The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Thailand

May 9, 2024, 3:41 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“Furthermore, this patriarchal system often results in women being in a subordinate role, at a material disadvantage, living in poverty, facing domestic violence, and the undervaluation of women’s work” (4). “The participants generally reported that they feel men believe that they have a duty to earn for the family and the wives have to manage the family’s expenses, including debts for investments such as the purchase of fertilizer and cars. When men earn additional money from part-time jobs like being daily construction laborers or carrying rice sacks, they will spend the money on themselves, buying things like alcohol and cigarettes or gambling. As illustrated in the following quotes, stress levels...more
March 31, 2024, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Comoros, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, D R Congo, East Timor, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gambia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Macedonia, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal, New Zealand, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: TRAFF-SCALE-1

2.0more
March 30, 2024, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

According to the U.S. State Department's 2023 TIP report, Thailand ranks as a Tier 2 country (85).
March 21, 2024, 6:34 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

According to the "Women, Business, and the Law" database (2022), the law provides for the valuation of nonmonetary contributions. The WBL database cites the following as a source: Civil and Commercial Code, Secs. 1465 and 1470-1474 (2).
March 16, 2024, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-5

"In contrast to the explicit ban on soliciting, procuring, or operating brothels outlined in the Prevention and Suppression of Prostitution Act of 1996, Thailand’s sex industry has thrived for decades, with its workers existing in a legal gray area. Even though Thai law clearly prohibits prostitution, the way existing regulations are enforced and implemented reveals a lack of consistency and predictability" (para 3). "Despite these laws, the enforcement of regulations shows inconsistency and ambiguity. While efforts have been made to combat human trafficking, criticism arises due to difficulties in effectively distinguishing between consensual sex work and sex trafficking" (para 7). "Beyond legal measures, the Thai government collaborates with international organizations...more
March 16, 2024, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Sex workers in Thailand confront a range of difficulties, facing both social biases and legal complexities. The associated social stigma leads to exclusion, discrimination, and restricted access to essential services, leaving sex workers more vulnerable to exploitation and abuse" (para 9).
March 16, 2024, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"In contrast to the explicit ban on soliciting, procuring, or operating brothels outlined in the Prevention and Suppression of Prostitution Act of 1996, Thailand’s sex industry has thrived for decades, with its workers existing in a legal gray area. Even though Thai law clearly prohibits prostitution, the way existing regulations are enforced and implemented reveals a lack of consistency and predictability" (para 3). "The legal landscape surrounding prostitution in Thailand is intricate and has undergone changes over the years. Key regulations are defined by three primary acts: the Prevention and Suppression of Prostitution Act, the Penal Code, and the Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act" (para 4). "The Prevention and Suppression of...more
March 16, 2024, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: IRP-DATA-2

"Current estimates indicate that over 200,000 people engage in sex work in Thailand" (para 11).
Feb. 2, 2024, 6:33 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: DV-DATA-1

According to 2022 data from the WHO's Global Health Observatory, the proportion of ever-partnered women and girls (aged 15-49) in Thailand who have been subjected to physical and/or sexual violence by a current or former intimate partner in their lifetime is 24 percent (KMM-CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 29, 2024, 8:41 p.m.
Countries: Thailand, United States
Variables: IRP-DATA-2

"The ruling Socialist Party says the law, in line with what is termed the 'Nordic model' criminalising pimps and punters while treating prostitutes as victims rather than criminals, is intended to 'eradicate' prostitution in Spain, which is deemed by the UN to be the third biggest centre for prostitution on Earth after Thailand and Puerto Rico" (para 3).
Jan. 24, 2024, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Armenia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, China, Costa Rica, Egypt, Georgia, Hungary, Iran, Kazakhstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Moldova, Oman, Palestine, Portugal, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkey, Ukraine, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan
Variables: MMR-SCALE-2

1
Jan. 24, 2024, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka, Thailand
Variables: MMR-SCALE-1

29
Jan. 24, 2024, 3:15 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, D R Congo, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lesotho, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Namibia, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

1more
Jan. 24, 2024, 3:06 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cambodia, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, D R Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritius, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nicaragua, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: DACH-SCALE-2

1more
Jan. 24, 2024, 3:03 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Barbados, Belgium, Canada, Chile, China, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kosovo, Kuwait, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Maldives, Malta, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Panama, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay
Variables: DACH-SCALE-1

