The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AFE-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 1, 2022, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, VOTE-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"'When I was born, women did not vote, we did not inherit, we could not manage our assets, we could not have bank accounts, we didn’t have credit cards, we couldn’t go to university,' Senator Silvia Sapag said in an emotional speech after the vote. 'When I was born, women were nobody.' Now, she added, for all the women who fought for those legal rights and more, 'let it be law'" (para 3-4).
Aug. 18, 2022, 10:34 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Many Afghans have also been outraged at the decision by some younger Taliban to educate their daughters in Pakistan to get around the school closures. Experts say the Taliban fears that enrolling girls over 11 years in schools could alienate its rural base." (33,34)
July 6, 2022, 10:35 a.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Specific measures adopted by the Government as part of a strategy to accelerate the achievement of substantive equality between men and women, particularly in the areas of education, justice and decision-making, include the enactment of a new law on the protection and prevention of violence against women, as well as other measures to combat female genital mutilation, trafficking and prostitution" (10). "The Committee’s concerns about the education of young girls, concerns that the Government shares, have also been addressed by implementing the Convention. The efforts made by Djibouti in that area have been significant, given its limited resources. Those efforts were also aimed at doing away with traditional attitudes that...more
July 5, 2022, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"On October 27, 2021, a female student entered the office of Syafri Harto, the dean of the political science school at Indonesia’s Universitas Riau in Pekanbaru, and her thesis supervisor. She said she was stunned when Syafri started flirting with her, gesturing and saying 'I love you,' before eventually putting his hands on her shoulder. He then allegedly kissed her cheeks and asked her to kiss his lips. She said she pushed him away and left the room. She asked the school’s head and secretary to assign her to a different thesis supervisor but said the two men dismissed her story, saying that it was “a small matter” and asked...more
July 5, 2022, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"On October 27, 2021, a female student entered the office of Syafri Harto, the dean of the political science school at Indonesia’s Universitas Riau in Pekanbaru, and her thesis supervisor. She said she was stunned when Syafri started flirting with her, gesturing and saying 'I love you,' before eventually putting his hands on her shoulder. He then allegedly kissed her cheeks and asked her to kiss his lips. She said she pushed him away and left the room. She asked the school’s head and secretary to assign her to a different thesis supervisor but said the two men dismissed her story, saying that it was “a small matter” and asked...more
July 1, 2022, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"A National Policy for Inclusive Education was adopted in 2017 by the Ministry of Education (MoE)136 through the Government Resolution N° 18/2017 which emphasises specific gender issues.137 Its main objectives are, inter alia, to improve enrolment rates at all levels of education, reduce the repetition and drop-out rate, strengthen non-formal learning programs and develop a healthy environment, capable of protecting children's rights" (24). "It provides to give special attention on 'Teacher training in identifying students at risk of failing or dropping out of school' and promotes school-parents and school-community collaboration through the Parent’s Councils already established in all schools across the country. Moreover, MSSI, supported by UNICEF, raises parents’ awareness...more
July 1, 2022, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Government has put in programs to ensure more women and children have access to education by providing budgetary support, financial assistance, as well as capacity building programs" (2). "'Retrieval Remedial', [is] a back-to-school program for prevention of early marriage and dropouts children" (18). "The academic performance of girls is no less than that of boys. They perform even better in all subject matters at national exam at junior and senior secondary schools" (28).
June 29, 2022, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee nevertheless remains concerned about:... The disparities in access to education, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic, for women and girls belonging to disadvantaged and marginalized groups" (11).
June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Three-fourths of women dropped out of school after marriage. Similarly, 43% of women did not continue to work after marriage" (41). " Studying and working outside the home after marriage are important for women’s autonomy. The 2017-18 BDHS results showed that 75% of women dropped out of school after marriage, while only 3% continued their education for 5 years or more" (44). "Women with a secondary education or higher (43%) are less likely than women in the other education categories (90% or above) to discontinue education after marriage. The percentage of women who reported discontinuing education after marriage is highest among those in the lowest wealth quintile (89%) and lowest...more
June 21, 2022, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes measures taken to achieve universal school enrolment, which have allowed the State party to reach gender parity in primary and secondary education, and to implement the national policy for the reintegration of adolescent mothers into the formal school system. The Committee expresses concern, however, about the following: (a) The prevalence of sexual harassment of girls in schools by male teachers and pupils; (b) The lack of childcare facilities to facilitate the reintegration of adolescent mothers into the formal education system; (c) Gender and ethnic disparities in enrolment in technical and vocational education and the absence of such training centres in regions 1 and 7 to 9; (d)...more
June 21, 2022, 8:35 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"It is also concerned about the findings of the House of Commons Women and Equalities Committee, in its report on sexual harassment and sexual violence in schools, regarding the prevalence of sexual harassment of girls in schools" (10).
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Within the framework of Conditional Cash Transfer for Education Programme... temporary special measures for girls are introduced. In this context, 40 TL for female students, 35 TL for male students in primary education, 60 TL for girls, 50 TL for boys in secondary education are paid monthly to mothers (10). "Within the scope of the project, scholarship and other kinds of support was provided to 310 female students studying in engineering faculties" (11).
May 27, 2022, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"In Romani and poor rural communities, girls were more likely than boys to drop out of school and normally did so at an earlier age" (27).
