The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ADCM-PRACTICE-1

Nov. 17, 2022, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"For women, who are often the main workers, breadwinners, and caregivers in households, and who depends the most on their land to make a living and support their children, this means that if the man dies or if a woman wants to dissolve a marriage due to domestic violence, she may have no rights over the land she has worked on for years. In that case, she could be removed from the land by her husband’s family. Her children likewise have no rights to the said land and that can be difficult to confront because these women are not financially strong to fight back" (para 13).
Nov. 15, 2022, 10:48 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"Most divorce cases in Portugal are by mutual agreement, and the same applies to parental responsibilities regulations. Both processes may be done outside the courts, in the Civil Registry Offices, which allows them to be swifter and cheaper. The role of the lawyer, in such cases, is to act as a mediator, alone or in collaboration with a colleague, to ensure an agreement that answers both parties demands and needs. Unfortunately, such an agreement is not always possible due to disputes regarding property or parental conflict. In those instances, there is a need to resort to a court of law" (para 2).
Sept. 8, 2022, 8:16 p.m.
Countries: Austria

"Distribution must be equitable and the contributions of each spouse to the acquisition of matrimonial assets, the best interests of the children and existing debts must be taken into account. Household work, as well as care-giving and the upbringing of children, will be equivalent to the financial contributions of the breadwinning spouse. The ratio applied in most decisions is 1:1" (para 118).
Sept. 7, 2022, 10:35 p.m.
Countries: Armenia

"The Family Code stipulates that spouses have equal decision-making authority over children following divorce. In cases where no consensus can be reached, the court takes the decision. When a divorce is granted, the law provides that a couple’s assets are to be divided equally. In many cases, however, the law is not followed either because a registrar did not record the marriage or because the woman signed a prenuptial agreement nullifying certain provisions of the law" (3-4).
Sept. 1, 2022, 1:12 p.m.
Countries: Argentina

"An Argentinian judge has ordered a man to pay his ex-wife nearly $180,000 in a divorce ruling that represents a legal landmark for the South American country. The ruling acknowledges the economic value of household work done by a spouse who otherwise could have earned money in her own career. The wife had an economics degree and left her career to raise their children after they married in 1982. They divorced in 2011 and the woman argued at that point she was too old to find a new job. The judge decided all the household work she did during their marriage was worth that payout. For Argentina, the amount was...more
July 4, 2022, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"It will still cost couples or individuals £593 to file for divorce and the process will typically take six months. Proceedings to argue over assets or custody of children will still require mediation or lengthy court proceedings" (Para.9).
March 21, 2022, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Serbia

"The state child allowance stops at the fourth child, and collection of child support orders from fathers is inefficient" (11).
March 19, 2022, 9:01 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"Roqia and her son spent a cold winter in a women’s shelter in Kabul. 'When I realised I couldn’t feed my child for days on end, I decided to hand him over to my husband’s family,' she says. In most divorces in Afghanistan, the custody of children over five is given to the father"(para 7). This suggests that there is no proper division of assets or money and women face crisis after a divorce (ST CODER COMMENT).
Feb. 2, 2022, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"Victims of domestic violence from vulnerable populations could receive assistance from advisory centers, called Centers for Listening and Legal Advice, set up in several regions by the Ministry of Population, Social Protection, and Promotion of Women with the support of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). These centers counseled survivors on where to go for medical care, provided psychological assistance, and helped them start legal procedures to receive alimony from their abusers" (19).
Jan. 13, 2022, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: Kenya

"The court ruled that fathers who sire children out of wedlock must have equal parental responsibility as mothers"(39).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"The practices concerning alimony and the division of assets for couples with children depends on who initiated the divorce. If the man was giving her everything and she had no valid reason for the divorce he does not owe her anything. However, if she had a valid excuse(s) whatever is in the house is hers and the kids. If there are no kids involved they will split the assets. What are some of the excuses that maybe considered valid: if he is not providing for her, if he goes against what they agreed upon prior to marriage" (1).
July 23, 2021, 12:51 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"Sarbjeet lives in sugar cane country where the chimneys of brick factories occasionally pierce the fields to puff grey smoke. Her parents keep cows. She wants better for her daughter, so offered the new woman a compromise: If Singh would call his daughter regularly and send $142 a month for her expenses, she would drop her case and stop trying to cancel his passport. He did for a while, then he stopped, she says. Now Sarbjeet worries constantly about money" (Para 75-76).
May 15, 2021, 7:08 p.m.
Countries: China

"Judges routinely refuse first requests for divorce, obliging plaintiffs to come back after a cooling-off period of up to three months. The policy should exclude cases involving violence, but many judges are too scared to declare a husband an abuser. Some judges fear being assaulted themselves. Others worry about presiding over a case that leads to a family murder. Women reporting abuse pose no threat, so they are brushed aside. But men who threaten violence are sometimes bought off with property or even child custody, especially when a son is involved...Judges are quick to spot those who arrive in court desperate for a divorce or for custody of a child....more
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Syria

"In Syria, divorce is a frightening prospect for women. Although citizens have equal rights in civil law, family law and divorce falls within the realm of sharia. Men, but not women, can unilaterally divorce with only a verbal decree. If a woman divorces through court proceedings, she rarely gets alimony, and she loses custody of young children if she remarries" (para 33).
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:22 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"Ms. Kin, who runs a real estate company, and her supporters say that Mr. Kin, a physician assistant, is demanding $500,000 and full custody of their 12-year-old son in exchange for the divorce" (para 7).
Sept. 26, 2020, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia

“E.S. and Others v. Slovakia (application no. 8227/04) (15 September 2009): In 2001 the applicant left her husband and lodged a criminal complaint against him for ill-treating her and her children and sexually abusing one of their daughters. He was convicted of violence and sexual abuse two years later. Her request for her husband to be ordered to leave their home was dismissed, however, the court finding that it did not have the power to restrict her husband’s access to the property (she could only end the tenancy when divorced). The applicant and her children were therefore forced to move away from their friends and family. The Court found that...more
April 22, 2020, 5:16 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"Suzanne, a 44-year-old woman married before the Orthodox Church in 1998, had to give up all her financial rights in order to keep her 7-year-old daughter until she reached the legal maternal custody age, which was nine at the time. She explained: <more
July 3, 2019, 12:27 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan

"Inheritance laws do not discriminate against women, although some inheritances passed disproportionately to sons. In addition, many men hid their assets with their parents or other family members, so that if divorce occurred, they could claim no wealth and become exempt from paying child support or other restitution to the former wife" (Pg 22).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria

"For Muslims personal status law treats men and women differently. Some personal status laws mirror Islamic law regardless of the religion of those involved in the case. The law does not entitle a divorced woman to alimony in some cases, such as if she gave up her right to alimony to persuade her husband to agree to the divorce" (para 197).
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"Discriminatory provisions in the Personal Status Act relating to child custody, divorce and guardianship, which increase the risk of women being exposed to gender-based violence, and create barriers for women wishing to leave violent relationships and obtain justice" (pg. 13).
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago

"The Committee is concerned at the lack of information on the economic consequences of divorce for women and girls" (page 13).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar

"Palaung: By Palaung customary law, when a women and a man get divorced, women do not have the right to an inheritance, even if she needs to raise children by herself. If they have a son, only the father has a right to the custody of the son. In some cases, the father gets the custody of both son and daughter. Source: Palaung Women’s Organisation (PWO). Kuki: By Kuki customary law, when a woman and a man get divorced, women do not have the right to any inheritance. In the case of divorce, women are not allowed to sit in the meeting to resolve the case, and are not entitled...more
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro

“[single mothers have] particularly difficult economic conditions...[They] often receive no alimony from a child’s father, and about the insufficient support provided to them by the State party and its frequent failure to enforce alimony payments” (15)
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law upholds equal ownership rights for women and men. The civil code provides equal rights to access to land and access to other property for men and women. Unless their marriage contract states otherwise, all property acquired during a marriage is the couple’s joint property, and it is divided into two equal shares in the event of divorce. Each spouse retains ownership and management of property acquired before marriage or inherited after marriage," (55). "Traditional legal practices in the North Caucasus award the husband custody of children and all property in divorce cases. As a result women in the region were often unwilling to seek divorce, even in cases...more
May 5, 2018, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes that 71 per cent of maintenance recipients are single mothers" (14). "The Committee is concerned that the State party does not ensure effective enforcement proceedings in case of unpaid maintenance obligations, thus disproportionately affecting single mothers" (14).
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that its previous recommendations to better redress gender disparities and economic disparities ('shortfalls') upon divorce have not been followed, and that the amended Child Maintenance Act has not introduced a federal scheme of deficit-sharing and a minimal contribution to child maintenance, and, as a result, child maintenance is determined only to the extent that the person duty-bound to pay such maintenance is financially able to pay. It is also concerned that the default rule of joint parental authority and preference for shared custody may lead to a reduction in the number of child maintenance orders, with no mechanism to ensure that shared custody is indeed practised,...more
April 5, 2018, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon

"The Committee is also concerned that the Court of Cassation has little oversight over religious courts, which tend to rule in favour of the husband in divorce, alimony and child custody proceedings" (pg 12).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden

"Sweden understands the recommendation to mean that the Committee takes the view that Swedish law does not have a possibility of sufficiently compensating a spouse for unpaid work in the home and with children during the marriage in a division of property in connection with a divorce. The legislation of some countries is based on the view that a spouse who has been at home with children is compensated as a rule for this retrospectively if the spouses divorce. However, Sweden considers that such an approach is based on an outdated view of gender roles and marriage, in which it is assumed that one of the spouses is supported by...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey

"Post-divorce, the recommendations suggest limiting the time period for alimony. Yet, it does not provide evidence on what percentage of divorced couples actually rely on alimony payments on a regular basis. Given the fact that employment rates for women are very low in Turkey, the recommended changes in alimony would mean women without an income should strive to survive in their unhappy marriages to avoid becoming destitute. Similarly, the recommendations put women who are not well educated and lack access to lawyers at great risk to lose their inheritance and alimony payments" (para 12).
Sept. 14, 2017, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"Among the most contentious of Jewish rites is the one that grants men disproportionate power in divorce. Women who are not granted divorces are often forced to relinquish their child custody rights or alimony payments to convince husbands to accede"(para 11)."According to the court documents, the wife suffered the stroke on a visit to Israel with her husband in 2005. Shortly after, the husband returned to the US, where he remains. His wife and their two children stayed in Israel and she became an Israeli citizen. The court says the husband has ignored her request and a court ruling for a divorce as well as another ruling demanding he pay...more