0
Jan. 21, 2024, 11:10 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

According to a 2023 report on global trends in maternal mortality from 2000-2020 published by the WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, World Bank Group, and UNDESA/Population Division, in 2020 the maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) in Thailand was 29 (KMM-CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 20, 2024, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

According to 2023 World Bank Gender Data collected from the most recent ILO modeled estimates from 2020 onwards, the female laborforce participation rate (as a percentage of the female population ages 15+) in Thailand is 58.7% (KMM-CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 7, 2024, 3:30 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: DACH-DATA-1

According to the World Bank, as of 2021, life expectancy in Thailand is 83 years for women and 75 years for men (KMM-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 28, 2023, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: DACH-DATA-1

According to 2019 data from the WHO's Global Health Observatory, average life expectancy in Thailand is 74.4 years for men and 81.0 years for women (KMM-CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 12, 2023, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kosovo, Kuwait, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, North Korea, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam
Variables: BR-SCALE-1

0
Sept. 29, 2023, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Latvia, Slovenia, Thailand
Variables: BR-DATA-1

"8.7 births per 1000 population"
Sept. 8, 2023, 12:49 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"Women who were first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20-24) is '20.2%.'"
Aug. 31, 2023, 9 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ERBG-DATA-4

"Part time employment, female (% of total female employment) is '21.8%.'" "Part time employment, male (% of total male employment) is '21%.'"
June 17, 2023, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Angola, Botswana, Cambodia, Canada, Cape Verde, Colombia, Cote D'Ivoire, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Eritrea, Fiji, Ghana, Guyana, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lesotho, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritius, Moldova, Namibia, Nepal, Slovakia, Somalia, Suriname, Thailand, Turkmenistan
Variables: MARR-SCALE-2

3.0
June 17, 2023, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LO-LAW-1

According to the "Women, Business and the Law" database (2022), the law does not prohibit discrimination in access to credit based on gender. The WBL database cites the following as the source: no source provided. According to the "Women, Business and the Law" database (2022), a woman can sign a contract in the same way as a man. The WBL database cites the following as the source: Civil and Commercial Code, Secs. 19 and 354-368. According to the "Women, Business and the Law" database (2022), a woman can register a business in the same way as a man. The WBL database cites the following as the source: Civil and Commercial...more
June 17, 2023, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

According to the "Women, Business and the Law" database (2022), sons and daughters have equal rights to inherit assets from their parents. The WBL database cites the following as the source: Civil and Commercial Code, Secs. 1629, 1632 and 1633.
June 17, 2023, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

According to the "Women, Business and the Law" database (2022), female and male surviving spouses have equal rights to inherit assets. The WBL database cites the following as the source: Civil and Commercial Code, Secs. 1629, 1632 and 1635 .
June 2, 2023, 12:56 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-8

"The purposes of the study were to examine the effects of parental arrangement marriage and consanguineous marriage among Thai families. The subjects were purposive sampling consisted of 3,994 pregnant women in Prospective Cohort Study of Thai Children (PCTC) project. The Data were collected by interviewing using questionnaires. The findings revealed that 14.7% of the couples had parent arrangement marriage, and 8.7% reported consanguíneous marriage. From binary logistic regression analysis, parental arrangement marriage increased the risk for unsatisfied marital relationship (OR=2.67). However, consanguineous marriage did not show the same effect. Further research within the PCTC cohort and the study on Thai families adaptation process and childrearing outcomes were recommended" (para 1).more
May 27, 2023, 2:26 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"When a couple divorces in Thailand all marital property (sin somros) is divided equally. personal property (sin suan tua) remains owned by the individual. Thus marital property is anything acquired during marriage by way of gift, purchase, or inheritance. Personal property is anything acquired before the marriage like a house, tools, equipment and any possessions. If both parties agree then the proceedings are straight forward. Both parties are responsible for debts incurred from household affairs, education and medical bills. One can have a legal prenuptial agreement where property is subject to foreign laws. To be valid the prenuptial must be tendered at the marriage registration to be effective and signed...more
May 11, 2023, 8:41 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"However, in rural areas communities continue to make decisions based on customary law, developing communal rules of allocating resources, making decisions and dealing with disputes in a manner that may be to the disadvantage of women’s access to land, property and inheritance" (6).