The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

July 7, 2022, 12:10 p.m.
Countries: United States

"A growing number of non-white women are resorting to alternatives to hospitals for labor and delivery in the US, a new report has revealed" (Para. 1). "According to the National Partnership for Women and Families, a nonprofit organization that focuses on public policies surrounding women and families, community births – births carried out at home or in community birthing centers – increased by 20% from 2019 to 2020, with the spike largely situated among communities of color" (Para. 2). "The increase for Black, non-Hispanic women was 30%, followed by 26% among Native Americans, 24% for Hispanic women, and 18% for both Asian and white women. Community births among native Hawaiian...more
July 6, 2022, 10:35 a.m.
Countries: Djibouti

"There has been an improvement in maternal and child health care, in particular, with regard to vaccination, prenatal and postnatal consultations, assisted childbirth, contraception, care for children’s illnesses (diarrhoea, fevers, etc.)" (22). "...There has also been an increase in the rate of assisted deliveries (midwives, nurses, doctors and/or gynaecologists), from 87 per cent in 2012 to 92 per cent in 2019, as a result of the expanded geographical distribution of health-care facilities, with the construction of health-care clinics throughout the country..." (22). "...and the number of midwives rose from 40 to 303 between 2000 and 2015} (23). "Act No. 58/AN/19/8 L on the ratification of the financing agreement for the...more
July 1, 2022, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: East Timor

"Moreover, 49 per cent of births took place in a health facility (more than double than the 2009-10 proportion), the proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel increased from 30 per cent to 57 per cent, and the rate of women making four or more antenatal care visits increased from 55 per cent to 77 per cent" (33). "The 'National Family Health Program' implemented by MoH since July 2015, supported by development partners, intends to bring a “Comprehensive Service Package of Primary Health Care” to the household, providing home visits, clinical consultation, treatment and referrals by health professionals. In May 2017, medical teams had visited 94 per cent of...more
July 1, 2022, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia

"Efforts to reduce MMR are implemented by expanding access to maternal health services through increased skilled health personnel in health care centre, provision of antenatal care for mother and baby, ensuring all child delivery is conducted in health facilities, and family planning services... Jampersal target community members who have not obtained health insurance. As of 2019, Jampersal covers services in 33 provinces and 497 regencies/cities such as financing antenatal services, delivery assistance by health personnel, postpartum services, and family planning services" (32). "The Government has implemented a strategy to tackle the issue of malnutrition, especially the prevention of stunting. The Government has launched the Integrated Nutrition Intervention policy which focuses...more
June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh

"Among women age 15-49 who had given birth at a health facility in the 3 years prior to the survey and received postnatal care, 87% received counseling about exclusive breastfeeding, 21% received information on family planning methods, 14% received information on the importance of spacing and limiting births, and 10% received information on sources of family planning methods. With respect to other types of counseling, 7% of women received information on immediate tubal ligation; 5% each on progesterone-only pills, immediate IUD insertion, and immediate implant insertion; and 2% on use of the LAM" (90). "The percentage of women receiving antenatal care (ANC) from a medically trained provider has increased sharply...more
June 14, 2022, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Denmark

"Danish maternity care is differentiated, making special services available to vulnerable pregnant women and their families. The Ministry of Health launched an initiative in 2018 aiming at setting the direction for the future effort in relation to childbirth. The objectives include developing birth plans tailored to the individual labouring mother and enhancing the effort towards vulnerable pregnant women, ensuring comfortable surroundings during childbirth regardless of where the pregnant women choose to give birth, ensuring a healthy work environment among personnel, and improving digitalization. At present, pregnant women receive a paper based maternity record, which they must bring to midwife consultations, doctor’s appointments and the maternity ward. This is challenging in...more
June 7, 2022, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: China

"In order to promote women’s health, efforts have been made to strengthen services and medical assistance. In recent years, the central and local governments have cumulatively invested over 2 billion yuan in the Project on the Reduction of Maternal Mortality Rate and the Elimination of Neonatal Tetanus. From 2008 to 2010, the central government allocated 7 billion yuan in a nationwide bid to subsidize delivery of babies in rural hospitals. Since 2009, folic acid supplements have been provided free of charge to women of childbearing age in rural areas across the country; rural women were given breast cancer and cervical cancer screening, also free of charge; poor women patients were...more
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey

