The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AFE-LAW-1

Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The constitution provides free education for all children from ages six to 14, with a compulsory education age up through age 15, but the government did not always comply with this requirement" (48).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law mandates six years of school attendance for all children, but the law was not effectively enforced" (17).
Jan. 14, 2022, 6:24 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The constitution stipulates free, compulsory, and universal public education through age 18" (19).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education is free and compulsory through age 18, but the quality of education was often poor and access difficult, especially in rural areas where substandard infrastructure makes traveling to school challenging. Supplemental costs, for supplies or uniforms, can in some cases be a barrier to students from poor families. The Department of Education prioritized improving resources at and access to the most isolated schools, to include increasing the budget during the year for schools in the BARMM, the region with the lowest rate of school attendance" (28).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Females have the legal right to education just as much as males" (1).
Dec. 17, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Primary schooling is obligatory, free, and open to all. Education was thus ostensibly free and compulsory for children ages six to 16, but families generally reported being asked to pay school fees" (20).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Primary and secondary education is free and universal through age 17 and compulsory through grade 12" (37).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:32 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Article 3 of Education Law also states that 'citizens of Afghanistan have the right to education without any discrimination'" (7). "[G]eneral education up to secondary school is obligatory" (9).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education is free, compulsory, and universal through age 14, although a variety of school fees are common" (31).
Oct. 15, 2021, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Women in Qatar are living under a system of 'deep discrimination' – dependent on men for permission to marry, travel, pursue higher education or make decisions about their own children, according to a new report" (para 1). In a written response to HRW, the government disputed the claims and said that women could act as guardians to obtain passports or ID cards for their children, that women did not need permission to accept a scholarship or to work at ministries, government institutions or schools and that guardian approval was also not required for educational field trips at Qatar University" (para 24).
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"There were no government restrictions on academic freedom and cultural events" (15). "The constitution provides for tuition-free universal education, and the law provides for compulsory schooling of children between the ages of six through 15. Nevertheless, many children did not attend school. Parents often had to pay their children’s school fees as well as provide their uniforms and supplies. Other factors affecting school enrollment included distance to the nearest school, lack of transportation, shortages of teachers and instructional materials, and lack of school feeding programs. Girls' enrollment was lower than that of boys at all levels due to poverty, a cultural preference to educate boys, the early marriage of girls,...more
Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following:…(a) Policy on girls’ education, in 2019" (2).
Sept. 21, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law provides for 12 years of free compulsory education for all children" (20).
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law provides for equality in... access to education" (69).
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1, AFE-DATA-1

"Education is mandatory up to the lower secondary level (six years for primary school and three years for lower secondary), and the law provides for free education up to and including the college level. UNICEF reported that 3.7 million children were not in school due to discrimination, poverty, lack of access, and continuing conflict, among other reasons, 60 percent of whom are girls. Only 16 percent of the country’s schools are for girls, and many of them lack proper sanitation facilities. UNAMA also noted that armed groups tried to restrict girls’ access to education. In April armed men on motorcycles set fire to two girls’ schools outside Farah City in...more
Aug. 23, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Under the Education and Training Policy launched by the government in 2015, pregnant girls may be reinstated in schools. In June President Magufuli declared that girls would not be allowed to return to school after giving birth. Human rights NGOs criticized the policy as contrary to the country’s constitution and laws" (p 23).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"For the most part, women had... equal access to education" (22). "The government did not deny girls equal access to education" (23).
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education is tuition free and universal at the primary level for all children. At the secondary level, however, education is tuition free only for girls, based on a government policy to encourage female education" (p 20).
Aug. 6, 2021, 4:21 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Although the law provides for education for all children from age four to 18, compulsory education for children of specific ages was not enforced" (p 17).
July 31, 2021, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-LAW-1

