The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AOM-LAW-1

May 24, 2021, 3:01 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Zimbabwe outlawed marriage for girls under the age of 18 in 2016, but the practice has continued and become more acceptable in poorer communities such as Epworth" (para 11).
May 24, 2021, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age for marriage with parental consent is 16 for boys and 15 for girls" (p 20).
May 11, 2021, 7:35 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Zimbabwe outlawed marriage for girls under the age of 18 in 2016, but the practice has continued and become more acceptable in poorer communities such as Epworth" (para 11).
April 20, 2021, 5:05 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"President Abdel-Fattah Al-Sisi revealed on a Mother's Day ceremony that he had given directives to the government to introduce a number of initiatives in favour of supporting women in Egypt. 'First, I asked that parliament take all the measures necessary to pass a separate law that would ban child marriage by setting a minimum legal age of marriage for both males and females,' Al-Sisi said" (para 2).
March 31, 2021, 8:33 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MAAO-PRACTICE-1, MURDER-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-4, AOM-LAW-1

"The government has outlawed a number of harmful practices including chhaupadi (menstrual seclusion), dowry, witchcraft allegations, and child marriage. However, enforcement remains weak, and these deeply entrenched practices continue" (para 12).
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The amendments were introduced:...the Family Code of Ukraine, which increased the minimum marriage age for women to 18 years. Thus, this age became equal to the minimum marriage age for men" (18).
Feb. 15, 2021, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Egypt’s 2008 Child Law criminalises marriages to girls who have not reached the legal age of 18. Another law prohibits marriages to foreigners where the age difference exceeds 25 years" (para 25).
Feb. 10, 2021, 12:44 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

“'Egypt has laws in place to protect girls under 18, but Salafis do not accept them,' says Amal Abdel Hadi, head of the New Woman Foundation. 'To them, a girl is only a minor until she has her first period'” (para 13). "Egypt’s Child Law criminalises the marriage of any girl under 18, even if by her own free will" (para 18).
Feb. 8, 2021, 6:09 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"A law to combat gender-based violence, came into force in August. The law criminalizes forced marriage" (para 6).
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

“Withdrawal of complaints is not permitted in the following cases, which are considered public order offences related to domestic violence and are punishable by prison terms of 2 to 8 years, unless there is another, more serious penalty under the legislation in force, in respect of individuals committing any of the following acts, without prejudice to the duties attributable to the perpetrator:… Traditional or other marriage with a child under the age of 14 years or with a disability” (pp. 10-11). “Under article 24 of the Family Code, the minimum legal age for marriage is 18 years. In exceptional cases, men aged 16 and women aged 15 may be allowed...more
Jan. 30, 2021, 8:17 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"As with child marriage, the practice has now been outlawed in Kenya, with a maximum penalty of life in jail if a girl dies during the procedure, but so far there have been no successful prosecutions" (36).
Jan. 18, 2021, 2:27 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Malaysia permits child marriage under both civil and Islamic law. Girls age 16 and older can marry with permission of their state’s chief minister. For Muslims, most state Islamic laws set a minimum age of 16 for girls and 18 for boys, but permit marriages below those ages, with no apparent minimum, with the permission of a Sharia court. While the government announced in August that it has put in place stricter guidelines for the granting of permission for children to marry, it has not ended the practice" (para 21).
Jan. 4, 2021, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The practice of child marriage has also been overlooked in Central America, where institutionalized racism, poverty, ambiguous laws, and lack of opportunity fuel high rates in rural communities. For example, notwithstanding a legal prohibition against marriage before age eighteen in Oaxaca, Mexico, in 2010, twelve percent of adolescent girls fifteen to seventeen were married through formal or informal unions, and about 54 percent of those girls already had at least one child" (para 3).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The 1971 Marriage Act set the minimum age of marriage for girls at 15 with parental consent - but a girl of 14 could wed where judicial approval was given" (para 22).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"In Pakistan, the legal age to marry is 18 for men and 16 for women. In Dadu’s province of Sindh, legislators recently raised the age to 18 for women as well, thanks in part to SSO’s campaigns" (para 6).
Dec. 21, 2020, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"According to personal status law clause 30, (The minimum age of marriage is 18 years for both male and female)" (para 25).
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"In 2007, the minimum age for marriage was fixed at 15 years old for women. Sharia courts are able to make exceptions to the minimum age requirement in cases of 'urgent need'. It is ambiguous what situations constitute an 'urgent need'" (4).
Dec. 17, 2020, 5:42 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-1

“Iranian laws mean girls can marry after the age of 13, though the average age of marriage for Iranian women is 23” (para. 30).
Nov. 24, 2020, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

