The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for AW-PRACTICE-1

Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"On July 17, after an official visit to the Hungary-Serbia border, UN Rapporteur Felipe Gonzalez Morales described prison-like conditions in the transit zones, with asylum seekers chained to hospital beds. Morales stated general hygiene conditions were acceptable but that medical care was insufficient. He added that doctors were available for only a couple of hours a day, and there were no gynecologists or pediatricians, even though the majority of asylum seekers were women and children. Interpreters were scarce and communication with doctors could be difficult" (19).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"Palestinian residents of the West Bank who claimed to be in a life-threatening situation due to their sexual orientation or other reasons, such as domestic violence, did not have access to the asylum system in Israel" (25).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-LAW-2, AW-PRACTICE-1

"Istanbul, along with 14 other provinces, stopped registering asylum seekers in 2018, with the exception of those in a few categories such as newborn children and some specialized medical cases and family reunification instances" (42).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

"The law provides for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government has established a system for providing protection to refugees. The country has bilateral return agreements with Morocco and Algeria. Authorities review asylum petitions individually, and there is an established appeals process available to rejected petitioners. The law permits any foreigner in the country who is a victim of gender-based violence or of trafficking in persons to file a complaint at a police station without fear of deportation, even if that individual is in the country illegally. Although potential asylum seekers were able to exercise effectively their right to petition authorities, some NGOs, such as the Spanish...more
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"A Hamburg lawyer and former Green party state parliamentarian confirmed in February that he was representing four German families with seven children aged two to 14 who were calling on the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs for repatriation from Syria and Iraq, where they had joined the Islamic State. In April the government allowed one of the mothers to return from Iraq to Germany with her three children; the mother was promptly arrested. In November an appeals court in Berlin ruled the German government must repatriate from Syria the German wife and three children of an Islamic State member. Their lawyer said he hoped the decision would set a precedent...more
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"There were few applicants for refugee or asylum status and no successful applicants [in Macau]" (137).
Aug. 10, 2021, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"Undocumented migrants arriving at Greek islands were subjected to special border reception and registration procedures and were not allowed to leave registration centers for up to 25 days. After this period, undocumented migrants remaining in those facilities were generally allowed to enter and exit but were prohibited from travelling to the mainland unless they filed asylum applications deemed admissible by the asylum authorities or were identified as “vulnerable.” This group included[...]pregnant women or those who recently gave birth; single parents with young children; victims of torture, shipwrecks, and other trauma; and victims of human trafficking"(12).
July 7, 2021, 11:40 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"Saudi activists who have successfully fled political persecution in the kingdom do not advise women to flee as a first option, warning that women who run away without a clear plan in place are vulnerable to various kinds of abuse. Often the Saudi women who run away are young and inexperienced, further complicating their ability to navigate lengthy and complex asylum processes. Two young Saudi sisters found dead in New York last year had sought asylum in the U.S., according to detectives. They'd maxed out the older sister's credit card before their bodies were found along the rocky banks of the Hudson River wrapped together with tape. Police did not...more
July 7, 2021, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"A Saudi teenager[Rahaf Mohammed al-Qunun] has gone into hiding following Thailand's promise not to deport her after she barricaded herself in a hotel room to avoid being sent back to her 'abusive' family[...]After announcing that Thailand 'will not force her' to leave, Thailand's immigration chief Surachate Hakparn told reporters that Rahaf would be 'allowed to stay' after a meeting with officials from the UN refugee agency UNHCR.'She is under the care of the UNHCR now but we also sent Thai security to help take care (of her),' Surachate told reporters at Suvarnabhumi airport. He said the teenager had told UNHCR officials she 'wants to stay in Thailand for a while...more
July 7, 2021, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"In a tweet this afternoon[January 2019], Rahaf, who fears retaliation from her family after she renounced Islam, said she was 'scared' after learning her father had arrived in Thailand - but that she was 'safe' with the UN and Thai authorities.[...]This morning, Bangkok's Criminal Court dismissed an injunction request from a human rights lawyer to prevent her deportation. But the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees later said it had been granted access to the Saudi national to assess her need for international protection 'and find an immediate solution for her situation'"(para 6,11,12)."Saudi women who attempt to apply for asylum face a number of legal hurdles, including proving abuse. Without...more
March 13, 2021, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee also welcomes the recent announcement of a 45-day period of recovery and reflection for victims of trafficking, as well as the granting of temporary one-year visas" (10). "It notes that asylum on the grounds of gender-related persecution, including violence against women, is not frequently granted" (13).
Feb. 13, 2021, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, AW-PRACTICE-1

