The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CL-PRACTICE-1

May 31, 2021, 5:31 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"The Swiss Trade Union Federation, which helped to organize the protests, said the coronavirus pandemic had shone a light on the lack of progress in improving equality, working conditions and recognition of unpaid domestic work. '(The pandemic) has in fact drawn attention to the kind of work that is very often carried out by women',' the federation wrote on its website" (para 4-5). "'This has finally been recognized as 'being systemically important,' but apart from rounds of applause on balconies nothing has been done'" (para 6).
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, inequalities remain and may widen, if considering...the persistence of gender stereotypes and an unequal share of family responsibilities" (6). "It has been estimated that in Italy there are six million women being inactive, namely those having renounced to look for a job due to their role in the family – since the family care remains a 'private affairs' to be often demanded to women. The low burdensharing between men and women in the family care entails that, in terms of weekly working hours, women work 7 hours and 26 minutes, per day, including Sundays, to be shared between home and office. If comparing this figure to other EU countries,...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"And Ms. Hojo, like many women in Japan, cannot accept a full-time job even after Mr. Abe pushed through a law intended to ease Japan’s brutal work culture. Because she shoulders the bulk of housework and child care, the hours at work would be too demanding" (para 4). "But many women still struggle to find adequate child care, even after Mr. Abe promised to eliminate waiting lists for public day-care centers by 2020. As of earlier this year, there were still nearly 12,500 children on waiting lists, even as the number of babies born in Japan fell to the lowest level in close to a century and a half" (para...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 3:30 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"Not only are punishingly long hours common in Japan, but so are long stretches working out of town, which often leaves women alone at home" (para 31).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"Clean water is also a major issue—many citizens, usually women and children, must walk five or more miles in search of drinking water. The task often keeps children, particularly girls, out of school" (para 11).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"'The new amendment will push millions of innocent children into forced labour and deprive them of education and a normal childhood,' Rakesh Slenger of Bachpan Bachao Andolan told IPS. 'The girl child will be particularly disadvantaged as she will be denied education while being stuck with all the household work' (para 9).
Jan. 1, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

“Community colleges present an attractive option for mothers of young children, in part because they offer flexible schedules and low tuition. Unfortunately, limited access to child care disrupts the educational path of many mothers. Although more mothers enroll in community colleges than in four-year institutions, fewer than half of all community college offer on-campus child care, and available slots do not typically meet student demand. Student parent consistently cite child care responsibilities as a chief reason for dropping out of community college before completing a degree or certificate. Supporting the educational and professional success of mothers must include increasing the availability of affordable child care. Fortunately, some community college are...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 12:53 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4, CL-PRACTICE-1

"The overrepresentation of women in low-paying industries, the imbalanced care burden placed on women, discrimination, and lack of female representation in executive positions all contribute to the pay gap" (para 11).
Dec. 23, 2020, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"In a 2013 Pew Research Center survey, fully 51% of respondents said children are better off if their mother is home and doesn't hold a job. By comparison, only 8% said children are better off if their father is home and doesn’t work. On the other hand, 34% of adults said children are just as well off if their mother works, while 76% said the same about children with working fathers" (para 8). "[R]oughly equal shares of working fathers (48%) and mothers (52%) said they would prefer to be at home raising their children, but they need to work because they need the income" (para 9).
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"Women are responsible for fulfilling the ‘Reproductive Role’; bearing and rearing of children, household chores and social and religious responsibilities. Their respect is correlated to the extent of their compliance to this triple role; and a woman may be labeled immoral on challenging the role. A woman’s existence is linked to reproduction; ‘Woman is created (by God) for reproduction’. Women are 'respected' on becoming pregnant, considered 'supreme' on delivering a male child, and their worth is closely linked to the number of children they reproduce; ‘A woman’s worth is gauged through 'number of pregnancies' and 'number of sons delivered'" (para 18).
Sept. 26, 2020, 7:38 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"a wife is responsible for looking after the household and obeying her husband" (para 12).
Aug. 30, 2020, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: MULV-PRACTICE-1, CL-PRACTICE-1

"In the private sphere, women are still seen as responsible for childcare and all domestic work" (para 5).
July 28, 2020, noon
Countries: Argentina
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1, CL-DATA-1

"90% of unpaid care labor is carried out by women, without substantial differences in socioeconomical leves nor in the qualitty of women in remunarate labor" (3).
July 26, 2020, 9:25 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"Japan's post-war employment system is wellknown for being distinctly gendered, and has been described as having a "gender fault line". The system is founded on the male breadwinner model, with men primarily responsible for productive roles and women for reproductive roles within the family unit and more broadly in society. At its core, this division of labour is premised on harnessing the strong commitment of a core male workforce with stable employment while making use of a supporting non-regular workforce which has increasingly comprised female workers. While the male breadwinner model was certainly not unique to Japan in the early post-war years, its persistence as an ideology over time is...more
May 31, 2020, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"11 Million Women are not considered as Labor; According to TUIK (Turkish Statistical Institute), women are engaged in housework. In a report that TUIK prepared, women are not counted as even labor force, saying that they are busy with housework; 11 million women are not seen in the labor force in Turkey. In the Turkey report of GREVIO Committee, it is stated that Turkey's struggle against violence is insufficient, protection system is unsuccessful, and activities of women's organizations are restricted" (para 32).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-1

