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Latest items for Ukraine

Oct. 7, 2022, 12:27 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: GEW-DATA-1

"The world was horrified on Sunday by a picture taken by the photographer Mikhail Palinchak on a highway 20km outside the capital, Kyiv, in which the bodies of one man and three women were piled under a blanket. The women were naked and their bodies had been partially burned, the photographer said. The harrowing image adds to a mounting body of evidence that summary executions, rape and torture have been used against civilians in areas under Russian control since the Kremlin launched the invasion of its neighbour on 24 February." (2,3) "Rape and sexual assault are considered war crimes and a breach of international humanitarian law, and both Ukraine’s prosecutor...more
Oct. 7, 2022, 12:27 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Women across Ukraine are grappling with the threat of rape as a weapon of war as growing evidence of sexual violence emerges from areas retaken from retreating Russian forces. Particularly difficult for many to comprehend is the scale of the sexual violence." (1) "As Russian troops have withdrawn from towns and suburbs around the capital in order to refocus the war effort on Ukraine’s east, women and girls have come forward to tell the police, media and human rights organisations of atrocities they have suffered at the hands of Russian soldiers. Gang-rapes, assaults taking place at gunpoint, and rapes committed in front of children are among the grim testimonies collected...more
June 7, 2022, 9:49 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Closer to home in Australia, and in this light, there must be a rethink of some of the decisions taken by state governments to decriminalise prostitution (such as has happened recently in Victoria and is currently being considered by the Queensland government). The trafficking of women is a global enterprise. It may not be specifically Ukrainian women who are trafficked to Australia to meet the increased demand created by decriminalisation, but it will be vulnerable women from somewhere. Changes to the laws here put vulnerable women from our neighbouring countries at risk. The Nordic Model has the most potential and the proven track record to stamp out the people smuggling...more
June 7, 2022, 9:49 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Since the Russian invasion began, more than three and a half million people have fled the country. Because men aged under 60 years old are required to stay in the country and fight, the majority of those fleeing are women and children" (1).
June 7, 2022, 9:49 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Industries like prostitution and surrogacy – which are both flourishing in Ukraine – commodify and exploit women and children, exacerbate their vulnerability, and create the markets that people traffickers fill. Without the entrenched exploitation of women in Ukrainian society and the ready market for vulnerable women and children both inside Ukraine and in neighbouring countries, traffickers would not have the same success or incentive" (4). "Ukraine has a particularly dark history when it comes to human trafficking. Its poor economic conditions create high levels of unemployment and consequent vulnerability to exploitation. Corrupt officials turn a blind eye to the growing illicit domestic sex trade, and commercial surrogacy is legal. All...more
June 7, 2022, 9:49 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"Women and children must make calculations every day about which actions will result in the least harm and risk to them and their children. One account about Elżbieta Jarmulska, founder of the 'Women Take the Wheel' initiative, which is working to help women travel safely from Ukraine, observes: 'I accompany Elżbieta, better known as Ela, to a refugee centre where she makes a point of showing her ID card and proof of residence to officials, before she asks if anyone wants a lift to Warsaw. Her car was full in moments. The passengers: refugee Nadia and her three children. Ela settled the family into her thoughtfully stocked car, offering the...more
June 7, 2022, 9:49 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Bindel argues that the grave mistake being made at the moment is to view the decriminalisation of prostitution, for example, as something separate to, and unrelated to, the business of human trafficking. “There are also those determined to hold on to the view that trafficking exists on a different planet to local prostitution. I can only assume that these people do not realise that many European brothels are already full to bursting of women trafficked from countries such as Romania and Thailand. 'The idea that ‘sex work’ is good and trafficking bad ignores the huge amount of evidence of harm in accepting the buying and selling of women’s bodies for...more
June 7, 2022, 9:49 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

"Another industry fuelling the trafficking trade is surrogacy. In their article 'The Pornification of War in Ukraine', Gail Dines and Eric Silverman write: 'War-fuelled trafficking is not the only current threat to the vulnerable women of Ukraine. The country was a major worldwide hub for another form of sexual exploitation, ‘surrogate’ motherhood, one of only a handful of nations that allow foreigners to enter into such ‘legal’ agreements. The war has pushed these women into even more desperate situations since many now are living in impoverished refugee camps or bomb shelters, lacking the resources to feed their babies.' Indeed, Helen Pringle and Renate Klein argue that the marketing surrounding the...more
May 16, 2022, 8:25 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"A Russian woman has been heard giving her soldier partner permission to rape Ukrainian locals in a phone call intercepted by Kyiv's security services. The shocking 30-second audio clip of the conversation was posted to the telegram channel of the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) on Tuesday. 'Wives of Russian aggressors call on their husbands to rape Ukrainian women,' the agency wrote on Telegram, along with the clip. 'This shocking interception by the SBU reflects the moral values not only of the occupiers but also of their relatives, 80% of whom now support the war in Ukraine,' the agency claimed in its description of the recording" (Para. 1-4). "Release of...more
May 16, 2022, 8:25 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-2

