The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CWC-DATA-2

July 1, 2022, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The mobile court system remains the main channel to provide access to formal justice to rural communities by convening hearings in 9 municipalities where fixed courts are not yet established. The programme also contributes to introduce or enhance legal literacy to remote communities, including women, and promotes formal justice in these areas" (7). "In relation to prosecution, a significant improvement in criminal case clearance by the Office of the Prosecutor General (OPG) was observed between 2013 and 2016 with a 27 per cent reduction of pending cases despite an increase of newly registered cases. This is due inter alia to the establishment of standards for individual performance assessment and the...more
July 1, 2022, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The findings of 2016 Women’s Health Survey/Survei Pengalaman Hidup Perempuan Nasional (SPHPN) show that:... Physical and/or sexual violence tend to be higher among urban women (36.3%) compared to rural women (29.8%)" (16). "The data also shows that child marriage is more prevalent in villages, in comparison with cities. But villages have been contributing more to the decline in child marriages, seeing their percentage drop at a faster rate than the percentage of child marriages in cities" (17). "Gender inequality in rural communities is still high due to the lack of access to education, as well as public and economic activities" (36). "To improve capabilities of rural women in economic participation,...more
June 29, 2022, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"[The Committee] notes with concern: (a) The limited access to and gender-based violence and discrimination in the health-care system faced by women in rural areas" (13). "[The Committee] notes with concern:... The high maternal mortality and malnutrition rates, especially in rural areas, including Papua, Sulawesi, Maluku and Nusa Tenggara provinces" (13). "[The Committee] is particularly concerned about: (a) The persistence of child marriages, especially in rural areas" (15).
June 28, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The percentage of the population with limited sanitation service is higher in urban (26%) than in rural (16%) areas" (11). "Differences in the wealth distribution are more skewed in urban than rural areas; in rural areas, 50% of the population falls in the two lowest wealth quintiles. Twenty-five percent of the rural population is in the lowest quintile, compared with 8% of the urban population" (12). "Urban populations are more likely to have soap than rural populations (58% versus 33%)" (13). "Urban women and men (16% and 21%, respectively) are more likely than rural women and men (8% and 12%, respectively) to have more than a secondary education; Similarly, rural...more
June 21, 2022, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"In line with its general recommendation No. 28 (2010) on the core obligations of States parties under article 2 of the Convention, the Committee recommends that the State party translate the Convention into the Macushi and Wapishana languages and raise awareness among women, civil society organizations and religious and community leaders about the Convention, the Committee’s general recommendations and women’s rights under international and national law, including through audio recordings and radio broadcasts and in hinterland areas" (3). "The Committee welcomes awareness-raising initiatives on gender equality undertaken by the Gender Affairs Bureau, including in hinterland regions. Nevertheless, it notes the following with concern: (a) The persistence of discriminatory sex- and...more
June 21, 2022, 8:35 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee is concerned about the obstacles faced by women and girls in rural areas in gaining access to education, employment and healthcare and support services due to, among other things, limited resources and access to transportation and the Internet. In addition, although the Committee commends the measures taken in Scotland and Wales to halt the practice of hydraulic fracturing to extract fossil fuels (known as “fracking”), it is concerned that women in rural areas in other territories of the State party are disproportionately affected by the harmful effects of fracking, including exposure to hazardous and toxic chemicals, environmental pollution and the effects of climate change" (13).more
June 7, 2022, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"China is a large agricultural country, and some of the rural areas are still faced with the problem of poverty, with poor women in a particularly disadvantaged position. For instance, rural women lack access to education, health care and other basic public services; and there exists also the phenomenon of “feminization of agriculture” (55).
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The focus on agriculture will complement the Government’s efforts at alleviating poverty, which is most evident in rural districts and in the interior where ethnic minorities live in tribal communities (Maroons and Indigenous people) and where agricultural activities are the main responsibility of women" (37). "In general, women in the rural and rural interior areas make great use of the social security plans provided by government, such as child allowance, old age allowance, financial assistance and health assistance. According to the UNDAF report for the period 2002 2006, 91.4 per cent of people living in the interior of Suriname live in extreme poverty, and have low general scores in relation...more
May 12, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Panama

