The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for BR-PRACTICE-1

Feb. 15, 2021, 10:28 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“The last she'd heard from her teenage daughter [who was sold as a child bride to a man in China] was a voice message on Feb. 10. ‘Mum - they don't give me a penny. They just keep me in the house. Maybe things will change when I give them a baby,’ it said” (para 2).
Feb. 6, 2021, 1:25 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“On the other hand, the Chinese government is taking draconian measures to slash birth rates among Uighurs and other minorities as part of a sweeping campaign to curb its Muslim population, even as it encourages some of the country's Han majority to have more children” (para. 12). “'The intention may not be to fully eliminate the Uighur population, but it will sharply diminish their vitality, making them easier to assimilate,' said Darren Byler, an expert on Uighurs at the University of Colorado. 'It's genocide, full stop. 'It´s not immediate, shocking, mass-killing on the spot type genocide, but it´s slow, painful, creeping genocide,' said Joanne Smith Finley, who works at Newcastle...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"When a popular actor, Masaharu Fukuyama, married the actress Kazue Fukiishi in 2015, Mr. Suga predicted on television that their marriage would prompt 'Mama-sans' around the country to 'want to have babies alongside the new couple and contribute to the country'" (para 26).
Oct. 1, 2020, 9:06 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"Orban, a right-wing nationalist, has long advocated a 'procreation over immigration' approach to boost the population which has been falling steadily for four decades" (para 6). "Orban hopes the feritility drive will lead to 4,000 extra births in the country, which has a population of 9.8 million, by 2022" (para 8).
July 19, 2020, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"10% of currently married women age 15-49 want to have another child soon and 14% want to wait 2 or more years, while 71% of women want no more children or have been sterilized. Table 6.1 also shows that among women with two children, only 4% want to have another child within 2 years and 5% want to have another later (after 2 years), while 88% want no more children or are already sterilized. Eighty-five percent of currently married men with two living children want no more children. Trends: The proportion of currently married women with two children who want no more children increased from 59% in 1996 to 88%...more
July 3, 2020, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"Fifty-six percent of currently married women age 15-49 want to have another child; 17% of these women want to have another child within 2 years, while 35% want to wait at least 2 years. Thirty-six percent of women want no more children, and 2% are sterilised. Overall, 67% of currently married men age 15-49 want to have another child; 19% want to have another child soon, and 47% want to wait at least 2 years. Twenty-seven percent of men want no more children or are sterilised. The desire to limit childbearing among currently married women increases with number of living children, from 3% among those with no children to 79%...more
June 5, 2020, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"The average household size in Papua New Guinea is 5.0 persons. Urban households are larger than rural households (6.0 persons versus 4.9 persons)" (12). "Average household size has decreased only slightly, from 5.2 persons in 2006 to 5.0 in 2016-18" (12). "Just over one quarter of currently married women age 15-49 want to have another child; 10% of these women want to have another child within 2 years, 16% want to wait at least 2 years, and 2% are undecided on when they want another child. Almost half of women want to limit childbearing: 46% of currently married women want no more children or are sterilised. Overall, 40% of currently...more
May 31, 2020, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"Nearly one in four (24%) currently married women age 15-49 want to have another child. Twelve percent of women want to have a child soon and 11 percent want to wait at least two years before having another child. Most other women want to limit childbearing: 32 percent want no more child and 36 percent are sterilized. Similar to women, a little over one in four (27%) currently married men age 15-49 want to have another child. Thirteen percent of men want to have another child soon and 12 percent want to wait at least two years before having another child, 64 percent want no more children, and 7 percent...more
May 15, 2020, 7:15 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"Fertility decreases with increasing education and wealth" (97). "The number of children per woman declines with increasing education. Women with no education have 3.3 more children than women with more than a secondary education (6.7 children versus 3.4 children)" (99). "The number of children per woman also declines with increasing wealth, from 6.7 among those in the lowest wealth quintile to 3.8 among those in the highest quintile" (99). "In Nigeria, men desire more children than women (7.2 children versus 6.1 children)" (117). " 34% of currently married women age 15-49 want to have another child within 2 years, and 30% want to wait at least 2 years. 24% of...more
May 12, 2020, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"Currently married women want 3.9 children on average, while men want 3.8 children" (pg 91). "Among women with no living children, 40% would like to have four children, 22% would like to have two children, and 8% would like to have no children" (pg 93). "Mean ideal number of children increases as number of living children increases" (pg 93).
April 19, 2020, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"The average household size is 6.6 persons, which is slightly less than in 2012-13 (6.8). The average household size is slightly larger in rural (6.8) than urban (6.3) areas" (13). "The mean ideal number of children is 3.9 among both currently married and ever-married women. Similarly, the mean ideal number of children is the same among currently married and ever-married men (4.3). In general, ideal number of children increases considerably with increasing numbers of living children among both women and men. For example, ever-married women who have fewer than three living children consider 3.5-3.6 children to be ideal, whereas those with six or more children consider 5.3 children as ideal;...more
April 14, 2020, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"The ideal family size among currently married women age 15-49 in Indonesia is 2.7 children, while currently married men age 15-54 prefer to have 2.9 children (Table 6.3 and Figure 6.3). The ideal family size in Indonesia declined from 2.8 children in the 2007 IDHS to 2.6 in the 2012 and 2017 IDHS. The ideal number of children for married men declined from 3.0 children in the 2007 IDHS to 2.8 children in the 2012 IDHS, and increased to 2.9 in the 2017 IDHS" (81). "Patterns by background characteristics: The more children respondents already have, the more children they consider ideal. For example, women who have no children or one...more
March 29, 2020, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"Twenty-three percent of currently married women age 15-49 want to have another child soon, while 17% want to wait at least 2 years…Women are more likely than men to want no more children, no matter how many children they already have. Overall, 42% of married women and 29% of men want to limit childbearing" (79). "Women consider 2.8 children to be ideal on average, while men prefer 2.9 children" (79). "Overall, the difference between the wanted fertility rate and the total fertility rate is very small (0.2 children). This suggests that women are generally having the number of children they want" (79). "Forty-four percent of currently married women age 15-49...more
Feb. 8, 2020, 7:27 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"Most in-union women age 15-49 (58%) want no more children. Nineteen percent of in-union women want to have another child soon (within the next 2 years), and 9% want to wait at least 2 years before having another child. In addition, 6% of in-union women want another child but are undecided on the timing, and 5% are undecided about having more children. In comparison, 45% of in-union men age 15-49 want no more children and 27% want to have another child soon" (83). "If women could choose their family size, they would prefer to have 2.6 children on average, while men would choose to have 3.2 children. Ideal family size...more
Jan. 2, 2020, 4:16 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"The news of record low birth rates comes in a week in which Prince Harry announced he and Meghan plan to have no more than two children in order to ease over-population and ‘leave something better behind for the next generation’. It was a decision which met with huge public support – with a YouGov poll finding 53 per cent agreed with the stance – suggesting many families may be opting for the ‘environmentally friendly’ number" (para 12-13).
Aug. 21, 2019, 10:15 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"Over the last decade, the ideal family size has dropped slightly for both women and men. Women currently want 3.9 children, on average, while men want 4.5 children" (95).
July 23, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"Ever-married women want 5.6 children, on average, while men want 6.2 children" (91).
July 8, 2019, 9:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"Men report 5.4 children as their ideal family size, as compared with 4.8 children among women" (99).
June 10, 2019, 5:45 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"Both women and men report 3.7 children as their ideal family size" (83).
June 5, 2019, 11:40 a.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"The ideal number of children wanted by women is 2.6 and by men is 2.7" (65).
May 10, 2019, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"Overall, women want 2.7 children on average; currently married women want 3.0 children on average" (71).
May 1, 2019, 10:54 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"The mean ideal family size in Albania is 2.4, the same for women and men, and this ideal is practically the same regardless of the respondents’ sex or marital status (Table 6.3)" (84).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1, GIC-LAW-1

