The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ADCM-LAW-1

April 20, 2021, 5:05 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IIP-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"The president also called for changes to the personal status law in order to be balanced and to maintain the interests of both fathers and mothers on an equal footing. The president's initiative came amid much controversy over many of the draft law's articles which regulate marriage, divorce, alimony, and guardianship and custody issues" (para 10).
Feb. 4, 2021, 6:11 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"Nur’s mother, Muna, got married when she was fifteen, having never met her husband or seen her future home. After a few years, she was unhappy and wanted a divorce but she was uneducated, orphaned, and a mother in a country with no enforced alimony system" (para 25).
Feb. 4, 2021, 6:07 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5, ADCM-LAW-1, CUST-LAW-1

"In Syria, divorce is a frightening prospect for women. Although citizens have equal rights in civil law, family law and divorce falls within the realm of sharia. Men, but not women, can unilaterally divorce with only a verbal decree. If a woman divorces through court proceedings, she rarely gets alimony, and she loses custody of young children if she remarries" (para 33).
Sept. 26, 2020, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-2, LO-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-LAW-1

“E.S. and Others v. Slovakia (application no. 8227/04) (15 September 2009): In 2001 the applicant left her husband and lodged a criminal complaint against him for ill-treating her and her children and sexually abusing one of their daughters. He was convicted of violence and sexual abuse two years later. Her request for her husband to be ordered to leave their home was dismissed, however, the court finding that it did not have the power to restrict her husband’s access to the property (she could only end the tenancy when divorced). The applicant and her children were therefore forced to move away from their friends and family. The Court found that...more
Aug. 30, 2020, 7 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Bahraini family laws discriminate against women in the right to divorce, inherit, and transmit Bahraini nationality to their children on an equal basis to men, and deprive their children of the right to obtain citizenship on an equal basis with children of Bahraini men" (para 21).
Aug. 26, 2020, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

“Mrs Akhtar is powerless to claim significant sums of money or property from Mr Khan in the same way a legally married spouse can because they did not also have a legal civil ceremony… Leading family law barrister Camini Kumar [said,]…[‘E]ven though they have four children and lived together for almost two decades [Mrs. Akhtar] will have 'limited' claims to [Mr. Khan’s] assets…The judgment confirms that when their relationship breaks down these women cannot make the financial claims against their husband that they would be entitled to if they had married in a qualifying ceremony. They are to be treated as any other cohabiting couple in the eyes of the...more
Aug. 11, 2020, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

“In Mohammed Ahmed Khan v. Shah Bano (AIR 1985 SC 945), the Supreme Court granted equal right of maintenance under Section 125 of Cr. P.C. 1973 to a divorced married woman notwithstanding the personal law. The Supreme Court also held that ‘large segments of society which have been traditionally subjected to unjust treatment, women are one such segment.’ The Court invoked Section 125 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, which applies to everyone regardless of caste, creed or religion. It ruled that Shah Bano be given maintenance money, similar to alimony” (para 9).
April 22, 2020, 5:16 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"In Christian and Shia, Sunni, and Druze personal status codes, there is no recognition of marital property and there is no compensation for non-economic contributions, including work in the home or childcare, to the marriage. Christian personal status laws dictate that each spouse maintains separate ownership of his or her property and has the right to manage and use it and the fruit of his or her labor, unless the spouses agree otherwise in writing.249 Although these provisions allow for spouses to agree to joint ownership of assets, in recognition of the direct or indirect contributions each spouse makes in the earnings of the other, in reality, this sort of...more
July 11, 2019, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"The State party has no legal regime recognizing, defining or setting out rules for control over marital property during marriage or the division of marital property on an equal basis between spouses upon divorce" (13).
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"Under traditional law a wife has no maintenance or child support rights in the event of divorce or separation" (Pg 12).
May 7, 2019, 11:16 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Women may add conditions to marriage contracts to protect their interests in the event of divorce and child custody disputes, but rarely did so" (105).
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"Family Law of the Federation BiH and the Family Law RS, were amended in 2014. The FBIH amendments stipulate that before initiation of divorce proceedings a spouse or both spouses who have children, and during the pregnancy, are obliged to apply for mediation. The RS amendments provide for protection of the child’s right to live with parents and for parents to care for them above all, and this right may be limited only when it is found to be in the best interest of the child" (37).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"A civil family court or a religious court settles child custody, alimony, and property matters after the divorce, which gives preference to the father unless it can be demonstrated that a child especially 'needs' the mother" (38)
March 29, 2019, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Women’s rights advocates indicated that in rural areas women often forfeited land and property rights to their husbands in divorce proceedings. Rural contract law and laws protecting women’s rights stipulate that women enjoy equal rights in cases of land management, but experts assserted that this was rarely the case due to the complexity of the law and difficulties in its implementation. A 2011 Supreme People’s Court decision exacerbated the gender wealth gap by stating that after divorce marital property belongs solely to the person registered as the homeowner in mortgage and registration documents--in most cases the husband. In determining child custody in divorce cases, judges made determinations based on the...more
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"For Muslims personal status law treats men and women differently. Some personal status laws mirror Islamic law regardless of the religion of those involved in the case. The law does not entitle a divorced woman to alimony in some cases, such as if she gave up her right to alimony to persuade her husband to agree to the divorce" (para 197).
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1, CUST-PRACTICE-1, CUST-LAW-1, CUST-LAW-2