"...Access to health care was a significant problem in the indigenous comarcas, despite government investment in more health infrastructure and staff. This was reflected in high rates of maternal and infant mortality, malnutrition, and an increase in HIV rates. The government continued to execute the Indigenous Development Plan jointly developed with indigenous leaders in 2013" (17).
April 29, 2022, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"[T]he committee notes with concern:... [t]he high prevalence of femicide, domestic violence, abduction, female genital mutilation and other forms of gender-based violence against women and the lack of shelters and victims support services, particularly in rural and remote areas" (6-7). "The Committee notes the establishment of rural women’s councils and initiatives to improve infrastructure and basic services in rural areas. However, it notes with concern that women account only for one third of farmers and holders of local government positions. It is also concerned about rural women’s limited access to justice, education, formal employment, health care, credit and economic empowerment schemes and protection from gender-based violence" (12).
April 18, 2022, 10:31 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique

"The Committee appreciates the increase in the representation of women in political life, including the number of women parliamentarians and ministers. Nevertheless, it is concerned that gender parity has not been achieved in such positions, nor in the judiciary nor the foreign service. The Committee is particularly concerned that women in rural areas face barriers such as transportation costs and childcare responsibilities that prevent them from participating in the district consultative councils, the existence of quotas for their representation notwithstanding" (9).
March 21, 2022, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, LO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern inequalities between the State party’s urban and rural women, with respect to the standard of living and employment, including for older women. It is further concerned about de facto discrimination against rural women in access to property due to traditional and social patterns favouring men as holders of property titles" (10).
March 10, 2022, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"UN agencies, NGOs, and government officials noted high rates of early marriage among the Syrian refugee population" (34).
Feb. 23, 2022, 3:02 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Nevertheless, women faced pervasive discrimination, especially in rural areas where traditional customs and discriminatory rules of inheritance were strongest" (15). "Women’s rights groups and officials from the Ministry of Women, Family, and Gender stated child marriage was a significant problem, particularly in the more rural areas in the south, east, and northeast" (17). "Exploitation of women and girls in prostitution and sex trafficking was a problem, particularly in the southeast gold-mining region of Kedougou" (18).
Feb. 11, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"In the Muslim-majority southernmost provinces, Islamic law used for family matters and inheritance allows the marriage of young girls after their first menstrual cycle with parental approval. Child rights advocates and journalists reported it was common for Malaysian men to cross into southern Thailand to engage in underage marriages" (35).
Feb. 5, 2022, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique

"...Girls and women from rural areas, as well as migrant workers from bordering countries, were lured to cities with false promises of employment or education and exploited in domestic servitude and sex trafficking" (22). "Child labor remained a problem. NGOs reported some girls who migrated from rural areas to urban centers to work as domestic help for extended family or acquaintances to settle debts were vulnerable to commercial sexual exploitation (see section 6, Children). Mothers who did not complete secondary school were more likely to have children involved in child labor. Due to economic necessity, especially in rural areas, children worked in agriculture, as domestic employees, or in prostitution" (23).more
Jan. 24, 2022, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"According to a 2012 Ministry of Health survey, 78 percent of girls and women between ages 15 and 49 had undergone FGM/C. Per government officials, new cases of FGM/C were rare in the country’s urban areas, but they also noted a small subsection of the population travels to surrounding countries to have FGM/C performed... Government officials acknowledged their awareness raising efforts to end FGM/C were less effective in remote regions of the country" (17). "Child marriage occasionally occurred in rural areas" (18).
Jan. 14, 2022, 6:24 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Child marriage occurred more frequently among girls who were uneducated, poor, and living in rural areas" (19).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines

