The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CLCW-LAW-1

June 14, 2022, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-1

"The Danish rules of nationality contain no provisions relating to the automatic loss of nationality upon marriage or in the situation where the spouse changes nationality. Furthermore, it makes no distinction between women and men with regard to loss of Danish nationality. A child will acquire Danish nationality if born to a Danish father, a Danish mother or a Danish co-mother" (17).
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"In July 2014, the Law of 1975 on Regulation of the Surinamese Nationality and Residency was amended. The amendment includes the removal of gender discriminatory provisions regarding the acquisition and loss of nationality in the context of marriage and divorce" (22).
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"...A foreign woman may receive citizenship after 10 years of marriage to a citizen. Anyone may receive a passport by presidential fiat" (24). "In July the Federal Authority for Identity and Citizenship announced a change to the main condition for acquiring residency, replacing the previous employment requirement with a minimum income requirement. While foreign men working in the country and earning a salary between 3,000 AED ($820) and 4,000 AED ($1,100) could obtain residency permits for their families for three years, a foreign woman would need to earn 10,000 AED ($2,700) a month to sponsor her husband or 4,000 AED ($1,100) to sponsor her children. The previous requirements allowed foreign...more
March 10, 2022, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Palestinian refugee women married to Lebanese citizens were able to obtain citizenship after one year of marriage" (25). "The majority of these were men, many of them married to UNRWA registered refugees or Lebanese citizen women, who could not transmit refugee status or citizenship to their husbands or children" (27). "Nationality law also discriminates against women, who may not confer citizenship to their spouses" (32).
Feb. 11, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"The law bases citizenship on birth to at least one citizen parent, marriage to a male citizen" (26). "Women were unable to confer citizenship to their noncitizen spouses in the same way as male citizens" (33).
Feb. 2, 2022, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"All stateless persons may apply for a foreign resident card, which precludes the right to vote, own property, or apply for a passport, thus limiting international travel. Stateless women may obtain nationality by marrying a citizen and may request citizenship before the wedding date, but women cannot confer citizenship on a stateless husband. Stateless persons had difficulty accessing education and health care, could not get jobs or buy land, and lived in fear of arrest" (15).
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"A child born in the country on or after July 1, 1987, obtained citizenship if either parent was an Indian citizen at the time of the child’s birth. Authorities consider those born in the country on or after December 3, 2004, citizens only if at least one parent was a citizen and the other was not illegally present in the country at the time of the child’s birth. Authorities considered persons born outside the country on or after December 10, 1992, citizens if either parent was a citizen at the time of birth, but authorities do not consider those born outside the country after December 3, 2004, citizens unless their...more
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"The law allows the entry of spouses of Israelis on a 'staying permit' if the male spouse is age 35 or older and the female spouse is age 25 or older, but they may not receive residency based on their marriage and have no path to citizenship" (15).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"[The number of stateless people] also included a number of women who lost their citizenship after marrying a foreigner but then lost their foreign citizenship, primarily because of divorce" (25).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"A person may qualify to acquire citizenship if: ... the person marries a citizen" (16).
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCW-LAW-2, CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Citizenship is derived from either parent or by birth within the country, and the law requires registration within 30 days of birth. A fine can be levied for registration occurring after the 30-day period. Girls were less likely to be registered" (24).
Aug. 28, 2021, 11:07 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"According to Estonian legislation women and men are granted equal rights to acquire, change or retain citizenship. Neither marriage to an alien nor change of citizenship by the husband during marriage auto matically changes the citizenship of the wife, renders her stateless or forces upon her the citizenship of the husband...undetermined citizenship 52,6% were men and 47,4% women. In 2000, at the time of previous population census, 12,4% of the population were with undetermined citizenship" (22).
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"By law children born to one or two ethnic Khmer parents are citizens. A child derives citizenship by birth to a mother and father who are not ethnic Khmer if both parents were born and living legally in the country or if either parent acquired citizenship through other legal means. Ethnic minorities are considered citizens" (22). If a child is a citzen when either of the parents is a citizen, then it can be inferred that a woman can remain a citizen when she marries someone who is not (SFR - CODER COMMENT).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"In the reporting period, the Act of 15 February 1962 on Polish citizenship was in force (Dz. U. of 2000, No 28, item 353, as amended). None of the provisions of this Act discriminated against women as regards acquiring, changing or retaining their citizenship" (37).
March 13, 2021, 7:13 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"In August, the Trudeau government announced that First Nations women would be treated equally under the Indian Act, enabling them to retain their Indigenous status if they marry non-Indigenous men" (para 6).
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

