The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AFE-LAW-1

Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following:…(a) Policy on girls’ education, in 2019" (2).
Sept. 21, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law provides for 12 years of free compulsory education for all children" (20).
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law provides for equality in... access to education" (69).
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1, AFE-DATA-1

"Education is mandatory up to the lower secondary level (six years for primary school and three years for lower secondary), and the law provides for free education up to and including the college level. UNICEF reported that 3.7 million children were not in school due to discrimination, poverty, lack of access, and continuing conflict, among other reasons, 60 percent of whom are girls. Only 16 percent of the country’s schools are for girls, and many of them lack proper sanitation facilities. UNAMA also noted that armed groups tried to restrict girls’ access to education. In April armed men on motorcycles set fire to two girls’ schools outside Farah City in...more
Aug. 23, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Under the Education and Training Policy launched by the government in 2015, pregnant girls may be reinstated in schools. In June President Magufuli declared that girls would not be allowed to return to school after giving birth. Human rights NGOs criticized the policy as contrary to the country’s constitution and laws" (p 23).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"For the most part, women had... equal access to education" (22). "The government did not deny girls equal access to education" (23).
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education is tuition free and universal at the primary level for all children. At the secondary level, however, education is tuition free only for girls, based on a government policy to encourage female education" (p 20).
Aug. 6, 2021, 4:21 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Although the law provides for education for all children from age four to 18, compulsory education for children of specific ages was not enforced" (p 17).
July 31, 2021, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-LAW-1

"Tanzania’s ban on pregnant schoolgirls dates back to the 60s. Amid renewed criticism, it was reaffirmed in a 2017 speech by Tanzania’s president, John Magufuli, who stated that 'as long as I am president … no pregnant student will be allowed to return to school. We cannot allow this immoral behaviour to permeate our primary and secondary schools.' Sierra Leone lifted a similar ban last week" (para 6-7).
July 31, 2021, 3:54 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Tanzania’s ban on pregnant schoolgirls dates back to the 60s. Amid renewed criticism, it was reaffirmed in a 2017 speech by Tanzania’s president, John Magufuli, who stated that 'as long as I am president … no pregnant student will be allowed to return to school. We cannot allow this immoral behaviour to permeate our primary and secondary schools.' Sierra Leone lifted a similar ban last week. Human rights lawyer Judy Gitau, regional coordinator at Equality Now, welcomed Ndalichako’s declaration and said she was 'cautiously optimistic' about 'the first time the government of Tanzania has publicly announced in an official state document that it will include pregnant girls in secondary school...more
June 30, 2021, 4:04 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"'Today, women in Tunisia have the same place as men. This Tunisian spring was the natural result of the historic reforms undertaken during the last 60 years, namely in education for all, and women’s liberation'[said Beji Caïd Essebsi, elected president of Tunisia] " (para 10).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: AFE-LAW-1, ASR-LAW-1

"In the reporting period, access to vocational education was equal for persons of both sexes. Slight limitations with regard to girls (women) resulted from the provisions of the Ordinance of the Council of Ministers of 24 August 2004 on the list of occupations forbidden to juveniles and the conditions of employment of juveniles in certain occupations (Dz. U. No 200, item 2047, as amended), which concern prohibiting underage girls from starting education in professions such as: blacksmith, foundry pattern-maker, operator of foundry machines and equipment, operator of metallurgical machines and equipment, operator of machines and equipment for plastic working, operator of ceramic industry equipment, miner exploiting underground or overground deposits,...more
Feb. 23, 2021, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The number one barrier identified was school fees. Since 2009, under the Fee Free Basic Education policy, the government only applies fees for senior secondary schooling (years 10-12). As a result, there is a cliff face drop off in the number of girls accessing senior secondary education" (para 6).
Feb. 10, 2021, 7:09 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"According to the Borgen Project, Sierra Leone joined the Global Education Partnership in 2007, and this has tremendously helped the country’s progress towards equitable education. The latest grant with the Global Education Partnership is designed with the objective of 'increas[ing] equitable access to education and improve learning outcomes for all boys and girls in pre-primary and primary schools.' They have a slotted timeline of 2018-2022 to work on this strategic plan" (para 4).
Feb. 8, 2021, 8:08 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"In November, Ukraine became the 100th country to endorse the Safe Schools Declaration, an international political commitment to make schools safe during times of war" (para 4).
Jan. 20, 2021, 4:06 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