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"To date, Suriname has made significant improvements in the fields of enrolment of women in education, reduction of maternal mortality, combating HIV/AIDS, adoption/revision of legislation and defining and implementing of various national plans, programs and projects" (6). "Regarding women in education, women have made progress with gross enrolment rates from primary education to university level education. Initiatives have been taken to abolish the use of sexist language in textbooks and illustrations in primary school books, while a strong gender focus has been put on pedagogic processes. However, teaching practices perpetuate the prevailing pattern of gender dominance, which encourages segregation in choice of vocational and technical training and in choice of...more
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"While education is equally accessible, federal law prohibits coeducation in public universities, except in the United Arab Emirates University’s Executive MBA program and in certain graduate programs at Zayed University. A large number of private schools, private universities, and institutions, however, were coeducational. According to officials, local women represent more than 70 percent of national higher education students" (29). "Education is compulsory through the ninth grade; however, the law was not enforced, and some children did not attend school, especially children of noncitizens. The government provided free primary education only to citizens. Noncitizen children could enroll in public schools only if they scored more than 90 percent on entrance examinations,...more
March 19, 2022, 9:15 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The report stresses the negative consequences of FGM, which is generally performed without anesthesia, on the health and physical integrity of these women and girls. 'In addition to the extreme pain… the lack of medically sterilized equipment and facilities increases the likelihood of infection and lasting physical damage, and may even lead to death,' says the report. Girls’ education is also disrupted as they are often removed from formal schooling to attend 'bush school' and undergo FGM"(para 5).
March 9, 2022, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: AOM-DATA-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"As for Roma girls, it is to be taken into account that the schooling rate reduces from the age of 13–14, due to various reasons, including early marriages and early motherhood" (59).
March 4, 2022, 6:57 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"...Some NGOs reported that, especially in rural areas, girls often married at or before age 18, preventing them from completing their secondary-school education..." (17).
Feb. 23, 2022, 3:02 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Girls encountered greater difficulties in continuing in school beyond the elementary level. A lack of running water, poor sanitation, early pregnancy, long travel distances, and sexual harassment by school staff all contributed to girls leaving school... If girls became pregnant, they dropped out of school and were often shunned by their families. Many parents opted to keep their middle- and high-school-aged daughters home to work or to marry rather than sending them to school. In recent years, however, gender disparity at the middle- and high-school level has significantly lessened" (16).
Feb. 2, 2022, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The constitution provides for tuition-free public education for all citizen children and makes primary education until the age of 16 compulsory. Nevertheless, parents were increasingly required to pay registration and various fees to subsidize teacher salaries and other costs. As a result, education remained inaccessible for many children. According to UNICEF, boys and girls generally had equal access to education, although girls were more likely to drop out during adolescence" (21).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The law mandates six years of school attendance for all children, but the law was not effectively enforced. Many children, particularly girls, did not attend school for the mandatory six years" (17). A significant difference in attendance between girls and boys indicates barrieers to attendance (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 13, 2022, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"While the law provides pregnant girls the right to continue their education until after giving birth, NGOs reported schools often did not respect this right. School executives sometimes expelled pregnant girls or transferred them to other schools.Media outlets reported a significant number of girls failed to sit for their final secondary school examinations due to pregnancy"(39).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The societal attitudes concerning whether a university education is more important for a boy than a girl depends on the city or village you are in. Girls are enrolled at times at a much higher rate than boys in the capital and other major cities in Somalia, because boys are expected to earn income. However, if you were to go to certain villages the societal attitudes would be quite different. Girls are married off early and have a family at the age of 18 already" (1).
Dec. 17, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Educational participation of girls was lower than that of boys, particularly in rural areas. Although girls enrolled at a higher rate, their participation rates dropped below that of boys because of the tendency to keep girls at home to do domestic work or care for younger siblings and due to widespread sexual harassment of female students by teachers and other staff" (20-21).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men. According to the Economist’s 2018 glass ceiling index, women held 14.5 percent of the members of company boards, based on 2017 data. Women’s rights organizations asserted that Romani women could suffer multiple forms of discrimination on the basis of gender, ethnicity, and class, and experienced barriers to equal access in education, health care, housing, employment, and justice" (26).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"According to press and NGO reports, in some instances teachers in Hamas-run schools in Gaza sent girls home for not wearing conservative attire, although enforcement was not systematic" (96).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Jewish schoolgirls continued to be denied admission to ultra-Orthodox schools based on their Mizrahi ethnicity (those with ancestry from North Africa or the Middle East) despite a 2009 court ruling prohibiting ethnic segregation between Mizrahi and Ashkenazi schoolgirls, according to the NGO Noar Kahalacha" (38).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"[T]he government took important positive steps to expand girls’ access to education, including by providing conditional cash transfers to incentivize poor families to continue education for their daughters" (56).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:35 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Corporal punishment is prohibited in schools in article 39 of the Education Act (2008) but it continues to be used. In research in government schools in 2008, children were punished – mostly commonly by being beaten with a stick – in 100% of observed classes in boys’ schools and 20% in girls’ schools; children were often authorised to beat other children; the level of physical punishment has reportedly fallen since prohibition" (2, 3).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:32 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Because security is still a problem in Afghanistan, families are unwilling to send their children far outside their villages to receive education. Even families fortunate enough to have automobile transportation still fear sending their children, particularly their daughters, away from the village to go to school" (5, 8). "When educational and higher educational opportunity is concentrated in larger cities, the graduating professionals are generally unwilling to take their degrees and move to rural villages to teach. Afghanistan already has a shortage of female teachers, and getting the few graduates to teach in the countryside is challenging. By developing greater educational systems in rural areas, the Government of Afghanistan can begin...more