The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CWC-DATA-2

Sept. 15, 2021, 6:42 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Of the 19 documented femicides, eight of the victims were between 18 and 35 years old; ten were between 35 and 59 years old; and one was not identified. The report details that these murders, 13 occurred in the public sphere and six in private. Most were registered in rural areas (11) and the rest (8) in the urban areas" (para 2-3).
Sept. 14, 2021, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"When abortion is illegal, it is unsafe. In El Salvador, scores of women die every year from illegal abortions. They aren’t the daughters of the elite, whose money helps them find safe, private ways to end their unwanted pregnancies. They are the women who live far from cities, in cinder-block homes with dirt floors and no running water. They are the women who continue to use coat hangers in the age of the Internet because they cannot afford to purchase abortion drugs online. In addition, banning abortion changes the lives of girls, who, because they cannot get an abortion, become mothers as teenagers. El Salvador has one of the highest...more
July 30, 2021, 2:25 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"...For widowed women living with HIV there is still the stigma associated with HIV despite over 100 percent awareness on HIV. Rural areas are different from urban setting when one talks about HIV. In rural areas HIV is still shrouded in stigma, many people still equate HIV infection with death. Sometimes the widows are accused of being witches or a source of bad omen in a bid to make living in their matrimonial homes unbearable. Many women upon finding their matrimonial homes inhabitable run away to urban areas with their children to eke out a living, this sinks them into deeper poverty because upon deprivation of land, some women get...more
July 27, 2021, 8:22 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The racial issue, also emerged as a recurrent one during the debates. Many of the respondents had difficulties identifying their own race. Black women, for example, do not recognized themselves as such, declaring that they were white or brown. In Brazil, due to structural racism and racist society, to be black, many times infers to be the subject to an inferior position, as portrayed by Ducicleide da Silva, one of the respondents: 'I do not consider myself black, have you seen a black woman with green eyes?'" (para 9). "Domestic violence, while being endemic in some communities such as Bem-te-vi, situated in the rural area of Bonito, is a fact...more
July 12, 2021, 5:15 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Most child marriages are reported in rural communities that often consider verbal abuse or a child being slapped in her marital home as reactions to disobedience on her part, campaigners said" (para 20).
June 29, 2021, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Bride kidnapping is common in parts of sub-Saharan Africa, the Caucasus and Central Asia. In rural Kyrgyzstan, where over 60% of the country’s population lives, surveys suggests 1 in 3 marriages begins with a kidnapping. There, bride kidnapping is known as 'ala kachuu,' which translates as 'to take and run away.' It became illegal in 1994, but the practice continues today, especially in rural areas. And our research on labor migration in the country suggests bride kidnapping may push young women to leave their rural communities to avoid forced marriage" (para 2-4). "For example, survey data from Kyrgyzstan finds that the birth weights of the first children born to mothers...more
June 25, 2021, 9:03 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"But the exclusion the women of Gond and Madia tribes in Gadchiroli, one of India's poorest and most underdeveloped districts, face is extreme. Their traditional beliefs mean they have to spend five days every month in a hut, located mostly on the outskirts of the village on the edge of the forest. They are not allowed to cook or draw water from the village well and have to depend on food and water delivered by female relatives. If a man touches them, he has to immediately bathe because he too becomes 'impure by association'" (Para 4-5).
June 25, 2021, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"On May 30, local media reported the UPF had insufficient resources to monitor adequately the remote areas of the northeast where FGM/C was prevalent, which allowed many practitioners to continue working with impunity. DENIVA and LAW reported the absence of courts in Amudat and Kween Districts and a shortage of clinics that could provide medical evidence made it difficult to prosecute perpetrators" (p 29).
June 23, 2021, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Many Chinese men struggle to find a wife, and things become even more complicated for the deceased bachelors in rural China, where 'many women leave to work in the city; rural families, conscious of China's one-child policy, abort female foetuses before birth and abandon newborn girls,' Professor Yao said" (Para 27).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Between 2006 and 2008, the Government carried out a project entitled 'STEREOTYPES and equal opportunities of women and men in rural communities' co-financed from the funds of European Social Fund. The aim of the project was to break the stereotypes about the social roles of women in the rural community and strengthen their position on the labour market, as well as to remove the disparity between urban and rural areas as regards the possibility of local initiatives development...The project was attended by 640 women living in rural areas. The project beneficiaries included female gmina leaders, female gmina councillors, women involved in social or economic activity or willing to engage in...more
May 31, 2021, 5:59 p.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"For decades, indigenous populations were considered the poorest and most vulnerable ethnic group in Peru. However, when it comes to education, recent data show that Afro-Peruvians may be an even more vulnerable in the country than previously realized. As Figure 1 illustrates, Afro-Peruvian females aged 15 and older are either equally or more disadvantaged than their indigenous counterparts in rural areas" (para 1). "For instance, along Peru’s northern Pacific coast, where the Afro-Peruvian population is most heavily concentrated, only 26.9 percent of those girls access education, compared with an average of 42.3 percent for all girls in the same geographic area" (para 3).
May 15, 2021, 7:08 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-7, DV-DATA-1

