The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Turkey

Jan. 26, 2022, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Cyprus, D R Congo, Djibouti, East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Oman, Papua New Guinea, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: IIP-SCALE-1

2.0
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"The government’s 2018 Demographic and Health Survey showed that 12 percent of Syrian girls in the country married before age 15 and 38 percent married before age 18" (57). "According to the Turkish Statistical Institute, 26 percent of women in the country married before the age of 18, and 10 percent gave birth to their first child before the age of 18" (57).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Only one parent needs to be a citizen to convey citizenship to a child. In special cases in which a child born in the country cannot receive citizenship from any other country due to the status of his or her parents, the child is legally entitled to receive citizenship" (55-56).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes sexual exploitation of children and mandates a minimum sentence of eight years in prison. The penalty for conviction of encouraging or facilitating child prostitution is up to 10 years’ imprisonment; if violence or pressure is involved, a judge may double the sentence" (57).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"Of 1,389 newly elected mayors at the district level or higher, 37 were women" (49).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"[L]arge numbers of individuals suspected of links to the Gulen movement or PKK were exposed to brutal interrogation techniques aimed at extracting forced confessions or coercing detainees to incriminate others. Reported abuse included ...sexual assault" (6). "The women’s NGO We Will Stop Femicides reported that, in just the month of July 2018, there were 433 reported cases of child sexual abuse. According to Ministry of Justice statistics, there were 16,348 child sex abuse cases filed in 2017" (56-57).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law provides for up to five years’ imprisonment for sexual harassment. If the victim is a child, the recommended punishments are longer; however, women’s rights activists reported that authorities rarely enforced these laws" (54).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Workplace exploitation, child labor, and forced early marriage also remained significant problems among refugees" (41). "The government’s 2018 Demographic and Health Survey showed that 12 percent of Syrian girls in the country married before age 15 and 38 percent married before age 18" (57). "According to the Turkish Statistical Institute, 26 percent of women in the country married before the age of 18" (57). "NGOs reported children as young as 12 married in unofficial religious ceremonies, particularly in poor and rural regions and among the Syrian population living in the country" (57).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion or forced sterilization" (55).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRCM-LAW-3

"Incest involving children remained a problem, although prosecutions remained minimal. The law provides prison sentences of up to five years for incest" (57).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MABFC-DATA-1

"According to the Turkish Statistical Institute,... 10 percent [of women] gave birth to their first child before the age of 18" (57).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"On March 7, chiefly female employees in the Flormar cosmetic company ended their strike and called for a boycott of the company’s products after 297 days protesting the firing of 132 women who complained of low pay and poor safety conditions in May 2018. The women accepted the company’s compensation offer" (69). "Discrimination in employment or occupation occurred with regard to sex... Penalties were insufficient to prevent violations" (71).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes violence against women and sexual assault, including rape and spousal rape, with penalties of two to 10 years’ imprisonment for conviction of attempted sexual violation and at least 12 years’ imprisonment for conviction of rape or sexual violation" (52). "Spousal rape is a criminal offense" (53).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, MURDER-PRACTICE-1, MURDER-DATA-2

"Human rights activists and academics reported the problematic practice of 'honor killings' of women continued across the country (31 cases reported during the year). The prevalence of killings was most severe in the southeast" (54).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"As of year’s end, there were 102 women in the 600-member parliament [17%]" (49).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"Courts in some cases gave reduced sentences to some men found guilty of committing violence against women, citing good behavior during the trial or 'provocation' by women as an extenuating circumstance of the crime" (54).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"[T]he government took important positive steps to expand girls’ access to education, including by providing conditional cash transfers to incentivize poor families to continue education for their daughters" (56).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"In September-October, Ankara police prevented mothers of military cadets sentenced to life in prison for their alleged involvement in the coup attempt from gathering outside the AKP headquarters building in Ankara" (36). "Istanbul police continued to prevent the vigil of the Saturday Mothers from taking place on Istiklal Street, instead requiring the group to hold the weekly gathering on a nearby side street. Since the 1990s, the Saturday Mothers gathered to commemorate the disappearances of relatives following their detention by security forces in the 1980s and 1990s and to call for accountability" (36). "[I]n February a police officer sexually harassed a university student being detained during a protest in Ankara....more
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws limit the participation of women or members of minorities in the political process" (49).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MURDER-DATA-1

"[I]n May human rights lawyer Muzeyyen Boylu Issi was shot and killed by her husband in front of their children, after having survived two previous attempts on her life and filing for divorce and a protection order" (52). "Despite these measures, killings and other forms of violence against women continued unabated. According to the We Will Stop Femicide Association, 430 women were murdered in the first 11 months of the year; 53 in September alone" (53). "On August 24, thousands of demonstrators gathered in Istanbul and in other cities around the country to protest gender-based violence following the public killing of Emine Bulut by her former husband in front of...more
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ATC-DATA-5

"[W]omen’s rights groups called for the enforcement of the Council of Europe’s Istanbul Convention on Preventing and Combatting Violence against Women and Domestic Violence" (54).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"The law covers all women and requires police and local authorities to grant various levels of protection and support services to survivors of violence or those at risk of violence. It also mandates government services, such as shelter and temporary financial support, for victims and provides for family courts to impose sanctions on perpetrators" (53). "There were 144 women’s shelters nationwide, providing shelter to approximately 30,000 women. Women’s rights advocates asserted there were not enough shelters to meet the demand for assistance and that shelter staff did not provide adequate care and services, particularly in the southeast... Some NGOs noted the lack of services was more acute for elderly women...more
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes violence against women and sexual assault, including rape and spousal rape" (52). "The age of consent for sex is 18" (57).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The law defines 18 as the minimum age for marriage, although children may marry at 17 with parental permission and at 16 with court approval" (57).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-LAW-2, AW-PRACTICE-1

"Istanbul, along with 14 other provinces, stopped registering asylum seekers in 2018, with the exception of those in a few categories such as newborn children and some specialized medical cases and family reunification instances" (42).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes violence against women and sexual assault, including rape and spousal rape, with penalties of two to 10 years’ imprisonment for conviction of attempted sexual violation and at least 12 years’ imprisonment for conviction of rape or sexual violation" (52). "By law, if the victim of abuse is between the age of 12 and 18, molestation results in a three-to-eight-year prison sentence, sexual abuse in an eight-to-15-year sentence, and rape in a sentence of at least 16 years. If the victim is younger than 12, molestation results in a minimum five-year prison sentence, sexual abuse in a minimum 10-year sentence, and rape in a minimum 18-year sentence" (56).more
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"[I]n May human rights lawyer Muzeyyen Boylu Issi was shot and killed by her husband... after having survived two previous attempts on her life and filing for divorce" (52).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Although government efforts to prevent trafficking continued with mixed effect, authorities made improvements in identifying trafficking victims nationwide. Penalties for conviction of trafficking violations were sufficiently stringent compared with other serious crimes. The government did not make data on the number of arrests and convictions related to trafficking publicly available" (70).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"[L]arge numbers of individuals suspected of links to the Gulen movement or PKK were exposed to brutal interrogation techniques aimed at extracting forced confessions or coercing detainees to incriminate others. Reported abuse included ...sexual assault" (6). "After inspecting [a trans woman's] identity card, police asked her, 'Aren’t you ashamed? You are a man, why do you dress like a woman?'; when she tried to record their remarks, police used pepper spray before beating her and bringing her to the police station" (65).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits producing or disseminating child pornography and stipulates a prison sentence of up to two years as well as a fine for violations" (57).