The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Switzerland

May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: GP-DATA-4

"The Federal Council has not been willing to implement a budget management model that respects gender equality (‘gender budgeting’), as it deems the model’s cost-utility ratio poor inasmuch as the Confederation’s budget essentially serves a redistribution function. Some cantons have said that gender budgeting plays a certain role, for example in formulating objectives and designing indicators to guide financial policy" (9).
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"An amendment to article 50, paragraph 2 of the Foreign Nationals Act (FNA) came into force on 1 July 2013. When a spouse has not freely consented to the marriage, he or she may henceforth invoke important personal reasons to obtain or extend a residence permit. That change also enshrines in law the Federal Supreme Court’s case law under which, for the right to residence to be upheld after family breakdown, it is not necessary for both conditions, i.e. domestic violence and gravely compromised prospects of social reintegration in the country of origin, to be fulfilled. Moreover, FOGE and FOM have organized four regional workshops on enforcement of FNA article...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"An amendment to article 50, paragraph 2 of the Foreign Nationals Act (FNA) came into force on 1 July 2013. When a spouse has not freely consented to the marriage, he or she may henceforth invoke important personal reasons to obtain or extend a residence permit. That change also enshrines in law the Federal Supreme Court’s case law under which, for the right to residence to be upheld after family breakdown, it is not necessary for both conditions, i.e. domestic violence and gravely compromised prospects of social reintegration in the country of origin, to be fulfilled. Moreover, FOGE and FOM have organized four regional workshops on enforcement of FNA article...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"For upwards of 40 years, cabaret dancers from third countries have been admitted to Switzerland to engage in gainful employment. That status, created in 1995 with the explicit aim of protecting cabaret performers from exploitation, constitutes an exception to the admission of unskilled workers from third countries (excluding the EU and EFTA). FOM concluded in 2010 that the case had altered. Despite the plethora of directives in this area, cabaret performers’ working conditions seem, in the main, quite precarious. Though explicitly prohibited, prostitution is very widespread in the establishments in question, aggravating the risk of human trafficking...Opinion was divided. The cantons, cities and communes lined up behind the Federal Council’s...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"Among the programme highlights in 2008–2014 were many innovative activities and counselling and support programmes that largely benefit women. A large part of the CHF 8 and 13.4 million allocated to language learning in 2012 and 2013 respectively went to women with children. Early support programmes for migrant children and parental responsibility programmes also received funding. In 2013, the Tripartite Conference on Urban Areas (CTA, a political platform of the Confederation, the cantons and the communes) launched a dialogue on integration on the theme “A healthy life from birth onwards”. Recommendations were drawn up with the overall objective of improving the health of mothers and children of immigrant stock. All...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"The involvement of women and men in unpaid work was highly variable depending on the type of activity. Women spend much longer than men on most household and family tasks. Men involve themselves more than women in organized volunteer work (23 per cent compared to 17 per cent). As shown in a FOGE brochure published in 2010, unpaid caregiving has a negative impact on careers and social protection. In addition, it limits choices as regards the division of labour between women and men and increases the risk of poverty. Caregiving, whether paid or unpaid, whether for adults or children, is overwhelmingly women’s work. Accordingly, women bear the brunt of its...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"In Switzerland, the main purpose of trafficking in human beings is the sexual exploitation of women. In recent years, the number of investigations and verdicts on trafficking in human beings has been growing, as inter-cantonal and international cooperation has become much greater. Even now, in Switzerland, cases of human trafficking with the aim of exploiting the victims’ labour rarely give rise to prosecution, which suggests that the offence remains hidden. Police investigations would indicate that the following sectors are particularly vulnerable to this form of exploitation: care, housekeeping, agriculture, and hotels and restaurants. The measures taken against human trafficking for the exploitation of labour are focused on preventive legislation such...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"On the basis of the results of the 2012 consultation procedure and the 2014 experts’ report, the Federal Council decided, on 22 October 2014, to abolish the status of cabaret dancer and, at the same time, to introduce a number of support measures to protect women working in the sex industry. Abolition of the status will be compensated for by various protective measures for women" (14).
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"In a 2012 analysis of the effects of maternity insurance, FSIO found that most female employees had maternity leave with pay before the introduction of compulsory maternity insurance. Compulsory maternity insurance is nonetheless important, as it recognizes the loss of earnings due to maternity and guarantees women proper social protection during that time; and its introduction has also enabled a minimum standard to be established" (35). "In a ruling dated 15 September 2014, the Federal Supreme Court defended the non-discriminatory character of the limitation to women only of the right to an earnings loss allowance during maternity, and dismissed the appeal of a father who was seeking an allowance for...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ERBG-DATA-3

