The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ATDW-PRACTICE-1

Nov. 17, 2022, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"For women, who are often the main workers, breadwinners, and caregivers in households, and who depends the most on their land to make a living and support their children, this means that if the man dies or if a woman wants to dissolve a marriage due to domestic violence, she may have no rights over the land she has worked on for years. In that case, she could be removed from the land by her husband’s family" (para 13).
Nov. 15, 2022, 11:05 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

"Across Rwanda, about one-third of marriages are not registered by the state. In case of separation or death of the spouse, this usually means that the women have no rights to the land they share. [4]" (para 2).
Nov. 15, 2022, 10:48 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Most divorce cases in Portugal are by mutual agreement, and the same applies to parental responsibilities regulations" (para 1). "Most divorce cases in Portugal are by mutual agreement, and the same applies to parental responsibilities regulations. Both processes may be done outside the courts, in the Civil Registry Offices, which allows them to be swifter and cheaper. The role of the lawyer, in such cases, is to act as a mediator, alone or in collaboration with a colleague, to ensure an agreement that answers both parties demands and needs. Unfortunately, such an agreement is not always possible due to disputes regarding property or parental conflict. In those instances, there is...more
Oct. 28, 2022, 8:02 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Women experienced discrimination in divorce settlements, specifically regarding property and financial assets. The law considers the man the head of the household, unless the father becomes incapacitated or abandons the family. The law dictates that in the absence of an agreement between spouses, men shall choose the residence of the family. Women experienced economic discrimination with respect to employment, credit, equal pay, and owning or managing businesses" (20).
Oct. 21, 2022, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"…[W]omen in Côte d’Ivoire are 20 percentage points more likely than men to express concern about being kicked off their property following divorce, and 35 percentage points more likely in the event of widowhood—a scenario that could occur more frequently during the COVID-19 pandemic" (2).
Oct. 7, 2022, 6:09 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Since her divorce six years ago, Xhani has lived with constant financial insecurity, trying to find jobs that paid her enough to raise her son by herself. Things got worse when two years ago her former father-in-law registered the house under his name without her knowledge, and tried to get her evicted" (para 2).
Sept. 16, 2022, 12:01 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Chapter 5 of the Family Code regulates marital property to the extent that it has not been clarified via a matrimonial contract. Goods acquired during marriage are the property of both spouses, inclusive of income earned by each spouse from work and entrepreneurial activity, intellectual property, noncompensatory payments and other common means (Family Code, art. 20). The law provides for valuation of non-monetary contributions via articles 19, 20 and 22" (4).
Sept. 16, 2022, 11:57 a.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"In addition, when divorcing and dividing assets, some women reported that questionable legal tactics are sometimes used that leave women without a fair share of marital assets upon divorce, while others reported difficulties in affording legal representation for the proceedings. Situations like this can cause divorced women to experience financial insecurity" (para 9).
Sept. 15, 2022, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern...[t]he practice to not officially register property, including plots of land, which results that women cannot keep any real estate or land that they acquired during the marriage and are denied economic protection upon dissolution of the union" (13). "The Committee recommends that the state party...[e]nsure that, in the case of a divorce, women receive property, including plots of land, acquired during the marriage, in line with the Committee’s general recommendation No. 29" (15).
Sept. 10, 2022, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-LAW-1

"During a divorce in Austria, all property owned by the couple can come into play. This includes real estate, bank accounts, stocks, businesses, cars, jewelry, art, and more. Generally, couples are free to divide their property as they see fit. If they can jointly agree to an appropriate division, the divorce can proceed smoothly. However, if the couple cannot reach an agreement, a court will step in. In this instance, the court will divide matrimonial assets (such as the marital home) and matrimonial savings (assets accumulated while living together while married) equitably. However, anything that each individual brought to the marriage, inherited, or was gifted, is excluded from this division....more
Sept. 8, 2022, 8:16 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Distribution must be equitable and the contributions of each spouse to the acquisition of matrimonial assets, the best interests of the children and existing debts must be taken into account. Household work, as well as care-giving and the upbringing of children, will be equivalent to the financial contributions of the breadwinning spouse. The ratio applied in most decisions is 1:1" (para 118).
Sept. 7, 2022, 10:35 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-LAW-1, CUST-LAW-1

"The Family Code stipulates that spouses have equal decision-making authority over children following divorce. In cases where no consensus can be reached, the court takes the decision. When a divorce is granted, the law provides that a couple’s assets are to be divided equally. In many cases, however, the law is not followed either because a registrar did not record the marriage or because the woman signed a prenuptial agreement nullifying certain provisions of the law" (3-4).
Sept. 2, 2022, 12:49 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"...Under traditional succession practices, Angolan women generally do not have land access equal to men‘s, as family land passes to sons and male relatives of the deceased husband. Women generally move to her husband’s house upon marriage and often live on and cultivate land owned by the husband‘s family or granted by the family or soba (traditional authority) to the husband. If the women are subsequently widowed, abandoned, or divorced, the former husband or relatives of the husband may force the women from the husband‘s land and home" (4).
Sept. 1, 2022, 1:12 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1

