The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CLCC-PRACTICE-1

Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Women have the right to vote and own property in Somalia" (1).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

""A person may qualify to acquire citizenship if: ... the person marries a citizen. A person who has reached the legal age of majority (18) may apply for citizenship through naturalization after five years of habitual residence in the country. Applicants for citizenship must have good knowledge of both the French language and civics" (16).
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali

"Citizenship is derived from either parent or by birth within the country, and the law requires registration within 30 days of birth. A fine can be levied for registration occurring after the 30-day period. Girls were less likely to be registered" (24).
Sept. 25, 2021, 9:48 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic

"Children derive their citizenship from their parents. Any child with at least one citizen parent is automatically a citizen. Children born to noncitizens, such as asylum seekers or migrants, retain their parents’ citizenship. Authorities registered births immediately" (17).
Sept. 10, 2021, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"The problem starts early, when a girl is born. It takes a long time for her to be given a name. Then when a woman is married her name does not appear on her wedding invitations. When she is ill her name does not appear on her prescription, and when she dies her name does not appear on her death certificate or even her headstone" (para 5).
April 30, 2021, 8:17 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"A recent court case highlights one of the problems inherent in the proposed law. A woman named Amal Abdel Hameed, who says she was raped, is currently in the final stage of appeal to have the name of her two-year-old daughter's father—her alleged rapist— listed on the girl's birth certificate. The father's identity has been confirmed by a DNA test. Current law does not mandate paternity registration for children conceived out of wedlock, so under the vagaries of Egyptian law, obtaining a rape conviction is essential in order to have the father's name listed in the registry. Without a male guardian to register the child, she will not be able...more
Feb. 10, 2021, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Moussinatou Dramé, 29, a primary school teacher, works as a legal lay person in Pikine suburb near Dakar. 'I often find myself mediating, between a husband and wife or between two sides of a family. I also try to explain to women the importance of registering their children's births and, if possible, of having a civil wedding, as well as a religious one, to increase their legal rights'" (para 15).
Feb. 4, 2021, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"It notes with concern the financial, cultural and physical barriers faced by Dalit women and women from scheduled tribes in gaining access to gynaecological and maternal health services, their limited knowledge of birth registration procedures and the existence of bureaucratic obstacles and financial barriers that prevent them from registering births and obtaining birth certificates for their children" (12). "The Committee recommends that the State party...Strengthen public awareness-raising campaigns and take specific measures to ensure that Dalit women and women from scheduled tribes are aware of the procedures for registering births and obtaining birth certificates and ensure their access to those facilities" (12).
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"It turns into a situation that because of the argument upon deciding the child’s place of residence, s/he stays with the parent from 1-3 years who has more resources and can take care of the child. But in Armenia, as a rule of thumb, custody goes to parents are fathers in these cases. Neither guardianship nor trusteeship body and the police legally can intervene in this procedure. Especially, in case of domestic violence when a woman has to leave the house quickly to save her life and because of it she leaves her child, this gap in the law is often used against the woman. Judges often impose less severe...more
Aug. 2, 2020, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia

"Amid the criticism, Saudi authorities announced landmark reforms for Saudi women that, if fully implemented, represent a significant step forward including allowing Saudi women to obtain passports and travel abroad without the approval of a male relative for the first time" (para 2). "The changes to the Travel Documents Law permit 'anyone holding Saudi nationality' to obtain a Saudi passport, allowing women over 21 to obtain their own passports without their male guardian's permission for the first time. In mid-August, Saudi authorities announced further changes to regulations allowing women over 21 to travel abroad freely without permission from their male guardian" (para 20).
July 19, 2020, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