"Putin's band of thugs have been linked to a string of horrific atrocities across Ukraine, including the brutal rape and murder of women and children, often in front of their own family members. Moscow has denied the claims" (Para. 14). "The same attacker allegedly raped and killed another woman in the same village, slitting her throat in an evacuated home" (Para. 39). "The clip, shared on Telegram and Twitter by Ukrainian Interior Ministry adviser Anton Gerashchenko, showed the inside of a house where Tetiana Zadorozhniak is thought to have been slaughtered in the town of Makariv, 30 miles from Kyiv, last month" (Para. 44). "After days of torture, one of...more
May 16, 2022, 8:25 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: GEW-DATA-1

"The audio clip opens with the blue and yellow title: 'SECURITY SERVICE INTERCEPT: Wives of Russian invaders allow their men to rape Ukrainian women.' A women's voice is then heard: 'So yeah, do it over there,' she says. It then becomes clear what she is agreeing to. 'Ukrainian women there. Rape them. Yeah. 'Don't tell me anything, understand,' she adds with a shy laugh. A man's voice is then heard. 'Uh-huh,' he says. 'So I should rape and not tell you anything,' he asks, clarifying that the woman is giving him permission. 'Yes, so that I wouldn't know anything,' the women's voice says, before they are both heard laughing this...more
May 16, 2022, 8:25 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"The scale of the brutality has led a Ukrainian rights group to inform the UN that rape is being used as a weapon of war by the Kremlin. Kateryna Cherepakha, president of La Strada-Ukraine, said her organisation's emergency hotlines had received calls accusing Russian soldiers of nine cases of rape involving 12 women and girls. She told the UN: 'This is just the tip of the iceberg. We know and see - and we want you to hear our voices - that violence and rape is used now as a weapon of war by Russian invaders in Ukraine'" (20-22). "The United Nations said last week that human rights monitors were...more
March 17, 2022, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

Due to the Russian invasion of Ukraine in 2022 and the displacement of many women to refugee camps outside Ukraine, "“Organised gangs [are] trying to abduct young women on the Ukrainian Polish border and we already have several cases in Germany where the girls have been abducted by pimps in the refugee camps”, Dmytrieva explains."
March 17, 2022, 9:19 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"One study from 2019 found that 75% of women in Ukraine reported experiencing some form of violence since the age of 15, and one in three reported experiencing physical or sexual violence."
March 17, 2022, 9:16 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: IRP-DATA-2

"As a result, the number of women in prostitution in Ukraine before the war was around 80,000. That figure does not include children."
March 17, 2022, 9:14 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: EWCMS-DATA-1

"Nearly 17% of the Ukrainian army is female, one of the highest percentages in Europe."
Jan. 26, 2022, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Latvia, Lesotho, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela
Variables: IIP-SCALE-1

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Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"A 2017 HRMMU special report on sexual and gender-based violence in the conflict, the most recent one available, noted that both sides committed these abuses, and that the majority of cases occurred in the context of detention. In these cases both men and women were subjected to sexual violence. Beatings and electric shock in the genital area, rape, threats of rape, forced nudity, and threats of rape against family members were used as a method of torture and mistreatment to punish, humiliate, or extract confessions. The HRMMU noted that women were vulnerable to sexual abuse at checkpoints along the contact line" (20). This part of the report discusses the conflict...more
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The minimum age for marriage is 18. A court may grant a child as young as 16 permission to marry if it finds marriage to be in the child’s interest. Romani rights groups reported early marriages involving girls younger than 18 were common in the Romani community" (45).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law prohibits rape of men or women. The penalty for rape is three to 15 years’ imprisonment. Sexual assault and rape continued to be significant problems. On January 11, amendments to the criminal code increasing liability for sexual, domestic, and gender-based violence came into force. The amendments expanded the definition of rape and introduced stricter punishment for sexual coercion by up to three years of prison and forced abortion or sterilization by up to five years" (42-43). "While the law prohibits coercing a person to have sexual intercourse, legal experts stated that safeguards against harassment were inadequate" (43). "Penalties for child abuse range from three years to life, depending...more
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Either birth in the country or to Ukrainian parents conveys citizenship. A child born to stateless parents residing permanently in the country is a citizen. The law requires that parents register a child within a month of birth, and failure to register sometimes resulted in denial of public services" (44). "Under both Ukrainian law and laws imposed by Russian occupation authorities, either birthplace or parentage determines citizenship. Russia’s occupation and purported annexation of Crimea complicated the question of citizenship for children born after February 2014, since it was difficult for parents to register a child as a citizen with Ukrainian authorities. Registration in the country requires a hospital certificate, which...more
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-1

