The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AFE-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 22, 2021, 6:25 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The harsh reality is that; harassment threats directly challenge the potential of young Pakistani girls. Numerous individuals refuse to procure education and execute jobs due to the realm of harassment possibility; as, harassers can linger in the form of professors, employers, religious teachers, and numerous other possibilities. With that said, changing the mindset of a conservative society, and educating potential rapists can be a slow and gradual process. Public hangings are exceedingly inefficient too, there is underreporting of data, and police corruption prevails widely. Henceforth, it is crucial to generate preventive conversations with adolescents at a young age. The fact of the matter is that children can encounter predators in...more
Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following:…(e) Third national education strategic plan for the period 2017–2021, which includes measures for addressing discrimination against girls in education...(k) Safe Schools Declaration, in which it is acknowledged that schools and universities have been attacked to prevent the education of girls and in which the guidelines for protecting schools and universities from military use during armed conflict are endorsed, in 2015" (2). "The Committee commends the State party for including education on women’s rights and gender equality...more
Sept. 21, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"In their November publication of Inescapable Violence: Child Abuse within North Korea, the Seoul-based NGO People for Successful Corean Unification documented endemic child abuse, including child sexual abuse, in North Korean schools..." (21). Sexual abuse in schools is likely a barrier to girls going to school (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 14, 2021, 9:15 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Tachira is a member of the Konkomba people, and girls born into that community are not educated. They’re kept at home, doing all the household chores until their parents effectively sell them into servitude to another family through arranged marriage. Most remain illiterate, vulnerable, and dependent for the rest of their lives" (para 8).
Sept. 14, 2021, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"In El Salvador, having a child at age fourteen isn’t simply a cause for shame in the eyes of a religious community. It also increases the odds of a life lived in crushing poverty, of marginal education and employment, of vulnerability to the violence and chaos that scores the lives of the poorest Salvadorans" (para 48).
Sept. 8, 2021, 6:17 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, ASR-PRACTICE-1

"Hans Lemoine, a slöjd (crafts) teacher in Sweden, noted that girls in his classes are often more focused and determined to finish their projects. 'More boys have a happy-go-lucky or impatient attitude than girls and need more prodding and guidance to finish their work,' he said. Lemoine explained that slöjd is a subject that inculcates independence, responsibility, curiosity, and creativity among young people in Sweden, and is part of the gender-equality framework in the education system" (para 6).
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Education is mandatory up to the lower secondary level (six years for primary school and three years for lower secondary), and the law provides for free education up to and including the college level. UNICEF reported that 3.7 million children were not in school due to discrimination, poverty, lack of access, and continuing conflict, among other reasons, 60 percent of whom are girls. Only 16 percent of the country’s schools are for girls, and many of them lack proper sanitation facilities. UNAMA also noted that armed groups tried to restrict girls’ access to education. In April armed men on motorcycles set fire to two girls’ schools outside Farah City in...more
Aug. 31, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"School attendance is mandatory through the ninth grade or until the age of 16, whichever occurs first, but many children, particularly in rural areas, left school earlier to work with their families. Parents must purchase supplies, books, uniforms, and space heaters for some classrooms; these were prohibitively expensive for many families, particularly Roma and members of other minorities. Many families also cited these costs as a reason for not sending girls to school." (p 19-20).
