The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CWC-DATA-4

July 21, 2021, 11:24 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"'Feminists in Kuwait have been paving the way to see this issue in a contextually intersectional way. The murder is not the first murder, unfortunately. There have been several instances of women from tribal backgrounds, from stateless backgrounds, from migrant backgrounds, and from trans and non-binary gendered backgrounds. We hear about these instances of violence on a weekly or even daily basis and our hearts sink with every name'" (Para 13).
July 20, 2021, 8 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"She's the daughter of the ruler of Dubai. In secretly recorded videos shared with the BBC, the princess accused her father of having held her hostage in the city since she tried to flee in 2018, and said she feared for her life. The United Nations has since said it will question the United Arab Emirates (UAE) about her. She isn't the only member of her family to flee the city. In June 2019 Princess Haya bint Hussein, the 45-year-old wife of Princess Latifa's father, fled to Germany and sought political asylum. Latifa's sister, Shamsa, also attempted to escape" (Para 1-2). This suggests that females are attempting to leave the...more
July 20, 2021, 7:53 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"She's the daughter of the ruler of Dubai. In secretly recorded videos shared with the BBC, the princess accused her father of having held her hostage in the city since she tried to flee in 2018, and said she feared for her life. The United Nations has since said it will question the United Arab Emirates (UAE) about her. She isn't the only member of her family to flee the city. In June 2019 Princess Haya bint Hussein, the 45-year-old wife of Princess Latifa's father, fled to Germany and sought political asylum. Latifa's sister, Shamsa, also attempted to escape" (Para 1-2). This suggests that females are attempting to leave the...more
July 9, 2021, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Stateless persons had limited legal protection and encountered travel restrictions, social exclusion, and heightened vulnerability to trafficking, sexual and gender-based violence, exploitation, forced displacement, and other abuses" (p 26).
June 30, 2021, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"And since Kyrgyzstan has Central Asia’s highest rates of women’s labor emigration – women make up [40% of all Kyrgyz migrants in Russia], a much higher share than those from neighboring Tajikistan and Uzbekistan – migration would be a socially acceptable way to move somewhere where kidnapping is rare. Other researchers have hypothesized that Kyrgyz women migrate at such high rates because of their Russian language proficiency and Kyrgyzstan’s less restrictive gender norms. But bride kidnapping in Kyrgyzstan seems to play at least as critical a role in this trend..." (para 23-25).
June 29, 2021, 3:30 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-4