According to Table 2.13, 52.6% of boys and 51.7% of girls had a birth certificate (33).
July 3, 2020, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Fourteen percent of children’s births are registered with the civil authorities. There is no variation by age or sex in the percentage of births registered. However, 25% of urban children are registered, as compared with only 8% of rural children. Furthermore, the percentage of registered births rises with increasing wealth, from 4% in the lowest quintile to 32% in the highest quintile" (15).
June 23, 2020, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the 2015 amendments to the Citizenship Act granting Estonian citizenship to children with undetermined citizenship born in the State party, which benefit girls. However, the Committee notes with concern that: (a) These amendments do not apply to children with undetermined citizenship in the 15-18 age category, which may disproportionally affect adolescent girls; (b) The number of women and girls with undetermined citizenship remains high and the number of naturalizations of women and girls has decreased in recent years" (8).
June 5, 2020, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"At the time of the survey, 13% of children under age 5 were registered with the civil authorities. About half of these children have birth certificates (7%) and half do not (6%). The proportion of children who were registered is much higher in urban than rural areas (25% and 12%, respectively). It also ranges from only 3% of children in Madang to 41% of those in National Capital District. Birth registration increases substantially with wealth quintile" (13). Figure 2.5, titled 'Birth registration by household wealth', shows the percentage of children whose births are registered with civil authorities by wealth quintile. 9% of children born in the lowest wealth quintiles have...more
May 31, 2020, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"At the time of the survey, 80 percent of children under age five years had births registered with the civil authority; this includes 62 percent of children with birth certificates. Female and male children are equally likely to have their birth registered. Children in urban areas (89%) are more likely than children in rural areas (76%) to have their birth registered" (18). "Eighty-five percent of women age 15-49 who had a live birth in the five years before the survey registered the pregnancy for their most recent birth. Birth registration exceeds 80 percent for all groups except women age 35-49, women with no schooling, and births of order four or...more
April 19, 2020, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"The results show that more than 4 in 10 children (42%) under age 5 have been registered, and 36% have a birth certificate ... There is no difference in the extent of birth registration between male and female children" (14).
April 14, 2020, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Overall, 78% of births of children under age 5 are registered with the Department of Population and Civil Registration, but only 67% have a birth certificate. The percentage of children under age 2 whose births were registered (70%) was lower than that for age 2-4 (83%). Births in urban areas are more likely to be registered than births in rural areas (83% compared with 73%). There is no difference in birth registration between boys and girls" (12).
April 3, 2020, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Because of the cultural preference for boys and because China’s strict one-child policy was relaxed only recently to allow married couples to have two children, females make up the majority of an estimated at least 14 million unregistered people in China. 'These unregistered persons are living under the radar of the authorities and their unregistered status clearly makes them more vulnerable to sexual attacks, as few of these girls would report the crime to authorities,' Bakken said" (para 12).
March 29, 2020, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

The table titled "Sustainable Development Goals Indicators" shows that the proportion of children under 5 whose births have been registered with a civil authority is 98.5 for males and 99.1 for females (xxix). "Table 2.12 presents information on birth registration of children under age 5. At the time of the survey, the births of 99% of children under age 5 had been registered with the civil authorities. Almost all of these children have birth certificates. There are almost no differences in these proportions by background characteristics...Birth registration coverage has increased since 2009, from 93% of births registered in 2009 to 99% in 2016-17" (15). The high level of birth registrations...more
Aug. 21, 2019, 10:15 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Birth registration does not vary by sex, but varies widely by province, ranging from a low of 27 percent in Manicaland to a high of 68 percent in Harare" (14).
July 23, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Boys and girls are equally likely to have their births registered and to have a birth certificate" (11).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"For women and girls to obtain citizenship by descent for themselves, regulations require a married woman to submit a formal attestation from her husband, father, or husband’s family (if widowed) that she qualifies for citizenship and has his or their permission to receive it. This requirement makes a woman’s right to citizenship contingent on her father’s or husband’s cooperation. In many cases husbands refused to provide their wives this attestation. Preventing women from obtaining citizenship documentation precludes their access to the courts and thus their ability to make legal claims to land and other property, which permits the husband or male relatives free to stake their own claims" (Pg 20).more
July 11, 2019, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"...Only 3 per cent of children in the State party are registered at birt h (within 45 days following their birth) and that 88 per cent are registered once they reach school age, which puts children who are not registered at risk of statelessness and prevents them from having access to basic services. The Committee is further co ncerned that almost 60 per cent of the unregistered Rohingya population are women and children who remain without legal status and face obstacles in their access to legal and social services" (8).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"The low rates of birth registration of Roma babies and children, preventing them from benefiting from basic services, and the insufficient funding for the strategy for the inclusion of Romanian citizens belonging to the Roma minority, covering the period 2012-2020" (14).
June 25, 2019, 9:19 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee acknowledges the efforts made by the State party to promote birth registration. It notes, however, that 30 per cent of newborns are not registered. It is concerned that this may prevent unregistered girls from gaining access to basic services, such as health and education, and put them at risk of statelessness and trafficking" (8-9).
June 5, 2019, 11:40 a.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Proportion of children under 5 years of age whose births have been registered with a civil authority … 98.9% male 98.5% female" (xxi).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"There was no universal birth registration, and parents, especially in rural areas, never registered many children or registered them several years after birth. The requirement that children have birth certificates to register for school was not universally enforced, and there were no reports of authorities denying educational or health care services and benefits to children based on lack of registration. The lack of birth registration compounded difficulties in proving age, which led to authorities recruiting minors into the military and trying and sentencing juveniles as adults, including imposing the death penalty" (39).
May 12, 2019, 5:42 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities register births immediately" (12).
May 11, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Parents were generally able to register births promptly" (16).
May 10, 2019, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Proportion of children under 5 years of age whose births have been registered with a civil authority 92.3 (percent of male children) 91.2 (percent of female children) 91.8 (percent of all children)" (xxvii).