The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CLCW-PRACTICE-1

Jan. 28, 2024, 6:55 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Like many grandmothers, Kouassi Akissi Jeanne doesn’t know her age but has an identity card with a date of birth which may or may not be correct"(para 24). This shows that women are able to get an ID card, but there are issues concerning its credibility (EV-Coder Comment).
Jan. 4, 2024, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Singaporean men and women have equal rights to change or retain their nationality, if they meet Singapore’s legal and policy requirements" (20). "[T]he grant of Singapore PR to migrant spouses of Singapore Citizens (SC) is not automatic. Each application for PR is evaluated holistically on a range of criteria to ensure that the SC spouse can support the family and that the marriage is stable. SC children from the marriage would be a plus factor" (43-44).
Jan. 3, 2024, 3:46 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"LTVP+ holders are eligible for healthcare subsidies for inpatient services at restructured hospitals at a level similar to PRs. Similar to LTVP holders, LTVP+ holders are eligible to apply for a Letter of Consent (LOC) or Pre-Approved LOC (PLOC) to work. Migrant spouses with at least one Singaporean child from their marriage or who have been married to an SC for at least 3 years will be considered for the LTVP+ when they apply for renewal of their LTVP or submit a fresh LTVP application" (44).
Nov. 6, 2023, 11:49 p.m.
Countries: China

"No discriminatory or restrictive provisions are in place against women and their children with respect to their rights to acquiring, renouncing and restoring Chinese nationality" (18).
Sept. 30, 2023, 4 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that the following legislative gaps create a high risk of statelessness for women and girls in the State party: (a) Births may not be registered unless parents provide identity documents; (c) Legislation requires economic self-sufficiency or property ownership to acquire or reacquire nationality;" (p.11).
July 25, 2023, 10:44 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"[There are] reports of difficulties faced by ethnic Vietnamese and Khmer Krom women in obtaining birth certificates for their children born in Cambodia, as well as national identity cards for themselves, which prevents them and their children from gaining access to education, employment, health care and housing... [The state does not f]acilitate access to identity documentation and birth registration and certificates by stateless women and their children and ensure that government officials do not confiscate documents during the process of registration" (10).
July 21, 2023, 11:58 a.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"According to the Law On State Registration and State Register of Legal Persons, any party that intends to obtain a status of legal person in the territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan should pass the official registration of a representative office or a branch of foreign legal person and be inserted into the State Register" (7-8).
April 1, 2023, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Preliminary consideration of citizenship issues is carried out by the Commission on Citizenship Issues under the President. At the Main Directorate of Migration and Citizenship of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and at the local level, citizens apply through the 'electronic queue' system, a bot service '@mvafrbot' developed in the Telegram messenger which provides an opportunity for consultations. Pursuant to a presidential decree of 11 July 2017, and in conjunction with the UNICON.UZ State Unitary Enterprise, an electronic system for 'registration at place of residence' was implemented on a one-stop interactive government services portal, which was launched in test mode on 1 September 2019 via the website According to...more
March 31, 2023, 2:31 p.m.
Countries: Egypt

"Egyptian mothers encounter difficulties in transferring their nationality to their foreign husbands, unlike Egyptian men, who have the right to do so after two years of marriage... Egyptian women married to foreigners are still encountering obstacles in passing their nationality to their children" (9).
Feb. 24, 2023, 12:54 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"In 2013, MoHA launched two types of campaigns for facilitated and persuasive distribution of citizenship across the country: (a) Deployment of Integrated Mobile Service Teams; and (b) Launching of Citizenship Distribution Team Campaigns. It distributed 181,713 citizenship certificates, of which 107,966 were for women (59.42%) and 73,747 were for men through Integrated Mobile Service Team. Similarly, through the Citizenship Distribution Team Campaign, 421,381 citizenship certificates were distributed, of which 257,444 were for women (61.10%) and 163,937 were for men." (12). "In order to execute the judicial orders of the SC, the MoHA issued a sevenpoint directive circular to all District Administration Offices (DAOs) on January 30, 2013 to provide citizenship...more
Feb. 6, 2023, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"[T]he Committee [on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women] notes with concern...[t]he barriers to access to birth registration, particularly for stateless women, women of undermined nationality, Mugat or Lyuli women and their children, particularly in rural areas, and the lack of safeguards to prevent statelessness of children and statelessness in case of voluntary renunciation of nationality" (9). "The Committee...recommends that the State party...[e]nsure that women and men have...the same rights to choose a family name" (16).
Feb. 2, 2023, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes that non-citizens applying for Austrian citizenship must have proof of a 'sufficiently secured livelihood' far above the indicative national rates of guaranteed minimum income, among other requirements. It is concerned that the threshold requirement has a structurally discriminatory effect on women, given that only their own income and legal claims to maintenance, child allowance and insurance benefits can be taken into consideration for that purpose, thereby not taking into consideration unpaid work performed by them, such as childcare, housework or taking care of older family members. Furthermore, the Committee is concerned that, under the special provision for bestowal of nationality to children born stateless in Austria (article...more
Dec. 26, 2022, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Qatar

"Women have to obtain men's permission (usually their father's or brother's) to…travel. (An app that allows men to veto travel permits, driving licences and other government services for unmarried women under 25 has been downloaded a million times)" (para 3).
Sept. 2, 2022, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Angola

