The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Turkey

May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Equality of women and men was recognized and discrimination on any ground was prohibited in... the Basic Law of National Education (Law no. 1739)" (2).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"In the current Presidential System of Government that entered into force with the 24 June 2018 elections, two female ministers (12,5 per cent) serve in the cabinet. Furthermore, there are four (7,1 per cent) Deputy Ministers in the Ministries" (13). "According to the results of local elections on 31st March 2019, 3 metropolitan mayors and 42 mayors are women. 2.283 municipal assembly members and 48 provincial assembly members are women. A total of 1.086 women were elected as mukhtars throughout Turkey in the 31 March 2019 local elections" (13).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"According to the marriage statistics, the rate of official marriage of girls aged 16–17 in total official marriages decreased from 5,8 per cent in 2014 to 3,1 per cent in 2019. According to the data of marriage at 16–17 years old stated in the 2019 Marriage Statistics published by the TURKSTAT, early marriages decreased for both sexes compared to the previous year. While the number of early marriages was 1.029 for boys and 20.809 for girls in 2018, the numbers deceased to 940 for boys and 17.047 for girls in 2019" (29).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"There are... 145 [women's] shelters in total across the country serving with a total capacity of 3,482" (6). "'183 Social Support Hotline' within the MoFLSS serves as a psychological, legal and economic advisory hotline for women and children who are at risk of violence and need support and assistance; and provides information about their rights and places to apply. Taking into account the urgency of the situation, intervention is provided by informing the emergency response team manager and/or law enforcement officers of the province where the incident is occurred. This hotline is available 7/24 and is free. Operating in Arabic and Kurdish as well, the hotline is equipped with short...more
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"Women in Turkey gained the universal suffrage in 1934" (12).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1

"Through 30 Women’s Health Advisory Centres established in the Migrant Health Centres, studies are carried out for supporting and improving women’s health, reproductive health, adolescent health and combatting sexual-based violence especially for women, pregnants, puerperants, newborns, lactants, women subjected to violence and youth who are among risk groups [sic]" (25-26).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"In accordance with Citizenship Law No. 5901, all women and men in Turkey are equal in terms of acquiring, changing or retaining their nationality" (14).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"The rate of benefitting from prenatal care services, which is important for maternal health, was reached to 99,5 per cent as of 2018" (24). "Prenatal care programme is one of the routine services that is applied across the country in order to increase maternal health level and reduce maternal mortality" (24). "With the Pregnant Information Class Programme, it is aimed to ensure that all pregnant women are informed about prenatal, natal and postnatal care and they give births consciously, to provide expectant parents with knowledge and skills in vaginal delivery, pain management and adoption of their new roles... 915.426 pregnant women received training between 2015–2018 in these classes" (25). "Expectant...more
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"The rate of women working informally has reduced from 72,5 per cent (2002) to 42,2 per cent in 2019 as a result of the efforts made to increase female employment" (19). "For the same period, the rate of self-employed women has increased from 14,9 per cent to 17 per cent" (19). "The Project aims to increase mothers’ participation in the labour force, support working mothers and promote registered employment of child-caregivers. With the Project, it is targeted to reach a total of 3.700 mothers in Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir" (22).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Prenatal care programme is one of the routine services that is applied across the country in order to increase maternal health level and reduce maternal mortality" (24).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"According to the Turkish Criminal Code No. 5237, termination of pregnancies not more than ten weeks by the consent of women is legally allowed. In addition, in case a woman gets pregnant as a result of an offense, this period is determined as 20 weeks and the decision is left to the pregnant woman solely" (4). "Based on the Law No. 2827 and the Regulation No. 510 issued on the basis of this Law, optional uterine evacuation is legal for up to ten-week pregnancies. For the pregnancies exceeding ten weeks, the Regulation defines the conditions under which the uterus can be evacuated" (25).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

"Female students constitute 46,64 per cent of 5.649.594 students attending uppersecondary education; and 39,5 per cent of 1.793.391 students who continue their vocational and technical secondary education" (14). "The total number of students in higher education is 7.940.133 (48,26 per cent are female and 51,74 per cent are male students). Number of students in doctoral (PhD) programmes is 101.242 and the number of students in master’s programmes is 297.001. (The ratio of female students in master and doctorate programmes are 46 per cent in both)" (15).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Within the framework of Conditional Cash Transfer for Education Programme... temporary special measures for girls are introduced. In this context, 40 TL for female students, 35 TL for male students in primary education, 60 TL for girls, 50 TL for boys in secondary education are paid monthly to mothers (10). "Within the scope of the project, scholarship and other kinds of support was provided to 310 female students studying in engineering faculties" (11).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"With the aid programme initiated by the MoFLSS in 2012 for women whose spouse has passed away, a monthly cash support of 325 TL is provided to the women in need. In 2019, 165.481 women and as of May 2020, 100.133 women benefited from this programme" (10).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"Equality of women and men was recognized and discrimination on any ground was prohibited in variety of laws in addition to the Constitution" (2). "According to the Article 10 of the Constitution of the Republic of Turkey entitled 'Equality before the law'; Everyone is equal before the law without distinction as to language, race, colour, sex" (28).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"According to Article 103 of the Turkish Penal Code No. 5237 titled 'Sexual abuses of children', the person who abuses a child sexually shall be sentenced to an imprisonment from eight years to fifteen years" (11).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Within the framework of Turkish Civil Code and Turkish Criminal Code, the marriage of the victim of sexual violence to the perpetrator has no effect on removing criminal responsibility, and also the convenient procedure for the annulment of such marriages is regulated in the Turkish Civil Code. On the other hand, according to the 'Regulation on Combating Human Trafficking and Protection of Victims', cases of forced marriage could be evaluated within the scope of human trafficking crime" (11).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