"...Unscrupulous employers subjected women from rural communities and impoverished urban centers to domestic servitude, forced begging, and forced labor in small factories…" (37).
Dec. 17, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Educational participation of girls was lower than that of boys, particularly in rural areas" (20).
Sept. 15, 2021, 6:42 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Of the 19 documented femicides, eight of the victims were between 18 and 35 years old; ten were between 35 and 59 years old; and one was not identified. The report details that these murders, 13 occurred in the public sphere and six in private. Most were registered in rural areas (11) and the rest (8) in the urban areas" (para 2-3).
Sept. 14, 2021, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"When abortion is illegal, it is unsafe. In El Salvador, scores of women die every year from illegal abortions. They aren’t the daughters of the elite, whose money helps them find safe, private ways to end their unwanted pregnancies. They are the women who live far from cities, in cinder-block homes with dirt floors and no running water. They are the women who continue to use coat hangers in the age of the Internet because they cannot afford to purchase abortion drugs online. In addition, banning abortion changes the lives of girls, who, because they cannot get an abortion, become mothers as teenagers. El Salvador has one of the highest...more
July 30, 2021, 2:25 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"...For widowed women living with HIV there is still the stigma associated with HIV despite over 100 percent awareness on HIV. Rural areas are different from urban setting when one talks about HIV. In rural areas HIV is still shrouded in stigma, many people still equate HIV infection with death. Sometimes the widows are accused of being witches or a source of bad omen in a bid to make living in their matrimonial homes unbearable. Many women upon finding their matrimonial homes inhabitable run away to urban areas with their children to eke out a living, this sinks them into deeper poverty because upon deprivation of land, some women get...more
July 27, 2021, 8:22 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The racial issue, also emerged as a recurrent one during the debates. Many of the respondents had difficulties identifying their own race. Black women, for example, do not recognized themselves as such, declaring that they were white or brown. In Brazil, due to structural racism and racist society, to be black, many times infers to be the subject to an inferior position, as portrayed by Ducicleide da Silva, one of the respondents: 'I do not consider myself black, have you seen a black woman with green eyes?'" (para 9). "Domestic violence, while being endemic in some communities such as Bem-te-vi, situated in the rural area of Bonito, is a fact...more
July 12, 2021, 5:15 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Most child marriages are reported in rural communities that often consider verbal abuse or a child being slapped in her marital home as reactions to disobedience on her part, campaigners said" (para 20).
June 29, 2021, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Bride kidnapping is common in parts of sub-Saharan Africa, the Caucasus and Central Asia. In rural Kyrgyzstan, where over 60% of the country’s population lives, surveys suggests 1 in 3 marriages begins with a kidnapping. There, bride kidnapping is known as 'ala kachuu,' which translates as 'to take and run away.' It became illegal in 1994, but the practice continues today, especially in rural areas. And our research on labor migration in the country suggests bride kidnapping may push young women to leave their rural communities to avoid forced marriage" (para 2-4). "For example, survey data from Kyrgyzstan finds that the birth weights of the first children born to mothers...more
June 25, 2021, 9:03 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"But the exclusion the women of Gond and Madia tribes in Gadchiroli, one of India's poorest and most underdeveloped districts, face is extreme. Their traditional beliefs mean they have to spend five days every month in a hut, located mostly on the outskirts of the village on the edge of the forest. They are not allowed to cook or draw water from the village well and have to depend on food and water delivered by female relatives. If a man touches them, he has to immediately bathe because he too becomes 'impure by association'" (Para 4-5).
June 25, 2021, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"On May 30, local media reported the UPF had insufficient resources to monitor adequately the remote areas of the northeast where FGM/C was prevalent, which allowed many practitioners to continue working with impunity. DENIVA and LAW reported the absence of courts in Amudat and Kween Districts and a shortage of clinics that could provide medical evidence made it difficult to prosecute perpetrators" (p 29).
June 23, 2021, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Many Chinese men struggle to find a wife, and things become even more complicated for the deceased bachelors in rural China, where 'many women leave to work in the city; rural families, conscious of China's one-child policy, abort female foetuses before birth and abandon newborn girls,' Professor Yao said" (Para 27).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Between 2006 and 2008, the Government carried out a project entitled 'STEREOTYPES and equal opportunities of women and men in rural communities' co-financed from the funds of European Social Fund. The aim of the project was to break the stereotypes about the social roles of women in the rural community and strengthen their position on the labour market, as well as to remove the disparity between urban and rural areas as regards the possibility of local initiatives development...The project was attended by 640 women living in rural areas. The project beneficiaries included female gmina leaders, female gmina councillors, women involved in social or economic activity or willing to engage in...more