The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ATDW-PRACTICE-1

July 4, 2022, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Mr Bruce has acted in six Supreme Court cases, including a landmark ruling that saw pre-nuptial and post-nuptial agreements become legally binding in England in 2010" (Para. 10).
June 21, 2022, 8:35 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6, ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"it is concerned about the obstacles faced by women in religious marriages who seek a divorce, as well as the relatively high number of forced marriages in the State party, despite efforts made by the Forced Marriage Unit" (14-15).
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"A survey has shown that more than 700 cases of forced marriage were recorded in Switzerland during the two preceding years. In some 700 further cases, people were forced to remain married. The socioeconomic profile of those applying to an institution in these circumstances varies with the particular type of constraint. Persons forced to marry are mainly young foreign women between 18 and 25 years of age, most of them well integrated. Other problems arise for people prevented from pursuing the relationship of their choice. In that case too, most are young women between 18 and 25 years of age, 69 per cent of them foreigners. Those who are prevented...more
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"The services of Family Counselling, Divorce Process Consultancy (Before Divorce, During Divorce Process and After Divorce), Individual Consultancy are provided free of charge in order to support the solution of the problems experienced by married couples in their marriage or to refer the couples to the related institutions who decided to divorce due to problems in marriage to manage this process in a healthier way" (30).
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5, DV-LAW-3

"For a woman to obtain a divorce with a financial settlement, she must prove her husband inflicted physical or moral harm upon her, abandoned her for at least three months, or had not provided for her or their children’s upkeep. Physical abuse claims require medical reports and two male witnesses. It is up to the judge’s discretion to consider women as full witnesses or half witnesses. Alternatively, women may divorce by paying compensation or surrendering their dowry to their husbands" (28).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-3, ATDW-LAW-4, ATDW-LAW-5

"The law does not provide for divorce. Legal annulments and separation are possible, and courts generally recognized divorces obtained in other countries if one of the parties was a foreigner. These options, however, are costly, complex, and not readily available to the poor. The Office of the Solicitor General is required to oppose requests for annulment under the constitution. Informal separation is common but brings with it potential legal and financial problems. Muslims have the right to divorce under Muslim family law" (28).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Customary practice surrounding divorce is the husband must pay the "mehar" price agreed upon if he already has not done so" (1).
Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"[T]he Committee is concerned that women and girls are discriminated against in legal provisions with regard to marriage and family relations, in particular the following...Articles 135 to 145 of the Civil Code and articles 158 to 161 of the Shia Personal Status Law, under which the husband may, unilaterally and without giving grounds, repudiate his spouse, while the wife must resort to a judicial divorce, which is granted only on certain grounds for which she has the burden of proof" (16-17). "[T]he Committee urges the State party: (a) To repeal all discriminatory provisions against women, in particular articles 71 (1), 86, 135 to 145, 218, 252, 256, 268, 2007 and...more
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Women’s rights advocates indicated in rural areas women often forfeited land and property rights to their husbands in divorce proceedings" (69).
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-LAW-5

"Either spouse may acquire property in their own right and women may obtain divorce without being forced to relinquish dowries" (p 19).
July 7, 2021, 9:52 a.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"While accounting for under 2 per cent of the approximately 120,000 divorces triggered each year, the ability of a husband or wife to contest proceedings is being scrapped.The MoJ said the practice is known to be misused by abusers to continue coercive and controlling behaviour. Ministers also said it takes both spouses to save a marriage, so allowing one to contest a divorce is of no use"(para 16-18).
May 15, 2021, 7:08 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"China’s family courts are places of peril for women...Chinese judges earn promotions by handling cases quickly and for avoiding complaints and appeals. (A typical judge in a family court may hear 200 cases a year.) They are rewarded for pressing plaintiffs to withdraw divorce suits and try once more to patch up their marriages...Judges routinely refuse first requests for divorce, obliging plaintiffs to come back after a cooling-off period of up to three months. The policy should exclude cases involving violence, but many judges are too scared to declare a husband an abuser. Some judges fear being assaulted themselves. Others worry about presiding over a case that leads to a...more
Feb. 10, 2021, 11:42 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