"Many women, in particular rural women, face barriers to obtaining identity documents, which restricts their access to, inter alia, education, health care, employment opportunities, bank loans and property" (10).
June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"More than three-fourths of women age 15-49 (78%) have NID card" (199). "More than three-fourths of women age 15-49 have an NID card (78%). The percentage of women with an NID card declines with increasing education, from 95% among those with no education to 66% among those with a secondary education or higher" (202).
June 21, 2022, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the establishment of 200 decentralized registration centres throughout the State party and its efforts to enable Venezuelan women and girls of Guyanese descent to obtain documentation. It is concerned, however, that women in hinterland areas still face barriers in registering births and acquiring identity documentation for themselves and their children. It is further concerned that the high demand for registration and documentation of nationality, as a result of the arrival of Venezuelan women and girls of Guyanese descent, exceeds the capacities of the General Registrar’s Office, in particular because the absence of documentation restricts those persons in the exercise of their rights as Guyanese citizens, prevents them...more
June 7, 2022, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: China

"The Marriage Law is the first law enacted after the founding of New China, which was amended in 1980 and 2001 respectively. The Law is fully consistent with the provisions of Article 16 of the Convention as to the principle of non-discrimination in all matters relating to marriage and family relations. According to the Law, marriage must be based on the complete willingness of both man and woman. Both the man and the woman desiring to contract a marriage shall register in person with the marriage registration office; irrespective of marital status, both husband and wife have the duty to bring up and educate their children; both husband and wife...more
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"It is custom in Suriname that married women bear their husband’s surname or bear the husband’s surname prior to the own surname. If the Draft Civil Code is passed both married men and women are entitled to bear each other’s surname or bear the other’s surname prior to the own surname or bear the own surname prior to the other’s surname. Moreover, one is not as is the case in some countries -- legally obliged to use the own surname. A similar revision has been proposed in the Draft Civil Code regarding the name for children. For children who are born in marriage or who have been legally recognized by...more
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Custom dictates that a husband may prevent his wife, minor children, and adult unmarried daughters from leaving the country by taking custody of their passports" (21). "The government excluded women from certain social and economic benefits, including land grants for building houses, because tribal family law often designates men as the heads of families" (29).
March 10, 2022, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Since August 2018 divorced women have been allowed to include the names of their children on their civil records" (32).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"In regards to Somali passports, any one who holds a passport, their mother's name is on the passport, this may be due to many Somalis sharing the same name" (1).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"There were some reports unmarried women faced restrictions on travel out of Gaza" (83).
Oct. 15, 2021, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Women in Qatar are living under a system of 'deep discrimination' – dependent on men for permission to marry, travel, pursue higher education or make decisions about their own children, according to a new report" (para 1). "Researchers looked at 27 laws covering work, accommodation and status and found that women must get permission from male 'guardians' – fathers, brothers, uncles and husbands – to exercise many basic rights. They cannot be primary carers of their children, even if they are divorced or the children’s father has died. If the child has no male relative to act as guardian, the government takes on this role" (para 3). "Women interviewed for...more
Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"[The Committee] notes with concern the specific obstacles, including administrative barriers and corruption, faced by women heads of households, widows, divorcees and internally displaced and returnee women in obtaining identity cards" (12). "[T]he Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Ensure that under the new citizenship law women and men are granted equal rights with respect to nationality, including the right to transmit it to their children...(c) Amend the Civil Registration Law to remove barriers faced by women, including women heads of households, widows, divorcees and internally displaced and returnee women, in obtaining identity documents" (12).
Sept. 10, 2021, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The problem starts early, when a girl is born. It takes a long time for her to be given a name. Then when a woman is married her name does not appear on her wedding invitations. When she is ill her name does not appear on her prescription, and when she dies her name does not appear on her death certificate or even her headstone" (para 5). "'Even if the parliament passes the law and President Ghani issues a presidential decree endorsing the inclusion of mother's name on ID cards, we will keep fighting until shame is removed from women's names,' she said" (para 13). "And many women in the...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan

"Limited humanitarian access because of the deteriorating security situation caused delays in identifying, assessing, and providing timely assistance to IDPs, who continued to lack access to basic protection, including personal and physical security and shelter. Many IDPs, especially in households with a female head, faced difficulty obtaining basic services because they did not have identity documents. Many IDPs in urban areas reportedly faced discrimination, lacked adequate sanitation and other basic services, and lived in constant risk of eviction from illegally occupied displacement sites, according to the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center. Women in IDP camps reported high levels of domestic violence. Limited opportunities to earn a livelihood following the initial displacement...more
July 23, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"An Islamic court in the Gaza Strip has ruled that women in the Hamas-run area must have the permission of a male guardian to travel" (Para 1).
July 16, 2021, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Dubai: Saudi Arabia has officially allowed single, divorced or widowed women to live independently in a house without permission from father or any other male guardian, the Makkah newspaper reported. The landmark rule gives Saudi women the freedom to stay on their own in a separate accommodation without seeking approval from their male guardians. The Kingdom recently introduced a legal amendment allowing an adult and rational woman to live by herself in a separate house without permission from her father or male guardianship. Judicial authorities scrapped Paragraph B under article No. 169 of the 'Law of Procedure before Sharia Courts' which states that an adult single, divorced, or widowed woman...more
June 29, 2021, 9:16 a.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Under Jordan’s male guardianship system, women need their guardian’s approval to get married and make other important decisions until the age of 30 (and beyond this, if they are deemed by authorities to pose risks to themselves)" (para 17).
May 24, 2021, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"Citizenship comes with birth in the country, except to children born to diplomats, to those who are “in transit,” or to parents who are illegally in the country (see section 2.d.). A child born abroad to a Dominican mother or father may also acquire citizenship. A child not registered at birth remains undocumented until parents file a late declaration of birth" (p 19).