"Women have legal rights to property and child custody, and the more educated and urbanized members of the population recognized these rights. Nevertheless, women had fewer legal rights than men. Divorced women, for example, could lose child custody if they remarried" (page 19).
Dec. 21, 2018, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Newly married couples must state explicitly in the marriage contract whether they elect to combine their possessions or to keep them separate" (page 23).
Aug. 29, 2018, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"The law is lenient for men in the casse of remarriage and evading payment of alimony for children from first marriage" (Para 2).
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

“Although the law provides for a community property regime that equally divides property acquired during marriage upon divorce, women are nevertheless required to prove their actual monetary contribution to the acquisition of property” (16)
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

“The definition of marital property in article 288 of the Family Law seems narrow and excluding of intangible assets such as accrued pension rights and other work-related benefits, in addition to future earning capacity, and does not adequately address gender-based economic disparities between spouses resulting from traditional work and family-life patterns, which often lead to men benefiting from an enhancement of their human capital and greater earning potential, whereas women often experience the reverse” (15)
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

“a mother who does not receive alimony payments from a child’s father is required to formally sue the father in order to be eligible to receive social benefits instead” (15)
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"As regards the withholding of alimony to women who lead a 'disorderly life' established in article 183 of the Civil Code, it was modified by the provisions of Acts Nos. 19075 and 19119, which establish a different procedure for determining alimony and eliminate the reference to a 'disorderly life'" (page 37).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LO-LAW-1, ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"The law upholds equal ownership rights for women and men. The civil code provides equal rights to access to land and access to other property for men and women. Unless their marriage contract states otherwise, all property acquired during a marriage is the couple’s joint property, and it is divided into two equal shares in the event of divorce. Each spouse retains ownership and management of property acquired before marriage or inherited after marriage," (55).
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"The rules regarding maintenance payments vary significantly by canton, including when a parent neglects his or her obligations to provide child maintenance, and, in some cases, the parent beneficiary may later be requested to pay maintenance payments back. Maintenance payments are taxed as income, ultimately increasing the single parent’s tax burden and overstretching already limited financial resources. The Federal Council rejected the introduction of minimum maintenance payments for children after the divorce of their parents" (Pg 16). "The Committee is concerned that its previous recommendations to better redress gender disparities and economic disparities ('shortfalls') upon divorce have not been followed, and that the amended Child Maintenance Act has not introduced...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"Cabinent Decision No. 192 of 3/6/1431 A.H. (17/5/2010)…seeks to address the situation of Saudi children abroad who are neglected and indigent because their father disavows them or is estranged from them. It requires the father to rectify the situations of such children according to the instructions issue for this purpose if the father acknowledges the children. If the father is unable to provide for the children's expenses, the children are referred to the Charitable Society for the Care of Saudi Families Abroad or a similar association. The association allocates a monthly sum to such families. If a father diavows or is alienated from his children, the mother must submit document...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"The law initiative that reforms articles 168 and 184 for the Federal Civil Code, to amplify the catalogue of goods that constitute the conjugal partnership, considering intangible goods, employment benefits (pension and insurance benefits), means to guarantee, in case of divorce, the proportion of goods and food between the partners to fulfill the survival and needs of the children, as well as to guarantee to the woman the right to receive alimony in case of divorce by mutual consent, is in the process of review in the Chamber of Deputies. 25 states already have legal means to recognize intangible and tangible goods as part of the acquisitions to divide in...more
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1

"An Alimony Fund was set up by Law No. 6 (2005) in order to help marginalized families maintain their human dignity in cases where the husband or relatives fail to carry out their financial support obligations. That Fund pays regular monthly court-ordered alimony and any arrears to wives, women observing the prescribed post-divorce waiting period, children, parents and dependent relatives in cases where there is a problem collecting alimony from the legally responsible party because he is absent, his place of residence is unknown, he does not have sufficient funds to comply with the judgment, or for any other reason. Both residents and non residents of the State of Palestine...more
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Nevertheless, the Committee notes with concern the absence of gender- based criteria and legal advice to apply provisions under the new Civil and Commercial Code (art. 440), allowing the marriage of persons under 18 years of age based on the authorization of judicial authorities, and the decisions on financial compensation for economically disadvantaged spouses during divorce proceedings" (17).
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Post-divorce, the recommendations suggest limiting the time period for alimony. Yet, it does not provide evidence on what percentage of divorced couples actually rely on alimony payments on a regular basis. Given the fact that employment rates for women are very low in Turkey, the recommended changes in alimony would mean women without an income should strive to survive in their unhappy marriages to avoid becoming destitute. Similarly, the recommendations put women who are not well educated and lack access to lawyers at great risk to lose their inheritance and alimony payments" (para 12).
Nov. 27, 2017, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Following divorce (after years of living with her husband) women have no right to the assets accumulated during their time together, and under Iranian laws she is not a co-owner of her husband’s assets" (para 10). "Although women are accorded dowries and fair remuneration, as divorce is the exclusive right of a man, many are forced to sacrifice their financial rights and are left with no resources" (para 10). "Since women are not considered as co-owners of marital assets, professional women who spend their earnings on their families, following divorce or the death of their husband, are left in poverty and insurmountable challenges in their old age" (para 10).more