The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CLCC-LAW-1

Sept. 25, 2021, 9:48 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1, CLCC-LAW-1

"Children derive their citizenship from their parents. Any child with at least one citizen parent is automatically a citizen. Children born to noncitizens, such as asylum seekers or migrants, retain their parents’ citizenship. Authorities registered births immediately" (17).
Sept. 21, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children derive citizenship from one’s parents and, in some cases, birth within the country’s territory" (20). This indicates that the child derives their North Korean status from both of their parents (SFR-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-2

"Children born in the country attain citizenship if either parent is a citizen or legal permanent resident of the country. Children born outside the country attain citizenship if either parent is a citizen born in the country. The law requires notification of births by both parents as soon as 'reasonably practicable,' deemed as being within two months of the child’s birth, and most births were registered within this period" (10).
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"International media reported as many as 30,000 children born to North Korean women in China, most of whom were trafficked and married to Chinese spouses, had not been registered because their North Korean parent was undocumented, leaving the children de facto stateless. These children were denied access to public services, including education and health care, despite provisions in the law that provide citizenship to children with at least one PRC citizen parent. Chinese fathers reportedly sometimes do not register their children to avoid exposing the illegal status of their North Korean partners" (58). "All Chinese nationals born in the SAR, on the mainland, or abroad to parents, of whom at...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"A person born after 2004 on the island of Ireland (including Northern Ireland) is automatically a citizen if one parent was an Irish citizen, a British citizen, a resident of either Ireland or Northern Ireland entitled to reside in either without time limit, or a legal resident of Ireland or Northern Ireland for three of the four years preceding the child’s birth (excluding time spent as a student or an asylum seeker). Authorities register births immediately" (11).
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"A citizen father transmits citizenship to his child. Birth in the country or to a citizen mother alone does not transfer citizenship. Adoption is not legally recognized" (35).
Aug. 28, 2021, 11:07 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Since 2008, upon the birth of a child parents with undetermined citizenship have been inf ormed of the possibility to apply for Estonian citizenship for their child by simplified procedure and upon request they are later further personally consulted by the officials. In the course of the counselling, the parents are explained the possibilities to apply for the Estonian citizenship themselves as well. This information dissemination has been well received by the parents and most parents apply for Estonian citizenship for their new born child. In addition, the officials send personal information no tices to the parents of children with undetermined citizenship. Information is also provided in schools and at...more
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"By law children born to one or two ethnic Khmer parents are citizens. A child derives citizenship by birth to a mother and father who are not ethnic Khmer if both parents were born and living legally in the country or if either parent acquired citizenship through other legal means. Ethnic minorities are considered citizens" (22).
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The law provides for both Sierra Leonean fathers and mothers to confer nationality to children born abroad" (p 19).
Aug. 6, 2021, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-2

"Citizenship is derived by birth within the country’s territory and from one’s parents or grandparents. There were no reports that birth registration was denied on a discriminatory basis" (11).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"On January 25, the president promulgated a nationality code amending the 1960 nationality ordinance, giving men and women equal rights to pass their nationality to their children and giving more protection to women and children against losing their nationality. Its main reform grants Malagasy women the right to transmit nationality to their children regardless of a woman’s marital status" (p 16). "Mothers may confer nationality on children born in wedlock only if the father is stateless or of unknown nationality" (p 22),
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"By law, children derive citizenship only from a citizen father. Children born to a citizen father and a noncitizen mother are automatically considered citizens even if they are born abroad. Citizen mothers alone were unable to transmit citizenship to their children, but there are naturalization provisions for noncitizens. The law permits female nationals to confer nationality to their children in certain circumstances, such as when fathers are unknown, stateless, of unknown nationality, or do not establish filiation. In instances where the father is a noncitizen, the children produced from that union are effectively stateless and banned from entering higher education, travelling, and certain educational opportunities. Without citizenship, stateless persons are...more
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The law provides for the acquisition of citizenship through birth within the country or from either parent being of an ethnic group documented as having been located in the country in 1960" (p 41).
June 25, 2021, 12:36 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The Kuwaiti nationality law discriminates against women, preventing them from passing on their nationality to their children and spouses on an equal basis with men. This can leave them unable to access state services such as health and education, and gender discrimination in nationality laws is one of the primary causes of statelessness in the region, in addition to causing a number of other human rights violations"(para 1).“'I am a Kuwaiti woman[...]In 1997, my husband became unemployed due to the government’s policy of hiring Kuwaitis rather than foreigners, especially after the Gulf War. He was forced to leave Kuwait, and moved back to Canada.For the next three years I was...more
March 31, 2021, 8:33 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Article 11 of the 2015 Constitution of Nepal confers a fundamentally inferior legal status on women, by preventing them from passing citizenship to their children according to the same terms as Nepali men" (para 15).
March 6, 2021, 9:44 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Despite the UAE’s February announcement that it will extend citizenship opportunities to select foreign nationals, the country’s citizenship law still leaves out other groups, including children born to Emirati women and foreign fathers, and stateless people" (para 17).
Feb. 13, 2021, 5:34 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

“In Malaysia women lack the same right as men to pass nationality to children born abroad, so many female citizens working overseas – if they are aware of the law’s discrimination – travel home to give birth in the country thereby securing citizenship for their child. However, the government is presently only allowing non-citizen spouses and children of Malaysian women to enter the country if they have already obtained a Long-Term Social Visit Pass (LTSVP). Many spouses and children of Malaysian women do not meet the LTSVP requirement. This means that some pregnant Malaysians who were outside the country when the government’s Movement Control Order went into effect have to...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 5:34 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCC-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-5

