The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AOM-PRACTICE-1

July 1, 2022, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"At the request of the Female Parliamentarians of Timor-Leste Group (GMPTL) following the 2016 National Conference on Sexual and Reproductive Rights, the Government, UNFPA and Plan International conducted a research in 2017 to identify the root causes leading to teenage pregnancy and early marriage in the country. It showed that early marriages are generally the cause of teenage pregnancy. Nonetheless, the research also stresses that early marriage is not a positive social norm, suggesting that this issue could be addressed through sexual education48 and access to family planning for youth" (12).
June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Marriage occurs early for women in Bangladesh. Seventy-one percent of women age 20-49 were married by age 18, and 85% were married by age 20. Nearly one-third (31%) of women age 20-49 reported that they had married by age 15. Among women age 20-24, 59% were married before age 18" (42).
June 7, 2022, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Republican-proposed bill in Tennessee would remove the age limit for when couple's could exchange wedding vows and clear the way for 'common-law marriages' between 'one man and one woman.' Representative Tom Leatherwood, 65, of Arlington, introduced the bill into the state's House that would eliminate the current age requirement of 17 and allow for 'alternative forms of marriage' to those who 'conscientiously object to the current pathway to marriage. So, all this bill does is give an alternative form of marriage for those pastors and other individuals who have a conscientious objection to the current pathway to marriage in our law,' the Republican father-of-five said, according to WJHL. 'There is...more
May 27, 2022, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"More than half of Romani girls were married by the age of 18, and one in five was married before the age of 15" (27).
April 5, 2022, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"There were reports of early marriage in which girls as young as 14 and boys as young as 16 married with parental consent"(29).
March 19, 2022, 8:53 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Known for its coastlines, mountains and the state that was “first in flight,” North Carolina has also developed a more dubious reputation recently: as a regional destination for adults who want to marry children" (para 1).
March 10, 2022, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Multiple NGOs and UN agencies shared reports of sexual harassment and exploitation of refugees by employers and landlords, including... pressuring families into early marriage for their daughters to relieve economic hardship" (20).
March 9, 2022, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"As for Roma girls, it is to be taken into account that the schooling rate reduces from the age of 13–14, due to various reasons, including early marriages and early motherhood" (59). The phenomenon of postponing the age of marriage, and of having children increases the number of families where children are present simultaneously with the elderly so that the couple has to work harder" (98).
March 4, 2022, 6:57 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age for marriage is 18. Some NGOs reported that, especially in rural areas, girls often married at or before age 18, preventing them from completing their secondary-school education. In indigenous villages, girls younger than age 18 who became pregnant could live as common-law wives with their child’s father after the man presented a traditional apology to the girl’s family, thereby avoiding the filing of a complaint to police by the family. The girls frequently married the fathers as soon as legally permissible" (17).
Feb. 11, 2022, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Media outlets and NGOs reported cases of Romani girls as young as 11 being sold into marriage by their families" (24).
Feb. 11, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"In the Muslim-majority southernmost provinces, Islamic law used for family matters and inheritance allows the marriage of young girls after their first menstrual cycle with parental approval" (35).
Feb. 2, 2022, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The legal age for marriage without parental consent is 18 for both sexes. Nevertheless, child marriage remained very common, particularly in rural areas and in the South. The practice of moletry, in which girls are married at a young age in exchange for oxen received as a dowry, reportedly continued. The parents of a boy (approximately age 15) look for a spouse for their son (girls may be as young as 12), after which the parents of both children organize the wedding" (22).
Jan. 13, 2022, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"In January[2019], following a tip from a neighborhood watch initiative, police and NGO workers rescued a 12-year-old girl in Kajiado who had been forced to marry a 35-year-old man. Police arrested and charged the victim’s mother and the mother’s partner with submitting a child to a sexual act, child marriage, and child rape"(40).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"In some parts of Somalia, a young girl can get married as young as when she reaches puberty" (1).
Nov. 11, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reported cases of forced marriage"(22).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs reported children as young as 12 married in unofficial religious ceremonies, particularly in poor and rural regions and among the Syrian population living in the country" (57).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The minimum age of marriage is 16 years for minors’ living on their own. Underage marriage is not uncommon in the Romani community. In 2018 Catalan police assisted 14 victims of forced marriage, four of whom were minors" (17).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The minimum age for marriage is 18. A court may grant a child as young as 16 permission to marry if it finds marriage to be in the child’s interest. Romani rights groups reported early marriages involving girls younger than 18 were common in the Romani community" (45).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:32 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"In June 2013, the Afghan Parliament considered and rejected a measure that would have made it illegal for men to marry girls under the age of 16. Opponents believed the measure went against Islamic principles" (12). "The traditions which lead to child or forced marriages such as BAAD (giving girls as blood price), BADAL (marriage of one boy and one girl with another girl and boy from the other family respectively) and exchange of girls for money, properties, land or loans do exist in the country" (13). "Afghanistan Human Development Report (2007) shows in many marriages, the girls are under 16 to 6 years old and some of the marriages...more
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-2