"An Argentinian judge has ordered a man to pay his ex-wife nearly $180,000 in a divorce ruling that represents a legal landmark for the South American country. The ruling acknowledges the economic value of household work done by a spouse who otherwise could have earned money in her own career. The wife had an economics degree and left her career to raise their children after they married in 1982. They divorced in 2011 and the woman argued at that point she was too old to find a new job. The judge decided all the household work she did during their marriage was worth that payout. For Argentina, the amount was...more
Aug. 2, 2022, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"'However, trouble brews (if) the woman is divorced or loses her husband ... as she has to go back to her ancestral home where she has challenges accessing land,' said Waluza" (25).
July 4, 2022, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Mr Bruce has acted in six Supreme Court cases, including a landmark ruling that saw pre-nuptial and post-nuptial agreements become legally binding in England in 2010" (Para. 10).
June 21, 2022, 8:35 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6, ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"it is concerned about the obstacles faced by women in religious marriages who seek a divorce, as well as the relatively high number of forced marriages in the State party, despite efforts made by the Forced Marriage Unit" (14-15).
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"A survey has shown that more than 700 cases of forced marriage were recorded in Switzerland during the two preceding years. In some 700 further cases, people were forced to remain married. The socioeconomic profile of those applying to an institution in these circumstances varies with the particular type of constraint. Persons forced to marry are mainly young foreign women between 18 and 25 years of age, most of them well integrated. Other problems arise for people prevented from pursuing the relationship of their choice. In that case too, most are young women between 18 and 25 years of age, 69 per cent of them foreigners. Those who are prevented...more
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"The services of Family Counselling, Divorce Process Consultancy (Before Divorce, During Divorce Process and After Divorce), Individual Consultancy are provided free of charge in order to support the solution of the problems experienced by married couples in their marriage or to refer the couples to the related institutions who decided to divorce due to problems in marriage to manage this process in a healthier way" (30).
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5, DV-LAW-3

"For a woman to obtain a divorce with a financial settlement, she must prove her husband inflicted physical or moral harm upon her, abandoned her for at least three months, or had not provided for her or their children’s upkeep. Physical abuse claims require medical reports and two male witnesses. It is up to the judge’s discretion to consider women as full witnesses or half witnesses. Alternatively, women may divorce by paying compensation or surrendering their dowry to their husbands" (28).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-3, ATDW-LAW-4, ATDW-LAW-5

"The law does not provide for divorce. Legal annulments and separation are possible, and courts generally recognized divorces obtained in other countries if one of the parties was a foreigner. These options, however, are costly, complex, and not readily available to the poor. The Office of the Solicitor General is required to oppose requests for annulment under the constitution. Informal separation is common but brings with it potential legal and financial problems. Muslims have the right to divorce under Muslim family law" (28).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Customary practice surrounding divorce is the husband must pay the "mehar" price agreed upon if he already has not done so" (1).
Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"[T]he Committee is concerned that women and girls are discriminated against in legal provisions with regard to marriage and family relations, in particular the following...Articles 135 to 145 of the Civil Code and articles 158 to 161 of the Shia Personal Status Law, under which the husband may, unilaterally and without giving grounds, repudiate his spouse, while the wife must resort to a judicial divorce, which is granted only on certain grounds for which she has the burden of proof" (16-17). "[T]he Committee urges the State party: (a) To repeal all discriminatory provisions against women, in particular articles 71 (1), 86, 135 to 145, 218, 252, 256, 268, 2007 and...more
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Women’s rights advocates indicated in rural areas women often forfeited land and property rights to their husbands in divorce proceedings" (69).
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-LAW-5

"Either spouse may acquire property in their own right and women may obtain divorce without being forced to relinquish dowries" (p 19).
July 7, 2021, 9:52 a.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"While accounting for under 2 per cent of the approximately 120,000 divorces triggered each year, the ability of a husband or wife to contest proceedings is being scrapped.The MoJ said the practice is known to be misused by abusers to continue coercive and controlling behaviour. Ministers also said it takes both spouses to save a marriage, so allowing one to contest a divorce is of no use"(para 16-18).
May 15, 2021, 7:08 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"China’s family courts are places of peril for women...Chinese judges earn promotions by handling cases quickly and for avoiding complaints and appeals. (A typical judge in a family court may hear 200 cases a year.) They are rewarded for pressing plaintiffs to withdraw divorce suits and try once more to patch up their marriages...Judges routinely refuse first requests for divorce, obliging plaintiffs to come back after a cooling-off period of up to three months. The policy should exclude cases involving violence, but many judges are too scared to declare a husband an abuser. Some judges fear being assaulted themselves. Others worry about presiding over a case that leads to a...more
Feb. 10, 2021, 11:42 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

'I am not scared of divorce. I know I will start a new life, but I am scared that my daughter will be taken from me,' she said. 'I will die without her. A mother's heart burns if her child is taken from her' (para 16).
Feb. 10, 2021, 11:41 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"'I am not scared of divorce. I know I will start a new life, but I am scared that my daughter will be taken from me,' she said. 'I will die without her. A mother's heart burns if her child is taken from her'" (para 16).
Jan. 18, 2021, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Women also continue to face discrimination in relation to marriage, family, divorce, and decisions relating to children (e.g. child custody)" (para 23).