The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Vietnam

Jan. 26, 2022, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Cyprus, D R Congo, Djibouti, East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Oman, Papua New Guinea, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: IIP-SCALE-1

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Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"Some registered organizations, including governance, women’s rights, and environment-focused NGOs, reported increased scrutiny of their activities" (23). "While police and legal systems generally remained unequipped to deal with cases of domestic violence, the government, with the help of international and domestic NGOs, continued to train police, lawyers, community advocates, and judicial officials in the law" (29).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage is 18 for girls and 20 for boys, and the law criminalizes organizing marriage for, or entering into marriage with, an underage person" (32).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law prohibits using or threatening violence against women, including rape, spousal rape, 'other sexual contacts,' and 'forced sex crimes.' It also criminalizes the rape of men" (28). "The minimum age of consensual sex is 18" (32).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"Domestic violence against women was common. The Women’s Union reported in November at least 58 percent of married women were worried about domestic violence on a daily basis and that 87 percent did not seek help" (29).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The production, distribution, dissemination, or sale of child pornography is illegal, and a conviction carries a sentence of three to 10 years’ imprisonment" (32).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"[T]he law provides for equal inheritance rights for men and women" (30).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"To address the issue of gender equality, the government has issued legal documents prohibiting gender identification prior to birth and prohibiting gender-based violence and discrimination. Violations of these provisions are subject to fines or even imprisonment" (30).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ISSA-DATA-2

"According to 2018 data, the national average male to female sex ratio at birth was 115.1 boys to 100 girls" (30).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-1

"Some registered organizations, includ[e] governance, women’s rights..." (23). "While police and legal systems generally remained unequipped to deal with cases of domestic violence, the government, with the help of international and domestic NGOs, continued to train police, lawyers, community advocates, and judicial officials in the law" (29).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Conviction for rape is punishable by imprisonment of up to 15 years, depending on the severity of the case" (28-29). "Conviction for statutory rape may result in life imprisonment or capital punishment. Penalties for sex with minors between the ages of 16 and 18, depending upon the circumstances, vary from five to 10 years in prison. The penalty for rape of a child between the ages of 13 and 16 is seven to 15 years’ imprisonment. If the victim becomes pregnant, the rape is incestuous, or the offender is in a guardianship position to the victim, the penalty increases to 12 to 20 years’ imprisonment. The law considers all cases...more
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law prohibits using or threatening violence against women, including rape, spousal rape..." (28).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

"The government enforced the law [about incestuous child rape], and convicted rapists received harsh sentences" (32).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment in the workplace. Publications and ethics training for public servants did not, however, mention the problem of sexual harassment" (29).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process" (27).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: VOTE-DATA-1

"The constitution sets the voting age at 18" (26).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"The 132 women in the National Assembly comprise 27 percent of the body" (27).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Discriminatory hiring practices existed, including discrimination related to gender, age, disability, and marital status. Women were expected to retire at age 60, compared with age 62 for men, affecting women’s ability to rise to managerial ranks and have higher incomes and pensions" (40-41). "Many women above the age of 35 found it difficult to find a job, and there were reports of women receiving termination letters at 35" (41).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Although the law provides for equal inheritance rights for men and women, a son was more likely to inherit property than a daughter, unless otherwise specified by a legal document such as a will" (30).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes all acts of sale or deprivation of liberty of children as well as all acts related to the exploitation of children in prostitution and forced child labor for children under 16... Sentences for those convicted range from three years’ to life imprisonment, and fines range from five million to 50 million VND ($220 to $2,200)" (32). "In January penal code amendments entered into effect that criminalized all forms of labor trafficking of adults and children younger than 16. The penalties were not sufficient to deter violations; in fact, the law does not provide any penalty for violating provisions prohibiting forced labor" (39).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"Sentences for those convicted [of child exploitation] range from three years’ to life imprisonment, and fines range from five million to 50 million VND ($220 to $2,200). The law specifies prison sentences for conviction of acts related to the exploitation of children in prostitution, including harboring prostitution (12 to 20 years), brokering prostitution (seven to 15 years), and buying sex with minors (three to 15 years)" (32).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"As of November no charges had been issued in the case of blogger Huynh Thi To Nga, who frequently shared views critical of the government on her Facebook account" (8). "(T)he Ministry of Public Security held activist Cao Vinh Thinh at its headquarters for more than 10 hours to question her about her environmental activism" (9).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"Chairwoman of the National Assembly [is] Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan" (1).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: GIC-LAW-2

"The CPV and certain government ministries and local governments issued their own regulations on family size for their staff. A decree issued by the Politburo, for example, subjects CPV members to official reprimand if they have three children, removes them from a ranking position if they have four children, and expels them from the CPV if they have five children. Violating the decree also decreases the likelihood of promotion and may lead to job termination. The CPV did not enforce these provisions consistently" (30).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The government did not effectively enforce existing laws on child abuse, and physical and emotional mistreatment was common... UNICEF stated there were no effective interdisciplinary child and gender sensitive procedures or processes for handling child abuse reports, and the responsibilities of the responsible agencies were unclear. The child protection workforce, especially at local levels, from social workers to relevant professionals such as police, judges, prosecutors, teachers, and medical experts, was poorly trained, uninformed, and generally insufficient to address the problem" (31).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"To address the issue of gender equality, the government has issued legal documents prohibiting gender identification prior to birth and prohibiting gender-based violence and discrimination. Violations of these provisions are subject to fines or even imprisonment. The government continued to work through the 2010 National Strategy on Gender Equality. At the local or provincial level, some authorities give cash incentives for giving birth to female children. For example, Hau Giang provincial authorities awarded couples that give birth to two females a one-time sum of VND 390,000 to 1.3 million ($17 to $56)" (30).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities prosecuted rape cases but did not release arrest, prosecution, conviction, or punishment statistics. There was little information on the prevalence of rape or on reporting of the crime" (29). "The government enforced the law, and convicted [child] rapists received harsh sentences" (32).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"[T]he government, with the help of international and domestic NGOs, continued to train police, lawyers, community advocates, and judicial officials in the law; supported workshops and seminars that aimed to educate women and men about domestic violence and women’s rights; and highlighted the problem through public awareness campaigns" (29). "The government continued to work through the 2010 National Strategy on Gender Equality" (30).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities did not always enforce required attendance laws or enforce them equally for boys and girls, especially in rural areas, where government and family budgets for education were limited and children’s labor in agriculture was valuable. Gender gaps in education declined, but certain gaps remained. There were substantial differences in the education profile of men and women at the postsecondary level, notably in applied technology programs" (31).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1

"The country is a destination for child sex tourism" (32).