The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ATDW-PRACTICE-2

Sept. 10, 2021, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"It is easier for women who have left Afghanistan. Farida Sadaat was a child bride and had her first baby at the age of 15. She and her husband later separated and she moved to Germany with her four children. Ms Sadaat told the BBC her husband had not been present in his children's lives, physically or emotionally, and she believes he has no right to have his name printed on their Afghan identity cards. 'I brought up my children all by myself. My husband refused to divorce me so that I cannot get married again,' she said. 'I call upon the Afghan president to change the law and record...more
Aug. 6, 2021, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"In marriage and divorce cases, a woman’s testimony must be judged credible to be admissible. Usually the woman accomplishes credibility by conveying her testimony through an adult male relative or representative. The law assumes a man’s testimony is credible unless proven otherwise"(46).
Aug. 3, 2021, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Those judgments are just as likely to come from women as from men, in Farrès’s experience. 'There’s not enough solidarity between women. They’re full of judgment, there’s a lot of jealousy.' Djellal agrees: 'Maybe we have to learn to be kind and watch out for each other first, before we expect men to be kind to us.' I’m moved. I can only tell them I agree. I wonder if the jealousy and judgment among women they mention has any link with a history of relaxed attitudes to sexual fidelity, in which notions of loyalty and friendship must be stretched to breaking point. Even when a friendship weathers the tension, as...more
July 26, 2021, 7 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5

"'[Can’t] we issue a law stipulating that divorce becomes invalid except in the [presence of] the marriage official to give people [who decided to get divorce] the chance to rethink their decision?,' Sisi said, calling for invalidating oral divorce. Sisi justified his proposal, saying that the invalidation of oral divorce will help protect families from being affected by only two words that a husband may say while infuriated. In Islam, if a husband voluntarily told his wife 'Anti Taleq' (you are divorced), then the wife is considered divorced unless he was threatened or compelled to say so" (para 6-7).
July 20, 2021, 8 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: IW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"'And it was reported explicitly in the national press… that the changes to the rules on inheritance and divorce were just going to apply to expatriates, not to Emirati women'" (Para 22).
July 20, 2021, 7:53 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: IW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"'And it was reported explicitly in the national press… that the changes to the rules on inheritance and divorce were just going to apply to expatriates, not to Emirati women'" (Para 22).
July 16, 2021, 4:37 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"In recent days, Chinese internet users complained about the difficult divorce process after news spread of a Hunan province court that rejected a woman’s divorce request four times. The woman, Ning Shunhua, expressed frustration in an interview that the court wouldn’t consider evidence that her husband had beaten her. The Hengyang County People’s Court said on its Weibo account it was processing a fifth request and had rejected previous ones because Ms. Ning hadn’t provided enough evidence and her husband had pleaded with her multiple times for forgiveness" (para 22).
July 9, 2021, 11:47 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"According to Amnesty International, it is much more difficult for women than men to seek divorce and they are at severe economic disadvantage if their husband leaves them"(para 47).
May 15, 2021, 7:08 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"China’s family courts are places of peril for women...Chinese judges earn promotions by handling cases quickly and for avoiding complaints and appeals. (A typical judge in a family court may hear 200 cases a year.) They are rewarded for pressing plaintiffs to withdraw divorce suits and try once more to patch up their marriages...Judges routinely refuse first requests for divorce, obliging plaintiffs to come back after a cooling-off period of up to three months. The policy should exclude cases involving violence, but many judges are too scared to declare a husband an abuser. Some judges fear being assaulted themselves. Others worry about presiding over a case that leads to a...more
Feb. 4, 2021, 6:11 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5

"In Turkey, divorce falls under civil law thanks to Ataturk-era reforms after World War I. The separating parties have equal rights, except for a stipulation that women cannot remarry for 300 days after divorce without permission from the court" (para 34).
Feb. 4, 2021, 6:07 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: MARR-LAW-5, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5, ADCM-LAW-1, CUST-LAW-1

"In Syria, divorce is a frightening prospect for women. Although citizens have equal rights in civil law, family law and divorce falls within the realm of sharia. Men, but not women, can unilaterally divorce with only a verbal decree. If a woman divorces through court proceedings, she rarely gets alimony, and she loses custody of young children if she remarries" (para 33).
Jan. 19, 2021, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

“‘Her husband hit her and chopped off her nose with a sharp kitchen knife,” she said. “She wanted a divorce because he abused her and beat her frequently’” (Para 2). This seems to indicate that for a woman to instigate a divorce ushers in some potential for violent response in a country where domestic abuse is as common as it is (BRC - CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:12 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"To many critics, the erasure of the three little girls from the textbook highlighted more than four decades of state-imposed discrimination against women, including discriminatory laws that give women less rights in areas such as child custody and divorce and force them to cover their hair and body in public" (13).
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"In cases such as divorce and domestic violence, Majidah said women sometimes have had to wait up to 10 years to get a court judgment granting a separation because of a 'lack of empathy' among male judges" (para 6).
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"In Turkey, divorce falls under civil law thanks to Ataturk-era reforms after World War I. The separating parties have equal rights, except for a stipulation that women cannot remarry for 300 days after divorce without permission from the court" (para 33).
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1, CUST-LAW-1