"Tanzania’s ban on pregnant schoolgirls dates back to the 60s. Amid renewed criticism, it was reaffirmed in a 2017 speech by Tanzania’s president, John Magufuli, who stated that 'as long as I am president … no pregnant student will be allowed to return to school. We cannot allow this immoral behaviour to permeate our primary and secondary schools.' Sierra Leone lifted a similar ban last week" (para 6-7).
July 31, 2021, 3:54 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Tanzania’s ban on pregnant schoolgirls dates back to the 60s. Amid renewed criticism, it was reaffirmed in a 2017 speech by Tanzania’s president, John Magufuli, who stated that 'as long as I am president … no pregnant student will be allowed to return to school. We cannot allow this immoral behaviour to permeate our primary and secondary schools.' Sierra Leone lifted a similar ban last week. Human rights lawyer Judy Gitau, regional coordinator at Equality Now, welcomed Ndalichako’s declaration and said she was 'cautiously optimistic' about 'the first time the government of Tanzania has publicly announced in an official state document that it will include pregnant girls in secondary school...more
June 30, 2021, 4:04 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"'Today, women in Tunisia have the same place as men. This Tunisian spring was the natural result of the historic reforms undertaken during the last 60 years, namely in education for all, and women’s liberation'[said Beji Caïd Essebsi, elected president of Tunisia] " (para 10).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: AFE-LAW-1, ASR-LAW-1

"In the reporting period, access to vocational education was equal for persons of both sexes. Slight limitations with regard to girls (women) resulted from the provisions of the Ordinance of the Council of Ministers of 24 August 2004 on the list of occupations forbidden to juveniles and the conditions of employment of juveniles in certain occupations (Dz. U. No 200, item 2047, as amended), which concern prohibiting underage girls from starting education in professions such as: blacksmith, foundry pattern-maker, operator of foundry machines and equipment, operator of metallurgical machines and equipment, operator of machines and equipment for plastic working, operator of ceramic industry equipment, miner exploiting underground or overground deposits,...more
Feb. 23, 2021, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The number one barrier identified was school fees. Since 2009, under the Fee Free Basic Education policy, the government only applies fees for senior secondary schooling (years 10-12). As a result, there is a cliff face drop off in the number of girls accessing senior secondary education" (para 6).
Feb. 10, 2021, 7:09 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"According to the Borgen Project, Sierra Leone joined the Global Education Partnership in 2007, and this has tremendously helped the country’s progress towards equitable education. The latest grant with the Global Education Partnership is designed with the objective of 'increas[ing] equitable access to education and improve learning outcomes for all boys and girls in pre-primary and primary schools.' They have a slotted timeline of 2018-2022 to work on this strategic plan" (para 4).
Feb. 8, 2021, 8:08 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"In November, Ukraine became the 100th country to endorse the Safe Schools Declaration, an international political commitment to make schools safe during times of war" (para 4).
Jan. 20, 2021, 4:06 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

“‘Everyone has the right to learn whether they are a girl or a boy, this is the fundamental right of Afghan citizens,’ said Kambiz, district governor of Darwaz of Badakshan” (Para 8).
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:27 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Zimbabwe has made it illegal for schools to expel pupils who get pregnant, a measure women’s rights campaigners said would help tackle gender inequality in the classroom and stop many girls from dropping out of school. A legal amendment announced last week seeks to reinforce a 1999 guideline that was patchily implemented" (para 1-2, 5). "In 2018, 12.5 percent of the country’s roughly 57,500 school dropouts stopped attending classes due to pregnancy or marriage reasons – almost all of them girls" (para 6).
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:05 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, AFE-LAW-1

"During the Taliban government, from the autumn of 1996 until late 2001, nearly all the rights of women were revoked: They were forbidden to work, attend school or leave their homes unaccompanied by a husband or close male relative" (para 6).
Dec. 21, 2020, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LO-LAW-1, AFE-LAW-1

"Women also enjoy the same legal status, claim to titles, access to education, the right to practice professions, and the right to inherit property as men" (para 1).