The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CLCW-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 10, 2021, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The problem starts early, when a girl is born. It takes a long time for her to be given a name. Then when a woman is married her name does not appear on her wedding invitations. When she is ill her name does not appear on her prescription, and when she dies her name does not appear on her death certificate or even her headstone" (para 5). "'Even if the parliament passes the law and President Ghani issues a presidential decree endorsing the inclusion of mother's name on ID cards, we will keep fighting until shame is removed from women's names,' she said" (para 13). "And many women in the...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Limited humanitarian access because of the deteriorating security situation caused delays in identifying, assessing, and providing timely assistance to IDPs, who continued to lack access to basic protection, including personal and physical security and shelter. Many IDPs, especially in households with a female head, faced difficulty obtaining basic services because they did not have identity documents. Many IDPs in urban areas reportedly faced discrimination, lacked adequate sanitation and other basic services, and lived in constant risk of eviction from illegally occupied displacement sites, according to the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center. Women in IDP camps reported high levels of domestic violence. Limited opportunities to earn a livelihood following the initial displacement...more
July 23, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"An Islamic court in the Gaza Strip has ruled that women in the Hamas-run area must have the permission of a male guardian to travel" (Para 1).
July 16, 2021, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Dubai: Saudi Arabia has officially allowed single, divorced or widowed women to live independently in a house without permission from father or any other male guardian, the Makkah newspaper reported. The landmark rule gives Saudi women the freedom to stay on their own in a separate accommodation without seeking approval from their male guardians. The Kingdom recently introduced a legal amendment allowing an adult and rational woman to live by herself in a separate house without permission from her father or male guardianship. Judicial authorities scrapped Paragraph B under article No. 169 of the 'Law of Procedure before Sharia Courts' which states that an adult single, divorced, or widowed woman...more
June 29, 2021, 9:16 a.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Under Jordan’s male guardianship system, women need their guardian’s approval to get married and make other important decisions until the age of 30 (and beyond this, if they are deemed by authorities to pose risks to themselves)" (para 17).
May 24, 2021, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Citizenship comes with birth in the country, except to children born to diplomats, to those who are “in transit,” or to parents who are illegally in the country (see section 2.d.). A child born abroad to a Dominican mother or father may also acquire citizenship. A child not registered at birth remains undocumented until parents file a late declaration of birth" (p 19).
May 15, 2021, 7:08 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-2

"The ten-year-old daughter is scared to hear her father’s name. Though safe in her mother’s home village, she cannot start middle school this September unless her father hands over the family’s household-registration book, or hukou, which is needed to enroll her. Even a screenshot would do, the school principal says. Alas, Ms Wang’s mother-in-law has told her grand-daughter by telephone: 'Your schooling is not our business'" (para 2).
April 30, 2021, 8:17 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2, IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1

"In January, the Egyptian cabinet approved a personal status law that would require women to get the consent of a male guardian to…travel abroad. The draft law also…allows fathers to prevent mothers from traveling with their children" (para 2).
March 24, 2021, 4:08 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Under the guardianship system a male family member, normally the father, husband or brother, must grant permission for a woman's study, travel and other activities" (para 8).
March 6, 2021, 9:44 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Women’s rights in the UAE have recently come under heightened scrutiny following the emergence of new videos of Sheikha Latifa, daughter of the Dubai ruler, in which she describes the conditions of her forced confinement following her abduction and forcible return to the UAE in 2018" (para 4).
Feb. 13, 2021, 5:34 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCC-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-5

“Though most countries have committed to offer healthcare to COVID-affected persons regardless of status, the economic relief funds being distributed to households in many countries, including Jordan, will not be made available to the non-citizen members of women’s families. Women’s non-citizen spouses and adult children often lack access to formal employment, meaning affected families already faced significant financial insecurity pre-COVID. The economic fallout from the pandemic will hit these and other marginalized groups especially hard. . . Pre-COVID, a Jordanian mother was forced to provide for her entire family, as her husband and children lack citizenship and therefore access to formal employment due to the country’s discriminatory nationality law. Now...more
Feb. 5, 2021, 6 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

“… the Committee requested the State party to submit by July 2018 written information on the steps taken to implement the Committee’s recommendations to ensure birth registration of Rohingya and those belonging to other ethnic minority groups and remove all obstacles faced by Rohingya women and girls with regard to citizenship and to urgently establish an independent body to investigate allegations of violence, including sexual and other forms of gender-based violence, against women and girls belonging to ethnic minority groups and prosecute alleged perpetrators and, if convicted, punish them with appropriate sanctions…” (pp. 1). “The Committee remains deeply concerned that the State party has been repeatedly cautioned about the discriminatory...more
Dec. 31, 2020, 4:24 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Khaleghzadeh has a 25-year-old undocumented pregnant daughter, also married to an undocumented Afghan refugee, who does not have a work permit in Iran. 'If she can get my Iranian nationality, then she can pass it to her baby, too,' she said. 'At least they can get the cash subsidies from the government for the times her husband does not work,' she added" (para 16).
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The legislation governing issues of Bahraini nationality are codified in the Bahraini Citizenship Act 1963. The act was modified in 1981, and states than an individual is eligible to be regarded as a Bahraini national by descent or by birth" (5). "Dual nationality in Bahrain is illegal without permission by the state. Bahraini-born women with Bahraini citizenship are not allowed to obtain another nationality without applying for permission from the state" (6).
Aug. 13, 2020, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2

"A married woman may not obtain a passport or travel outside the country without the written permission of her husband. Under the civil code, a husband is accorded the right to choose the place of living and can prevent his wife from having certain occupations if he deems them against 'family values.'" (para. 19).
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, CLCW-PRACTICE-1