"Lebanon has nearly 250,000 migrant domestic workers, the vast majority of them women. They are given the right to work in the country via the kafala system, a common form of sponsorship used across the Middle East that ties the legal residency of migrant workers to their employers. The workers come from African and Asian countries, primarily Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Kenya, the Philippines and Sri Lanka" (para 5-6).
June 29, 2021, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"And our research on labor migration in the country suggests bride kidnapping may push young women to leave their rural communities to avoid forced marriage" (para 4). "In Alay district, a rural region of southern Kyrgyzstan, we found that the young adult daughters of parents in a kidnapping-based marriage were 50% more likely to migrate for work, both within Kyrgyzstan and internationally. Our regression analysis controlled for other factors that could push young women to migrate, such as household size, education and wealth. Survey questions generally cannot distinguish between 'pretend' and 'real' bride kidnappings, so these findings may understate the negative effects of forced marriage on infant health and migration....more
May 24, 2021, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"In addition to deportation, undocumented Haitian victims faced increased vulnerability to trafficking" (p 10). "The International Organization for Migration reported cases of individuals deported because authorities did not permit them to retrieve immigration or citizenship documents from their residences as well as deportations of women who left children behind in their residences" (p 11). "In 2016 UNHCR recognized 787 asylum seekers, 93 percent of them Haitian, but the government historically recognized few of those claims. Of the more than 300 asylum-seeker cases between 2012 and 2016 that received a final decision, the government rejected 99 percent with the vague justification of “failure of proof.” NGOs concluded that this alone was...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Women migrants present in Italy represent approximately 49.8 per cent of all immigrants residing in Italy. But there are huge differences in gender distribution according to nationality: As for the Eastern European countries, women are almost three times more than men; as for African countries the rate is reversed; as for the Far East, there is a marked female predominance, while other Asian countries see the male predominance" (33). "Another specific area where the Department of Equal Opportunities has put in place measures to promote the protection and integration of women migrants is the one devoted to contrast the phenomenon of trafficking, a phenomenon which sees the involvement of foreign...more
March 13, 2021, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Immigrant women and women asylum-seekers...may be subject to multiple forms of discrimination with respect to education, health, employment and social and political participation. It notes that asylum on the grounds of gender-related persecution, including violence against women, is not frequently granted. It also notes that women in insecure immigration status are not allowed to access public funds, particularly health care services, public housing and social security benefits, with particularly negative consequences for victims of violence. The Committee is concerned that proposals to introduce pre-entry English-language tests for people applying for spouse visas may discriminate against certain groups of vulnerable refugees, in particular women" (13).
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The natural population decline in 2010 was 200,500 people, in 2013 158,700 people. The migration gain of population in 2010 was 16,100 persons, in 2013 31.9 thousand people" (7).
Feb. 15, 2021, 10:02 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"As Jacqui True explains in her upcoming book 'The Political Economy of Violence Against Women', the liberalization of markets has 'created new spaces of gender violence' (True 2012: 19). It should be noted that approximately 30 % of those trafficked into Bosnia and Herzegovina said that the reason they decided to migrate was to escape violence at home. It also explains how traffickers could operate so freely. True goes on to state that sexual violence against women is integrally linked to the material basis of power — a power that is, more often than not, specifically male. This is important because it makes a direct link between capitalist systems and...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“Even in China, where migration is the main contributing factor of urban growth, natural growth accounts for about 40 per cent” (pp. 7).
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“In South Africa, in 2004 domestic service was the second-largest sector of employment for black women, employing some 755,000 workers, with a large proportion of internal migrants from rural areas” (pp. 18).
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“In India, between 1961 and 2001, urban natural growth (the excess of births over deaths in the urban population) accounted for about 60 per cent of urban growth, with the remaining 40 per cent due to migration and the reclassification of rural areas as urban” (pp. 7).
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania, Vietnam
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“Work in private households is also a major source of employment for rural–urban migrant women in Vietnam and in Tanzania” (pp. 18).
Jan. 31, 2021, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2, CWC-DATA-4

"CALD women experience higher levels of violence than the general population. CALD women are more likely to experience abuse by extended family members, abuse related to their immigration status, dowry demands and forced marriage. The family violence provisions in the Migration Regulations only protect some women from deportation if they leave a violent relationship. Women on certain temporary visas, including temporary work visas, business or student visas cannot access the family violence provisions and are thus subject to deportation if they leave a violent relationship. It is estimated that without intervention, the cost of violence perpetrated against immigrant and refugee women will reach $4 billion in 2021-22" (23). CALD stands...more
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“The factors driving the epidemic in Angola are of a social, economic and cultural nature and include: High rates of illiteracy; High rates of migration and establishment of new population settlements; Gender inequalities; Early initiation of sexual relations; Casual sexual encounters; Lack of knowledge and existence of preconceptions about the risk of sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDS; Sexual practices without protection and rejection of the use of condoms; Male polygamy; Cultural and religious barriers to the use of prevention methods” (pp. 41).
Dec. 31, 2020, 4:53 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Since 1989 thousands of civilians in Kashmir have been subjected to enforced disappearances following arrest by Indian security forces. A conservative estimate of involuntary enforced disappearances is over 8000. The state government admits to 4000 disappearance cases...While widows are entitled to some compensation under civil law, half-widows are uncertain about their future and are entitled to compensation only on production of death certificates" (para 7, 9).
Nov. 6, 2020, 12:37 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“It should be noted that the situation of healthcare for Venezuelan pregnant women, could be boosting their migration to neighboring countries. Women could be seeking better conditions for the time of delivery, at risk of suffering negative consequences in recipient countries, including xenophobia, trafficking, and the vulnerability of their status as migrant and woman. Venezuela has also become the country in the region whose indicator of maternal mortality has increased more considerably” (para 6).
Oct. 5, 2020, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, CWC-DATA-4