"A woman who moves to her husband’s rural family home is especially vulnerable, Ms Li finds. Typically she would need to seek divorce in her husband’s local court. Often his relatives and neighbours, as well as police officers, decline to testify against a person they see as one of their own. Partly as a result, restraining orders against violent husbands remain vanishingly rare" (para 6).
April 20, 2021, 5:05 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The president complained that the instances of child marriage and early marriage were widespread in the countryside. 'Egyptian families should stop this habit which harms their daughters and causes serious social and economic implications on the nation's life,' said Al-Sisi. Al-Sisi said 'early marriage is a major reason for rapid population growth and for the spread of poverty in villages'" (para 3-4).
April 5, 2021, 8:46 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Meanwhile, Indigenous women and girls made up more than one in five victims killed by a male accused" (para 5). This suggests that femicide may be a particular problem among Indigenous populations in Canada (RAO-CODER COMMENT). "And for Indigenous women, the issue is further exacerbated in communities where support services or shelters for women don't exist, said Lavell-Harvard" (para 16).
March 31, 2021, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"In recent weeks, Noor has organised medical camps to speak to poorer Pakistani women about the health issues in their marginalised communities, most of which are linked to water and sanitation. Pakistan has among the world's worst access to safe water, with almost 80% of the population unable to access clean drinking water. 'You realize how inaccessible and unaffordable healthcare is for a lot of communities,' Noor said. 'I might have access to healthcare, but they won't'" (para 7-8).
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The total abortion rate (per 1,000 women of childbearing age) is 8.5 per 1,000 women of the reproductive age. High rates were observed in large cities (10.6), the lowest among rural women (5.3)" (37).
Feb. 26, 2021, 9:37 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ISTD-DATA-1, LRW-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1

“In Tanzania, growing numbers of young girls in early adolescence (12–13 years old) migrate to the cities. They move seeking education or work, but also in many cases to escape abusive family relations and forced marriage. This is a group particularly at risk: research in Tanzania shows that for one-fifth of them, the first sexual encounter is forced, and ‘sexual abuse is so prevalent that it is hardly even noticed or is treated as 'normal'. The corollary to this is the high incidence of HIV/AIDS. In Tanzania, infection rates are 12 and 9.6 per cent for females and males in urban areas, against 5.8 and 6.7 per cent in rural...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Brazil, Venezuela
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

“While rates of violent crime increased globally from 6 to 8.8 incidents per 100,000 persons between 1990 and 2000, much of this increase has been in cities. Sixty per cent of urban residents in low- and middle-income countries have been victims of crime over a five-year period; the rates are as high as 70 per cent in parts of Latin America and the Caribbean and Africa. In Latin America, more than half of the total homicides occur in cities such as Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, Mexico City, Lima and Caracas” (pp. 25).
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

