The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ACR-LAW-1

June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

"In Poland in the reporting period the pharmacological and surgical methods and artificial insemination were fully financed, whereas Assisted Reproductive Technologies (In vitro) were available but for a payment.37 Pursuant to the Ordinance of the Minister of Health of 29 August 2009 on the guaranteed services of hospital treatment (Dz. U. No 140, item 1143, as amended), the patient has access (under the State guaranteed services) to services in cases diagnosed as: For women: Recurrent pregnancy loss, Female infertility associated with an ovulation, Female infertility of tubal origin, Female infertility of uterine origin, Female infertility of cervical origin, Female infertility associated with male factors, Female infertility of other origin, Female...more
April 27, 2021, 12:47 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, TRAFF-LAW-2, ACR-LAW-1

"A group of 32 women who acted as surrogates for Chinese clients were found guilty of human trafficking and handed suspended jail terms with an order to raise their children “well” in Cambodia’s first trial of surrogate mothers. The 32 were arrested while pregnant in 2018 and, in the absence of laws covering surrogacy, charged under human trafficking laws, drawing criticism from human rights groups who said the women should be treated as victims" (para 1-2). "Cambodia was a popular international destination for couples looking to have babies through commercial surrogacy, a practice made illegal in 2016 after an uptick in the trade following a ban by neighboring Thailand the...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

"Act No. 40 of 19 February 2004, being supplemented by the Decree of 7 October 2005 (OJ No 282 of 3 December 2005). Such Legislation established the National Register of Facilities authorized for the application of techniques of Medically Assisted Reproduction; and aims at solving problems of sterility or infertility, if there is no other effective treatment to address the causes of said problems" (89). "By case No. 151 of April 2009, the Constitutional Court pointed out: 'The law [40] allows that the protection of the embryo may weaken in order to make room for the aim pursued, namely to allow the use of the medically assisted procreation as guaranteed...more
April 22, 2021, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

"The most recent iteration of this debate happened last year when the Reproductive Healthcare Bill 2019 sponsored by Senator Susan Kihika was proposed to consolidate the 'right to the highest attainable standard of health, including the right to reproductive healthcare' enshrined in Article 43 of the Kenyan Constitution. Much more ambitious than the 2014 bill that preceded it, this piece of legislation proposed to make prenatal, delivery and postnatal services free for every woman in Kenya, outlaw forced sterilization, regulate surrogacy and provide a more solid framework for sex education" (para 7). "In an interview on Milele FM in July 2020, the bill's sponsor, Senator Kihika, clarified her initial intent:...more
March 4, 2021, 8:34 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

"In the UK surrogates are the legal mother of any child they carry, unless they sign a parental order transferring their rights to the intended parents when they give birth. The birth mother always has the right to keep her child, even if they are not genetically related. It's illegal to pay a surrogate in the UK, except for medical expenses" (para. 21-23).
Dec. 31, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

"...due to the hyper-marketed, unregulated U.S. fertility industry and the idealization of reproductive technology, women are pressured to continue fertility treatments at all costs. (Although there is a federal mandate for fertility clinics to share their success rates, there are no fertility industry standardized protocols)" (para 13).
Nov. 6, 2020, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

“Some forms of altruistic surrogacy are allowed in…Australia (except for the Northern Territory which has no laws on the matter), but for-profit surrogacy is banned” (para 29) This quote is taken from an informative text box inserted into the article following paragraph 29 (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 6, 2020, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Bulgaria
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

“Countries including Bulgaria… outlaw all forms of surrogacy” (para 29) This quote is taken from an informative text box inserted into the article following paragraph 29 (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 6, 2020, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

“Countries including…Italy… outlaw all forms of surrogacy” (para 29) This quote is taken from an informative text box inserted into the article following paragraph 29 (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 6, 2020, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

“Places where it is legal for women to be paid to carry a child for a foreigner include… parts of the United States, where the practice is regulated at state rather than federal level” (para 29) This quote is taken from an informative text box inserted into the article following paragraph 29 (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 6, 2020, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

“Places where it is legal for women to be paid to carry a child for a foreigner include… Ukraine” (para 29) This quote is taken from an informative text box inserted into the article following paragraph 29 (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 6, 2020, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

