The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"About one-third (32%) of currently married women with cash earnings decide independently on how their earnings will be used, while 60% decide jointly with their husband" (199). "Overall, 59% of currently married women participate in all three specified household decisions (regarding their own health care, household purchases, and visits to family or relatives), whereas 12% are not involved in any of these decisions" (199). "The proportion of women who decide on the use of their earnings jointly with their husband increases from 50% among those age 15-19 to 62% among those age 40-44 before declining after age 44. Women age 15-19 were most likely to report that their husband mainly...more
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Mothers/Women have the last say in the household. When it comes to making decisions for the household and the children, women have the last say" (1).
Oct. 19, 2021, 11 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"In Pakistan, much of society nurtures the traditional belief that the ideal woman is quiet, unopinionated and keeps her life private for the safety and honour of her family. Yet, thousands of ordinary Pakistani women, such as Dananeer, are breaking these tropes on Instagram, YouTube and TikTok by sharing their lives, and opinions, with openness on public accounts" (para 3).
Oct. 15, 2021, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Women in Qatar are living under a system of 'deep discrimination' – dependent on men for permission to marry, travel, pursue higher education or make decisions about their own children, according to a new report" (para 1). "'The government in Qatar don’t want women to know the rules,' she said. 'They want men to have power and control. So if laws are changed, the government don’t inform women and when they introduce restrictions they don’t tell them that clearly, either. These laws exist in a nefarious way and women have to base decisions on an assumption that they must be obedient to men'" (para 8).
Sept. 14, 2021, 9:15 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: IW-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"After her husband’s death, his younger brother, a man Tachira says had always praised her for her 'hard work, submissiveness, and respect,' expressed an interest in marrying her. When she not only turned him down, but also disagreed with him over a parcel of farmland she says her husband had left to her, the rumors began. 'Unexpectedly, witchcraft accusations against me spread after the death of my husband,' she says. 'My brother-in-law accused me of being responsible for my husband’s death because I turned down his love'" (para 11).
Sept. 10, 2021, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Using a woman's name in public is frowned upon and can be considered an insult. Many Afghan men are reluctant to say the names of their sisters, wives or mothers in public. Women are generally only referred to as the mother, daughter or sister of the eldest male in their family, and Afghan law dictates that only the father's name should be recorded on a birth certificate. The problem starts early, when a girl is born. It takes a long time for her to be given a name. Then when a woman is married her name does not appear on her wedding invitations. When she is ill her name does...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Experts say some men of that generation carry beliefs that women are best left at home, or should attend meetings but remain silent" (para 6). "During the economic miracle, women were largely relegated to the domestic sphere or occupied clerical and secretarial roles in offices, largely due to attitudes at that time. '(The older generation) think back then society worked better and the economy was better -- there's that arrogance,' said Choo. Mori and Nikai both said women should remain silent. Choo says their disparaging remarks toward women were examples of traditional and outdated views on the place of women in society, which suggest men should remain the primary breadwinners...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"Traditional societal practices continue to limit women’s participation in politics and activities outside the home and community, including the need to have a male escort or permission to work. These factors, in addition to an education and experience gap, likely contributed to the central government’s male-dominated composition. The 2016 electoral law mandates that 25 percent of all provincial, district, and village council seats 'shall be allocated to female candidates.' Neither district nor village councils were established by year’s end" (27).
Aug. 6, 2021, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Although women possess most of the same legal rights as men, the government did not enforce the law effectively, and discrimination in employment, pay, ownership and management of businesses, and education persisted. Certain laws defining the marital relationship enable discrimination. The default and most common marital arrangement is 'conjugal society,' which provides that a husband has the right to administer joint property, including his wife’s property, without consultation or written permission from his spouse, but a wife must demonstrate that her husband has granted his permission before she is permitted to make financial arrangements. Legislation remained pending years after a 2007 agreement with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights to...more
July 30, 2021, 1:49 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Nafjan and Yousef participated in a protest against the driving ban in 2013. Yousef also authored a petition, which Nafjan and Hathloul signed, in 2016 seeking to end male guardianship, which requires women to obtain the consent of a male relative for major decisions" (para 26).
July 27, 2021, 7:20 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"The country also faces criticism over its male guardianship system, which allows men to exercise arbitrary authority to make decisions on behalf of their female relatives" (para 19).
July 9, 2021, noon
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"It is rare for Afghan women to exercise, though several women’s health clubs and even two women’s swimming pools have opened in Kabul, the capital. But in conservative strongholds like Kandahar, many men disapprove of women trying to take control of their own bodies"(para 7).
