The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CLCW-LAW-2

Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"The Committee notes that a new citizenship law is being drafted and commends the State party on its efforts to raise awareness of the importance of obtaining a national identity card (tazkira). The Committee notes with concern, however, that many women continue to face difficulties in obtaining identity cards owing to the lack of security, restrictions imposed by male family members, limited mobility or the lack of financial means, a situation that in turn impedes their access to State services and employment. It notes with concern the specific obstacles, including administrative barriers and corruption, faced by women heads of households, widows, divorcees and internally displaced and returnee women in obtaining...more
Sept. 5, 2021, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"In Nepal, one needless law means that, of the estimated 126,000 earthquake-affected women who are currently pregnant, thousands may give birth to children who will not legally be Nepali citizens. That’s because Nepali law requires proof of the father’s citizenship. For the many unborn or newborn Nepalis whose fathers have been killed – or who have even just lost their personal documents – proof of paternity and of the father’s citizenship will be incredibly difficult" (para 2). "In truth, the earthquake is not the true reason why these babies are at risk of statelessness. The cause is sex discrimination in Nepali law that denies women the right to confer their...more
Aug. 5, 2021, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

An Islamic court in the Gaza Strip has ruled that women in the Hamas-run area must have the permission of a male guardian to travel.
July 16, 2021, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"In July 2020, Saudi writer Mariam Al Otaibi, 32, won a historic ruling ending a three-year legal battle against her family, which sued her for living and traveling alone under the 'absenteeism' law. She was put on trial for living and travelling alone without her father’s permission. Mariam Al Otaibi won the battle after a court ruled that she had 'the right to choose where to live'" (para 9-10). "In another incident a few months ago, a Saudi court rejected a case filed by a man against his wife in which he accused her of being absent from her family’s house. Under the old 'absenteeism' law, parents were allowed to...more
July 7, 2021, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"Women still require male permission to renew their passports and leave the country"(para 98).
June 18, 2021, 5:06 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"To obtain a passport, the applicant must (1) complete and sign an Application Form, which can be obtained at the Embassy and (2) submit the following documents in person to the Embassy of the Republic of Haiti in Washington, D.C. or to the nearest Consulate of Haiti...Original marriage certificate, if the applicant is a married woman" (para 1-2). This quote is taken from the Haitian passport requirments list, and indicates women are eligible to apply for passports (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"Marriage to a foreigner or a change of citizenship by the husband did not automatically entail a change of his wife’s citizenship and did not confer upon her the status of stateless person or force her to change citizenship to that of her husband" (37). "Between 2002 and 2006, independent passports were issued for children and a child up to the age of 16 could be entered to the passport of its parent, either the woman or the man, and could travel under the care of the parent into whose passport it was entered. Children could be entered both to their father’s and mother’s passport. Entry of a child to...more
April 30, 2021, 8:17 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2, IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1

"In January, the Egyptian cabinet approved a personal status law that would require women to get the consent of a male guardian to…travel abroad. The draft law also…allows fathers to prevent mothers from traveling with their children" (para 2).
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

“The primary legal confirmation of Angolan nationality is birth registration, which enables the individual concerned to acquire an identity document. Birth registration is regulated by the Civil Registry Code, approved by means of Decree Law No. 131/95 of 6 June and updated by Acts No. 7/1, 23/13, 90/15, 143/15 and 2/16 and by Decrees Law 209/12 and 201/15, legislation that has served to expedite the process, as any citizens who do not have this important identification document can register for free. New births are registered by the competent services, especially births occurring in maternity hospitals throughout the country, including the most remote locations, as services are increasingly being made available...more
Jan. 18, 2021, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"Amid the criticism, Saudi authorities announced landmark reforms for Saudi women that, if fully implemented, represent a significant step forward including allowing Saudi women to obtain passports and travel abroad without the approval of a male relative for the first time" (para 2). "In late July, Saudi Arabia’s Council of Ministers promulgated landmark amendments to the three laws that will begin to dismantle the country’s discriminatory male guardianship system. The changes to the Travel Documents Law permit “anyone holding Saudi nationality” to obtain a Saudi passport, allowing women over 21 to obtain their own passports without their male guardian’s permission for the first time. In mid-August, Saudi authorities announced further...more
Dec. 31, 2020, 4:24 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"Khaleghzadeh has a 25-year-old undocumented pregnant daughter, also married to an undocumented Afghan refugee, who does not have a work permit in Iran. 'If she can get my Iranian nationality, then she can pass it to her baby, too,' she said" (para 16). "'I know the problem with dual nationality in Iran's constitution, but I really like my daughters to get Shenasnameh, because it saves all the visa hassle we have at the border every time we want to visit my family in Iran,' she said" (para 24).
Dec. 21, 2020, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"Article (37) from the Federal Law No. (17) Of 1972 concerning Nationality and Passports has been abrogated to grant women a separate passport without consent of her husband" (para 19). "There are no restrictions on women travelling alone internationally" (para 20).
Sept. 26, 2020, 10:54 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2, IIP-PRACTICE-1