"Data indicate that, from the age of 15 years, girls perform on a daily basis almost six hours more of domestic work than boys of the same age, and such unequal sharing of domestic burdens is accepted by society" (5).
Dec. 14, 2019, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"The percentage of women who work in Japan is higher than ever, yet cultural norms have not caught up: Japanese wives and mothers are still typically expected to bear the brunt of the housework, child care and help for their aging relatives, a factor that stymies many of their careers" (para 7). "But their careers are often held back by a relentless tide of domestic burdens, like filling out the meticulous daily logs required by their children's day-care centers, preparing the intricate meals often expected of Japanese women, supervising and signing off on homework from school and afterschool tutoring sessions, or hanging rounds of laundry" (para 19).
May 9, 2019, 3:13 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"According to the annual report of the NIS, the number of self-employed contributors is higher among men than women. This situation is related the gendered construction of labour, whereby more are women engaged in unpaid work. The GoG is currently consulting key stakeholders to formalise access to social security benefits for women in the informal sector. NIS has an ongoing televised public education program concerning the benefits available under the scheme" (29).
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"Forced labor also occurred in urban centers where young children--often girls--were retained as unpaid household servants" (page 27).
March 1, 2019, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"89.51 percent of women believe that the responsibility of raising a child should be equally shared by both parents. However, the report also shows that 63.20 percent of married women surveyed bear the majority of child-rearing responsibilities." (para 10).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, it is concerned at: (c) The limited impact of measures taken to eliminate discriminatory gender stereotypes that overemphasize rural women’s role as housewives and caregivers; (…) In line with its general recommendation No. 34 (2016) on the rights of rural women, the Committee recommends that the State party: Strengthen measures to eliminate stereotyped gender roles and the intra-housing inequality that affects rural women, and expand the project entitled “Rural women: land, rights and expression” and human rights capacity-building activities for rural women" (11).
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned, however, at: . . . (d) The fact that, notwithstanding the concentration of women in domestic work in private households, the State party has not ratified the Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189), of the International Labour Organization" (page 10).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1, CL-PRACTICE-2

"Women mostly served as unpaid family workers with no social protection apart from that afforded by other family members . . . According to the EU progress report, women’s access to employment was limited by general promotion of the traditional role of women and inadequate child-care services or services for older persons" (page 72).
Oct. 2, 2018, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"No wonder then that at times of economic growth, when household incomes go up and paid work is no longer a survival imperative, India’s women are unwilling to shoulder the burden of extra work outside the home when they’re already worked to the bone inside it" (para 9). "Indian men are only marginally better with 31 minutes a day, compared with the regional average of four hours and 22 minutes put in by women for similar work, the ILO report finds" (para 10). The article refers to unpaid care work (CCS-CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 2, 2018, 10:42 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

But men in the Asia-Pacific region are the worst in the world when it comes to shouldering some of the responsibility of unpaid care work, according to a recent release by the International Labour Organization (ILO), 'Care Work and Care Jobs for the Future of Decent Work.' Pakistani men, on average, chip in with 28 minutes a day, and Indian men are only marginally better with 31 minutes a day, compared with the regional average of four hours and 22 minutes put in by women for similar work, the ILO report finds
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1, CL-LAW-1

"No amendments or additions have been made to laws relating to labour and engagement in commercial activities that could affect a woman’s ability to manage her own business. The occupations of babysitter and companion for the elderly have been included among professions which the Ministry of Social Development supports through a programme to train women who apply for these occupations in coordination with the University of Nizwa" (Pg 38).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"Despite advances, the report concluded educated women were twice as likely to be poor than educated men, mostly because women remained the primary family caregivers and were not monetarily compensated for the time spent caring for their children or other relatives. The report highlighted that 19 percent of women (compared to 7 percent of men) were low wage earners in 2010, which, coupled with their primary caregiver responsibilities, exposed them to a high poverty risk and negative consequences in the labor market and social security system" (16-17).
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

“According to the 2015 Caregiving in the U.S. study, 39.8 million people provided informal care to an adult during the prior twelve months, and 34 million provided care for an adult aged 50 years or older...Women are the majority of those who provide care for adult family members needing assistance, whether the person who needs care lives with them or elsewhere” (90)
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

“rural women, many of whom are older women, carry a disproportionate burden of unpaid and physically challenging work under difficult conditions, such as having limited access to running water and/or electricity and childcare facilities” (12)
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: MULV-LAW-1, CL-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party on its adoption of a national care system, which can help to address the traditionally disproportionate burden of unpaid work for women" (page 11).