"The minimum age to marry without parental consent is 16 for girls and 18 for boys. A 15-year-old girl may marry with parental consent if a civil judge approves. Authorities did not effectively enforce the law, particularly in rural areas, and underage marriage was a problem throughout the country. Girls were also taken as ‘wives’ for combatants and leaders of armed groups. According to 2017 data from the UN Population Fund, 52 percent of women were married by the age of 18 and 17 percent before the age of 15. In some regions of the country, especially Kayes and Koulikoro, girls married as young as 10. It was common practice...more
Sept. 25, 2021, 9:48 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Some members of the Romani community married before reaching legal age" (17).
Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee remains deeply concerned about the fact that:...The practices of child and forced marriage, baad (settlement of disputes by 'giving away' girls) and badal (exchange marriages) continue and that perpetrators enjoy impunity for such crimes; (d) Women and girls who try to escape from child or forced marriage or domestic violence are revictimized and that women and girls who are victims of rape are often charged with engaging in extramarital relations (zina)" (6). "[T]he Committee urges the State party:...To address the root causes of child marriage, such as poverty, the lack of security and poor education; conduct rights-based awareness-raising campaigns to prevent child marriage; and take gender-responsive action to...more
Sept. 14, 2021, 9:15 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

“'My marriage was [decided] without my consent before I was 10 years old and I was married at 15,' says Tachira, wiping tears away with a dirty cloth. 'It still haunts me when I talk about it'" (para 9).
Sept. 10, 2021, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"It is easier for women who have left Afghanistan. Farida Sadaat was a child bride and had her first baby at the age of 15. She and her husband later separated and she moved to Germany with her four children" (para 27).
Aug. 23, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"To circumvent these laws, individuals reportedly bribed police or paid a bride price to the family of the girl to avoid prosecution. According to Human Rights Watch (HRW), girls as young as seven were married" (p 24).
Aug. 6, 2021, 4:21 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Some families entered into marriage agreements under which they sent rural girls who were 12 or even younger to their husband’s families to be under the “supervision” of their mothers-in-law" (p 17).
Aug. 6, 2021, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"On September 3[2019], the NCCM announced it had received 432 complaints about child marriage cases on its hotline from 18 governorates since the beginning of the year. Families reportedly sometimes forced adolescent girls to marry wealthy foreign men in what were known locally as “tourism” or “summer” marriages for the purpose of sexual exploitation, prostitution, or forced labor"(47).
July 29, 2021, 7:20 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Worse, North Carolina seems to be attracting child marriage tourism as Kentucky and other nearby states improve their laws. 'We’re becoming a sanctuary state for statutory rape,' a county official, Drew Reisinger, told me after refusing to grant a marriage license to a Kentucky couple who could not get one in their home state. The man was 49; the girl, 17" (Para 11).
July 29, 2021, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"'When we first filed this bill, one of the things we were looking at is the fact that North Carolina has become a destination place for marriage — for folks who are marrying children and for sex trafficking,' Sen. Danny Britt said. 'What we wanted to do was come up with a bill that would take us off that list and protect these children.'” (Para 3).
July 28, 2021, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-1

"[U]nder Iran’s laws, girls can marry after the age of 13, though the average age of marriage for Iranian women is 23" (para 15).