The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AFE-LAW-1

June 14, 2022, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"In the educational sector, the overall precondition is equality – regardless of gender and ethnic origin. All educational opportunities are available and free of charge for all citizens. It follows from the Act on Gender Equality that the educational sector has a special obligation to promote gender equality, for example by being aware of differences in boys’ and girls’ needs, resources and behaviour in order to assess which efforts are needed to give them the same opportunities. Focus must be on competencies instead of gender, so that the potential of the students’ total talent are optimally utilized" (18). "In the Faroe Islands, girls, boys, women and men continue to enjoy...more
June 7, 2022, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The implementation of the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Compulsory Education, extensively amended in June 2006, began in September 2006. The law sets out goals and measures in relation to the promotion of balanced development in compulsory education, and creates more reliable mechanisms for government financial support for compulsory education, thus providing a solid legal basis for ensuring equal access to education for girls, especially those in rural areas, ethnic minority areas, and economically disadvantaged families and girls with disabilities" (7). "The State implements a system of nine years of compulsory education. Compulsory education means education which is uniformly provided by the State and which all the...more
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Equality of women and men was recognized and discrimination on any ground was prohibited in... the Basic Law of National Education (Law no. 1739)" (2).
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The Integral Gender Action Plans 2000 2005; 2006 2010 and the Gender Work Plan 2013 are based on the programmes of action of the MDG’s, ICPD, CEDAW, the Bel m do Par Convention, BPFA, Government Statements 2005 2010, 2010, 2016, National Government Programmes for corresponding periods and on the evaluation of the implementation of former Plans of Action. Priorities as formulated in the Integral Gender Action Plans involve institutional arrangements, poverty, economy and the labour market, voice and decision making, violence against women, education, health, media and environment. It provides a framework for implementing initiatives and actions under these priority areas by various key institutions/players at governmental and civil society...more
April 18, 2022, 10:31 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2007 of the State party’s second report in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption or establishment of the ...Act on the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of the Child (No. 7/2008), which prohibits the non-admission of children to schools based on their gender" (1-2). "The Committee is concerned that the definitions of equality and non discrimination in articles 35 and 36 of the Constitution fail to encompass all forms of discrimination against women in line with article 1 of the Convention" (3).
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"While education is equally accessible, federal law prohibits coeducation in public universities, except in the United Arab Emirates University’s Executive MBA program and in certain graduate programs at Zayed University..." (29). "Education is compulsory through the ninth grade; however, the law was not enforced, and some children did not attend school, especially children of noncitizens. The government provided free primary education only to citizens. Noncitizen children could enroll in public schools only if they scored more than 90 percent on entrance examinations, which authorities administered only in Arabic. In September 2018 the Ministry of Education made all public schools coeducational from the first to fifth grades, starting with that year’s...more
March 21, 2022, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The 2009 Law on Fundamentals of Education which contains provisions against discrimination, including discrimination based on gender" (2).
March 11, 2022, 9:21 p.m.
Countries: Iceland

"For the past 11 years Iceland has led the World Economic Forum’s Gender Gap Index, earning the country the label of “the best place in the world to be a woman.” Iceland has some of the world’s strongest laws on workplace equality and equal pay, as well as high outcomes for women in issues of health, education, economic opportunity, and political representation" (Para. 1).
March 4, 2022, 6:57 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education is compulsory until age 15, but the law does not provide for free education. The government nonetheless as a matter of policy provides for free education" (16).
Feb. 11, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"An NCPO order provides that all children receive free 'quality education for 15 years, from preschool to the completion of compulsory education,' which is defined as through grade 12" (34).
Feb. 5, 2022, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"By law education is compulsory, universal, and free of tuition through primary school and grades seven through nine of secondary school. Nevertheless, school costs for supplies and uniforms remained beyond the means of many families, especially in rural areas. According to the Millennium Development Goals Report, only 52 percent of children complete primary school education" (16-17).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The constitution provides free education for all children from ages six to 14, with a compulsory education age up through age 15, but the government did not always comply with this requirement" (48).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law mandates six years of school attendance for all children, but the law was not effectively enforced" (17).
Jan. 14, 2022, 6:24 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The constitution stipulates free, compulsory, and universal public education through age 18" (19).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education is free and compulsory through age 18, but the quality of education was often poor and access difficult, especially in rural areas where substandard infrastructure makes traveling to school challenging. Supplemental costs, for supplies or uniforms, can in some cases be a barrier to students from poor families. The Department of Education prioritized improving resources at and access to the most isolated schools, to include increasing the budget during the year for schools in the BARMM, the region with the lowest rate of school attendance" (28).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Females have the legal right to education just as much as males" (1).
Dec. 17, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Primary schooling is obligatory, free, and open to all. Education was thus ostensibly free and compulsory for children ages six to 16, but families generally reported being asked to pay school fees" (20).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Primary and secondary education is free and universal through age 17 and compulsory through grade 12" (37).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:32 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Article 3 of Education Law also states that 'citizens of Afghanistan have the right to education without any discrimination'" (7). "[G]eneral education up to secondary school is obligatory" (9).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education is free, compulsory, and universal through age 14, although a variety of school fees are common" (31).
Oct. 15, 2021, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Women in Qatar are living under a system of 'deep discrimination' – dependent on men for permission to marry, travel, pursue higher education or make decisions about their own children, according to a new report" (para 1). In a written response to HRW, the government disputed the claims and said that women could act as guardians to obtain passports or ID cards for their children, that women did not need permission to accept a scholarship or to work at ministries, government institutions or schools and that guardian approval was also not required for educational field trips at Qatar University" (para 24).
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"There were no government restrictions on academic freedom and cultural events" (15). "The constitution provides for tuition-free universal education, and the law provides for compulsory schooling of children between the ages of six through 15. Nevertheless, many children did not attend school. Parents often had to pay their children’s school fees as well as provide their uniforms and supplies. Other factors affecting school enrollment included distance to the nearest school, lack of transportation, shortages of teachers and instructional materials, and lack of school feeding programs. Girls' enrollment was lower than that of boys at all levels due to poverty, a cultural preference to educate boys, the early marriage of girls,...more
Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following:…(a) Policy on girls’ education, in 2019" (2).
Sept. 21, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law provides for 12 years of free compulsory education for all children" (20).
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law provides for equality in... access to education" (69).
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1, AFE-DATA-1

"Education is mandatory up to the lower secondary level (six years for primary school and three years for lower secondary), and the law provides for free education up to and including the college level. UNICEF reported that 3.7 million children were not in school due to discrimination, poverty, lack of access, and continuing conflict, among other reasons, 60 percent of whom are girls. Only 16 percent of the country’s schools are for girls, and many of them lack proper sanitation facilities. UNAMA also noted that armed groups tried to restrict girls’ access to education. In April armed men on motorcycles set fire to two girls’ schools outside Farah City in...more
Aug. 23, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Under the Education and Training Policy launched by the government in 2015, pregnant girls may be reinstated in schools. In June President Magufuli declared that girls would not be allowed to return to school after giving birth. Human rights NGOs criticized the policy as contrary to the country’s constitution and laws" (p 23).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"For the most part, women had... equal access to education" (22). "The government did not deny girls equal access to education" (23).
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education is tuition free and universal at the primary level for all children. At the secondary level, however, education is tuition free only for girls, based on a government policy to encourage female education" (p 20).
Aug. 6, 2021, 4:21 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Although the law provides for education for all children from age four to 18, compulsory education for children of specific ages was not enforced" (p 17).