“While rates of violent crime increased globally from 6 to 8.8 incidents per 100,000 persons between 1990 and 2000, much of this increase has been in cities. Sixty per cent of urban residents in low- and middle-income countries have been victims of crime over a five-year period; the rates are as high as 70 per cent in parts of Latin America and the Caribbean and Africa. In Latin America, more than half of the total homicides occur in cities such as Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, Mexico City, Lima and Caracas” (pp. 25). “Another important case of urban-based employment among women linked with widespread gender-based violence relates to the femicides...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

“In the Ecuadorian Amazon, young women are more likely than men to move to urban areas as they are more likely to find employment in domestic service, restaurants and retail” (pp. 9).
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

“For example, in several – but not all – sub-Saharan African nations for which data are available, men tend to outnumber women in urban centres. Kenya and Rwanda are particularly striking examples of highly unbalanced sex ratios – and, in the case of Kenya, increasing rapidly over the decade 1999–2008. Overall, however, the traditional male bias in rural–urban migration seems to have declined, resulting in more balanced sex ratios in urban areas” (pp. 11). Figure 2: Women-headed households in urban and rural areas in selected African Countries shows the percentage of female headed houses in rural versus urban areas in several countries (pp. 15).
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

“In Tanzania and Bolivia, boys as young as 14 are moving on their own from poor rural areas to urban centres, often as part of a family strategy to diversify income sources and reduce their vulnerability to environmental change. Girls are also a growing group of migrants to the cities in many countries. In many cases, and especially when they are forced to live with employers (in the case of domestic workers) or do not have support from relatives, they may be especially vulnerable” (pp. 10).
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

“For example, while much of the large-scale rural–urban movement in China is unrecorded, making it difficult to ascertain its sex composition, there is evidence that increasing numbers of women, including young unmarried ones but also older married women in their late twenties and early thirties, are moving to urban centres to work in factories and services” (pp. 9).
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh, Pakistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

“Similarly, a study of fertility and access to family planning in urban Bangladesh and Pakistan shows that poor women remain worse off than their wealthier counterparts, despite the expansion of family planning services in Bangladesh” (pp. 8).
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

“While rates of violent crime increased globally from 6 to 8.8 incidents per 100,000 persons between 1990 and 2000, much of this increase has been in cities. Sixty per cent of urban residents in low- and middle-income countries have been victims of crime over a five-year period; the rates are as high as 70 per cent in parts of Latin America and the Caribbean and Africa. In Latin America, more than half of the total homicides occur in cities such as Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, Mexico City, Lima and Caracas” (pp. 25). “Another important case of urban-based employment among women linked with widespread gender-based violence relates to the femicides...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon, Chad
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

Figure 1: Total Fertility Rate for Residents of Urban Slum and Non-slum Areas and for Rural Areas: Selected African Countries, 2003-2004 shows the fertility rate for the countries Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Kenya, Morocco, Mozambique, and Nigeria for different areas of the country (pp. 8).
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

“In the Ecuadorian Amazon, young women are more likely than men to move to urban areas as they are more likely to find employment in domestic service, restaurants and retail. Similar reasons underpin women’s preference for urban destinations in Vietnam’s Mekong Delta” (pp. 9).
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

“In South Africa, in 2004 domestic service was the second-largest sector of employment for black women, employing some 755,000 workers, with a large proportion of internal migrants from rural areas” (pp. 18).
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

Figure 1: Total Fertility Rate for Residents of Urban Slum and Non-slum Areas and for Rural Areas: Selected African Countries, 2003-2004 shows the fertility rate for the countries Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Kenya, Morocco, Mozambique, and Nigeria for different areas of the country (pp. 8). Figure 2: Women-headed households in urban and rural areas in selected African Countries shows the percentage of female headed houses in rural versus urban areas in several countries (pp. 15).
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

“For example, in the late 1990s, urban India overtook rural India in share of GDP, and urban per capita incomes are over three times the rural ones. Rural areas contribute 18 per cent of GDP although they employ 60 per cent of the population, but rural– urban migration has been constrained by high costs of living in urban centres and lack of forma lsector jobs” (pp. 7). “In India, this is especially the case in the large (‘millionplus’) cities, which contain one-quarter of India’s urban population but where on average there are only 86 women per 100 men (Chant, 2011). In much of Southeast Asia, on the other hand, selective...more