The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CL-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 1, 2022, 5:46 p.m.
Countries: Macedonia

"The COVID-19 crisis has demonstrated that, unfortunately, women are still more vulnerable than man when it comes to their professional and economic well-being. Two-thirds of those who lost their jobs during the crisis were women. The reasons for this can be traced down to two main factors – the still unequal role of women on the labour market (in terms of participation, likeliness of full-time employment, positions, pay, etc.) and a traditionalist culture that sees women as primary caregivers in the household" (para 20).
July 1, 2022, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"[I]t cannot be denied that limits for women in fulfilling its [sic] maximum economic potential still exist.This is due to discriminatory practices rooted from traditional stereotypes such as many women work in the 'feminine' and informal sector with low pay, or various responsibilities borne by women in unpaid care work which often prohibits women from working full time" (30).
June 10, 2022, 1:22 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"During the global COVID-19 pandemic, women have carried much of the unpaid emotional and domestic burden of caring for their families and communities, often simultaneously holding down paid jobs, many on reduced hours or salaries" (Para. 1). "Mirroring these trends, women in Aotearoa New Zealand faced greater economic, social and health challenges than men..." (Para. 3). "In Aotearoa New Zealand, the 2021 Wellbeing Budget sought to “support into employment those most affected by COVID-19, including women”. But the focus on male-dominated industries (such as construction and roading), and lack of initiatives aimed at women as primary carers, meant this was largely a missed opportunity" (Para. 8). "While this general lack...more
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname

"Women fulfil many crucial roles as farmers, wage labourers and small scale entrepreneurs, as well as caretakers of children and the elderly and are therefore capable to lift their households and communities out of poverty. However, women still face persistent gender inequities that limit their access to land, credit, decent incomes, technologies, information, advisory services and training" (39).
March 9, 2022, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, inequalities remain and may widen, if considering...the persistence of gender stereotypes and an unequal share of family responsibilities" (6). "It has been estimated that in Italy there are six million women being inactive, namely those having renounced to look for a job due to their role in the family – since the family care remains a 'private affairs' to be often demanded to women. The low burdensharing between men and women in the family care entails that, in terms of weekly working hours, women work 7 hours and 26 minutes, per day, including Sundays, to be shared between home and office. If comparing this figure to other EU countries,...more
Jan. 14, 2022, 6:24 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"In November the Latin American Public Opinion Project published findings that 66 percent of Dominicans believed a woman’s children suffer when she works outside of the home" (18).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"Yes, the society does expect specifically women to perform unpaid volunteer work or caring labor in order for the society to function well. It is a given for a mother to stay home and care for the children while the man works outside of the home" (1).
Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee recommends that the State party...Quantify and include the unremunerated domestic activities of women in gross national product" (16).
Sept. 21, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"KINU reported that discrimination against women emerged in the form of differentiated pay scales, promotions, and types of work assigned to women, in addition to responsibility for the double burden of labor and housework, especially considering the time and effort required to secure food" (20). This indicates that, in practice, women are expected and relied upon to secure food and perform other caring labors (SFR-CODER COMMENT).
July 9, 2021, 7:11 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"South Korea has a shiny side that it wants to proudly show the world: K-pop, K-quarantine during COVID-19, hi-tech industries. But what it is less keen to show are the areas where it catastrophically fails. South Korean society does not know how to protect or treat women as equals to men and as valuable and indispensable entities of society. Rather, South Korean women, myself included, live in a country that views women as objects —beautiful things whose sole function is bearing children. This is not just a societal construct, this is unabashed discrimination against women that is encouraged by my government. For example, in January 2021, the Seoul city government...more
June 29, 2021, 4 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"Palestinian society generally assigns women to household work and bringing up children. There are some groups, including women, who believe that the proper place for women is in the house, cleaning, taking care of children and preparing food" (para 5).
May 31, 2021, 5:31 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"The Swiss Trade Union Federation, which helped to organize the protests, said the coronavirus pandemic had shone a light on the lack of progress in improving equality, working conditions and recognition of unpaid domestic work. '(The pandemic) has in fact drawn attention to the kind of work that is very often carried out by women',' the federation wrote on its website" (para 4-5). "'This has finally been recognized as 'being systemically important,' but apart from rounds of applause on balconies nothing has been done'" (para 6).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, inequalities remain and may widen, if considering...the persistence of gender stereotypes and an unequal share of family responsibilities" (6). "It has been estimated that in Italy there are six million women being inactive, namely those having renounced to look for a job due to their role in the family – since the family care remains a 'private affairs' to be often demanded to women. The low burdensharing between men and women in the family care entails that, in terms of weekly working hours, women work 7 hours and 26 minutes, per day, including Sundays, to be shared between home and office. If comparing this figure to other EU countries,...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"And Ms. Hojo, like many women in Japan, cannot accept a full-time job even after Mr. Abe pushed through a law intended to ease Japan’s brutal work culture. Because she shoulders the bulk of housework and child care, the hours at work would be too demanding" (para 4). "But many women still struggle to find adequate child care, even after Mr. Abe promised to eliminate waiting lists for public day-care centers by 2020. As of earlier this year, there were still nearly 12,500 children on waiting lists, even as the number of babies born in Japan fell to the lowest level in close to a century and a half" (para...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 3:30 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"Not only are punishingly long hours common in Japan, but so are long stretches working out of town, which often leaves women alone at home" (para 31).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"Clean water is also a major issue—many citizens, usually women and children, must walk five or more miles in search of drinking water. The task often keeps children, particularly girls, out of school" (para 11).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"'The new amendment will push millions of innocent children into forced labour and deprive them of education and a normal childhood,' Rakesh Slenger of Bachpan Bachao Andolan told IPS. 'The girl child will be particularly disadvantaged as she will be denied education while being stuck with all the household work' (para 9).
Jan. 1, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