"The maternal mortality rate which was 16,4 per hundred thousand in 2010 has a tendency to decrease over the years and decreased to 13,6 per hundred thousand in 2018" (24-25).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"As per the results of household employment survey, the rate of high or middle level female managers in the companies was raised to 16,3 per cent in 2018 from 14,4 per cent in 2012" (13).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Women’s shelters are the social service institutions where women, who have been subjected to physical, psychological, sexual, economic or verbal abuse or violence, may temporarily stay with their children (if any) to meet their needs, and where they can protect themselves from violence, receive psycho-social support and solve their economic problems. There are 110 women’s shelters affiliated to the MoFLSS, 32 affiliated to the local administrations, 2 affiliated to General Directorate of Migration Management of the Ministry of Interior; and 1 affiliated to an NGO, 145 shelters in total across the country serving with a total capacity of 3,482" (6). "'183 Social Support Hotline' within the MoFLSS serves as a...more
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, DACH-LAW-1

"Article 10 of the Constitution establishes the principle of equality before the law and within the framework of this Article, all citizens are provided equally with reproductive healthcare services, modern contraceptive material supplies, access to contraceptive methods and consultancy services" (24).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The labour force participation rate of women, which was 27,9 per cent in 2002, has increased to 34,4 per cent in 2019" (19). "As of 2019, women with higher education had the highest labour force participation rate with 71,5 per cent. The rate of women employers, which was 5,1 per cent in 2002, has increased to 10,3 per cent in 2019" (19).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"Education programmes and textbooks that have been in practice in all classes of primary and secondary education institutions have been revised by excluding discriminative expressions in terms of human rights, sex..." (16).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"The services of Family Counselling, Divorce Process Consultancy (Before Divorce, During Divorce Process and After Divorce), Individual Consultancy are provided free of charge in order to support the solution of the problems experienced by married couples in their marriage or to refer the couples to the related institutions who decided to divorce due to problems in marriage to manage this process in a healthier way" (30).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"[A] five-day paternity leave was granted to employees whose spouse give birth" (18). "With the regulation, female employees were entitled to work half-time for two months for the first child on condition of the survival of the child; four months for the second child, and six months for the third and more children without any pay reduction. In multiple births, one extra month shall be added to the aforementioned periods. In the event of a child with disability, the employee was entitled to work half-time for 12 months on usual salary" (18). "The employee shall be paid 'Part Time Employment Payment after Maternity and Adoption', following the maternity and adoption,...more
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DACH-DATA-1

"According to the TURKSTAT’s life tables for 2016–2018, the life expectancy at birth is 81,0 for women while it is 75,6 for men" (24).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The studies... aimed at protecting disadvantaged children and strengthening their right to development and participation are as follows: Training modules on equality between women and men, violence against women, early marriages and case management" (16). If there are trainings about preventing forced marriages, likely they occur (SFR - CODER COMMENT). "In 2017 and 2018, 'Provincial Action Plans for Combating Early and Forced Marriages' were put into effect in 19 provinces where early and forced marriage rates were high" (28). "According to the marriage statistics, the rate of official marriage of girls aged 16–17 in total official marriages decreased from 5,8 per cent in 2014 to 3,1 per cent in 2019"...more
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"From 2014 to April 2020, 6.969 women victims of violence getting service from women’s shelters affiliated to the MoFLSS, were placed to a job" (23). There were at least 6,969 female victims of violence in this time period (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"[E]xcept for biological reasons or reasons related to the nature of the job, the employer must not make any discrimination, either directly or indirectly, against an employee in the conclusion, conditions, execution and termination of her/his employment contract due to the employee’s sex or maternity; and as per sub-paragraph (d) of paragraph 3 of Article 18 sub-titled 'Justification of termination with a valid reason', race, colour, sex, marital status, family responsibilities, pregnancy, religion, political opinion, national extraction or social origin shall not constitute a valid reason for termination" (28).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Pursuant to Article 5 of the Labour Law No. 4857 titled 'Principle of Equal Treatment', no discrimination based on language, race, sex, political opinion, philosophical belief, religion and sect or similar reasons shall be permissible in the employment relationship" (28).