“O.G.O. v. the United Kingdom (no. 13950/12) (18 February 2014 (strike-out decision)): The applicant, a Nigerian national, who claimed to be a victim of human trafficking, complained that her expulsion to Nigeria would expose her to a real risk of re-trafficking. The Court decided to strike the application out of its list of cases, in accordance with Article 37 (striking out applications) of the Convention, noting that the applicant was no longer at risk of being removed as she had been granted refugee status and an indefinite leave to remain in the United Kingdom. Moreover, the United Kingdom authorities had accepted that she had been a victim of trafficking” (13)....more
Feb. 13, 2021, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

“Collins and Akaziebie v. Sweden (8 March 2007 (decision on the admissibility)): The applicants, Nigerian nationals, are mother and daughter. They alleged that they would be subjected to female genital mutilation if they were returned to Nigeria, in violation of Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the Convention. The Swedish Migration Board rejected their applications for asylum, refugee status or a residence permit, stating, inter alia, that female genital mutilation was prohibited by law in Nigeria and that this prohibition was observed in at least six Nigerian states. Thus, if the applicants returned to one of those states it would be unlikely that they would be forced...more
Feb. 5, 2021, 6 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee welcomes the signature by the State party of a joint communiqué with the Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, in the context of the implementation of Security Council resolution 2106 (2013), on 7 December 2018, identifying six priority areas for cooperation, including supporting legal reforms to respond to sexual violence, training and capacity-building of the justice and security sectors, providing assistance to survivors of sexual violence, ensuring that prevention of sexual violence is included in peace agreements and transitional justice and that perpetrators are excluded from amnesty and mitigating conflict-related trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation” (pp. 3).
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2, AW-PRACTICE-1

“As part of measures to protect women asylum seekers, refugees and immigrants from all forms of violence, the Ministry conducted training activities in partnership with civil society (the Women’s Network) in eastern and northern Angola, where there are Angolan refugees arriving from Zambia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, with a view to enhancing their social integration” (pp. 13).
Oct. 3, 2020, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

“Izevbekhai v. Ireland (17 May 2011 (decision on the admissibility)): The applicant and her two daughters claimed the girls risk female genital mutilation if the family was returned to Nigeria, in violation of Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the Convention. They alleged that the mother’s eldest daughter died aged one from profuse bleeding after female genital mutilation was performed by an ‘elder’. The family left Nigeria for Ireland in the face of pressure from the father’s family to perform female genital mutilation on the two younger girls. Their request for asylum was unsuccessful. The Court declared the application inadmissible as being manifestly ill-founded. It found in...more
Oct. 3, 2020, 6:15 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

“R.D. v. France (no. 34648/14) (16 June 2016): This case concerned the procedure for the applicant’s deportation to Guinea, her country of origin. Married to a Christian, she had endured all sorts of violent reprisals on the part of her Muslim father and brothers. The applicant alleged in particular that enforcement of her deportation to Guinea would expose her to a risk of treatment contrary to Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the Convention. The Court held that the applicant’s deportation to Guinea would constitute a violation of Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the Convention” (12).
Sept. 26, 2020, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

“Sow v. Belgium (19 January 2016): The applicant complained that she risked being subjected to a further excision procedure in the event of her removal to Guinea, her country of origin, and that no effective remedy had been available to her in respect of her complaint. The Court held that there would be no violation of Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the Convention in the event of the applicant’s removal to her country of origin, finding that she had failed to substantiate a real risk of being subjected to a further excision procedure in the event of her removal to Guinea. The Court also held that...more
Sept. 26, 2020, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

