The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CUST-LAW-3

Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: CUST-LAW-3

"Child support is mandatory from the father. There is no court that will mandate how much a man pays. There are cases where a man will pay $100 for 5 kids. Some will pay 500. It really depends on what the father wants to pay" (1).
Aug. 28, 2021, 11:07 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: CUST-LAW-3

"According to the FLA, the father of a child is required to provide maintenance to the mother of the child eight weeks before and twelve weeks after the birth of the child. The right to demand maintenance from the father of the child does not depend on marriage. If a man and a woman have a child together, the mother is entitled to dem and maintenance from the father on the following conditions. In case a mother is unable to maintain herself due to a health disorder caused by pregnancy or childbirth, the father is required to provide maintenance until the improvement of her state of heal th. The same...more
July 3, 2021, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: CUST-LAW-3

"A highly unexpected ruling by the court declared that the father would have to pay MAD 100,000 ($11,200) to the mother. The court stated that the father committed “debauchery” (having a sexual relationship outside the institution of marriage) according to Chapter 490 of the Criminal Code. Additionally, the judge ruled that the UN's Convention on the Rights of a Child (OHCHR) takes precedence over the Moroccan family code in this case" (para 4). "Tort liability refers to the code of Dahir, enacted in 1913, which states: 'Any act of a man who, without the authority of the law, knowingly and intentionally caused material or moral damage to another, is obliged...more
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: CUST-LAW-3

"Financial help for families is provided under the subsidiarity principle, which in the case of family benefits means that prior to applying for family allowance, single parents have to get a child support order against the other parent. However, if the child support was not ordered from the other parent since this parent is dead, the father of the child is unknown or the maintenance action has been dismissed, in addition to the family allowance the single parent is entitled to a supplement in respect of raising a child as a single parent. The amount of this allowance is higher in the case of a child holding a certificate of...more
April 20, 2021, 5:05 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CUST-LAW-3

"Al-Sisi said the law should help create a favourable climate for children who suffer because their parents are separated" (para 13).
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain

"Both parents must agree to conditions that they will maintain and guarantee the child's safety" (5).
March 24, 2020, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep

"Uganda’s penal code does prohibit abandoning and failing to support children. But Ms. Animbou said she never went to the Ugandan base or the local authorities to report the soldier. 'They don’t want to talk about this, even with the authorities,' said Mr. Daba, adding that some women were threatened by Ugandan soldiers. 'The U.P.D.F. said they will do something bad to them — kill them or something else.'" (para 27-28).
June 7, 2019, 11:46 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, CUST-LAW-3

"When a marriage is terminated in Afghanistan, the husband is liable to provide maintenance for the iddat (waiting period) only. Maintenance is defined in the law as taking care of the basic needs of the wife. Women have no legal right to reside in the marital home without the consent of the husband and his family. This weakens a woman’s position in cases of violence, as raising a complaint, and subsequent dissolution of marriage, would potentially mean losing her home" (Pg 16).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi

"The law provides for a minimum level of child support, widows’ rights, and maternity leave; however, only women employed in the formal sector knew their rights, had access to the legal system, and thus benefited from these legal protections" (para 93).
March 11, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: CUST-LAW-3

"In accordance with article 68 of the Code on marriage, parents have equal rights and equal responsibilities in relation to their children. Under article 70 of the Code, parents bringing up a child have the primary responsibility for ensuring, to the best of their abilities and financial capacities, the living conditions necessary for the child’s physical, psychological, moral and spiritual development. The parents, in the event of disagreement between them, are entitled to apply for resolution of such disagreements in the child welfare agency or in court. Under article 138 of the Code, parents must support their minor children. If they fail to do so, child support payments are recovered...more
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar

"Palaung: By Palaung customary law, when a women and a man get divorced, women do not have the right to an inheritance, even if she needs to raise children by herself. If they have a son, only the father has a right to the custody of the son. In some cases, the father gets the custody of both son and daughter. Source: Palaung Women’s Organisation (PWO). Kuki: By Kuki customary law, when a woman and a man get divorced, women do not have the right to any inheritance. In the case of divorce, women are not allowed to sit in the meeting to resolve the case, and are not entitled...more
Aug. 29, 2018, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CUST-LAW-3