“Places where it is legal for women to be paid to carry a child for a foreigner include…Georgia” (para 29) This quote is taken from an informative text box inserted into the article following paragraph 29 (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 6, 2020, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

“Countries including…Germany… outlaw all forms of surrogacy” (para 29) This quote is taken from an informative text box inserted into the article following paragraph 29 (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 6, 2020, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

“Gay couples are banned from surrogacy in countries including Nigeria” (para 29) This quote is taken from an informative text box inserted into the article following paragraph 29 (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 6, 2020, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

“Countries including…Portugal… outlaw all forms of surrogacy” (para 29) This quote is taken from an informative text box inserted into the article following paragraph 29 (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 6, 2020, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

“Taiwan bans all surrogacy. But since same-sex marriage was legalised in May 2019, commercial surrogacy agencies from the United States have marketed their services to gay couples on the island, including from Asian countries like China” (para 29) This quote is taken from an informative text box inserted into the article following paragraph 29 (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 6, 2020, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

“Places where it is legal for women to be paid to carry a child for a foreigner include Russia” (para 29) This quote is taken from an informative text box inserted into the article following paragraph 29 (MLB-CODER COMMENT). “Gay couples are banned from surrogacy in countries including…Russia” (para 29) This quote is taken from an informative text box inserted into the article following paragraph 29 (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 6, 2020, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

“Some forms of altruistic surrogacy are allowed in…Denmark…but for-profit surrogacy is banned” (para 29) This quote is taken from an informative text box inserted into the article following paragraph 29 (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 6, 2020, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

“Some forms of altruistic surrogacy are allowed in…Britain…but for-profit surrogacy is banned” (para 29) This quote is taken from an informative text box inserted into the article following paragraph 29 (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 6, 2020, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

“Countries including…Spain… outlaw all forms of surrogacy” (para 29) This quote is taken from an informative text box inserted into the article following paragraph 29 (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 6, 2020, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

“Some forms of altruistic surrogacy are allowed in…New Zealand…but for-profit surrogacy is banned” (para 29) This quote is taken from an informative text box inserted into the article following paragraph 29 (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 6, 2020, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

“Countries including…France… outlaw all forms of surrogacy” (para 29) This quote is taken from an informative text box inserted into the article following paragraph 29 (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 6, 2020, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

“Some forms of altruistic surrogacy are allowed in Canada…but for-profit surrogacy is banned” (para 29) This quote is taken from an informative text box inserted into the article following paragraph 29 (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 6, 2020, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

“Thailand…used to be [a hub] for overseas commercial surrogacy, particularly for prospective parents from China, until it was banned in 2015…respectively” (para 29) This quote is taken from an informative text box inserted into the article following paragraph 29 (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 6, 2020, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

“Nepal, another former commercial surrogacy destination, now only allows infertile Nepali married couples to access it. But it excludes couples where one or more person is transgender and same-sex marriage is also not legal in the Himalayan state” (para 29) This quote is taken from an informative text box inserted into the article following paragraph 29 (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 6, 2020, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

“India, where gay sex has been legal since 2018 but same-sex marriage remains illegal, restricted the use of surrogate mothers to married couples and single women in February” (para 29) This quote is taken from an informative text box inserted into the article following paragraph 29 (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 6, 2020, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

“Cambodia used to be [a hub] for overseas commercial surrogacy, particularly for prospective parents from China, until it was banned in…2016 respectively” (para 29) This quote is taken from an informative text box inserted into the article following paragraph 29 (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
July 14, 2020, 4:50 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

"Surrogacy is legal in Ukraine" (para 10).
May 25, 2020, 12:17 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

According to Table 5, in Panama, those who can receive fertility treatments and fertility preservation treatments is unregulated and thus regulations are provider dependant.
May 25, 2020, 12:17 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ACR-LAW-1

"Since the late 1990s, assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) have been legitimized in Iran through an official religious endorsement. Iran, under the dominant authority of the Shia sect, is now the most enthusiastic adopter of ARTs in the Muslim world, permitting all forms of treatments, including third party donation."