"The rate of benefitting from prenatal care services, which is important for maternal health, was reached to 99,5 per cent as of 2018" (24). "Prenatal care programme is one of the routine services that is applied across the country in order to increase maternal health level and reduce maternal mortality" (24). "With the Pregnant Information Class Programme, it is aimed to ensure that all pregnant women are informed about prenatal, natal and postnatal care and they give births consciously, to provide expectant parents with knowledge and skills in vaginal delivery, pain management and adoption of their new roles... 915.426 pregnant women received training between 2015–2018 in these classes" (25). "Expectant...more
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname

"According to data collected through MICS in 2010, 94.3 per cent of all deliveries were attended by skilled health personnel (MICS 2010) compared to 93.4 per cent in 2006. According to MICS 2010 a proportion of 92.3 per cent of all deliveries took place in a health facility of which 71.5 per cent in a public health facility and 20.8 per cent in a private health facility, while 3.9 per cent of the deliveries took place at home (MICS 2010)" (29). "Notwithstanding, the National Safe Motherhood Assessment of 2011 recorded a great need for rapid expansion and scale up of the number of midwives and others with midwifery competencies and...more
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates

"The law provides for corporal punishment for sexual relations and pregnancy outside of marriage. The government may imprison and deport noncitizen women who bear children out of wedlock. In February a Fujairah court sentenced an unmarried woman to three months in prison and deportation after a medical visit revealed she was having complications associated with pregnancy" (28-29). This may limit the care that unmarried women seek from medical professionals when they are pregnant for fear of legal consequences (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
March 9, 2022, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Italy

"Some local projects have empowered the active protection, for example, by groups of psychological support to motherhood in a foreign land (citta ‘di Venezia) or by programming cycle of seminars on child care and health care (citta’ di Firenze) to be addressed to young mothers" (36). "...pregnant women undergo an average of 7 control visits during pregnancy (which increases in the event of risk pregnancies). The obstetric ultrasound scan is the preferred technique in the study of foetal well-being, while the use of amniocentesis, the most used technique in prenatal invasive techniques, varies at the regional level: it is most used in the North...there are some regional differences... The Southern...more
Feb. 28, 2022, 12:54 a.m.
Countries: Nepal

"Nepal’s maternal health services were fragile before the pandemic. The country has no practising midwives so women give birth with the help of auxiliary nurses like Urmila, or skilled birth attendants" (para 5). '"Normally, around 45 women come for the antenatal checkups in our health post but since April more than 90% of pregnant women are not in contact,' said Acharya. 'We tried to reach out to them via phone but we barely spoke to 10 women'"(para 9). "Paropakar maternity and women’s hospital, the oldest and best maternity hospital in the capital, Kathmandu, recorded a more than 50% decline in antenatal checkups since the pandemic" (para 19). " Nepal does...more
Jan. 24, 2022, 1:07 p.m.
Countries: India

"According to UNHCR and an NGO working with Rohingya in Hyderabad, government of Telangana authorities provided food supplies through public distribution system, postnatal care for mothers" (35).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize

"Refugees were able to use the education system and the socialized medical system, but the government offered no assistance with housing or food except in extreme cases that involved children and pregnant women" (8).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica

"Refugees and asylum seekers reported that access to health services was difficult. They qualified for public health services only if they were minors, pregnant, or facing a life-threatening emergency, but some individuals reported being denied services even in emergency situations" (7).
Jan. 5, 2022, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Somalia

"Giving birth in Somalia is quite dangerous. Medical services given to mother include maternity and obstetric care in Puntland" (1).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary

"Services for persons under an alien policing procedure included only basic health care but not the provision of food, with the exception of children younger than 18 and pregnant or nursing mothers…" (18).
Sept. 14, 2021, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: El Salvador

"The law will catch women who arouse their doctor’s suspicion. In El Salvador, the women accused of abortion are among the poorest women in the country. They seldom know the doctors they meet at the public hospitals where they get care. And in most cases, their doctors understand very little about them. Their doctors don’t know anyone who lives as these women do—with outhouses, dirt floors, no running water. These women are so poor and marginal that their doctors find it hard to understand their responses to crisis. Their world is so unfamiliar that it becomes possible for doctors, and later prosecutors and judges, to project their own fears onto...more
Aug. 28, 2021, 11:07 a.m.
Countries: Estonia

"Obstetric medical services are provided by hospitals in 13 of 15 counties. Independent antenatal care may be provided by a gynaecologist, midwife or family physician upon the choice of a pregnant woman. Approximately 99.9% of births are attended by skilled health professionals and the estimated antenatal care coverage is 95 99%...To support safe pregnancy, a pregnancy crisis counselling is provided, which was used by 1,648 pe ople 3,641 times in 2011. Services of family schools, antenatal and postnatal counselling and web counselling services for families were also developed. To ensure the safety of women wishing to give birth at home, amendments to legislation regulating the provision of independent midwife support...more
July 29, 2021, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria

"Several women and girls, including pregnant women, were raped, more often than not in the presence of their children, and many contracted HIV after these experiences and yet they were yet to obtain any justice for the recurring SRHR violations in the camps. Ensuring accountability and the provision of SRH information and services is central not only to an effective humanitarian response but also for fulfilling fundamental human rights obligations. The report calls on the Nigerian Government to comply with its international and regional human rights obligations in regarding access to maternal health care services to ensure women and girls affected by conflict-related violence access comprehensive medical and support services,...more
July 27, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Yemen

"'It was the morning of a normal working day before fighting escalated close to the hospital. I heard a mother screaming at the gate,' midwife Shrook Khalid Saeed told UNFPA this week at the Al Shaab Hospital in the district of Crater, in Yemen. By the time she arrived at the entrance to the hospital, hostilities in the area had flared and a gunfight had broken out. 'Bullets were coming from all the corners of the street,' she recounted. 'When I arrived at the gate, I found the pregnant woman lying down and crying for help. I pulled her and rushed her inside a car... That is where all of...more
July 16, 2021, 1:54 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam

"[A]ctions to protect reproductive health care and family planning such as regular pregnancy examination, pre-birth screening, post-birth screening, provision of contraceptives, and gynecology treatment in public and private health facilities are operating normally" (para 15).
July 9, 2021, 7:11 p.m.
Countries: South Korea

"For example, in January 2021, the Seoul city government uploaded guidance for pregnant women to make sure to check if there is plenty of toilet paper in the house, make meals for husbands, and to pay attention to their looks by hanging smaller size clothes to motivate themselves to lose weight after giving birth. And the discrimination against pregnant women begins long before the actual pregnancy. In hiring processes, interviewers routinely ask women invasive questions about their plans to get pregnant, with some openly telling female candidates it would be difficult to hire them because the company does not want to pay for maternity leave. According to a local survey,...more
July 7, 2021, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom

"New mothers returning to work after maternity leave could receive greater protection against being made redundant.Theresa May said last night she wanted to see current rules that safeguard women's jobs during their baby's first year extended for six months after they go back. The change is designed to end the perceived default situation that when a business has to make staff cutbacks, the new mother is usually one of the first to be offered redundancy."(para 1-3).
July 7, 2021, 12:06 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan

"In a country with one of the world’s worst health care systems, the center[Anabah Maternity Center] provides safe, modern care to thousands of Afghan women. More than 7,500 babies were delivered there last year — at least 600 every month"(para 3)."Eman Youszai, 26, pregnant with her first child, had been driven three hours to the center. Lying on a bed in an observation room, she said she had left a maternity hospital in Kabul, the capital, because 'no one takes care of you there even if you die.'She added, 'This is my first child and I can’t take a risk.'Gullalia, 20, who goes by one name, said she had lost...more
July 7, 2021, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia

"If women are caught running away, they can be pressured to return home or placed in shelters where often the only way out is to escape again. [...]The shelters say they offer women psychiatric care and therapy, but do not take in women who, for example, are pregnant out of wedlock. Premarital sex can lead to criminal prosecution in Saudi Arabia and other Muslim countries"(para 57,60).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland

"Prenatal tests are regulated in the Polish legal system by the Act on healthcare services financed from public funds. Health care services involving prenatal tests, both non-invasive and invasive, are provided to pregnant women by health care establishments as well as sole and group medical practitioners. Non-invasive prenatal testing (e.g. ultrasound test) is currently a standard element of medical procedure while taking care of a pregnant woman. Invasive testing (amniocentesis and cordocentesis) is performed following doctor’s instructions in the case of suspected risk of genetic or developmental foetal defect or its untreatable disorders that threaten its life. If standard tests show any irregularities, women are referred to specialist centres where...more
May 24, 2021, 2:10 p.m.
Countries: Gambia

"In 2020, 83% of births in Gambia were attended by skilled health personnele" (p 45).
May 24, 2021, 2:10 p.m.
Countries: Lithuania

"In 2020, 100% of births in Lithuania were attended by skilled health personnele" (p 45).
May 24, 2021, 2:10 p.m.
Countries: Finland

"In 2020, 100% of births in Finland were attended by skilled health personnele" (p45 ).