“Community colleges present an attractive option for mothers of young children, in part because they offer flexible schedules and low tuition. Unfortunately, limited access to child care disrupts the educational path of many mothers. Although more mothers enroll in community colleges than in four-year institutions, fewer than half of all community college offer on-campus child care, and available slots do not typically meet student demand. Student parent consistently cite child care responsibilities as a chief reason for dropping out of community college before completing a degree or certificate. Supporting the educational and professional success of mothers must include increasing the availability of affordable child care. Fortunately, some community college are...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:53 p.m.
Countries: Spain

"The overrepresentation of women in low-paying industries, the imbalanced care burden placed on women, discrimination, and lack of female representation in executive positions all contribute to the pay gap" (para 11).
Dec. 23, 2020, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"In a 2013 Pew Research Center survey, fully 51% of respondents said children are better off if their mother is home and doesn't hold a job. By comparison, only 8% said children are better off if their father is home and doesn’t work. On the other hand, 34% of adults said children are just as well off if their mother works, while 76% said the same about children with working fathers" (para 8). "[R]oughly equal shares of working fathers (48%) and mothers (52%) said they would prefer to be at home raising their children, but they need to work because they need the income" (para 9).
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"Women are responsible for fulfilling the ‘Reproductive Role’; bearing and rearing of children, household chores and social and religious responsibilities. Their respect is correlated to the extent of their compliance to this triple role; and a woman may be labeled immoral on challenging the role. A woman’s existence is linked to reproduction; ‘Woman is created (by God) for reproduction’. Women are 'respected' on becoming pregnant, considered 'supreme' on delivering a male child, and their worth is closely linked to the number of children they reproduce; ‘A woman’s worth is gauged through 'number of pregnancies' and 'number of sons delivered'" (para 18).
Sept. 26, 2020, 7:38 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"a wife is responsible for looking after the household and obeying her husband" (para 12).
Aug. 30, 2020, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Armenia

"In the private sphere, women are still seen as responsible for childcare and all domestic work" (para 5).
July 28, 2020, noon
Countries: Argentina
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1, CL-DATA-1

"90% of unpaid care labor is carried out by women, without substantial differences in socioeconomical leves nor in the qualitty of women in remunarate labor" (3).
July 26, 2020, 9:25 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"Japan's post-war employment system is wellknown for being distinctly gendered, and has been described as having a "gender fault line". The system is founded on the male breadwinner model, with men primarily responsible for productive roles and women for reproductive roles within the family unit and more broadly in society. At its core, this division of labour is premised on harnessing the strong commitment of a core male workforce with stable employment while making use of a supporting non-regular workforce which has increasingly comprised female workers. While the male breadwinner model was certainly not unique to Japan in the early post-war years, its persistence as an ideology over time is...more
May 31, 2020, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"11 Million Women are not considered as Labor; According to TUIK (Turkish Statistical Institute), women are engaged in housework. In a report that TUIK prepared, women are not counted as even labor force, saying that they are busy with housework; 11 million women are not seen in the labor force in Turkey. In the Turkey report of GREVIO Committee, it is stated that Turkey's struggle against violence is insufficient, protection system is unsuccessful, and activities of women's organizations are restricted" (para 32).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda

"Data indicate that, from the age of 15 years, girls perform on a daily basis almost six hours more of domestic work than boys of the same age, and such unequal sharing of domestic burdens is accepted by society" (5).
Dec. 14, 2019, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"The percentage of women who work in Japan is higher than ever, yet cultural norms have not caught up: Japanese wives and mothers are still typically expected to bear the brunt of the housework, child care and help for their aging relatives, a factor that stymies many of their careers" (para 7). "But their careers are often held back by a relentless tide of domestic burdens, like filling out the meticulous daily logs required by their children's day-care centers, preparing the intricate meals often expected of Japanese women, supervising and signing off on homework from school and afterschool tutoring sessions, or hanging rounds of laundry" (para 19).
May 9, 2019, 3:13 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"According to the annual report of the NIS, the number of self-employed contributors is higher among men than women. This situation is related the gendered construction of labour, whereby more are women engaged in unpaid work. The GoG is currently consulting key stakeholders to formalise access to social security benefits for women in the informal sector. NIS has an ongoing televised public education program concerning the benefits available under the scheme" (29).
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"Forced labor also occurred in urban centers where young children--often girls--were retained as unpaid household servants" (page 27).