The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AFE-PRACTICE-2

June 14, 2022, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"In 2018, the overall male-female ratio of upper secondary education was 46 percent male and 54 percent female (Figure 4, Annex 1). The male-female ratios tell that there is a majority of male students choosing programs containing a more technical (htx) and commercial profile (hhx) whereas female students tend to choose programs with a broader common profile containing for instance more foreign languages (stx and hf)" (19). "More women than men complete a higher education and almost the same number of men and women achieve a Ph.D..." (19). "...Women irrespective of their ethnic background more often than men take an education. Ethnic minority women follow the success of ethnic Danish...more
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Although national data on the position of women in higher education show that women pursue higher education more than men, data gathered through the Suriname Enterprise Survey, Compete Caribbean 2011, show gender inequality in privately owned domestic firms, particularly in the manufacturing and services sector. The survey suggests that firms with women in management positions or with women in ownership positions in the services industry are most likely to be foreign owned" (21). "According to the last Census (2012), women have a higher representation (47 per cent) than men (21 per cent) in occupations which require higher education, while men are proportionally better represented (73 per cent) in the occupations...more
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates

"While education is equally accessible, federal law prohibits coeducation in public universities, except in the United Arab Emirates University’s Executive MBA program and in certain graduate programs at Zayed University. A large number of private schools, private universities, and institutions, however, were coeducational. According to officials, local women represent more than 70 percent of national higher education students" (29).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize

"Despite legal provisions for gender equality and government programs aimed at empowering women, NGOs and other observers reported women faced social and economic discrimination. Although participating in all spheres of national life and outnumbering men in university classrooms and having higher high school graduation rates, women held relatively few top managerial or government positions" (12).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"The societal attitudes whether a university education is more important for a boy than girl depends where you are in Somalia. In the major cities, education is equally important for both boys and girls. In fact, the capital city of Somalia, women are pursuing higher education. Boys are either driving tuk tuks or enrolling into the military or rebel groups" (1).
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Women experienced economic discrimination due to social norms that favored men, and their access to education and employment was limited" (23). "The constitution provides for tuition-free universal education, and the law provides for compulsory schooling of children between the ages of six through 15. Nevertheless, many children did not attend school. Parents often had to pay their children’s school fees as well as provide their uniforms and supplies. Other factors affecting school enrollment included distance to the nearest school, lack of transportation, shortages of teachers and instructional materials, and lack of school feeding programs. Girls' enrollment was lower than that of boys at all levels due to poverty, a cultural...more
Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following:…(h) Gender strategy for higher education institutions, in 2016" (2).
Sept. 14, 2021, 9:15 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Tachira is a member of the Konkomba people, and girls born into that community are not educated. They’re kept at home, doing all the household chores until their parents effectively sell them into servitude to another family through arranged marriage. Most remain illiterate, vulnerable, and dependent for the rest of their lives" (para 8). This indicates a societal view that education is not important for women. (JLR-CODER COMMENT)
Aug. 27, 2021, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh, Iran, Jordan, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

“On family life, the interviews highlighted that the parents of all the study’s participants strongly valued learning and had high expectations of their daughters when it came to education, a factor that the women said influenced their study and career choices. The women also noted no incongruence between practicing religion and working in science, two actions that can be at odds in other cultures. In Muslim cultures, physics is seen as a subject that serves societal goals, such as advancing technology or saving humanity, which align with religious goals” (para 5).
June 25, 2021, 2:16 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Millions of girls have gone back to school in the last 14 years, but access to higher education has been limited" (para 7).
May 15, 2021, 7:08 p.m.
Countries: China

"The ten-year-old daughter is scared to hear her father’s name. Though safe in her mother’s home village, she cannot start middle school this September unless her father hands over the family’s household-registration book, or hukou, which is needed to enroll her. Even a screenshot would do, the school principal says. Alas, Ms Wang’s mother-in-law has told her grand-daughter by telephone: 'Your schooling is not our business'" (para 2).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Girls and women are typically kept at home but SSO has opened primary schools and enrolled 547 girls since 2006. Graduates hope to gain admission to secondary schools in cities and eventually universities" (para 11).
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Girls are consciously given lesser educational, employment and food resources" (para 22).
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Women in Bahrain…are active in tertiary education" (3).
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"the results of ‘Gender Barometer Armenia’ research carried out in 2014, the respondents think that it is ‘very important’ to get an education both for women (64.9%) and for men (69.9%)" (34). "Enrolment ratio also shows that girls study at educational institutions longer up to obtaining postgraduate education, when boys usually get middle professional education after general education. However, women’s higher educational achievements do not provide them with equal benefits and advantages in the labour marke" (35).
July 13, 2020, 11:31 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh

"Men still outnumber women in the universities, but the number of women enrolled has risen steadily. In an attempt to help redress the balance, a women-only university was set up in Chittagong in 2008. Kamal Ahmad, a Bangladeshi who has worked in development organizations and as a lawyer in the United States and Britain, spent years raising donations and lobbying the government for land for the school, known as the Asian University for Women. The goal, he said, is to create women leaders capable of bringing about change across Asia. The first class is expected to graduate next year, and many of the students — who come from 12 countries...more
July 10, 2020, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Iran

"Iranian women...hold 60 percent of university seats" (para 12).
June 23, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"During meetings with graduates of general education schools and their parents, a range of issues are discussed, including the issues of encouraging girls to pursue higher education, their study and living conditions, and additional services available for girls; such discussions not only help encourage girls to pursue higher education, but also ensure the overall accessibility of education for them" (9). "In 2014, a council of female students was established under the Committee on Women and the Family, under which a school for girl leaders operates, for which experienced and respected teachers are enlisted to provide training. Every year the Committee awards grants worth 100 somoni per month for the 11...more
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"However, girls’ academic achievement is much higher than boys’ both in primary and in secondary education. Three-year vocational secondary schools are completed by twice as many boys as girls" (28). "Most of those who enrol in and complete advanced secondary schools and university schools are women. They account for 58 per cent of enrolled students and 59 per cent of graduates (according to the 2015 figures)" (28).
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Admission of women into universities and cadre-training institutions increased and a lot of competent women were appointed to leading posts. In-service trainings and workshops were organized to help women officials keep abreast of latest developments in their respective areas and improve their leadership skills and abilities. All women officials had access to national-level 7-day in-service training every year, while some of them were sent, in consideration of their wishes, ages and abilities, to full-time training institutions to attend 6-month or 2-year course" (15). "Of all population above 16 years of age, the proportion of women in urban areas that received college, university and postgraduate education were 46.8 per cent and...more
April 9, 2020, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"The lasting results of a lack of exposure to different opportunities isn't exclusive to girls. For a lot of boys in Detroit's Yemeni community, their plan after high school isn't about passion, but immediate income. 'I think boys are just as limited. In some regard, they're even more limited,' Yahya says. 'They are pressured to work, to be breadwinners and take care of their family.' For some boys, it makes more sense to work in a family-owned gas station or party store than to go to college" (para 28-31). This suggests that university education is not prioritized for men or women (RAO-CODER COMMENT).
March 29, 2020, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Women have generally attained higher levels of education than men; 21% of women age 15-49 have attended school beyond the secondary level, compared with only 15% of men" (33).
March 4, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Harmful gender norms mean that, in many families, boys’ education is prioritized over girls’, or girls’ education is seen as wholly undesirable or acceptable only for a few years before puberty." (9). "Afghanistan has also ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), which includes an obligation to ensure women equal rights with men, including in the field of education. Under international human rights law, everyone has a right to free, compulsory, primary education, free from discrimination. International law also provides that secondary education shall be generally available and accessible to all." (10).
Feb. 5, 2020, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Awareness-raising activities are undertaken by the authorities and associations with communities, families, students, teachers and officials, including men, about the importance of women’s and girls’ education" (16).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Women now enjoy greater opportunities in junior high school education and above, particularly further education. In 2014, the proportion of female students in junior high schools was 46.7 percent and that in high schools was 50 percent; in institutions of higher learning women accounted for 52.1 percent of undergraduate students, 51.6 percent of postgraduate students, and 36.9 percent of students studying for Ph.D. degrees" (para. 18).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal

"A gender gap in secondary education, however, persisted, with two-thirds of adolescent girls in rural areas reportedly not attending school" (Pg 29).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Government policy provided women with equal opportunities for education, and this policy effectively eliminated the previous gender gap in education attainment. Women outnumbered men in Omani Universities. In the country, 29 percent of women have some college education, compared with 21 percent of men have some" (Pg 16).
June 11, 2019, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Individuals with disabilities faced difficulties accessing higher education. The law permits universities to exclude candidates with disabilities who would otherwise be qualified. A regulation mandates accommodations for students with disabilities when taking the national university entrance exam" (60).
June 7, 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"CIGEF is implementing a capacity building program for university staff, both lecturers and administrative staff, to promote better gender mainstreaming in teaching and investigation at the University, and a gender sensitive organizational culture. In 2016, 73 students, 4 lectures and 33 administrative staff were trained in all 3 campuses of the University. Four courses at UniCV already include gender modules or contents" (41).
June 4, 2019, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Gender equality is part of essential strategic documents in the tertiary education sector. The Performance Agreement for 2016-2018 specifies the goals from the Austrian University Development Plan. It requires to promote gender equality in university personnel and measures to support reconciliation of work and private life must be defined. In 2015, the reconciliation of university studies or work with care duties for children or care-dependent family members were defined as a guiding principle in the Universities Act" (22).