The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

April 30, 2021, 8:17 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"They flooded the social media platform with stories about instances in which current laws and social mores have already prevented them from making decisions for their children or themselves, even on matters of their own reproductive health" (para 8).
April 27, 2021, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Gender relations in Romania, often based on gender stereotypes where women have primary care responsibilities at home, lead to a number of negative consequences for women’s participation in public administration" (Page 13).
April 22, 2021, 1 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"In the Netherlands, public support for gender egalitarianism has risen substantially to one of the highest levels in Europe (Merens and Van den Brakel 2014). Notwithstanding, views on childcare arrangements and responsibilities seem more ambivalent because women are still being held primarily responsible for their children and they spend more time on caregiving than men do (Knijn 1994; Merens and Van den Brakel 2014; Wiesmann et al. 2008)" (Para 6).
March 31, 2021, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Organisers are also callig for universal access to contraception and safe family planning, said Noor. 'Our healthcare system doesn't believe that women can make their own decisions. That's our cultural mindset - there are so many hindrances and limits on women's decision-making'" (para 16).
March 6, 2021, 9:44 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2, ATFPA-LAW-1

"The UAE has carried out some reforms [ . . . ] revoking legal provisions that had obliged women to “obey” their husbands" (para 6).
Feb. 4, 2021, 6:11 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"At the engagement, Eren said he didn’t want Nur to work. He would pay for a year of Turkish lessons after the wedding. Until then, they could make due with the little Turkish she knew" (para 20).
Feb. 1, 2021, 1:09 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

Among the Igbo tribe of southern Nigeria, customary law says that only males may inherit and be involved in family decision-making. However, in August 2020, the Nigerian Supreme Court said this customary law was unconstitutional. It is very uncertain as to whether practice will change, despite the court's ruling.
Jan. 31, 2021, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Meanu's husband made her give him her pay cheque each fortnight. When Meanu left her husband to escape the violence, she had no money to pay rent and buy furniture for a new apartment" (11).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CL-DATA-1, MARR-LAW-3, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Wives typically aren't allowed to attend school and have little hope of earning money to support their families, perpetuating poverty" (para 7).
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"According to Muna, Islam says the man makes decisions in the home, but a woman has a right to discuss matters. Divorce was the only other right Muna could name" (para 26).
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Women’s subordination, a prerequisite to ensure compliance to the constructed model, is maintained through allocation of lesser resources, restrictions on mobility, seclusion norms and even violence in cases of resistance" (para 3). "Women have no right to make decisions; all decisions ranging from type of dress to marriage are made by the men of women’s own family or the in-laws. From childhood, girls are informed, taught and trained to believe that only men who are physically powerful and hence mentally competent to make decisions; ‘She is counseled, and if this does not work, she is forced through threats and violence to believe that she is an object that has to...more
Dec. 23, 2020, 2:47 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Women where I grew up teach girls to defer to men, to privilege men and deprive themselves" (11).
Dec. 10, 2020, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LO-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“That impact goes even further. A study in Ghana showed that when women own a larger share of the household’s land, families allocate a larger proportion of the household budget to food. . .” (para 9).
Dec. 10, 2020, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: LO-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“That impact goes even further. A study in Ghana showed that when women own a larger share of the household’s land, families allocate a larger proportion of the household budget to food. . .” (para 9).
Dec. 10, 2020, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: LO-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“That impact goes even further. A study in Ghana showed that when women own a larger share of the household’s land, families allocate a larger proportion of the household budget to food. . .” (para 9).
Dec. 5, 2020, 5:05 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“Parts of Afghan society operate under a strict code of ‘honour’ that gives women little or no say in matters such as who they can marry and whether they can get an education” (para 9).
Dec. 3, 2020, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“The Committee is concerned…at the persistence of discriminatory gender stereotypes and patriarchal attitudes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family, which prevent women from asserting their rights and actively participating in decision - making and other aspects of political and public life. The Committee is particularly concerned about the insufficient measures taken to address the prevalence of such discriminatory stereotypes” (4-5) According to the Committee, Vanuatu experiences patriarchal attitudes in both society and the family. The Committee also believes that the government has done very little to intervene and change these discriminatory practices (MLB-CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 12, 2020, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, IW-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2, PW-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is concerned that such customs and practices perpetuate discrimination against women, and are reflected in women’s disadvantageous and unequal status in many areas, including in public life and decision-making and in marriage and family relations. The Committee notes that such stereotypes also contribute to the persistence of violence against women as well as harmful practices, including female genital mutilation (FGM), polygamy, bride price and wife inheritance; and expresses its concern that despite such negative impacts on women, the State party has not taken sustained and systematic action to modify or eliminate stereotypes and negative cultural values and harmful practices" (Article 17).
Oct. 6, 2020, 5:42 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"In a move significant for women's rights, the Eswatini High Court ruled on August 30 that the common law doctrine of marital power (giving a husband the ultimate decision-making power over his wife and the matrimonial property) is unconstitutional as it discriminates against women and denies their constitutional right to equality" (para 2). "The Eswatini High Court ruling in August 2019 that the common-law doctrine of marital power is unconstitutional added to existing reforms to end discrimination against women and uphold their constitutional rights to equality. The court also struck down sections of the Marriage Act that subjected African women to customary marital power, perpetuating the violation of their rights...more
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“There is an article in the Family Code that say that a marriage is not legitimate and cannot be legally recognised if it has not been registered by the state. So you could have lived with a man for 40 years but if he wants to throw you out and you haven’t had your marriage registered then you will have no right to contest this. This is common. We work with women to help them to talk to their husbands and ask them to register the marriage. And of course we are working to get rid of that article from the Family Code” (para 12). “My name is Julienne Lusenge...more
July 19, 2020, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

