The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CLCC-LAW-1

Jan. 15, 2022, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived by descent from at least one citizen parent " (14).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived by birth within the country’s territory, regardless of the parents’ nationality. Citizenship may also be acquired by descent if at least one parent is a citizen of the country…" (12).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is obtained from birth within the country’s territory or can be derived if either parent is Costa Rican..." (11).
Jan. 11, 2022, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The law grants citizenship at birth to: a child of a Japanese father who either is married to the child’s mother or recognizes his paternity; a child of a Japanese mother; or, a child born in the country to parents who are both unknown or are stateless. The law requires registration within 14 days after in- country birth or within three months after birth abroad, and these deadlines were generally met. Individuals were allowed to register births after the deadline but were required to pay a fine" (19).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship derives from birth to a citizen parent and, in certain circumstances, from birth within the country’s territory to alien parents..." (28).
Jan. 6, 2022, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Allows for dual citizenship in Article 6 for both male and female" (1).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children are citizens if at least one parent is a citizen or permanent resident at the time of the child’s birth" (12).
Dec. 27, 2021, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived from that of either parent" (12).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-2

"The government registered all live births immediately. Citizenship is conferred on a child through a parent’s (or the parents’) citizenship, but, except for a few circumstances, not through birth on the country’s territory" (10).
Dec. 17, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The law confers citizenship at birth on the basis of at least one parent having been a citizen at the time of the child’s birth" (20).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"An individual acquires citizenship from a parent who is a citizen. Births were registered immediately. NGOs asserted the law provides only partial safeguards against statelessness at birth because all children of foreign parents born in the country are registered on birth certificates as being of unknown nationality. In addition the NGOs claimed that children born to stateless parents or to noncitizen parents who cannot pass on their nationality to their children were in some cases born and remained stateless" (26-27).
Dec. 3, 2021, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived by birth within the country’s territory and from one’s parents. Authorities registered all births immediately" (11).
Dec. 3, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived by birth within the country’s territory. According to UNICEF, 81 percent of children younger than five were registered at birth, based on 2011 statistics provided by the government" (28).
Dec. 2, 2021, 7:34 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship can be derived from either the mother or the father, but not through birth on the country’s territory. Births are registered promptly" (13).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children derive citizenship at birth if at least one parent is a citizen regardless of whether they are born inside or outside of the country... If one of the parents is an Israeli citizen and the other is not, the child may be registered as Israeli as long as he or she lives with the parent who is an Israeli citizen or permanent resident" (36).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-2

"A child acquires citizenship at birth if at least one parent is a citizen, regardless of where the birth took place. Children born or found in the country whose parents were unknown or stateless are also citizens. The government has a system of universal birth registration immediately after birth" (16).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"A child acquires citizenship automatically when one of the parents is a citizen, when the parents of children born in the country are unknown or stateless, when parents are foreigners from countries of origin that do not give citizenship to their children born abroad, when a child is abandoned in the country, and when the child is adopted. Local authorities require registration immediately after birth" (15).
Nov. 9, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Only one parent needs to be a citizen to convey citizenship to a child. In special cases in which a child born in the country cannot receive citizenship from any other country due to the status of his or her parents, the child is legally entitled to receive citizenship" (55-56).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"...The law includes the obligation to grant nationality to those born in Spain of foreign parents, if both lack nationality or if legislation from neither parent’s country of nationality attributes a nationality to the child, as well as to those born in Spain whose parentage is not determined" (12). "Citizenship is derived from one’s parents. All children born in the country, except children of diplomats and children whose parents’ country of origin gives them nationality, are registered as citizens. When a child does not acquire the parents’ nationality, the government may grant it" (16).
Nov. 4, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Luxembourg
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is governed by the principle of descent, according to which a father or mother who is a citizen automatically conveys citizenship to offspring at birth. The law allows for citizenship via naturalization and allows dual citizenship. Citizenship for minor children is automatically conveyed when a parent naturalizes. All residents, regardless of citizenship, are required to register in their commune of residence" (10).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Under both Ukrainian law and laws imposed by Russian occupation authorities, either birthplace or parentage determines citizenship. Russia’s occupation and purported annexation of Crimea complicated the question of citizenship for children born after February 2014, since it was difficult for parents to register a child as a citizen with Ukrainian authorities. Registration in the country requires a hospital certificate, which is retained when a birth certificate is issued. Under the occupation regime, new parents could only obtain a Russian birth certificate and did not have access to a hospital certificate. In 2016 the Ukrainian government instituted a process whereby births in Crimea could be recognized with documents issued by occupation...more
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Either birth in the country or to Ukrainian parents conveys citizenship. A child born to stateless parents residing permanently in the country is a citizen. The law requires that parents register a child within a month of birth, and failure to register sometimes resulted in denial of public services" (44). "Under both Ukrainian law and laws imposed by Russian occupation authorities, either birthplace or parentage determines citizenship. Russia’s occupation and purported annexation of Crimea complicated the question of citizenship for children born after February 2014, since it was difficult for parents to register a child as a citizen with Ukrainian authorities. Registration in the country requires a hospital certificate, which...more
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"By law the government considers anyone born to a citizen parent to be a citizen" (31).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"A person may qualify to acquire citizenship if: either of the person’s parents is a citizen, the person was legally adopted by a citizen, the person was born in the country to stateless parents or to parents whose nationality does not transfer to the child" (16) "The law confers nationality to a child born to at least one parent with citizenship or to a child born in the country to stateless parents or to parents whose nationality does not transfer to the child" (21).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"In most cases individuals derive citizenship from their parents. The law allows individuals to obtain citizenship if they were born in the country and if one parent has been a resident for at least eight years or has had a permanent residence permit for at least three years. Parents or guardians are responsible for registering newborn children. Once government officials receive birth registration applications, they generally process them expeditiously. Parents who fail to register their child’s birth may be subject to a fine" (23).
Oct. 4, 2021, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived from birth in the country or from birth to a Brazilian citizen parent. Parents are required to register their newborns within 15 days of the birth or within three months if they live more than approximately 20 miles from the nearest notary. Nevertheless, there were many children who did not have birth certificates" (21).
Sept. 25, 2021, 9:48 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1, CLCC-LAW-1

"Children derive their citizenship from their parents. Any child with at least one citizen parent is automatically a citizen. Children born to noncitizens, such as asylum seekers or migrants, retain their parents’ citizenship. Authorities registered births immediately" (17).
Sept. 21, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children derive citizenship from one’s parents and, in some cases, birth within the country’s territory" (20). This indicates that the child derives their North Korean status from both of their parents (SFR-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-2

"Children born in the country attain citizenship if either parent is a citizen or legal permanent resident of the country. Children born outside the country attain citizenship if either parent is a citizen born in the country. The law requires notification of births by both parents as soon as 'reasonably practicable,' deemed as being within two months of the child’s birth, and most births were registered within this period" (10).
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"International media reported as many as 30,000 children born to North Korean women in China, most of whom were trafficked and married to Chinese spouses, had not been registered because their North Korean parent was undocumented, leaving the children de facto stateless. These children were denied access to public services, including education and health care, despite provisions in the law that provide citizenship to children with at least one PRC citizen parent. Chinese fathers reportedly sometimes do not register their children to avoid exposing the illegal status of their North Korean partners" (58). "All Chinese nationals born in the SAR, on the mainland, or abroad to parents, of whom at...more