"The law is lenient for men in the cases of remarriage and evading payment of alimony for children from first marriage" (Para 2).
Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: CUST-LAW-3

"The Law on Social and Child Protection prescribes the protection of discrimination of users based on race, sex, age, nationality, social status, sexual orientation, religion, political, trade union or other appropriation, property owning, culture, language, disability, nature. The Law defines single person, as such: a divorced parent or a parent who finds himself in a situation that the other parent has died or is unknown, and maintains the child, or exercises prolonged parental right, in accordance with the law, until a marriage or common law marriage is established. Bringing the new Law on Social and Child Protection advances the area of material support, and prescribes the possibility of employment of...more
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: CUST-LAW-3

"[The father] is also obligated to support [his children] and to pay the cost of their dwelling and other costs associated with custody to the custodial parent (except to the mother during the marriage or during the waiting period after a revocable divorce)" (70). "If the father (or one of his close relatives) requests a female child to live with him after the custodial period is over and she rejects the request without justification, he may cut off support for her on the ground that she is rebellious. If a male child chooses between the mother and father when deciding where to live, his upkeep is not cut off if...more
Sept. 21, 2017, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: CUST-LAW-3

"Her attacker was charged with first-degree sexual assault but was able to plead to a lesser charge of third-degree sexual assault. Under Nebraska law, Noemi could terminate her attacker's parental rights if he'd been convicted of sexual assault in the first degree. But because he was convicted of third-degree assault, his parental rights were safe. When Noemi applied for state medical assistance for her daughter, she was asked to name the father, and the state requested child support from him. Five months after Noemi gave birth, her attacker began demanding regularly scheduled visits with his biological daughter"(para 17-19)
July 3, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: CUST-LAW-3

"the law does not provide for a judicial review procedure over custody and child support matters that would safeguard the welfare of children with the result that, in cases where no agreement is reached on paying child support, children are left destitute" (15)
Feb. 27, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia

"There was limited legal recognition of common-law marriage. A common-law husband had no obligation to provide financial assistance to his family, and consequently women and children sometimes faced abandonment" (29).
Aug. 6, 2016, 5:57 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua

"As a general rule, when married couple with children divorces and starts to live separately, children stay with one of the parents. However, both parents have to share the expenses spent on the maintenance of their children. For this purpose, parents have to agree on their participation in child care and the amount of child support each of them has to pay. When determining the amount, income of parents and number of children is taken into account" (para 4)
July 27, 2016, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: CUST-LAW-3

"Title VIII On Education and Child support/alimony Art. 282 The father and the mother are obligated to support, educate and raise their underaged children. Art.294 To receive child support/alimony means that the person requesting them can't support themselves. It also means that the person being asked to provide child support/alimony has enough means to do so. The impossibility to support themselves, the age, the condition of the person requesting for child support/alimony and other circumstances must also be considered. To set the child support/ alimony amount the necessities of the person requesting them and the means of the person meant to provide them will be considered. If these conditions were...more
July 27, 2016, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: CUST-LAW-3

“Art. 59: Child support for underage children is mandatory for both parents, even if they do not hold custody of the children or the children are at an education facility. In the divorce ruling the court will also rule on the amount of child support to be paid by the parent who does not have custody of the children has to pay” (11). No mention of illegitimate/common law marriage children, but according to Art. 65 they should have the same rights. This was translated from Spanish to English by CCR. (MLFD – CODER COMMENT)
July 27, 2016, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: CUST-LAW-3

“Art.65 All children are equal and therefore are entitled to the same rights regarding their parents, regardless of their marital status” (11). This was translated from Spanish to English by CCR. (MLFD – CODER COMMENT)
July 26, 2016, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: CUST-LAW-3

"Article 11: With there being children who are minors at the time of the divorce suit, in case of urgency the spouses or any of them should request before the court that a provisionary ruling be made on a) designation of the person or persons who will be entrusted with the children; b) the way in which the children's needs will be met; c) the quantity of the pension for food for the children; d) the visiting rights; e) responsibility for the conjugal home. In case of controversy the case will be determined by the judge." This was translated from Spanish to English by CCR. (MLFD - CODER COMMENT)more
July 26, 2016, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: CUST-LAW-3