“Tanzania's Supreme Court of Appeal on Wednesday upheld an earlier ruling banning parents from marrying off girls as young as 15. A high court ruling in 2016 had declared ‘unconstitutional’ sections of Tanzania's marriage act that allowed the practice. It also directed the government to raise the legal age of marriage to 18 years within a year” (para 1-2).
Nov. 19, 2020, 9:29 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-2, LO-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned at the prevalence of customs and traditional practices that limit the degree of involvement of rural women in development programmes and prevent them from inheriting or acquiring land and other property. It is concerned that rural women farmers are not recognized as such, because in the State party a farmer (kisan) is the person who owns land. The Committee is also concerned at the difficulties faced by rural women in gaining access to health and social services and in participating in decision-making processes at the community level... It is concerned about the persistence of child and forced marriages and at the fact that the minimum age...more
Nov. 13, 2020, 3:29 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party for its comprehensive Family Code, however, it is concerned that many women, particularly those married only under religious law, do not benefit from all the rights stipulated therein and are denied economic protection upon the dissolution of their unrecognized marriage. The Committee is also concerned about the persistence of child and forced marriages, notwithstanding the setting of the minimum age of marriage at 18 years... concern at the high prevalence of harmful practices that discriminate against women, such as child marriage and bride kidnapping, and that to date, the State party has not taken sustained measures to modify or eliminate discriminatory stereotypes, negative traditional...more
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"On September 12, 2012 the government of the Republic of Armenia adopted a Draft Law ‘On Amending the Family Code of the Republic of Armenia’. According to this law, 18 years is determined as a minimum threshold of the marriage age for both men and women" (17)
Oct. 9, 2020, 8:33 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Turkey's legal age of marriage is 18 but the practice of underage weddings in religious ceremonies is widespread" (para 4). "Turkish law also allows 17-year-olds to marry with the consent of their parents or guardian, or 16-year-olds in exceptional circumstances with court approval" (para 5). "Murat Bakan, CHP's MP for Izmir, said on Twitter: 'The Turkish Civil Code clearly states that adulthood begins at the age of 18'" (para 9).
Oct. 6, 2020, 5:42 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Progressive legislative reforms initiated in 2018 to further the promotion and protection of women and girls' rights included amendments to the 1964 Marriage Act, prohibiting child marriage" (para 9).
Oct. 1, 2020, 9:17 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Members of the Saudi Shoura Council on Wednesday approved fresh regulations for minor marriages that will see to outlaw marrying off 15-year-old children and force the need for court approval for those under 18" (para 1). "Chairman of the Human Rights Committee at the Shoura Council, Dr. Hadi Al-Yami, said that introduced controls were based on in-depth studies presented to the body. He pointed out that the regulation, vetted by the Islamic Affairs Committee at the Shoura Council, has raised the age of marriage to 18 and prohibited it for those under 15" (para 2). "Wedlock for those within the 15-18 age group will be subject to regulations and must...more
Sept. 29, 2020, 4:13 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"In August, the national assembly's standing committee on law and justice rejected a bill proposing to fix the minimum age of marriage of girls at 18" (para 19).
Sept. 28, 2020, 3:33 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"During 2019, Zimbabwe's Parliament debated a marriage bill, first introduced in January 2017, which is seen as a long-awaited chance for parliament to reconcile the country's marriage laws with its constitution. The proposed marriage law, which parliament has yet to finalize at time of writing, seeks to outlaw child marriage" (para 9). "Three years after Zimbabwe's Constitutional Court declared child marriage unconstitutional and set 18 as the minimum marriage age, the government has not put structures in place to implement the court's decision and ensure that girls under 18 are not forced into marriage. Zimbabwe's 2013 Constitution states that 'no person may be compelled to enter marriage against their will'...more
Sept. 23, 2020, 9:40 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"In September, parliament revised the 1974 marriage law, raising the minimum age of marriage for girls and boys with parental consent from 16 to 19, but retaining a clause that allows courts to authorize marriages of girls below 19, with no minimum age restriction" (para 12).
Sept. 21, 2020, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The Law on the Elimination of Violence Against Women (EVAW), made assaulting a woman punishable by three to five years in prison. It made child marriage a crime for the first time, making those responsible for such marriages subject to two to five years’ imprisonment. But the government has not taken meaningful steps to enforce the law" (2). "Under Afghan law, the minimum age of marriage for girls is 16, or 15 with the permission of the girl’s father or a judge. In practice, the law is rarely enforced, so even earlier marriages occur" (8).
Sept. 15, 2020, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The law confirmed the age of consent for marriage as 18, but child marriage is still common" (para 27).