“She said, ‘We have been fighting this battle since 2005 when ENSS was formed, we have managed through rallies and Jansunvais to get pension for single women and get ration cards, the manifestos are not talking anything new. Single women also form a vital segment as voters in elections and we have nearly 2,000 registered single women in Kangra district itself. We will now cast our votes to candidates who assure us in writing to take up our demands’” (para 4).
Aug. 10, 2020, 3:09 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

“However, female citizens, a term I use only in the loosest sense, are electronically tagged for travel outside of the country” (para 1).
May 21, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"In 2013, SEPREM and the National Registry of Persons (RENAP) signed a memorandum of understanding on coordinating nationwide efforts to provide and register IDs for women. A protocol was also established that grants preferential treatment for older persons, pregnant women, women with infants, and the disabled" (14). "RENAP is implementing the “National Plan to End Under-registration”, which has already produced two departments and 142 municipalities free from under-registration. Some 46 RENAP units have been installed in public and private hospitals and social security offices, thereby safeguarding the right to identity, particularly that of women. As a result, out of a censused population of 1,403,530 women, 4,958 were found to be...more
March 4, 2020, 10:53 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Slave masters in Mauritania exercise full ownership over their slaves. They can send them away at will, and it’s common for a master to give away a young slave as a wedding present. This practice tears families apart; Moulkheir never knew her mother and barely knew her father" (para 23).
Feb. 15, 2020, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"According to data on applications for citizenship for marriage (Art.5 Act 91/1992) or residence purposes (Art. 9 L. 91/1992), most women under the age of 40 apply for marriage purpose. Since 2006, the residence permit in Italy has been issued as a smart card. Against permit refusal, an appeal with the administrative judicial Authority can be always lodged." (para 88).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Palestinian refugee women married to Lebanese citizens were able to obtain citizenship after one year of marriage" (22).
Dec. 6, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

" The princess known as Sheikha Latifa had not left Dubai, the glittering emirate ruled by her father, in 18 years. Her requests to travel and study elsewhere had been denied. Her passport had been taken away. Her friends’ apartments were forbidden to her, her palace off-limits to them" (para 1). "Nor could she travel, even to the next-door emirate of Abu Dhabi, one of seven city-states making up the United Arab Emirates. She pressed friends to describe every trip for her “like she was traveling with me,” said Stefania Martinengo, her friend and skydiving coach" (para 27).
Aug. 7, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CLCW-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Approximately one quarter of Burma’s residents continued to lack access to citizenship or identity documents, significantly increasing their vulnerability to traffickers in Burma and in other countries. Authorities continued to offer a citizenship verification process pursuant to a 1982 law, but participation was low among Rohingya in Rakhine State amid concerns that the authorities might require these individuals to inaccurately list themselves as 'Bengali,' a term that could potentially further limit their access to certain rights. Authorities did issue citizenship to a small number of Rohingya, but most of these were naturalized—a distinction that afforded them fewer rights than full citizens. Government policies limiting freedom of movement in some jurisdictions...more
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities respected the right of citizens to change residence or workplace, provided they held a national identification card (NIC). The law requires all male citizens who are 15 or older to possess a NIC. In 2012 the Ministry of Interior announced it would start issuing NICs to all female citizens at the age of 15, phasing in the requirement over a seven-year period. In September 2016 local media reported more than three million girls and women over the age of 15 still did not possess a NIC. The population during the year of girls and women who were 15 or older was approximately seven million, according to the General Authority...more
July 11, 2019, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is further co ncerned that almost 60 per cent of the unregistered Rohingya population are women and children who remain without legal status and face obstacles in their access to legal and social services" (8).
July 8, 2019, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2

"The Committee reiterates its concern (CEDAW/C/BDI/CO/4, para. 29) that article 4 of the Nationality Code does not comply with article 9 of the Convention because it does not allow a Burundian woman married to a foreigner to transmit her nationality to her husband or children on the same basis as a Burundian man married to a foreigner" (9).
July 4, 2019, 9:20 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Women rights activists say the next frontier in their struggle is against so-called guardianship laws that require all women to have a male guardian, usually a father or husband, and sometimes even a son. Saudi women still need permission from their male guardians to get a passport, leave the country and to pursue certain kinds of jobs or medical treatments" (para 23-24)
June 21, 2019, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities respected the right of citizens to change residence or workplace, provided they held a national identification card (NIC). The law requires all male citizens who are 15 or older to possess a NIC. In 2012 the Ministry of Interior announced it would start issuing NICs to all female citizens at the age of 15, phasing in the requirement over a seven-year period. In 2013 the ministry stated it had issued only 1.5 million NICs since 2002 to women; the country’s female population was approximately 9.8 million" (Pg 26).
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about the difficulties encountered by migrant women in employment and health care and about their exposure to violence. It notes that the Multicultural and Information Centre provides migrant women with various types of information, including on new forms of family and divorce procedures, and that the Icelandic Human Rights Centre provides legal counselling to migrant women. The Committee is also concerned that the Multicultural and Information Centre is located outside the capital and not easily accessible. The Committee is further concerned at the lack of disaggregated data and studies on the status of migrant women in the State party, who may encounter difficulties in gaining access...more
June 4, 2019, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"This means that in case of loss of family member status, for instance after a divorce, further right of residence can be granted if the general criteria are met. This provision takes the special situation of victims of violence in the family or forced marriage into account. Right of residence can therefore be granted even if one or several of the general criteria are not met. There is no room for discretion for the authorities as this is a legal right. It is therefore possible for victims of domestic violence or forced marriage to be granted long-term right of residence" (15).