The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AFE-PRACTICE-3

Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize

"Despite legal provisions for gender equality and government programs aimed at empowering women, NGOs and other observers reported women faced social and economic discrimination. Although participating in all spheres of national life and outnumbering men in university classrooms and having higher high school graduation rates, women held relatively few top managerial or government positions" (12).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"The ideal level of education for a man and woman differs across the country. In rural areas, both a woman and a man have no level of education. Boys are raised to fetch for their family, while girls help around the house before marriage. In the capital city of Somalia and other major cities, according to societal attitudes the ideal level of education for a man and a woman is at the bare minimum a bachelors degree. There will be at times in the major cities where a woman will not pursue a higher education (doctoral degree) because of marriage" (1).
Oct. 15, 2021, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"'I am optimistic because women have been vocal. Women are sick of it, younger women are very frustrated and this is a modern country, women are highly educated in many cases. With the World Cup coming, there will be a lot of focus on rights there, exposure will help.' The Qatari government told the Guardian it wanted to build on progress made in incorporating women into the highest levels of politics and other professional fields, and said Qatari women held senior posts in many areas and achieved the highest levels of education" (para 22-23).
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"The constitution provides for tuition-free universal education, and the law provides for compulsory schooling of children between the ages of six through 15. Nevertheless, many children did not attend school. Parents often had to pay their children’s school fees as well as provide their uniforms and supplies. Other factors affecting school enrollment included distance to the nearest school, lack of transportation, shortages of teachers and instructional materials, and lack of school feeding programs. Girls’ enrollment was lower than that of boys at all levels due to poverty, a cultural preference to educate boys, the early marriage of girls, and sexual harassment of girls. The conflict resulted in the closure of...more
Aug. 28, 2021, 11:07 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"The GEA applies to all areas of societal life. Therefore, also the prohibition of discrimination and other regulation in the act is applied to the field of education. The GEA also includes a specific regulation concerning education. Educational and research institutions and institutions engaged in the provision of education and training must ensure equal treatment of men and women in vocational guidance, acquisition of education, professional and vocational development and re training" (24).
July 15, 2021, 11:17 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"In 2008 in Kandahar, and last year in Herat, men on motorcycles used squirt guns to spray acid on schoolgirls in protest of education for females" (Para 8) This suggests that there is a lower ideal level or even an ideal level of zero education for girls (CLM-CODER COMMENT).
June 30, 2021, 9:05 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"Mendoza regularly makes the back-wrenching, four-hour journey from the city of Tlapa, where she now lives, to Metlatonoc in order to teach Mixtec women to value their traditional roles. At the same time, she encourages women to pursue an education and to demand a role in community decision-making" (para 29). The effort expended to encourage women to pursue an education may indicate a general societal belief that education is not important for a woman (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
March 24, 2021, 4:50 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

'As it is our classes have been quite erratic because of the constant threat of extremist violence in the region. There have been so many times when I have not been able to attend school due to some incident. Last year, my sister had to drop out of school because my mother could not find work to pay for her education. And moreover, in my community girls do not study beyond Class Five. Why would my situation be any different' (para 4).
Feb. 23, 2021, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"Fewer than one in ten adolescent girls (7%) in Solomon Islands graduate from high school—one of the lowest rates in the world" (para 2). "Gender inequality was another major barrier, in particular the traditional roles girls and young women are expected to perform. While boys' education is valued, girls are expected to take care of domestic chores, look after siblings, and eventually become a wife and mother" (para 9). "The treatment of girls and the need for greater respect was also raised. Girls spoke of...being belitted by family members for wanting to gain an education, peer pressure, bullying and harassment - in particular physical, verbal, or emotional abuse by boys"...more
Aug. 30, 2020, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"In the Yazidis villages, many parents do not allow their daughters going to school from 5th or 6th grades" (para 17).
Aug. 11, 2020, 7:11 p.m.
Countries: India

“In India, being female is a risk factor: the sword of patriarchy, socio-economic deprivation, rape, sexual violence, harassment and domestic violence looms large over her head. For many girls, these are huge barriers to education. Families that are poor have to make a choice between educating their sons and their daughters. Blindly, they choose to educate their sons, and that doesn’t take them further. The part of the narrative of socio-economic growth that they do not realize is that educating a girl is the equivalent of educating the family” (para 4).
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