"In Syria, divorce is a frightening prospect for women. Although citizens have equal rights in civil law, family law and divorce falls within the realm of sharia. Men, but not women, can unilaterally divorce with only a verbal decree. If a woman divorces through court proceedings, she rarely gets alimony, and she loses custody of young children if she remarries" (para 33).
Dec. 23, 2020, 10:47 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"This Nikahnama calls for registration of all marriages, calls for denial of second marriage unless there is a valid ground like death of the first wife etc, calls for minimum age of marriage for girls to be 18, (for boys 21), wife should have due place in the household even after the death of husband, divorce should be permitted in the physical presence of husband and wife both and it should be supported by legal documents, and in case of women demanding divorce, her voice should be respected and she should be allowed to keep personal belongings" (para 2). This is a model that calls for changes within the Muslim...more
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:22 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Meir Kin, the new husband, has been divorced for more than seven years, under California’s civil law. But he has refused to give his previous wife the document known as a “get,” as required by Orthodox Jewish law to end a marriage. In the eyes of religious authorities, the woman he married in 2000 is what is called an agunah — Hebrew for chained wife. Without the get, the woman, Lonna Kin, is forbidden under Jewish law to remarry" (para 3). "The case has become a powerful symbol for what activists say is a deepening crisis among Orthodox Jews — hundreds of women held hostage in a religious marriage, in...more
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Traditionally, divorce under Sharia law is the exclusive right of the man. Men are able to initate a divorce verbally or in writing, through an agent or directly. Women can only divorce if the right is stipulated in the marriage contract and a judge accepts the divorce in a Sharia court. Women can only apply for a divorce in extremely limited circumstances such as addiction, lack of proper support, or impotence" (5).
Nov. 11, 2020, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, PW-LAW-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern the continued application of the discriminatory provisions contained in the State party’s Personal Status Act, in particular the permissibility of polygamy, the requirement of walis (guardians) for women for the marriage notwithstanding the woman’s consent, and the restrictions on women’s right to work and to divorce. The Committee is further concerned that early marriage remains lawful and, that girls can marry in exceptional cases at the age of 15 years, which, among other things leads to girls dropping out of school. The Committee is also concerned about the persistent discrimination against women and girls in inheritance, both as daughters and as widows" (Article 49).more
Oct. 16, 2020, 1:20 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

“In 2017, a German judge told a Syrian woman she had to remove her Islamic head scarf in court during a divorce hearing or she would not be able to legally separate” (Para 8).
Sept. 26, 2020, 7:38 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"men have a unilateral right to divorce while women must apply to the courts for divorce on limited grounds" (para 12).
Sept. 26, 2020, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Kuwaiti personal status law, which applies to Sunni Muslims who make up the majority of Kuwaitis, discriminates against women [ . . . ] women must apply to the courts for a divorce on limited grounds, unlike men who can unilaterally divorce their wives" (para 17).
Sept. 26, 2020, 4:34 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2, MURDER-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5, DSFMF-LAW-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-2

“N. v. Sweden (no. 23505/09) (20 July 2010): The applicant, an Afghan national having an extra-marital affair with a man in Sweden, maintained that she risked social exclusion, long imprisonment or even death if returned to Afghanistan. Her applications for asylum were unsuccessful. The Court found that the applicant’s deportation from Sweden to Afghanistan would constitute a violation of Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment) of the Convention. It noted that women were at particular risk of ill-treatment in Afghanistan if perceived as not conforming to the gender roles ascribed to them by society, tradition and even the legal system. The mere fact that the applicant...more
Sept. 4, 2020, 9:43 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, CUST-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

"Discrimination includes inequality in access to divorce, child custody, and inheritance and property rights" (para 17).
Aug. 12, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Mauritania's laws on divorce...discriminate against women" (para 24).
Aug. 8, 2020, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5

"Algeria's Family Code allows men to have a unilateral divorce without explanation but requires women to apply to courts for a divorce on specified grounds" (para 17).
Aug. 7, 2020, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Jordan's personal status code remains discriminatory, despite a 2010 amendment that widened women's access to divorce" (para 17).
Aug. 7, 2020, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The Family Code discriminates against women with regard to...procedures to obtain divorce" (para 20).
Aug. 2, 2020, 6:20 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"Some provisions of Federal Law No. 28 of 2005 regulating personal status matters discriminate against women…men can unilaterally divorce their wives, whereas a woman must apply for a court order to obtain a divorce" (para 17).