The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AW-LAW-1

June 17, 2021, 11:03 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"A woman who was raped and beaten by a husband and a partner in Mexico for expressing feminist views — like saying she had the right to be treated equally and hold a job — is eligible for asylum in the United States because she would face persecution in her homeland, a federal appeals court ruled Monday. 'Those men mistreated her because she expressly asserted to them her political opinion that she was their equal,' the Ninth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco said in finding Maria Rodriguez-Tornes eligible to remain legally in the United States after fleeing Mexico... she fled to the United States in 1993, settled...more
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"Pursuant to article 13(1) of the Act of 13 June 2003 on granting protection to foreigners in the territory of the Republic of Poland (Dz. U. of 2012, item 680), a foreigner is granted refugee status, if as a result of a well-founded fear of persecution in his home country on account of race, religion, nationality, political convictions or belonging to a specific social group, he/she cannot or does not want to enjoy the protection of that country" (38).
Feb. 13, 2021, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: AW-LAW-1

“O.G.O. v. the United Kingdom (no. 13950/12) (18 February 2014 (strike-out decision)): The applicant, a Nigerian national, who claimed to be a victim of human trafficking, complained that her expulsion to Nigeria would expose her to a real risk of re-trafficking. The Court decided to strike the application out of its list of cases, in accordance with Article 37 (striking out applications) of the Convention, noting that the applicant was no longer at risk of being removed as she had been granted refugee status and an indefinite leave to remain in the United Kingdom. Moreover, the United Kingdom authorities had accepted that she had been a victim of trafficking” (13).more
Feb. 13, 2021, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: AW-LAW-1

“Collins and Akaziebie v. Sweden (8 March 2007 (decision on the admissibility)): The applicants, Nigerian nationals, are mother and daughter. They alleged that they would be subjected to female genital mutilation if they were returned to Nigeria, in violation of Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the Convention. The Swedish Migration Board rejected their applications for asylum, refugee status or a residence permit, stating, inter alia, that female genital mutilation was prohibited by law in Nigeria and that this prohibition was observed in at least six Nigerian states. Thus, if the applicants returned to one of those states it would be unlikely that they would be forced...more
Oct. 3, 2020, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

“Izevbekhai v. Ireland (17 May 2011 (decision on the admissibility)): The applicant and her two daughters claimed the girls risk female genital mutilation if the family was returned to Nigeria, in violation of Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the Convention. They alleged that the mother’s eldest daughter died aged one from profuse bleeding after female genital mutilation was performed by an ‘elder’. The family left Nigeria for Ireland in the face of pressure from the father’s family to perform female genital mutilation on the two younger girls. Their request for asylum was unsuccessful. The Court declared the application inadmissible as being manifestly ill-founded. It found in...more
Sept. 26, 2020, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

“Sow v. Belgium (19 January 2016): The applicant complained that she risked being subjected to a further excision procedure in the event of her removal to Guinea, her country of origin, and that no effective remedy had been available to her in respect of her complaint. The Court held that there would be no violation of Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the Convention in the event of the applicant’s removal to her country of origin, finding that she had failed to substantiate a real risk of being subjected to a further excision procedure in the event of her removal to Guinea. The Court also held that...more
Sept. 26, 2020, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: AW-LAW-1

“Omeredo v. Austria (20 September 2011 (decision on the admissibility)): The applicant, born in 1973, fled Nigeria in 2003 to avoid female genital mutilation. Her sister had already died of the consequences and she alleged there was a risk villagers would kill her if she refused and that her mother had told her she must co-operate. Her request for asylum was unsuccessful. The Court declared the case inadmissible as being manifestly ill-founded. It was not in dispute that subjecting any person, child or adult, to female genital mutilation would amount to ill-treatment contrary to Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the Convention. The Court noted, however, that...more
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The law does not provide for granting asylum or refugee status" (31).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The law does not provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status. Nonetheless, the country hosted an estimated 1.5 million refugees" (20).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The government permitted UNHCR-recognized refugees to stay in the country temporarily pending identification of a durable outcome, including third-country resettlement or voluntary repatriation. The government generally did not grant asylum or accept refugees for resettlement from third countries" (32).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, AW-LAW-1

"While noting the position of the State party that, as a small, densely populated city State with limited land, it is not in a position to accept refugees, the Committee remains concerned about the lack of national asylum and refugee legislation and procedures, including for ensuring respect for the principle of non refoulement, and that refugees and asylum seekers remain in detention until a durable solution is identified" (11).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, AW-LAW-1

"The law allows victims of trafficking and witnesses who cooperate with pending court cases to work legally during and up to two years after the end of their trial involvement" (page 23).
June 8, 2019, 3:40 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