"Today’s mothers are increasingly economically active: the economic activity rate of mothers with children under 15 has progressively converged with that of childless women (2013: 78 per cent for both; 1991: 60 per cent for the former and 71 per cent for the latter). But most of them hold part-time jobs, and those raising young children are slightly more apt to have shorter working hours. Single mothers are proportionately more likely to have careers than mothers with a partner, and most also have a higher employment rate. Men’s way of adapting their employment situation to their family situation is different from women’s. Those who have children under 15 are more...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"A unit of the Federal Department of Home Affairs (FDHA), the Federal Office for Gender Equality (FOGE) undertakes, as part of its mandate, the ongoing task of promoting gender equality in all spheres of life and eliminating all forms of discrimination, direct and indirect, against women. One of FOGE’s principal lines of action is its emphasis on equal opportunity and equal pay for equal work in working life, legal equality, equitable distribution of tasks within the family, and the fight against violence in intra-couple relations. The Office does not concern itself with individuals but rather seeks structural changes, especially by means of awareness-raising" (5). "The permanent mission of the Federal...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: MARR-DATA-1

". A survey has shown that more than 700 cases of forced marriage were recorded in Switzerland during the two preceding years. In some 700 further cases, people were forced to remain married. The socioeconomic profile of those applying to an institution in these circumstances varies with the particular type of constraint. Persons forced to marry are mainly young foreign women between 18 and 25 years of age, most of them well integrated. Other problems arise for people prevented from pursuing the relationship of their choice. In that case too, most are young women between 18 and 25 years of age, 69 per cent of them foreigners. Those who are...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"In general, women’s positions are less senior than men’s: many more women work as salaried employees without managerial functions, while men much more often work independently or as salaried members of management or perform an executive function. That inequality is present even when men and women have the same degree of education. Since the mid-1990s, the proportion of self-employed women has increased slightly. Among men, no significant change was found in their professional situation. Women constitute a third of employees in managerial and supervisory positions. That proportion has changed little since 1996. However, if we look at women’s representation on the governing bodies of the hundred largest Swiss companies over...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"For several years, Switzerland has been admitting an increasing number of women from countries where female genital mutilation (FGM) is practised. It may be supposed, therefore, that the number of women and girls affected by or threatened with excision is also increasing. According to a statistical estimate, the Swiss residents affected are mainly from Eritrea, Somalia, Ethiopia and Egypt" (18).
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"A legally enforceable right to equal pay for equal work has long been part of the Swiss Constitution (art. 8, para. 3, sentence 3: the right to equal pay for work of equal value) and is enshrined in the Federal Act on Gender Equality" (29).
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ATDW-DATA-1

"As a consequence of the use of a new data source, the number of divorces, which was 22,100 in 2010, has since 2011 fallen to between 17,600 (2011) and 17,100 (2013). That new data source indicates that the tendency observed since 2011 should continue, with upwards of four marriages in ten (41.9 per cent) ending in divorce" (39).
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"New indicative figures from the Swiss Earnings Structure Survey (LSE) show that in the private sector the wage differential between women and men increased by 0.5 percentage point, to 18.9 per cent (standardized [median] monthly gross wage) in 2012 , after a temporary decline (2008:) 19.4 per cent; 2010: 18.4 per cent). Wage disparities between men and women exist in all industries, but wages vary considerably from one industry to another. In the private sector, the differential is greater the higher the educational level and the qualifications and hierarchical level of the position. The wage differential is a function of several factors that are closely linked to the differences between...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-1

"The Swiss Centre of Expertise in Human Rights (SCHR) was founded in autumn 2010 under the auspices of the Confederation, which is financing its current five-year pilot phase. SCHR is a service centre whose mandate is to encourage and facilitate fulfilment of the nation’s international human rights obligations at every level of the Confederation. It focuses on six thematic areas: migration, police and justice, gender policy, childhood and youth policy, institutional issues, economy and human rights" (6).
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Special measures are also under discussion with respect to women’s representation in the political decision-making process. Thus, a 30 per cent gender quota has been introduced for the membership composition of extra-parliamentary commissions" (9). "The Federal Council aims to achieve equitable representation of the sexes on (supreme) governing bodies of companies and institutions closely connected with the Confederation. In November 2013 it set a target quota of 30 per cent for the representation of both sexes. The reference values for language community representation and the target quota for both sexes’ representation came into force on 1 January 2014; they must be met by the end of 2020. When asking for...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The 2013 labour force participation rate was significantly higher among men than among women: 75 per cent of men and 62 per cent of women aged 15 and up were employed or looking for work. In the 30 to 45 and 55+ age groups, women’s labour force participation rate was significantly lower than men’s, for when a woman becomes a mother she will very often withdraw (temporarily) from the labour market to bring up her children. Moreover, women tend to leave the labour market permanently earlier than men do. The differences between men and women’s labour market participation rates at different stages of life have, however, become noticeably smaller over...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"In its annual agricultural report for 2012, the Federal Office for Agriculture (FOAG) published a study on women in the agricultural sector. This representative survey was conducted ten years after the first study on the topic. Women have played and are still playing an important role in the—highly diverse—primary sector. The survey confirms what was known and points up new aspects and changes. Thus, women’s employment in agriculture has increased over the last ten years, while their roles as mother and homemaker remain crucial. On farms, more and more women with independent worker status are taking on direct sales or agrotourism duties. Close to half of them have off-farm gainful...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"A criminal provision on female genital mutilation came into force on 1 July 2012. Under article 124 of the Criminal Code, any person who mutilates the genitals of a female person, impairs their natural function seriously and permanently or damages them in some other way is liable to a custodial sentence not exceeding ten years. Paragraph 2 provides that any person who has committed the offence abroad but is now in Switzerland and is not extradited is liable to the foregoing penalties" (18).
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: GP-DATA-2