“Regarding acquisition of nationality by marriage: a foreigner married to a national (man or woman) for more than five years, may, after the views of the spouse have been heard, apply for and acquire Angolan nationality by marriage, as can foreigners married to an Angolan national who lose their previous nationality because of the marriage. The annulment or declaration of invalidity of the marriage does not affect the nationality acquired by a spouse or partner who acquired it in good faith. Hence, the Nationality Act gives women equal rights and is completely in line with article 9 of the Convention” (pp. 31).
Dec. 31, 2020, 4:24 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"'I can't forget how terribly I was shocked when after my marriage I realized my children could not get Iranian ID despite the fact that I was Iranian,' Samaneh's mother said. 'I felt I wasn't a full person' (para 10). "Lack of access to free education or work permission is not the only problem my children have, they are tired of being constantly humiliated for having an Afghan father,' Khaleghzadeh said. 'Now, they are happy that they can be recognized as Iranian'" (para 12).
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"It is extremely difficult for Bahraini women to convey their Bahrani citizenship to their children, foreign born spouses, and stateless spouses" (5-6).
Sept. 4, 2020, 9:43 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-1

"Unlike men, women cannot pass their citizenship to their children and foreign spouses" (para 3).
Aug. 13, 2020, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-1

"Iranian women, unlike men, cannot pass on their nationality to their foreign-born spouses or their children. However, after more than a decade of women’s rights activism, on October 2, the Guardian Council, a body of 12 Islamic jurists, finally approved an amended law that the Iranian parliament had passed on March 13, that now allows Iranian women married to men with foreign nationality to request Iranian citizenship for their children under age 18. A child who has already turned 18 could directly request Iranian citizenship. The law, however, required the Intelligence Ministry and the Intelligence Organization of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) to certify that there is no “'ecurity...more
Aug. 7, 2020, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Article 9 of Jordan's nationality law does not allow Jordanian women married to non-Jordanian spouses to pass on their nationality to their spouse and children" (para 18).
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"The Nationality Law of the DPRK is fully consistent with the principle of freedom of choice of nationality, the International Convention on the Conflict of Nationality and the Convention. Therefore, women in the DPRK enjoy equal rights with men in respect of acquisition, change and retaining of nationality. These rights are guaranteed by the Nationality Law and the Law on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Women, which stipulate that the DPRK nationality shall not change by reason of marriage, divorce, adoption or dissolution of adoption (art. 11) and women are entitled, on terms of equality with men, to acquire, change or retain their nationality, and the nationality...more
May 21, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Article 45 of the Nationality Law (Decree No. 1613) provides that a Guatemalan woman married to a foreign national shall retain her nationality, unless she opts for that of her husband. She also retains it if she acquires the husband’s nationality solely because foreign legislation so requires. She shall only be presumed to have adopted his nationality if she, jointly or separately, uses a passport corresponding to her husband’s nationality. This presumption is automatic in the sense that it does not allow any evidence to the contrary. However, the presumption shall cease if she uses that passport solely to visit her husband’s country. This means that the woman can obtain...more
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"The majority of undocumented Palestinians were men, many of them married to UNRWA-registered refugees or Lebanese citizen women, who could not transmit refugee status or citizenship to their husbands or children" (24). "Nationality law also discriminates against women, who may not confer citizenship to their spouses and children, although widows may confer citizenship to their minor children" (29).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Foreign male spouses of female citizens are entitled to permanent residency in the country without needing a sponsor, and they receive free government education and medical benefits. These spouses are also included in the quota of Saudis employed in private companies under the 'nitaqaat,' or labor quota system, which improves their employment prospects. Female citizens must also be between the ages of 30 and 55 in order to marry a non-Saudi man. Non-Saudi wives of Saudi men receive more rights if they have children resulting from their marriage with a Saudi man. Male citizens must be between the ages of 40 and 65 in order to marry a non-Saudi woman...Children...more
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Act No. 2014-60 of 5 November 2014 relating to the Nationality Code, allowing women to transfer citizenship through marriage and introducing the possibility of dual citizenship" (2).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"The constitution does not allow women to convey citizenship to their children independent of the citizenship of the child’s father (see section 2.d.) and has no specific provision for naturalization of foreign husbands married to Nepali wives" (Pg 28).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"The law bases citizenship on birth to at least one citizen parent, marriage to a male citizen, or naturalization" (page 24). "Women were unable to confer citizenship to their noncitizen spouses in the same way as male citizens" (page 30).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Noncitizen husbands of citizens may not apply for permanent resident status until they reside in the country for a minimum of seven years, whereas noncitizen wives may do so after two years of marriage" (p. 16).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"The Constitution (Article 33) guarantees equal rights to nationality for every Cambodian citizen. Women have the rights to decide their nationality, will not lose their nationality regardless of their marriage and have equal rights to men with respect to the nationality of their children" (39).