"According to the NGO La Strada, the conflict in the Donbas region led to a surge in violence against women across the country. Human rights groups attributed the increase in violence to posttraumatic stress experienced by IDPs fleeing the conflict and by soldiers returning from combat. IDPs reported instances of rape and sexual abuse; many claimed to have fled areas controlled by Russia-led forces because they feared sexual abuse" (43). "... According to the Romani women’s foundation, Chirikli, local authorities erected a number of barriers to prevent issuing national identification documents to Roma. Authorities hampered access to education for persons who lacked documents and segregated Romani children into special schools...more
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape of men or women. The penalty for rape is three to 15 years’ imprisonment. Sexual assault and rape continued to be significant problems. On January 11, amendments to the criminal code increasing liability for sexual, domestic, and gender-based violence came into force. The amendments expanded the definition of rape and introduced stricter punishment for sexual coercion by up to three years of prison and forced abortion or sterilization by up to five years" (42-43). "Penalties for child abuse range from three years to life, depending on severity. The law criminalizes sexual relations between adults and persons younger than 16; violations are punishable by imprisonment of up...more
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-DATA-1

"No laws limit the participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Following the July parliamentary election, the proportion of women in the parliament increased from 12 percent to 20 percent" (40).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"As of late September the government operated 24 shelters for victims of domestic violence and 21 centers for social and psychological aid across the country for victims of domestic violence and child abuse" (43).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"...On February 9, police clashed with demonstrators, including members of violent radical group C14 and activists from the 'Who Ordered Katya Handziuk' civic initiative, in Kyiv protesting at a rally by the Batkyvshchyna political party held because the one of the party’s members was allegedly complicit in the 2018 high- profile killing of activist Kateryna Handziuk (see section 1.a.). Police beat demonstrators, sprayed tear gas, and detained approximately a dozen persons. At the police station, the detained individuals were met by a crowd of supporters, who allegedly attempted to storm the station and attacked and used tear gas against police. Police reported that three officers were injured and hospitalized. An...more
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-2

"Events organized by women’s rights activists or the LGBTI community were regularly disrupted by members of violent radical groups…" (32). "...Civil society groups remained concerned, however, about the lack of accountability for crimes committed by radical groups in cases documented in 2018. During the year members of such groups committed violent attacks on ethnic minorities (especially Roma), LGBTI persons, feminists, and other individuals they considered to be 'un-Ukrainian' or 'anti-Ukrainian.' The HRMMU noted that the failure of police and prosecutors to prevent these acts of violence, properly classify them as hate crimes, and effectively investigate and prosecute them created an environment of impunity and lack of justice for victims" (42).more
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"According to UNHCR, gaps in housing and social support for unaccompanied children left many without access to state-run accommodation centers or children’s shelters. Many children had to rely on informal networks for food, shelter, and other needs and remained vulnerable to abuse, trafficking, and other forms of exploitation. UNHCR noted a lack of educational programs and vocational activities for those in detention for extended periods" (38). This information about child refugees being at risk for trafficking was included because the trafficking variables ask for laws concerning the trafficking of both women and children and the enforcement of those laws (JLR-CODER COMMENT). "Sexual exploitation of children, however, remained significantly underreported. Commercial...more
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ADDL-DATA-1

"According to the Nash Mir, radical groups consistently tried to disrupt LGBTI events with violence or threats of violence. For example, on April 11, members of radical groups Tradition and Order and Katechon attacked participants of the European Lesbian Conference in Kyiv. Perpetrators broke into the premises and sprayed tear gas, injuring 10 persons. Police intervened and detained the attackers; the attackers were subsequently released, and no charges were filed" (51).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"There were reports of societal violence against Roma. For example, according to press reports, on October 24, an unknown assailant in Zaporizhzhia attacked Romani rights activist Anzhelika Belova with a knife. According to press reports, the attacker followed her home from a supermarket into her apartment building, where he stabbed her. Belova survived, and police arrested the alleged perpetrator. An investigation was under way" (49). This may indicate that women are able to participate in movements that are not related to gender issues, but that such participation as activists may put them in danger (JLR-CODER COMMENT). "Detainees were often denied access to a lawyer during interrogation. For example, on May...more