The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ATFPA-LAW-1

Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, ATFPA-LAW-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women and men, including under family, religious, personal status, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws. Although the law prohibits discrimination in employment and requires equal rates of pay for equal or similar work, academics and watchdog groups argue that the lack of pay transparency hinders pursuing pay discrimination claims" (10).
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

"Limited humanitarian access because of the deteriorating security situation caused delays in identifying, assessing, and providing timely assistance to IDPs, who continued to lack access to basic protection, including personal and physical security and shelter. Many IDPs, especially in households with a female head, faced difficulty obtaining basic services because they did not have identity documents. Many IDPs in urban areas reportedly faced discrimination, lacked adequate sanitation and other basic services, and lived in constant risk of eviction from illegally occupied displacement sites, according to the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center. Women in IDP camps reported high levels of domestic violence. Limited opportunities to earn a livelihood following the initial displacement...more
Aug. 6, 2021, 4:21 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

"Although the constitution provides for equal legal status and rights regardless of sex, women do not have the same rights as men under family law, which customary courts usually adjudicate. In customary law, legal rights as head of household typically apply only to men. Customary law does not consider a divorced or widowed woman, even with children, to be a head of household" (p 16-17).
May 18, 2021, 5:32 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

"...women are traditionally unable to sign as a 'head of the household' in legal affairs" (para 3).
April 30, 2021, 8:17 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

"El Kosman said the bill doesn't reflect the reality of Egypt today, where 18.1 percent of women are the head of their households" (para 5). This statistic suggests that women can legally be heads of household in Egypt (RAO-CODER COMMENT).
March 6, 2021, 9:44 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2, ATFPA-LAW-1

"The UAE has carried out some reforms [ . . . ] revoking legal provisions that had obliged women to “obey” their husbands" (para 6).
Jan. 18, 2021, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

"In late July, Saudi Arabia’s Council of Ministers promulgated landmark amendments to the three laws that will begin to dismantle the country’s discriminatory male guardianship system. [ . . . ] The changes allow women, along with their husbands, to be considered a “head of household” with respect to their children, which should improve Saudi women’s ability to conduct government business on their children’s behalf" (para 19 - 21). "Men can still file cases against daughters, wives, or female relatives under their guardianship for “disobedience,” which can lead to forcible return to their male guardian’s home or imprisonment" (para 23).
Nov. 18, 2020, 3:11 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-PRACTICE-7, AOM-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-LAW-1, PW-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned that, despite efforts such as the Royal Decree No. 55/2010 to prevent the practice of dowry from limiting women’s rights to choose their husbands freely, this custom continues to negatively impact on the rights of women. In this context it is also concerned about the fact that the man is considered the head of the family and married women cannot freely choose their place of residence according to the Personal Status Code. Furthermore the Committee is concerned at reports that, despite the legal prohibition, marriage of girls under the age of 18 is still widely practised and accepted by Omani custom. The Committee is also concerned...more
Aug. 2, 2020, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

"The changes allow women, along with their husbands, to be considered a 'head of household' with respect to their children, which should improve Saudi women's ability to conduct government business on their children's behalf" (para 21).
May 31, 2020, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: SMES-DATA-3, ATFPA-LAW-1

"15 percent of house-holds have female heads" (17).
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

"The Family Law provides that the husband and the wife shall have equal rights within the family (art. 18)" (3). "For instance, the Socialist Constitution stipulates that the State shall afford special protection to mothers and children and provide all conditions for women to play full role in society (art. 77). The Family Law provides that the State shall consistently maintain the policy of affording special protection to mothers and children and to providing conditions for mothers to bring up and educate their children decently (art. 6)" (4)."The Socialist Constitution provides that marriage and family shall be protected by the State (art. 78). The Family Law stipulates that the relationship...more
April 30, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

"Women made up 7% of the constitutional assembly that drafted the Egyptian constitution. No wonder then that the document (approved by referendum in December 2012) refers to women only as sisters and mothers, and only within the framework of family -- not employment or public life, even though a majority of Egyptian women work" (para 13).
April 22, 2020, 5:16 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

"Regardless of religious affiliation, women face discrimination in relation to distribution of marital property following the termination of the marriage and marginalization as a result of inadequate spousal maintenance payments during marriage" (15). "The absence of any religious or civil law in Lebanon valuing women’s non-monetary contributions to the marriage at the time of termination—including household and family care, lost economic opportunity and her contribution to her husbands’ career—contributes to the discrimination against women. Further, because Lebanese law does not recognize the legal concept of marital property, property reverts to the spouse in whose name it is registered (typically the husband), regardless of who has made contributions to it" (15)....more
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

"By law men are considered the head of the household, unless the father becomes incapacitated or abandons the family" (24).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, CUST-LAW-1, ATFPA-LAW-1

"No time frame is envisaged for repealing discriminatory legislation, including provisions in the Civil Code regulating, inter alia, the matrimonial home (art. 108), the status of head of household and paternal power (arts. 213 to 216), the legal capacity of a married women (arts. 506 and 507), remarriage (arts. 228 and 296), the exercise of guardianship over children (arts. 389 to 396 and 405) and the distribution of marital assets (art. 818)" (4).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: CUST-LAW-1, ATFPA-LAW-1

"The family code’s definition of paternal rights also remained an obstacle to equality between men and women. The code considers men to be heads of household, preventing women from taking legal responsibility for their children. In addition, any childhood benefits are paid to the father. Women can become the legal head of household only if the husband formally renounces his authority before authorities or if he is unable to act as head of household" (page 16).
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

"The approval of Law 10/2004 of 25 August (Family Law) establishes the equality of rights between women and men. The shared leadership in the family and the recognition of couples living together and equal rights among women and men are advances in the marriage status and family relations in the said Law. Articles 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, and 104 of the Family Law, without prejudice to the interpretation of the Law in general, adopt clearly the provisions that could be discriminatory amongst men and women, conceding them the same rights in equal circumstances" (26-27).
May 21, 2019, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

In Montenegro, there is no legislation designating head of household status (115).
May 21, 2019, 8:59 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

In Mongolia, there is no legislation designating head of household status (115).
May 21, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

In Mozambique, there is no legislation designating head of household status (116).
May 21, 2019, 2:47 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

In Morocco, there is legislation designating head of household status (116).
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

In Myanmar, there is no legislation designating head of household status (117).
May 20, 2019, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

In Namibia, there is no legislation designating head of household status (117).
May 20, 2019, 1:57 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

In the Netherlands, there is no legislation designating head of household status (118).
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

In Nepal, there is legislation designating head of household status (118).
May 18, 2019, 7:50 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

In Nicaragua, there is no legislation designating head of household status (119).
May 18, 2019, 7:03 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

In New Zealand, there is no legislation designating head of household status (119).
May 17, 2019, 2:02 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

In Nigeria, there is no legislation designating head of household status (120).
May 17, 2019, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

In Niger, there is legislation designating head of household status (120).
May 16, 2019, 5:06 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

In the Oman, there is legislation designating head of household status (121).