Aug. 27, 2021, 3:13 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh, Iran, Jordan, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

“The interviews highlighted five cultural areas where being a woman and being a physicist aligned. These areas were religion, social interactions, community goals, femininity, and family life. In Muslim-majority countries, social interactions with the opposite gender are less common and less encouraged than in Western countries. The seven women were mostly educated in gender-segregated classes. As a result, they did not feel out of place in a physics setting because of their gender. The women also noted that when they did interact with men physicists, they did not feel that they had to supress their femininity to have their intellect—and not their appearance—be the focus of the interaction. They put...more
Aug. 23, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Girls represented approximately half of all children enrolled in primary school but were absent more often than boys due to household duties. At the secondary level, child marriage and pregnancy often caused girls to be expelled or otherwise prevented girls from finishing school. The Center for Reproductive Rights reported in 2013 that more than 55,000 girls over the previous decade had been expelled from school for being pregnant. Regional authorities reported that it was common practice for school administrators to subject girls to hands-on external abdominal examinations for pregnancy. Under the Education and Training Policy launched by the government in 2015, pregnant girls may be reinstated in schools. In June...more
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Education was free, but not compulsory, through grade nine. Many children left school to help their families in subsistence agriculture or work in other activities. Others began school at a late age or did not attend school at all. The government did not deny girls equal access to education, but families with limited resources often gave priority to boys, especially in rural areas. According to international organization reports, enrollment dropped significantly for girls after primary school in urban areas, while secondary school enrollment for boys dropped significantly in rural areas" (23).
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Women did not have equal access to education, economic opportunities, health facilities, or social freedoms. In rural areas women performed much of the subsistence farming and had little opportunity for formal education" (p 20). "Education is tuition free and universal at the primary level for all children. At the secondary level, however, education is tuition free only for girls, based on a government policy to encourage female education. Pregnant girls were prohibited from attending classes and taking examinations with other students on the grounds that they were a 'bad moral influence'" (p 20).
Aug. 6, 2021, 4:21 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Many parents kept young girls at home to work, and girls rarely attended school for more than a few years" (p 17).
July 31, 2021, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-LAW-1

"Tanzania’s ban on pregnant schoolgirls dates back to the 60s. Amid renewed criticism, it was reaffirmed in a 2017 speech by Tanzania’s president, John Magufuli, who stated that 'as long as I am president … no pregnant student will be allowed to return to school. We cannot allow this immoral behaviour to permeate our primary and secondary schools.' Sierra Leone lifted a similar ban last week" (para 6-7).
July 31, 2021, 3:54 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Tanzania has pledged to improve access to education for pregnant girls after receiving a controversial $500m (£402m) World Bank loan, but has stopped short of readmitting them to mainstream classrooms" (para 1). "A public notice released earlier this week by Tanzania’s education minister, JoyceNdalichako, said: 'The target [of the loan] is to reach more than 6.5 million secondary school students across the country, without discrimination and shall include girls who drop out of school for various reasons, including pregnancy'" (para 3). "Of the 60,000 students who drop out of secondary school every year in Tanzania, 5,500 leave due to pregnancy according to World Bank data. Tanzania’s ban on pregnant schoolgirls...more
July 29, 2021, 7:20 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"I grew up in the Blue Ridge Mountains of North Carolina, not far from Mr. Reisinger’s office. I remember classmates in my hometown getting pregnant, marrying and dropping out of school as early as middle school, never to return to class. In high school, I was a maid of honor in a wedding that the bride later described as the worst day of her life" (Para 12). "Married girls are 50 percent more likely to drop out of high school and much less likely to finish college" (Para 13).
July 29, 2021, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"'The data shows that the overwhelming majority of child marriages result in kids dropping out of school, losing housing, and facing lifelong physical and emotional abuse,' Puryear said" (Para 19).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The constitution provides for tuition-free public education for all citizen children and makes primary education until the age of 16 compulsory. Nevertheless, parents were increasingly required to pay registration and various fees to subsidize teacher salaries and other costs. As a result, education became inaccessible for many children. According to UNICEF, boys and girls generally had equal access to education, although girls were more likely to drop out during adolescence" (p 22).
July 23, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"In 2017, the Tanzanian government, in a presidential decree, stated that pregnant adolescents girls should not be allowed to access school" (Para 4). "The late Dr Magufuli, who was speaking at a public rally in Chalinze town, about 100km west of the main city Dar es Salaam, said that young mothers would be distracted if they were allowed back in school: 'After calculating some few mathematics, she’d be asking the teacher in the classroom: ‘Let me go out and breastfeed my crying baby'" (Para 5). "Adolescent women with no education are said to be five times more likely as those with second, or higher education to have begun childbearing (52%...more
July 21, 2021, 10:44 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"In just the past week, the hashtag 'save Rose' was trending with reports of a young girl being subjected to violence from her father, who allegedly stopped her from studying and threatened her life" (Para 10).