July 7, 2021, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"From childhood through adulthood , every Saudi woman passes from the control of one legal guardian to another, a male relative whose decisions or whims can determine the course of her life. Legal guardians are often a woman's father or husband, but can also be a brother or her own son. Although King Salman has tried to limit its scope, male permission is sometimes still demanded when a woman tries to rent an apartment, undergo elective medical procedures or open a bank account"(para 52,53).
June 25, 2021, 11:56 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Senegal, a nation of about 16 million people that is pushing to become a top economic player in the region, practices a form of Islam that President Macky Sall has called moderate and tolerant. In public, many women are free to run along the beach in tank tops, go to university and lead professional lives. But in the home, men often retain power"(para 14).
April 30, 2021, 8:17 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"They flooded the social media platform with stories about instances in which current laws and social mores have already prevented them from making decisions for their children or themselves, even on matters of their own reproductive health" (para 8).
April 27, 2021, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Gender relations in Romania, often based on gender stereotypes where women have primary care responsibilities at home, lead to a number of negative consequences for women’s participation in public administration" (Page 13).
April 22, 2021, 1 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"In the Netherlands, public support for gender egalitarianism has risen substantially to one of the highest levels in Europe (Merens and Van den Brakel 2014). Notwithstanding, views on childcare arrangements and responsibilities seem more ambivalent because women are still being held primarily responsible for their children and they spend more time on caregiving than men do (Knijn 1994; Merens and Van den Brakel 2014; Wiesmann et al. 2008)" (Para 6).
March 31, 2021, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Organisers are also callig for universal access to contraception and safe family planning, said Noor. 'Our healthcare system doesn't believe that women can make their own decisions. That's our cultural mindset - there are so many hindrances and limits on women's decision-making'" (para 16).
March 6, 2021, 9:44 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2, ATFPA-LAW-1

"The UAE has carried out some reforms [ . . . ] revoking legal provisions that had obliged women to “obey” their husbands" (para 6).
Feb. 4, 2021, 6:11 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"At the engagement, Eren said he didn’t want Nur to work. He would pay for a year of Turkish lessons after the wedding. Until then, they could make due with the little Turkish she knew" (para 20).
Feb. 1, 2021, 1:09 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

Among the Igbo tribe of southern Nigeria, customary law says that only males may inherit and be involved in family decision-making. However, in August 2020, the Nigerian Supreme Court said this customary law was unconstitutional. It is very uncertain as to whether practice will change, despite the court's ruling.
Jan. 31, 2021, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Meanu's husband made her give him her pay cheque each fortnight. When Meanu left her husband to escape the violence, she had no money to pay rent and buy furniture for a new apartment" (11).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CL-DATA-1, MARR-LAW-3, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Wives typically aren't allowed to attend school and have little hope of earning money to support their families, perpetuating poverty" (para 7).
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"According to Muna, Islam says the man makes decisions in the home, but a woman has a right to discuss matters. Divorce was the only other right Muna could name" (para 26).
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Women’s subordination, a prerequisite to ensure compliance to the constructed model, is maintained through allocation of lesser resources, restrictions on mobility, seclusion norms and even violence in cases of resistance" (para 3). "Women have no right to make decisions; all decisions ranging from type of dress to marriage are made by the men of women’s own family or the in-laws. From childhood, girls are informed, taught and trained to believe that only men who are physically powerful and hence mentally competent to make decisions; ‘She is counseled, and if this does not work, she is forced through threats and violence to believe that she is an object that has to...more
Dec. 23, 2020, 2:47 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Women where I grew up teach girls to defer to men, to privilege men and deprive themselves" (11).
Dec. 10, 2020, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LO-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“That impact goes even further. A study in Ghana showed that when women own a larger share of the household’s land, families allocate a larger proportion of the household budget to food. . .” (para 9).
Dec. 10, 2020, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: LO-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“That impact goes even further. A study in Ghana showed that when women own a larger share of the household’s land, families allocate a larger proportion of the household budget to food. . .” (para 9).
Dec. 10, 2020, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: LO-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“That impact goes even further. A study in Ghana showed that when women own a larger share of the household’s land, families allocate a larger proportion of the household budget to food. . .” (para 9).
Dec. 5, 2020, 5:05 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“Parts of Afghan society operate under a strict code of ‘honour’ that gives women little or no say in matters such as who they can marry and whether they can get an education” (para 9).