“‘Everyone has the right to learn whether they are a girl or a boy, this is the fundamental right of Afghan citizens,’ said Kambiz, district governor of Darwaz of Badakshan” (Para 8).
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:27 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Zimbabwe has made it illegal for schools to expel pupils who get pregnant, a measure women’s rights campaigners said would help tackle gender inequality in the classroom and stop many girls from dropping out of school. A legal amendment announced last week seeks to reinforce a 1999 guideline that was patchily implemented" (para 1-2, 5). "In 2018, 12.5 percent of the country’s roughly 57,500 school dropouts stopped attending classes due to pregnancy or marriage reasons – almost all of them girls" (para 6).
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:05 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, AFE-LAW-1

"During the Taliban government, from the autumn of 1996 until late 2001, nearly all the rights of women were revoked: They were forbidden to work, attend school or leave their homes unaccompanied by a husband or close male relative" (para 6).
Dec. 21, 2020, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LO-LAW-1, AFE-LAW-1

"Women also enjoy the same legal status, claim to titles, access to education, the right to practice professions, and the right to inherit property as men" (para 1).
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"For example, according to the RA law on education, 9 years of education for RA citizens is mandatory (starting in 2015, this changed to 12 years of compulsory education)" (18).
Aug. 31, 2020, 6:42 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

“[Fawzia] Koofi believes that in the years since her win in 2005 to her current campaign, life for women in Afghanistan has improved to a degree. There are statistics and reports that support this. In 2004, girls were formally guaranteed a right to an education under the Afghan constitution” (Para 76). “[Fawzia] Koofi said she fears what will happen if the Taliban regains their political footing as a result of ongoing negotiation with the United States intended to stabilize the country. "You know that [the] Taliban have three conditions -- one of those conditions is women's Islamic rights. I know what that means -- Islamic rights of women. ..." she...more
Aug. 10, 2020, 3:09 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1, AFE-PRACTICE-3, AFE-LAW-1

“Women in that country cannot go to school, cannot vote, go shopping or otherwise engage in the public sphere without the permission of a man” (para 1).
June 23, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The current legislative framework in Tajikistan excludes gender segregation in the sphere of education. Under article 16 of the Education Act, basic general education (nine grades) is compulsory for citizens of the Republic of Tajikistan" (19).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Public education is compulsory until age 15 or grade nine" (26).
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The Law on General Education was adopted on January 19, 2011, the Decree on the Enforcement of the Universal 12-year Compulsory Education promulgated on September, 2012 and the Law on Higher Education adopted on December 14, 2011, legalizing the rights of all children, including girls, to receive 12-year compulsory education free of charge from pre-school through primary, junior, to senior secondary levels, as well as higher education according to their wishes and abilities. The laws and decree also explicitly provide for the obligations of the State, institutions, enterprises, organizations and individuals for the realization of the rights set forth therein" (7). "Women in the DPRK have equal rights with men...more
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Organic Law No. 02/2011/OL of 27 July 2011 governing the organization of education, which provides that the education of the citizen shall not be characterized by any form of discrimination" (2).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The constitution stipulates free and compulsory education for all children between the ages of five and 16, regardless of their nationality" (31). "The constitution mandates compulsory education, provided free of charge by the government, to all children between the ages of five and 16" (42).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education for citizens is free and compulsory through the primary phase. Noncitizen children, including those born of noncitizen fathers and citizen mothers and refugees, lack this right" (29).
Feb. 5, 2020, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Opportunities for and equal access to education, as well as technical and vocational training, have always been guaranteed by the State. This is reflected in various laws such as: (i) the Constitution of 6 November 2015 (art. 29), (ii) school laws, (iii) specific legislation (Act No. 4/2010 of 14 June 2010 on child protection in the Republic of the Congo 2010; Act No. 5-2011 of 25 February 2011 on the promotion and protection of indigenous peoples; and Act No. 9-92 of 22 April 1992 on the status, protection and advancement of persons with disabilities (current)" (16). "The right to education is guaranteed by law (cf. Constitution of 6 November 2015,...more
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law provides for universal, compulsory, and tuition-free education from ages six to 15" (31),