'I am not scared of divorce. I know I will start a new life, but I am scared that my daughter will be taken from me,' she said. 'I will die without her. A mother's heart burns if her child is taken from her' (para 16).
Feb. 10, 2021, 11:41 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"'I am not scared of divorce. I know I will start a new life, but I am scared that my daughter will be taken from me,' she said. 'I will die without her. A mother's heart burns if her child is taken from her'" (para 16).
Jan. 18, 2021, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Women also continue to face discrimination in relation to marriage, family, divorce, and decisions relating to children (e.g. child custody)" (para 23).
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Girls/women experience wide variety of violence; it could be physical ranging from slapping to burning; verbal such as taunting, use of bad language; mental like threats of divorce and actual divorce; and sexual in the form of rape and incest" (para 36).
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"All marriages are sealed with the marriage contract. The contract stipulates the terms of the union, including the rights of a woman to divorce. If a clause allowing the woman to initiate a divorce is included in the marriage contract, women have broader legal rights under Sharia law" (5).
Sept. 28, 2020, 3:33 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"The proposed marriage law, which parliament has yet to finalize at time of writing, seeks to outlaw child marriage, but it does not adequately protect women's property at divorce. Without legal protection, many women could be left homeless or without a means of income after their marriage ends or if their husband dies" (para 9). "Current laws on marriage and divorce do not conform to the country's constitution, which provides that spouses have equal rights and responsibilities" (para 10). "The Matrimonial Causes Act technically allows for equitable distribution of property between spouses at divorce, considering direct and indirect contributions, such as raising children and caring for the family and household....more
Sept. 26, 2020, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Kuwaiti personal status law, which applies to Sunni Muslims who make up the majority of Kuwaitis, discriminates against women [ . . . ] women must apply to the courts for a divorce on limited grounds, unlike men who can unilaterally divorce their wives" (para 17).
Sept. 14, 2020, 6:34 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Articles 81 - 116 on divorce and repudiation limits that right to men only, ignores women’s will thus creating many problems. Articles 107 and 108 on repudiation in case of husbands absence for long periods, does not allow women to divorce except after waiting four years. Article 108 (2-B) states that ‘the wife of the missing person shall not be divorced if the husband has money or a guardian who provides for her’. This is an outright unfair curtailing of women’s freedom" (2).
Aug. 30, 2020, 12:33 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"She got a legal separation and, with her three daughters, returned to her parents' home" (para 6). The ability of da Penha to obtain a legal separation suggests that women are able to obtain divorces in Brazil (RAO-CODER COMMENT).
Aug. 10, 2020, 7:03 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Divorce rights between Muslim men and women are not equal. Both the Civil Code and the SPSL provide for three different mechanisms for divorce: (i) unilateral repudiation (talāq) by husbands; (ii) judicial divorce (fasakh) by wife on fault grounds; and (iii) redemptive divorce (khul’) by wife with consent of husband. The marriage may also be annulled. Under both the Civil Code and SPSL, the husband may unilaterally repudiate a marriage, which may be effectuated without much restrictions" (5). "Both Sunni and Shia husbands may delegate their unilateral right to divorce to their wives (isma) through a stipulation in the marriage contract, thus permitting her to pronounce talāq upon herself (talāq-i-tafwid),...more
May 29, 2020, 12:04 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Sometimes they do. One of the women I photographed, her husband's family is an elite family. They gave her complete freedom [after her husband died of cancer]. They help the family financially. They were educated and they came from a different class. They were a very famous family of musicians who are trying to preserve their Afghan music. We do see that. I don't think it's very often" (para 12). This statement is referring to the possibility of a widow or divorcee receiving financial support from their husband's family (MM-CODER COMMENT).
May 21, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4, MARR-LAW-4, ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Article 89 (3) of Decree Law No. 106 of the Head of Government (Civil Code) was repealed. That provision established that a woman could not marry until 300 days had passed following the dissolution of her previous marriage or de facto union or the annulment of the marriage, unless she gave birth during that time or one of the spouses was materially separated from the other or absent for the above-mentioned period. If the marriage was annulled owing to the husband’s impotence, the woman need not wait to remarry" (41).
April 22, 2020, 5:16 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"While restrictions on the termination of marriage extend equally to both men and women, there are instances which allow men more grounds for divorce or annulment than women such as under the Orthodox church, a man can be granted a divorce if he discovers his wife is not a virgin after they marry" (68). "First, while spousal violence is grounds for desertion spousal violence short of attempted murder is insufficient to obtain a prompt end to a marriage as explained in the following section. Spousal violence overwhelmingly affects women in Lebanon. This is a problem in all Christian personal status laws in Lebanon, but particularly for Catholics since violence is...more
Dec. 8, 2019, 5:21 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"'Triple talaq', as it's known, allows a husband to divorce his wife by repeating the word "talaq" (divorce) three times in any form, including email or text message" (para. 2). "There have been cases in which Muslim men in India have divorced their wives by issuing the so-called triple talaq by letter, telephone and, increasingly, by text message, WhatsApp and Skype. A number of these cases made their way to the courts as women contested the custom" (para. 12).
Nov. 7, 2019, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"'Khula' divorce allows a Muslim woman to obtain a divorce without her husband’s consent, provided she forgoes all her financial rights, including alimony, dowry, and other benefits. The Coptic Orthodox Church permits divorce only in rare circumstances, such as adultery or conversion of one spouse to another religion. Other Christian churches sometimes permitted divorce on a case-by-case basis." (43-44). "In marriage and divorce cases, a woman’s testimony must be judged credible to be admissible. Usually the woman accomplishes credibility by conveying her testimony through an adult male relative or representative. The law assumes a man’s testimony is credible unless proven otherwise." (44).
Oct. 1, 2019, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Legal annulments and separation are possible, and courts generally recognized foreign divorces if one of the parties is a foreigner. These options, however, are costly, complex, and not readily available to the poor. The Office of the Solicitor General is required to oppose requests for annulment under the constitution. Informal separation is common, but brings with it potential legal and financial problems" (27).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Women experienced discrimination in divorce settlements, especially in regard to retaining property and financial assets" (24).
July 19, 2019, 9:48 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-1

"Divorce is available to both men and women. Many divorcees received no alimony, since there was no system to enforce such payments. The law requires a divorced woman to wait 40 days before remarrying; a man may remarry immediately" (Pg 28).