"The law will come into effect in 18 months, during which time the state will form rehabilitation mechanisms for sex workers, to allow them to find alternative livelihoods." (para 4).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The country’s laws do not provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government lacked a formal system of protecting refugees" (21).
June 4, 2019, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The Austrian Asylum Act states that interviews of asylum seekers whose sexual self-determination has been violated must be conducted by a person of the same sex if the applicant does not prefer the opposite. Asylum seekers must be evidently informed about this option. The Act also states that applications by asylum seekers who are likely to be suffering from a pathological psychological stress disorder due to torture or other severe forms of psychological, physical or sexual violence must not be turned down immediately at the beginning of the asylum procedure. The special needs of these applicants must be taken into account over the course of the asylum procedure" (29-30).more
June 3, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-LAW-2, AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

"The laws provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government has established a system for providing protection to refugees. The country has not granted asylum since 2005" (p. 18).
March 25, 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The law forbids the forced return of refugees, their families, or other persons who may be subjected to persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, and the government generally respected those rights for refugees. The government provides a prima facie mode of recognition for Ivoirian refugees, meaning Ivoirian refugees arriving in Liberia because of the 2011 postelectoral violence in Cote d’Ivoire do not have to appear before the asylum committee to gain refugee status; the status is granted automatically" (16). "Voluntary repatriation of Ivoirian refugees, which resumed in December 2015 following a 16-month suspension due to Ebola concerns, continued during the...more
March 22, 2019, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: AW-LAW-1

""The law does not provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government has not established a system for providing protection to refugees" (19).
March 18, 2019, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The law provides for granting asylum or refugee status" (12).
March 12, 2019, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The law does not provide for granting asylum or refugee status, and the government has not established a system for providing protection for refugees. The government did not grant refugee status or asylum. The government had no known policy or provision for refugees or asylees and did not participate in international refugee fora" (16).
March 6, 2019, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The law does not provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government has not established a system for providing protection to refugees" (5).
Nov. 30, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The law does not provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status… The country has not established legislation or an institutional body for granting asylum or refugee status" (7).
Nov. 16, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The law does not provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government has not established a system for providing protection to refugees" (9).
Oct. 25, 2018, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The country’s laws do not provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government has not established a system for providing protection to refugees" (31).
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"Access to Asylum: The law provides for the granting of asylum or refugee status to qualified applicants. While the government reportedly has a system for providing protection to refugees, UNHCR did not have information regarding how the country made asylum determinations" (para 114)
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The law permits any foreigner who is a victim of gender-based violence or of trafficking in persons in the country to file a complaint at a police station without fear of deportation, even if that individual is in the country illegally" (7). While this statement does not indicate that asylum is granted, it is important to note that foreign women have some kind of protection against gender-based violene within the law (AA-CODER COMMENT)
Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"The Parliament of Montenegro adopted the new Law on Foreigners in 2014. Before adoption, the law was the subject of consultations with the representatives of the European Commission, which submitted positive opinion on its content. The Law was aligned with the Directive of the European Parliament and Council 2011/98/EU on single procedure on issuing single residence and working permit to citizens of the third countries. The Law among others stipulates that the temporary residence permit from humanitarian reasons can be issued to a: 1) Foreigner who is assumed to be a victim of a criminal act of trafficking in human beings or criminal act of violence in family or family...more
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"Migrant women who have yet to secure residence and are or have been in abusive relationships may be granted a special Residence Visa for Victims of Domestic Violence. This aims to prevent women whose immigration status in New Zealand depends on their relationship with a partner from staying in such relationships for this reason. In 2014/15, 56 migrant women were granted these visas" (page 38). "The Plan of Action to Prevent People Trafficking is a whole-of-government response to people trafficking and outlines a comprehensive support structure for victims. It assists and encourages victims of trafficking to participate in any criminal proceedings involving their alleged traffickers. Suspected victims will be provided...more
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3, TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-PRACTICE-2, AW-LAW-1

"The Committee is furthermore concerned about: . . . (c) Reports that victims of trafficking, including women engaging in prostitution, have been arrested, detained and deported for acts committed as a consequence of having been trafficked" (page 12).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: AW-LAW-1

"Gender-related persecution, including that of lesbians and transgender people, is a relevant factor in asylum case decisions in Norwegian practice, as expressly provided for in section 29, second paragraph (f) of the Immigration Act, which states that persecution may take the form of 'acts of a gender-specific or child-specific nature'...Rape, forced sterilisation or abortion, genital mutilation, bride burning, and honour killing may constitute persecution, according to the guidelines" (24).