"As the country's sex ratio imbalance has made it difficult for many men to find wives, 'bride' trafficking from neighboring countries to China appears to have increased from Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, North Korea, and Pakistan. Many women and girls are deceived through false promises of employment into travelling to China, only to be sold to Chinese families as brides and held in sexual slavery, often for years. In April, a Pakistani television station gained entry to what it said was a 'matchmaking center' in Lahore where six women and girls, two only 13 years old, were held awaiting transit to China as brides" (para 40).
Oct. 1, 2020, 9:06 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Hundreds of thousands of Hungarians have emigrated in the last decade, mainly to western Europe" (para 7). "Hungary is just one of many Eastern European countries facing demographic decline—due to low birth rates and the emigration of working-age people to other EU nations" (para 20).
Sept. 14, 2020, 4:49 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Colombia has received by far the largest number of Venezuelan exiles fleeing the human rights and humanitarian crisis in Venezuela. More than 1.4 million people moved from Venezuela to Colombia between March 2017 and August 2019" (para 39).
Aug. 30, 2020, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, CL-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-4

"Women continue to be particularly affected by the ongoing transition to a market economy, poor economic development, high levels of unemployment, poverty, male out-migration, especially in recent years" (para 4).
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:32 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“The Muslim population in Switzerland has more than quintupled since 1980; it now numbers about 400,000, or roughly 5% of the population. Most Muslims living in Switzerland are of Turkish or Balkan origin, with a smaller minority from the Arab world. Many of them are second- and third-generation immigrants firmly establishing themselves in Switzerland” (para 9). “In January 2011, a 66-year-old Turkish woman living in Bern was sentenced to three years and six months in prison for encouraging the father and brothers of her daughter-in-law to carry out an ‘honor crime’ against her for her ‘risqué lifestyle’” (para 15).
Aug. 8, 2020, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Ecuador has been receiving a huge influx of Venezuelan exiles, many passing through to other countries. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees reported that, as of November, 385,042 Venezuelan migrants and refugees were living in Ecuador" (para 27).
Aug. 8, 2020, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Since at least December 2016, Algeria has rounded up and summarily expelled en masse thousands of Sub-Saharan migrants, including women and children. Algerian authorities reportedly expelled almost 5,000 people during the first half of 2019, most of them Nigerian" (para 15).
Aug. 7, 2020, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Jordan hosted around 70,000 migrant domestic workers in 2019, mostly from the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Indonesia" (para 16). "Abuses included non-payment of wages, unsafe working conditions, long hours, document confiscation, and physical, verbal and sexual abuse" (para 16).
Aug. 2, 2020, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2, CWC-DATA-4

"Migrant domestic workers, predominantly women, faced a range of abuses including overwork, forced confinement, non-payment of wages, food deprivation, and psychological, physical, and sexual abuse for which there was little redress" (para 29).
July 28, 2020, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"We commend the government on maintaining the family violence provisions in the migration legislation, which are designed to enable partners of Australian citizens or of primary applicants for permanent residency to stay permanently in Australia after the relationship has broken down due to intimate partner violence. However, we are concerned by the limitation of this process: a) family violence is only recognised when committed by an intimate partner. b) access to family violence provisions is available for a limited list of visas only. c) the process involves assessment of the genuineness of relationships prior to assessment of allegations of family violence. This is highly problematic, as for instance, lack of...more