“Ms Salimi says the children do love their parents and are often confused that they are being forced to marry against their will. ‘They might say, for example: 'My dad is really good to me and provides me with a good education - but then why is he not letting me study further, why is he pushing me to marry a boy who is illiterate, who is not compatible?’’” (para 21-22).
Aug. 10, 2020, 3:09 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia

“Women in that country cannot go to school, cannot vote, go shopping or otherwise engage in the public sphere without the permission of a man” (para 1).
Aug. 9, 2020, 8:25 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"In 2009, Iceland became the first country to completely close the gender gap in education" (para 2).
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"A strong sense of the importance of education, especially girls’ education, pervades the community [Bamiyan district] [ . . . ] Women in the community have access to a recently built girls’ high school—which many claimed was secured as a result of Hosseini’s efforts in the PC—as well as NGO-run adult literacy classes" (pg 24).
June 5, 2020, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"Men have generally attained higher levels of education than women; only 8% of women age 15-49 have completed secondary school or attained a higher level of education compared with 11% of men" (36).
April 19, 2020, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"The 2017-18 PDHS asked the reason for dropping out of school for de facto households members age 5-24. The most common reasons cited for women are getting married and thinking further education was not necessary (18% each) followed by not being interested in education (17%), costing too much (13%), and school being too far (9%)" (17).
April 14, 2020, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"The percentage of currently married men with complete primary education is higher than that of women (22% compared with 19%). Thirty percent of women age 15- 49 have some secondary education and 30% of currently married men age 15-54 have completed secondary education. The percentage of women with more than a secondary education is higher than that of men (16% compared with 13%)" (26).
March 29, 2020, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"The percentage of women and men with no education is higher among older respondents and lower among younger respondents, suggesting an improvement in educational access over time" (34).
March 4, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"Harmful gender norms mean that, in many families, boys’ education is prioritized over girls’, or girls’ education is seen as wholly undesirable or acceptable only for a few years before puberty." (9).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"Women’s average years of schooling have increased, and the gender gap has narrowed. The Sixth National Census showed that the average years of schooling for women over the age of six were 8.4 years in 2010, 1.3 years more than in 2000, and the gender gap had narrowed by 0.2 year as compared with 2000" (para. 19).
Dec. 7, 2019, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"'Most of the young girls who get pregnant come from a background of poverty. The implication of the ban is to deny these girls a basic education and relegate them to a cycle of poverty. The system endorses the view that girls are not as worthy as boys.' (para. 17).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad

"According to the most recent World Bank Development Indicators database, six girls attended primary school for every 10 boys. Most children did not attend secondary school" (page 17).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal

"A gender gap in secondary education, however, persisted, with two-thirds of adolescent girls in rural areas reportedly not attending school" (Pg 29).
July 8, 2019, 9:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"The majority of Ugandans have either no formal education or only some primary education (Tables 2.12.1 and 2.12.2)" (16).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"Education is compulsory from ages six through 16 and free until age 18. No legislation exists to enforce the law or to punish guardians for violating it" (33).
May 28, 2019, 9:34 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is also concerned at the persistence of negative stereotypes of women and girls in the school curricula and textbooks" (9).
May 16, 2019, 7:41 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"ISIS limited female education beyond the primary level in areas that it controlled" (26). "Primary education is compulsory for citizen children for the first six years of schooling and until age 15 in the IKR; it is provided without cost to citizens" (43).
May 1, 2019, 10:54 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"More than 20% of the population age 15-49 (26% of women and 21% of men), have education beyond secondary school" (27). "The Albanian population is well educated. The median years of education completed is practically identical for women and men age 15-49, 14.4 years and 14.6 years, respectively" (28).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"Gender gaps in education declined, but certain gaps remained. According to a 2013 UN Women-funded report, professional qualifications of female workers were lower than those of male workers. There were substantial differences in the education profile of men and women at the postsecondary level. The number of female students enrolled in higher education applied technology programs was much smaller than the number of men enrolled" (31).