“Though most countries have committed to offer healthcare to COVID-affected persons regardless of status, the economic relief funds being distributed to households in many countries, including Jordan, will not be made available to the non-citizen members of women’s families. Women’s non-citizen spouses and adult children often lack access to formal employment, meaning affected families already faced significant financial insecurity pre-COVID. The economic fallout from the pandemic will hit these and other marginalized groups especially hard. . . Pre-COVID, a Jordanian mother was forced to provide for her entire family, as her husband and children lack citizenship and therefore access to formal employment due to the country’s discriminatory nationality law. Now...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

“In Lebanon, a mother fears for her son who was studying abroad and is now unable to return home to his family because his mother but not father is Lebanese” (1).
Jan. 18, 2021, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"In late July, Saudi Arabia’s Council of Ministers promulgated landmark amendments to the three laws that will begin to dismantle the country’s discriminatory male guardianship system. [ . . . ] The reforms also included important advances for women on civil status issues, whereby a woman can now register her children’s births with the civil status office, which was previously restricted to fathers or paternal relatives, as well as inform the office of a death, marriage, or divorce. The changes allow women, along with their husbands, to be considered a “head of household” with respect to their children, which should improve Saudi women’s ability to conduct government business on their...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Top leaders of major political parties have committed to change the 'and' provision into 'or' allowing either of the parents to pass on citizenship to their children. A draft provision on citizenship , which is already approved by the Political Dialogue Consensus Committee (PDCC) in the new constitution states that both the mother and father have to be Nepalis for their child to be a citizen of the country...Prime Minister and Nepali Congress President Sushil Koirala, CPN-UML Chairman KP Sharma Oli and UCPN (Maoist) Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal made the commitment jointly that the provision would be amended to guarantee citizenship in the name of mother as well. PDCC chairperson...more
Dec. 31, 2020, 4:24 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The former laws of the Islamic Republic only allowed men to pass nationality, so children of foreign national fathers and Iranian women were not considered Iranian. But, with the new law which will goes into effect in two weeks, women will confer their nationality to their children like men" (para 4). "'I can't forget how terribly I was shocked when after my marriage I realized my children could not get Iranian ID despite the fact that I was Iranian,' Samaneh's mother said. 'I felt I wasn't a full person' (para 10). "Khaleghzadeh has a 25-year-old undocumented pregnant daughter, also married to an undocumented Afghan refugee, who does not have a...more
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Bahraini nationality is transmitted through the male line" (5). "It is extremely difficult for Bahraini women to convey their Bahrani citizenship to their children, foreign born spouses, and stateless spouses" (5-6). "Article 9 of CEDAW does make provision for women to pass on their citizenship to their children. However, the Bahraini government have so far only extended this provision in extremely limited circumstances through exceptional royal decrees. The slow implementation of CEDAW, and the failure to implement a law allowing women to pass on their Bahraini citizenship, approved by the Bahraini cabinet in 2014, demonstrates the extreme reluctance of the Bahraini authorities to permit women to transmit their Bahraini citizenship...more
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"According to the third paragraph of Article 53 of RA Family Code ‘In case parents are living separately, place of residence of the child is decided based on the agreement of the parents. In case of the absence of the agreement, the argument between the parents is solved by Court. The Court takes into account the best interests of the child and the child` opinion if s/he has attained the age of 10’" (43).
Oct. 6, 2020, 5:42 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Under Eswatini law, mothers are not permitted to confer their citizenship to their children under the same conditions as fathers. Eswatini's Constitution stipulates that any child born inside or outside Eswatini prior to 2005 to at least one Eswatini parent acquires Eswatini citizenship by descent. However, children born after 2005 only acquire Eswatini citizenship from their fathers, unless the child was born out of wedlock and has not been claimed by the father in accordance with customary law" (para 12).
Sept. 26, 2020, 7:38 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Qatar allows men to pass citizenship to their spouses and children, whereas children of Qatari women and non-citizen men can only apply for citizenship under narrow conditions, which discriminates against Qatari women married to foreigners, and their children and spouses" (para 11). "In September 2018, Qatar passed a permanent residency law that for the first time provides that children of Qatari women married to non-Qatari men, among others, can apply for permanent residency allowing them to receive government health and educational services, to invest in the economy, and own real estate. However, the law falls short of granting women equal rights to men in conferring nationality to their children and...more
Sept. 26, 2020, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Kuwaiti women married to non-Kuwaitis, cannot pass citizenship to their children or spouses, unlike Kuwaiti men" (para 19).
Sept. 11, 2020, 9:58 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Article 11 of the 2015 Constitution of Nepal confers a fundamentally inferior legal status on women, by preventing them from passing citizenship to their children according to the same terms as Nepali men" (para 15).
Sept. 4, 2020, 9:43 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-1

"Unlike men, women cannot pass their citizenship to their children and foreign spouses" (para 3).
Aug. 30, 2020, 7 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Bahraini family laws discriminate against women in the right to divorce, inherit, and transmit Bahraini nationality to their children on an equal basis to men, and deprive their children of the right to obtain citizenship on an equal basis with children of Bahraini men" (para 21).