"Art.256 Child support on the grounds of kinship comprehends an amount sufficient for survival, room and dress, as well as healthcare. If the person benefiting from child support is in an age where it is required to receive an education, this should also be covered by child support" (24). "Art.262- The obligation to pay child support can not be the object of compensation or transaction. The right to it is inalienable and sovereign, child support can not be mortgaged or taxed" (25). Note that this was translated from Spanish to English by CCR. (MLFD - CODER COMMENT)
June 10, 2016, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: CUST-LAW-3

"In accordance with section 1570 of the German Civil Code, a divorced spouse may demand maintenance from the other for the care and the upbringing of a child for at least three years after the child’s birth. The duration of the claim to maintenance is extended as long as and to the extent that this is equitable. Account must be taken of the concerns of the child and the existing possibilities of childcare. The duration of the maintenance claim is further extended if this is equitable, taking into account the arrangements for childcare and gainful employment in the marriage and the duration of the marriage" (38).
May 31, 2016, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: CUST-LAW-3

"The Marriage (Amendment) Act of Bhutan 2009 governs marriage and its dissolution. As per Section 5.1 of the Marriage Act, on divorce the women are entitled to a separation cost based on the number of years of marriage. Further, the mother is entitled to receive child support in accordance with Kha 7 (3) from the father and such child support may increase or decrease with the variation in the income of the father as per Section Kha 8 (1)" (40).
May 25, 2016, 8:07 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: CUST-LAW-3

"The Childcare Support Act (enacted on 1 February 2012) is designed to promote customized childcare services to meet the various needs of individual households, reduce the childcare burden of working parents, and respond flexibly to the needs of parents who prefer home-based childcare. The law is also intended to promote the employment of mid- to older-aged women with interrupted careers and to help bolster the childcare capacity of the underprivileged" (8). "The Ministry of Gender Equality and Family has provided legal aid service for the delivery of child support since 2007 with an aim to protect the rights to care of the children of single parents, reduce the childcare burden...more
May 15, 2016, 7:55 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: CUST-LAW-3

"The Law on Social and Child Protection (Official Gazette of the Republic of Montenegro 78/05) prescribes that citizens shall be equal in exercising their rights from the area of social and child protection regardless of their national affiliation, race, sex, language, religion, social background or other personal features (Article 5). Furthermore, the Law provides meaning of the expression “self-supported person” thus equalising men and women in that position at least at the formal level (Article 11). Under the Law, the right to financial support may be exercised by certain categories of persons including pregnant women (Article 13). Finally, the Law prescribes that every citizen shall have the right to social...more
May 5, 2016, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: CUST-LAW-3

"Child maintenance after a break-up between the parents is covered in several laws: The Civil Code of 1903 (only married parents), the Labor Code of 1945 (only those working for a salary), the Nurturing Law of 1982 (never ratified by the Sandinista government), and the Nurturing Law of 1992" (175). "The legal grounds which permitted the social authorities to carry out this practice, however, disappeared in 1997 with a new Labor Code, in which no mention was made of provisions to collect child support from a father's paycheck. The Nurturing Law of 1992, as I have commented in chapter 7, requires the use of a lawyer to present the demand...more
April 13, 2016, 6:13 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: CUST-LAW-3

"In 1992 a new Nurturing Law was passed, in which statements about equality between the sexes and equal housework responsibilities had been abandoned. The only family types mentioned were marriages and, subsidiary, stable consensual unions, but support may be claimed for children born in other circumstances as well. This law is often complicated and expensive to put into practice. Women could still take recourse to the Labor Code, but a new one was passed in 1997 in which no mention was made of claims to child support. The mother now has to employ a lawyer and take the case to court. The law established that the amount must be decided...more
March 2, 2016, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: ADCM-LAW-1, CUST-LAW-3

"A law passed in 1998 known as the 'patronymic name law' now allows unmarried mothers to conduct a paternity search, using DNA testing if necessary, when the father is known but refuses to recognize the child. The law obliges him to cooperate so the child can receive a full identity and mother can claim and receive alimony" (para 21)