July 20, 2021, 7:13 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"I am not talking about police protection and getting the right statutes on the books, but about making the society less sickly and warped, about changing the moribund school curriculum and how schools function, about properly funded and managed daycare centres and support for working mothers and anger-management training for adults" (Para 3).
July 20, 2021, 12:50 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Ehsaas board meeting has approved the first of its kind Ehsaas’ secondary education conditional cash transfer programme for deserving households to send their children to secondary schools. Children of underprivileged households will be provided conditional cash grants of Rs. 2,500 for boy child and Rs 3,000 per quarter for girl child on fulfillment of 70% attendance in school. All payments will be biometrically made to mothers of children.This was decided in the board meeting chaired by Dr Sania Nishtar. The programme will be rolled out nationwide across all districts w.e.f July[2021]"(para 1-3).
July 15, 2021, 11:17 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"In 2008 in Kandahar, and last year in Herat, men on motorcycles used squirt guns to spray acid on schoolgirls in protest of education for females. The crime is more common in Pakistan and India than Afghanistan" (Para 8). "Women’s rights advocates say assaults in public in urban centers have become bolder in the last two years. But many of the recent attacks in the capital seem to involve personal rather than political motives, said Gholam Dastagir of Kabul police. In Kabul, at least three separate acid attacks against women were reported just in July, according to local Afghan news reports. The aim of attackers may be to punish women...more
July 15, 2021, 10:53 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"'It is unfortunate that women have become endangered species in northern Nigeria with the abduction of schoolgirls almost on weekly basis thereby hampering their educational pursuit,' Ndanusa[national president of NAWE] said.'Even at home front, women are not psychologically stable due to the trauma they go through whenever their loved ones are kidnapped or killed by insurgents or bandits. The increase in banditry, kidnapping and insurgency across the nation especially Northeast and Northwest are unacceptable'"(para 4-5).
July 13, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Women from the Baha'i religious community are frequently banned from university education." In the video, at 1:11, these words are written on the screen (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
July 12, 2021, 1:52 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"In March 2020, Sierra Leone overturned a ban on pregnant girls attending school after Equality Now and its partners challenged the rule in the ECOWAS court and won" (para 17).
July 9, 2021, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"While the law provides pregnant girls the right to continue their education until after giving birth, NGOs reported that schools often did not respect this right. School executives sometimes expelled pregnant girls or transferred them to other schools" (p 36). "...there have been some cases reported in Western Kenya of girls dropping out of secondary school and engaging in sex work in order to afford basic supplies" (p 45).
July 7, 2021, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"In July 2017, Saudi Arabia's education ministry announced girls' schools would begin to offer physical education classes for the first time, so long as they conformed with Islamic law. The ministry statement did not specify whether girls were required to have male permission to take the classes. Saudi Arabia is home to a number of women-only universities"(para 92-94).
July 1, 2021, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"When schools opened their doors for the new year on March 15 and March 22, a significant number of female learners did not turn up for classes, and there are now disturbing reports explaining why. Some of the learners fell pregnant, while others simply got married or eloped" (para 1-2). "'What is worrying is that... these teenagers are abandoning school yet Government allows for them to go back'" (para 7). "'Due to the stigma associated with being pregnant in school, most of them simply opt out. Six of the 67 girls that had registered for Form One enrolment also dropped out due to early marriages'" (para 10). "Government allows for...more
June 29, 2021, 3:51 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"'Providing free period products at school is one way the government can directly address poverty, help increase school attendance, and make a positive impact on children's well-being,' Ardern said in a statement. 'We want to see improved engagement, learning and behaviour, fewer young people missing school because of their period, and reduced financial hardship amongst families of participating students.' Speaking to reporters later in the day, Ardern said research had shown one in 12 young people were missing school due to this issue" (para 3-5). "Minister of Women Jan Tinetti said the issues with periods at school included embarrassment, stigma, missing classes, being 'caught out' without products, cost, lack of...more