“Omeredo v. Austria (20 September 2011 (decision on the admissibility)): The applicant, born in 1973, fled Nigeria in 2003 to avoid female genital mutilation. Her sister had already died of the consequences and she alleged there was a risk villagers would kill her if she refused and that her mother had told her she must co-operate. Her request for asylum was unsuccessful. The Court declared the case inadmissible as being manifestly ill-founded. It was not in dispute that subjecting any person, child or adult, to female genital mutilation would amount to ill-treatment contrary to Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the Convention. The Court noted, however, that...more
Sept. 13, 2020, 9:32 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"In August, the UN Committee against Torture criticized the Greek government policy—linked to the EU-Turkey deal—of blocking asylum seekers who arrive on the Aegean islands from moving to the mainland [ . . . ] At time of writing, 37,000 asylum seekers, the majority women and children, were on the islands, including more than 33,400 in camps designed to host a around 6,200" (para 2-4).
Feb. 15, 2020, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"As for women asylum-seekers and refugees, 10 per cent of relevant Protection-System projects target women, including single mothers, victims of torture or trafficking (who are mainly from Nigeria), and pregnant women. Both the SPRAR Guidelines and Manual are available. From the latest SPRAR report-2014, the main nationalities of those landed by sea, with larger presence of women, are from: Egypt (35.6 per cent), Eritrea (26.4 per cent), Somalia (26.3 per cent), and Nigeria (23.9 per cent). According to the National Commission on the Right to Asylum, between August 2013 and September 2014, 5,205 women applied for protection (=8.8 per cent of the applicants for international protection)." (para 91).more
Jan. 29, 2020, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"Women’s Consulting Offices, established in each prefecture, provide consultation for women victimized by spousal violence and women victimized by trafficking in persons, and also provide women who require protection with such support as temporary protection. In addition, Women’s Consulting Offices are promoting the allocation of staff members in charge of psychotherapy for mental health care at Women’s Consulting Offices, training for specialized interpreters to provide support to foreign victims, legal coordination by attorneys, etc., and support for legal affairs when women are seeking assistance." (46). "The number of victims of trafficking in persons who were protected at Women’s Consulting Offices is as follows. Fiscal 2009: 14; Fiscal 2008: 39,;Fiscal 2007:...more
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"But violence against women, and domestic violence in particular, is a powerful and often overlooked factor in the migration crisis" (para 16).
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the signing of an agreement between the Ministry of Social Affairs and Housing and the Women’s Refuge in December 2014, providing for emergency shelter, and the recruitment of two psychologists providing assistance to women who are victims of violence. The Committee emphasizes the need for shelters in addition to the system put in place through the Exclusion Orders and Ejections Act." (para 21). "The Committee nevertheless remains concerned...That there is only one women’s shelter, in Reykjavik, which is not easily accessible by women living outside the capital and women with disabilities...That the number of services, several of which have been established and are operated by non-governmental organizations,...more
June 8, 2019, 3:40 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

"The law will come into effect in 18 months, during which time the state will form rehabilitation mechanisms for sex workers, to allow them to find alternative livelihoods." (para 4).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The government forcibly returned Syrian refugees and PRS, including women, children, war-injured persons, and persons with disabilities, to Syria" (20).
June 4, 2019, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The number of places in women’s shelters increased over the reporting period. Currently, 26 autonomous and four other women’s shelters offer a total of 766 places. Female asylum seekers are generally taken in in women’s shelters, and cooperations exist with homes for asylum seekers" (17). "The Austrian Asylum Act states that interviews of asylum seekers whose sexual self-determination has been violated must be conducted by a person of the same sex if the applicant does not prefer the opposite. Asylum seekers must be evidently informed about this option. The Act also states that applications by asylum seekers who are likely to be suffering from a pathological psychological stress disorder due...more
June 3, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-LAW-2, AW-PRACTICE-1, AW-LAW-1

"The laws provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and the government has established a system for providing protection to refugees. The country has not granted asylum since 2005" (p. 18).
March 25, 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The law forbids the forced return of refugees, their families, or other persons who may be subjected to persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, and the government generally respected those rights for refugees. The government provides a prima facie mode of recognition for Ivoirian refugees, meaning Ivoirian refugees arriving in Liberia because of the 2011 postelectoral violence in Cote d’Ivoire do not have to appear before the asylum committee to gain refugee status; the status is granted automatically" (16).
March 14, 2019, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"While the Committee welcomes the fact that gender-related persecution, including that of lesbian, bisexual and transgender women and intersex persons, is a relevant factor in asylum case decisions in the State party, and that rape, forced sterilization or abortion, female genital mutilation, bride burning and killings in the name of so-called honour may also constitute persecution, the Committee is nonetheless concerned that the tightening of the laws relating to refugees and asylum seekers may have a disproportionately negative impact on women and girls" (14).