"Currently, women account for 31 per cent of all diplomatic staff and 49 per cent of all consular staff (as of 30.06.2014) Since 2009, women’s representation has on average been 45 per cent among newly recruited diplomatic staff (class of 2014: 53 per cent) and 67 per cent among new consular officers (class of 2014: 50 per cent)" (19).
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ATC-DATA-2, ATC-DATA-3

"Switzerland had entered a reservation regarding CEDAW article 16(2)(g), since Swiss legislation was not in accordance with the principle of equal rights in the choice of family name contained in that provision of the Convention. The relevant provisions of the Swiss Civil Code were changed under an amendment that entered into force in 2013, thus enabling the Federal Council to notify the withdrawal of its reservation on 20 September 2013. The new provisions concretize spouses’ equality in naming and in cantonal and communal rights of citizenship. In principle, marriage no longer has any effect of spouses’ names or rights of citizenship. Each spouse keeps his or her name and citizenship...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The Federal Act on Tax Relief for Families with Children entered into force on 1 January 2011. To better take into account the cost of having children, the Act calls for a parental tax scale and a deduction for third-party childcare. Active parents who use outside daycare and households in which one parent provides childcare will as far as possible receive equal tax treatment, according to their economic capacity" (8). "One canton (Vaud) uses a family quotient system: the tax rate is determined by dividing total income by a divisor that varies according to the number of dependants in the family. To take the cost of having children into account,...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"A unit of the Federal Department of Home Affairs (FDHA), the Federal Office for Gender Equality (FOGE) undertakes, as part of its mandate, the ongoing task of promoting gender equality in all spheres of life and eliminating all forms of discrimination, during the 2012–2015 period, women hold 31 percent of the seats overall. Men account for at least 30 per cent of the membership of the 120 commissions, while women are underrepresented on 55 of them" (9-10). "A detailed analysis of results of the 2011 elections to the federal Parliament published by EKF shows that the proportion of women elected to the National Council has stagnated, at 29 per cent,...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

"With the particular goal of improving the situation of divorced women who have assumed tasks of upbringing and assistance during the marriage and whose occupational pension is, for that reason, insufficient, an amendment is planned to the regulations (in force) on pension splitting in the event of divorce. Claims on occupational pension institutions can now be shared, even if one of the spouses is already in receipt of a pension. In such a case, the existing legislation calls for pension splitting to be replaced by a fair allowance, often in the form of a maintenance annuity. That poses a problem should the payer of the annuity die: the maintenance annuity...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"A survey has shown that more than 700 cases of forced marriage were recorded in Switzerland during the two preceding years. In some 700 further cases, people were forced to remain married. The socioeconomic profile of those applying to an institution in these circumstances varies with the particular type of constraint. Persons forced to marry are mainly young foreign women between 18 and 25 years of age, most of them well integrated. Other problems arise for people prevented from pursuing the relationship of their choice. In that case too, most are young women between 18 and 25 years of age, 69 per cent of them foreigners. Those who are prevented...more
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ERBG-DATA-4

"Fifty-nine per cent of working women were in part-time jobs, the comparable figure being only 14 per cent for men. Casual part-time employment is clearly much more frequent among women than among men. Indeed, part-time employment is a feature of women’s working life. Since 1991, work-time percentages of between 50 and 89 per cent have increased among both men and women. Very low work-time percentages (below 20 per cent) have become less frequent among mothers, particularly in favour or percentages of 50 per cent or more" (23).
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

"The percentage of people having compulsory schooling at most has fallen, especially among women, who are pursuing higher vocational training more often than previously. However, the proportion of individuals aged 25 to 64 with compulsory schooling at most is higher among women than men. In the 25–34 age cohort, more women than men hold a diploma from an institution of higher education or university" (20).