"The constitution stipulates that society, families, and all citizens implement 'the population and family planning program.' The law states that couples or individuals have the right to give birth to one or two children, with exceptions based on government decree. There is no legal provision punishing citizens who have more children than the stipulated number. The CPV and certain ministries and localities issued their own regulations, applying only to CPV members and government officials, regarding family size. A decree issued by the Politburo subjects CPV members to reprimand if they have three children, removes them from a ranking position if they have four children, and expels them from the CPV...more
March 29, 2019, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"National family-planning authorities were gradually shifting emphasis from lowering fertility rates to emphasizing quality of care in family-planning practices" (page 55).
March 11, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"According to the 2009 population census, the average family size consists of 3.5 people" (3). "In addition, large families with four or more minor children living together, and mothers with a large number of children, who have been awarded the gold pendant 'Алтын алқа' (seven or more children) or the silver pendant 'Күміс алқа' (six children) or had previously been awarded the title of Heroine Mother or Glorious Motherhood (Classes I or II) receive special State benefits" (35). "In accordance with the Code on public health and the healthcare system (hereinafter — the Health Code), women and men have the right to free reproductive choice. The right to decide on...more
March 1, 2019, 9:06 a.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"Women currently want 3.4 children on average. In general, ideal family size rises with women’s age and increasing numbers of living children" (71).
Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1, BR-PRACTICE-2

"Women’s ability to make decisions regarding reproduction was limited, and many lacked information on sexual and reproductive health. Women faced pressure to defer to their husbands and family on reproductive matters, including the number, spacing, and timing of pregnancies" (page 21).
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1, BR-PRACTICE-2

"Social and cultural pressures to have large families reportedly led some husbands to ask health workers to terminate the use of contraceptives by their spouses" (page 16).
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:12 p.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"On the whole, the average ideal number of children is 5.3 for women and 5.7 for men; for married women and men, the averages are higher (respectively 5.6 and 6.2 children) . . . As one would expect, the proportion of women who don't want any more children increases with the number of living children: it increases from less than 1% of women without any children to 15% of women who have 3 and reaches 54% among women who have at least 6 living children. The women who don't want any more children have, in principle, attained their desired posterity. . . We observe that 98% of childless women want...more
Oct. 4, 2018, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"The government has vowed to tackle the problem by raising the fertility rate from its current 1.44 children per woman to 1.8 children per woman by 2025. Japan now provides free education, has expanded nursery care, and allows fathers to take paternity leave in order to tackle the problem. Local governments have even set up speed-dating services across the country to get people to partner up" (para 23-25).