“A.A. and Others v. Sweden (no. 14499/09) (28 June 2012): This case concerned Yemeni nationals (a mother and her five children) living in Sweden pending enforcement of a deportation order. They alleged that, if deported to Yemen, they would face a real risk of being the victims of an honour crime as they had disobeyed their husband/father and had left their country without his permission. The Swedish courts considered that the applicant family’s problems mainly concerned the personal sphere and had been related to financial matters, rather than to honour. The Court found that substantial grounds for believing that the applicants would be exposed to a real risk of being...more
Sept. 26, 2020, 7:38 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"Single women under 25 years of age must obtain their guardian’s permission to travel outside Qatar. While married women at any age can travel abroad without permission, men can petition a court to prohibit their wives’ travel. A wife can be deemed disobedient, and thus lose her husband’s financial support, if she travels despite his objection" (para 13).
Aug. 13, 2020, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2

"A married woman may not obtain a passport or travel outside the country without the written permission of her husband. Under the civil code, a husband is accorded the right to choose the place of living and can prevent his wife from having certain occupations if he deems them against 'family values.'" (para. 19).
Aug. 2, 2020, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2, CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Amid the criticism, Saudi authorities announced landmark reforms for Saudi women that, if fully implemented, represent a significant step forward including allowing Saudi women to obtain passports and travel abroad without the approval of a male relative for the first time" (para 2). "The changes to the Travel Documents Law permit 'anyone holding Saudi nationality' to obtain a Saudi passport, allowing women over 21 to obtain their own passports without their male guardian's permission for the first time. In mid-August, Saudi authorities announced further changes to regulations allowing women over 21 to travel abroad freely without permission from their male guardian" (para 20).
June 23, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"Article 19 of the Civil Code provides that citizens may travel freely in the territory of Tajikistan, choose a place of residence and freely travel outside the Republic and return to it" (6).
Dec. 6, 2019, 1:32 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"Saudi women will be allowed to travel without a man's permission as early as this year under planned reforms, it is reported" (para 1). "Under the kingdom's current 'guardianship' laws, women of all ages need the consent of a male relative to travel abroad or get hold of a passport" (para 2). "The laws have already been relaxed to allow women to drive - and the reforms will now be extended to allow them to leave the country, according to reports" (para 3). "In the past, the Saudi interior ministry had to supply a paper travel document for women which would be signed by a male relative" (para 7). "More...more
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"Women over age 18 have the legal right to travel without the permission of male relatives, but a husband may file a request with the Interior Ministry to prohibit his wife from departing the country. ISIS explicitly prohibited women from foreign travel" (Pg 38).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2, IIP-PRACTICE-1

"In an attempt to protect women from being trafficked or abused, the government maintained a minimum age of 24 for women traveling overseas for domestic employment. NGOs and human rights activists viewed the age ban as discriminatory and counterproductive because it impelled some women to migrate through informal channels across the Indian border" (Pg 16).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"Women do not need the consent of a husband or other male to travel"(p. 11).
July 13, 2019, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"The law requires a married woman to obtain her husband’s permission to receive a passport and to travel abroad" (p. 10).
July 8, 2019, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-LAW-1, CLCW-LAW-2, IRP-LAW-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1

"Ostensibly to combat trafficking in persons, government regulations require male relatives of women between ages 18 and 35 to submit a statement pledging that the women would not engage in illegal behavior, including prostitution, while abroad" (Pg 21).
July 8, 2019, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"A married woman must obtain her husband’s written permission on her passport application to list children on her passport" (Pg 18).
July 8, 2019, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2

"The Committee reiterates its concern (CEDAW/C/BDI/CO/4, para. 29) that article 4 of the Nationality Code does not comply with article 9 of the Convention because it does not allow a Burundian woman married to a foreigner to transmit her nationality to her husband or children on the same basis as a Burundian man married to a foreigner" (9).
July 4, 2019, 9:20 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"Saudi women still need permission from their male guardians to get a passport, leave the country and to pursue certain kinds of jobs or medical treatments" (para 24). `
July 1, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"Married women under 18 may not travel abroad without permission from their husbands, but married women over 18 may do so" (p. 18).
June 28, 2019, 7:45 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"There is no discrimination between a mother and father regarding passport application and authorization to leave the country" (p. 23).
June 21, 2019, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"Women under the age of 45, minors (men younger than 21), and other dependents or foreign citizen workers under sponsorship require a male guardian’s consent to travel abroad. A noncitizen wife needs permission from her husband to travel unless both partners sign a prenuptial agreement permitting the noncitizen wife to travel without the husband’s permission. Government entities and male family members can “blacklist” women and minor children, prohibiting their travel. The male guardian is legally able in custody disputes to prevent even adult children from leaving the country" (Pg 27).
June 3, 2019, 11:14 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"GREFELS is currently undertaking research on women’s experiences crossing borders, and particularly the lack of accountability and corruption of customs officers. In many cases, women are obliged to spend the night at the border, sometimes forced to give bribes, or even have sex with customs officers. GREFELS seeks to demand accountability from the Ministry of Finance who employees customs officials, to put the onus away from only individual responsibility to state responsibility. This is a similar issue for child marriages and other forms of CVAW" (Pg 35).