Two in three (66%) married women who are current users of family planning reported that they made the decision to use contraception jointly with their husband, 19% said that they mainly made the decision, and 15% said that their husband mainly made the decision. Among currently married women not using a family planning method, 63% reported that they made the decision to not use contraception jointly with their husband, whereas 24% reported that they mainly made the decision and 11% reported that their husband mainly made the decision (121). "Fifty-two percent of women decide independently how their earnings are used, while 35% decide jointly with their husbands. Only 11% of...more
July 3, 2020, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Overall, 31% of women reported that they mainly decide how to use their earnings, 51% reported that they make decisions jointly with their husband, and 18% indicated that their husband mainly decides on how to use their earnings. Ten percent of women reported that they earn more than their husbands, while 69% earn less than their husbands and 16% earn about the same. Four percent of women reported that their husband had no earnings" (284-285). "Married men with cash earnings and married women whose husbands have cash earnings were asked who makes decisions about how the man’s earnings are used. Over half of both men and women report that decisions...more
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"It is, however, important to recognise that, at least in theory, this system of control is framed as a mutual set of rights and obligations, whereby Afghan men are expected to provide for the entire family and treat women in an appropriate fashion, and there is scope for women to wield a degree of influence within the domestic sphere" (pg 2).
June 5, 2020, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Forty-six percent of women decide independently how their earnings are used, while another 46% decide jointly with their husbands. Only 8% of women report that their husband mainly decides on the use of their earnings (Figure 15.2)" (261). "Patterns by background characteristics: 1) Education is a leading factor promoting women’s independent decisions on using their own cash earnings; 54% of women with a higher education make their own decisions regarding the use of their earnings, as compared with 39% of women with no education. 2) Women in the Highlands region are twice as likely as women in the Islands region to make their own decisions on using their cash earnings...more
May 31, 2020, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Eighty-two percent of currently married women who earn cash say that they make decisions alone or jointly with their husband on how their cash earnings are used. It is most common for women to make these decisions jointly with their husband; only 21 percent make these decisions alone. For 17 percent of women, the husband is the sole decision maker regarding the use of women’s earnings. Men whose wives’ earned cash were also asked about decision making regarding their wife’s earnings. A similar proportion (83%) of men with wives who earn cash, as married women who earn cash, report that decisions about the wife’s earnings are made either by the...more
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"The trade union and other working people’s organizations were proactive in organizing seminars and conducting publicity activities concerning gender equality issues, thus building the climate of men adopting a new approach to the protection and promotion of women’s rights, helping their wives to take an active part in public activities, respecting their rights in the family and sharing the burden of domestic chores and child upbringing" (11). "Much publicity was given to women devoting themselves for the good of the society and collective, building harmonious family and being exemplary in the upbringing and education of children. In particular, feature films, novels and plays criticizing such practices as disregarding women’s role...more
May 29, 2020, 12:27 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Fathers are doing more of the family shopping just as girls are being encouraged more than ever by hypervigilant parents to play with toys (as boys already do) that develop math and science skills early on" (para 2). "Consumer surveys show that men are increasingly making the buying decisions for families, reflecting the growth in two-income households and those in which the women work and the men stay home. One-fifth of fathers with preschool-age children and working wives said they were the primary caretaker in 2010, according to the latest Census Bureau data. And 37.6 percent of working wives earned more than their husbands in 2011, up from 30.7 percent...more
May 15, 2020, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Currently married women age 15-49 who were paid in cash for employment in the 12 months before the survey were asked who makes decisions about the use of their earnings. Table 15.2.1 shows that among women earning cash, 72% report that they themselves mainly decide how their cash earnings are used and 20% report that they make such decisions jointly with their husbands. Only 8% say that these decisions are made primarily by their husbands" (381). "The proportion of currently married women who decide mainly on their own how their earnings will be used has increased slowly over time, from 66% in 2008 and 70% in 2013 to 72% in...more
May 12, 2020, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"12% of households are female-headed" (pg 7). "The majority of households in Jordan are male-headed (88%)" (pg 11). " The majority ofcurrently married women (78%) participate, either alone or jointly with their husband, in decisions regarding their own health care, major household purchases, and visits to their relatives or family" (pg 233). "more than three in four (78%) currently married women age 15-49 with cash earnings decide jointly with their husbands how their own earnings are used, and 15% decide on their own how their earnings are used. Only 7% of women say their husband is the main decision maker on how their earnings are used" (pg 234). "Men are...more
April 30, 2020, 12:47 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"These concerns also go beyond the political level and into the social sphere. 'Our concern about the Islamic movement in Tunisia is that they are trying to change people’s way of thinking. They go to poorer areas of Tunis (where there is higher unemployment and less education) and talk to men in the mosque telling them how they and their wives should behave at home. This is more dangerous than politics and it will be harder to change later,' says Garziz" (para 6).