going to a private clinic, women are sometimes confronted by anti-abortion activists who try to persuade them not to end their pregnancies"(para 8,9)."According to a 2018 study by ACAI, which represents abortion clinics, 89% of Spanish women said they had felt harassed when attending an abortion clinic, and 66% said they felt threatened"(para 12).
April 26, 2022, 1:16 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-2

"Spain has criminalised the harassment or intimidation of women going for an abortion under new legislation approved by the Senate on Wednesday.The move, which involves changes to the penal code, means anti-abortion activists who try to convince women not to terminate their pregnancies could face up to a year behind bars"(para 1,2)."Anyone trying 'to impede [a woman] from exercising her right to voluntarily interrupt pregnancy' through 'bothersome, offensive, intimidating or threatening acts' will face jail time of between three and 12 months, or community service, the text reads[Pedro Sánchez]"(para 4).
April 26, 2022, 1:16 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ABO-PRACTICE-1

"In practice, the legislation criminalises protests outside abortion clinics. The ban also applies to the harassment or intimidation of healthcare professionals working at abortion clinics"(para 5).
Jan. 26, 2022, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Latvia, Lesotho, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela
Variables: IIP-SCALE-1

1.0
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape; it does not distinguish between rapes of women and men. The government generally enforced the law effectively. The penalty for rape is six to 12 years in prison. The law also prohibits violence against women and sets prison sentences of six months to a year for domestic violence, threats of violence, or violations of restraining orders, with longer sentences if serious injuries result" (14).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"According to Eurostat, female workers earned 14.9-percent less per hour than their male counterparts. Gross salary, according to Eurostat, was 20 percent lower" (25).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3, TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-PRACTICE-2

"...The law permits any foreigner in the country who is a victim of gender-based violence or of trafficking in persons to file a complaint at a police station without fear of deportation, even if that individual is in the country illegally…" (10).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The government accepted refugees for relocation and resettlement and provided assistance through NGOs such as CEAR and Accem. UNHCR noted the country’s system for integrating refugees, especially vulnerable families, minors, and survivors of gender-based violence and trafficking in persons, needed improvement" (11).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The penalty for recruiting children or persons with disabilities into prostitution is imprisonment from one to five years. The penalty for subjecting children to prostitution is imprisonment from four to six years. The commercial sexual exploitation of trafficked teenage girls remained a problem" (17).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"On January 15, the interior minister enacted an action plan to combat hate crimes and discrimination and to protect vulnerable groups from abuse based on, inter alia, gender. The plan provided for increased training for security forces to identify hate crimes; digital tools to identify and counteract hate speech on social media; an increase in coordinating efforts with human rights NGOs; increasing attention for victims of hate crimes; and amplifying the legal response to these incidents. The National Office Against Hate Crimes is responsible for coordinating and assisting responses among the ministry and security forces" (14). "In September 2017 congress approved the State Plan against Gender Violence, with a budget...more
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"...The law includes the obligation to grant nationality to those born in Spain of foreign parents, if both lack nationality or if legislation from neither parent’s country of nationality attributes a nationality to the child, as well as to those born in Spain whose parentage is not determined" (12). "Citizenship is derived from one’s parents. All children born in the country, except children of diplomats and children whose parents’ country of origin gives them nationality, are registered as citizens. When a child does not acquire the parents’ nationality, the government may grant it" (16).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"The law allows persons with disabilities to be sterilized after being legally declared incapacitated by a judge and without the requirement to be informed (in cases where consent is at question) of the procedure" (16). This law affects mostly women (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"On August 21, the Ministry of the Interior reported a 0.3-percent decrease in the number of reported rapes during the first three months of the year. The Ministry of the Presidency, Relations with the Parliament and Equality reported that, as of March 31, there were 6,961 persons imprisoned for crimes related to gender-based violence" (14). "On June 21, the Supreme Court reversed a lower court decision from 2018 and declared guilty of rape five men who gang raped an 18-year-old woman in Pamplona in 2016. The lower court originally found the defendants, Jose Angel Prenda, Alfonso Jesus Cabazuelo, Jesus Escudero, Angel Boza, and Antonio Manuel Guerrero, who called themselves 'the...more
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"On International Women’s Day on March 8, hundreds of thousands of women and men demonstrated in most cities to call attention to gender-based violence, wage gaps, and sexual harassment" (25).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The minimum age of marriage is 16 years for minors’ living on their own. Underage marriage is not uncommon in the Romani community" (17).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor including by children. The government effectively enforced the law. It maintained strong prevention efforts, although the efforts focused more on forced prostitution than other types of forced labor. The government had an insufficient number of inspectors to enforce the law effectively. The government did not implement new forced labor awareness campaigns. Penalties were sufficiently stringent to deter violations" (23). While this does not completely describe government facilitation of prostitution, it indicates that the government seeks to facilitate to some degree by removing women in situations of forced prostitution from such circumstances (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"The law provides for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government has established a system for providing protection to refugees. The country has bilateral return agreements with Morocco and Algeria. Authorities review asylum petitions individually, and there is an established appeals process available to rejected petitioners. The law permits any foreigner in the country who is a victim of gender-based violence or of trafficking in persons to file a complaint at a police station without fear of deportation, even if that individual is in the country illegally..." (10).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"The constitution provides citizens the ability to choose their government in free and fair periodic elections held by secret ballot and based on universal and equal suffrage" (12).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The minimum age of marriage is 16 years for minors’ living on their own. Underage marriage is not uncommon in the Romani community. In 2018 Catalan police assisted 14 victims of forced marriage, four of whom were minors" (17).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, PRN-PRACTICE-1

"There were reports that criminals subjected children to trafficking in the sex trade and forced solicitation, as well as pornography. Police databases do not automatically register foreign children intercepted at the borders, making them vulnerable to exploitation, including forced begging and commercial sexual exploitation (see section 6, Children)" (24).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"On June 21, the Supreme Court reversed a lower court decision from 2018 and declared guilty of rape five men who gang raped an 18-year-old woman in Pamplona in 2016. The lower court originally found the defendants, Jose Angel Prenda, Alfonso Jesus Cabazuelo, Jesus Escudero, Angel Boza, and Antonio Manuel Guerrero, who called themselves 'the Wolfpack,' guilty of the lesser crime of sexual abuse. Under the updated Supreme Court sentence, each defendant will serve 15 years in prison. On October 31, the provincial court of Barcelona sentenced five men to 10-12 years in prison for committing sexual abuse on a teenage victim in Manresa in 2016. The court ruled that,...more