The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CWC-DATA-4

May 24, 2021, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"In addition to deportation, undocumented Haitian victims faced increased vulnerability to trafficking" (p 10). "The International Organization for Migration reported cases of individuals deported because authorities did not permit them to retrieve immigration or citizenship documents from their residences as well as deportations of women who left children behind in their residences" (p 11). "In 2016 UNHCR recognized 787 asylum seekers, 93 percent of them Haitian, but the government historically recognized few of those claims. Of the more than 300 asylum-seeker cases between 2012 and 2016 that received a final decision, the government rejected 99 percent with the vague justification of “failure of proof.” NGOs concluded that this alone was...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Women migrants present in Italy represent approximately 49.8 per cent of all immigrants residing in Italy. But there are huge differences in gender distribution according to nationality: As for the Eastern European countries, women are almost three times more than men; as for African countries the rate is reversed; as for the Far East, there is a marked female predominance, while other Asian countries see the male predominance" (33). "Another specific area where the Department of Equal Opportunities has put in place measures to promote the protection and integration of women migrants is the one devoted to contrast the phenomenon of trafficking, a phenomenon which sees the involvement of foreign...more
March 13, 2021, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Immigrant women and women asylum-seekers...may be subject to multiple forms of discrimination with respect to education, health, employment and social and political participation. It notes that asylum on the grounds of gender-related persecution, including violence against women, is not frequently granted. It also notes that women in insecure immigration status are not allowed to access public funds, particularly health care services, public housing and social security benefits, with particularly negative consequences for victims of violence. The Committee is concerned that proposals to introduce pre-entry English-language tests for people applying for spouse visas may discriminate against certain groups of vulnerable refugees, in particular women" (13).
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The natural population decline in 2010 was 200,500 people, in 2013 158,700 people. The migration gain of population in 2010 was 16,100 persons, in 2013 31.9 thousand people" (7).
Feb. 15, 2021, 10:02 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"As Jacqui True explains in her upcoming book 'The Political Economy of Violence Against Women', the liberalization of markets has 'created new spaces of gender violence' (True 2012: 19). It should be noted that approximately 30 % of those trafficked into Bosnia and Herzegovina said that the reason they decided to migrate was to escape violence at home. It also explains how traffickers could operate so freely. True goes on to state that sexual violence against women is integrally linked to the material basis of power — a power that is, more often than not, specifically male. This is important because it makes a direct link between capitalist systems and...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“Even in China, where migration is the main contributing factor of urban growth, natural growth accounts for about 40 per cent” (pp. 7).
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“In South Africa, in 2004 domestic service was the second-largest sector of employment for black women, employing some 755,000 workers, with a large proportion of internal migrants from rural areas” (pp. 18).
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“In India, between 1961 and 2001, urban natural growth (the excess of births over deaths in the urban population) accounted for about 60 per cent of urban growth, with the remaining 40 per cent due to migration and the reclassification of rural areas as urban” (pp. 7).
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania, Vietnam
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“Work in private households is also a major source of employment for rural–urban migrant women in Vietnam and in Tanzania” (pp. 18).
Jan. 31, 2021, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2, CWC-DATA-4

"CALD women experience higher levels of violence than the general population. CALD women are more likely to experience abuse by extended family members, abuse related to their immigration status, dowry demands and forced marriage. The family violence provisions in the Migration Regulations only protect some women from deportation if they leave a violent relationship. Women on certain temporary visas, including temporary work visas, business or student visas cannot access the family violence provisions and are thus subject to deportation if they leave a violent relationship. It is estimated that without intervention, the cost of violence perpetrated against immigrant and refugee women will reach $4 billion in 2021-22" (23). CALD stands...more
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“The factors driving the epidemic in Angola are of a social, economic and cultural nature and include: High rates of illiteracy; High rates of migration and establishment of new population settlements; Gender inequalities; Early initiation of sexual relations; Casual sexual encounters; Lack of knowledge and existence of preconceptions about the risk of sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDS; Sexual practices without protection and rejection of the use of condoms; Male polygamy; Cultural and religious barriers to the use of prevention methods” (pp. 41).
Dec. 31, 2020, 4:53 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Since 1989 thousands of civilians in Kashmir have been subjected to enforced disappearances following arrest by Indian security forces. A conservative estimate of involuntary enforced disappearances is over 8000. The state government admits to 4000 disappearance cases...While widows are entitled to some compensation under civil law, half-widows are uncertain about their future and are entitled to compensation only on production of death certificates" (para 7, 9).
Nov. 6, 2020, 12:37 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“It should be noted that the situation of healthcare for Venezuelan pregnant women, could be boosting their migration to neighboring countries. Women could be seeking better conditions for the time of delivery, at risk of suffering negative consequences in recipient countries, including xenophobia, trafficking, and the vulnerability of their status as migrant and woman. Venezuela has also become the country in the region whose indicator of maternal mortality has increased more considerably” (para 6).
Oct. 5, 2020, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, CWC-DATA-4

"As the country's sex ratio imbalance has made it difficult for many men to find wives, 'bride' trafficking from neighboring countries to China appears to have increased from Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, North Korea, and Pakistan. Many women and girls are deceived through false promises of employment into travelling to China, only to be sold to Chinese families as brides and held in sexual slavery, often for years. In April, a Pakistani television station gained entry to what it said was a 'matchmaking center' in Lahore where six women and girls, two only 13 years old, were held awaiting transit to China as brides" (para 40).
Oct. 1, 2020, 9:06 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Hundreds of thousands of Hungarians have emigrated in the last decade, mainly to western Europe" (para 7). "Hungary is just one of many Eastern European countries facing demographic decline—due to low birth rates and the emigration of working-age people to other EU nations" (para 20).
Sept. 14, 2020, 4:49 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Colombia has received by far the largest number of Venezuelan exiles fleeing the human rights and humanitarian crisis in Venezuela. More than 1.4 million people moved from Venezuela to Colombia between March 2017 and August 2019" (para 39).
Aug. 30, 2020, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, CL-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-4

"Women continue to be particularly affected by the ongoing transition to a market economy, poor economic development, high levels of unemployment, poverty, male out-migration, especially in recent years" (para 4).
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:32 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“The Muslim population in Switzerland has more than quintupled since 1980; it now numbers about 400,000, or roughly 5% of the population. Most Muslims living in Switzerland are of Turkish or Balkan origin, with a smaller minority from the Arab world. Many of them are second- and third-generation immigrants firmly establishing themselves in Switzerland” (para 9). “In January 2011, a 66-year-old Turkish woman living in Bern was sentenced to three years and six months in prison for encouraging the father and brothers of her daughter-in-law to carry out an ‘honor crime’ against her for her ‘risqué lifestyle’” (para 15).
Aug. 8, 2020, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Ecuador has been receiving a huge influx of Venezuelan exiles, many passing through to other countries. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees reported that, as of November, 385,042 Venezuelan migrants and refugees were living in Ecuador" (para 27).
Aug. 8, 2020, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Since at least December 2016, Algeria has rounded up and summarily expelled en masse thousands of Sub-Saharan migrants, including women and children. Algerian authorities reportedly expelled almost 5,000 people during the first half of 2019, most of them Nigerian" (para 15).
Aug. 7, 2020, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Jordan hosted around 70,000 migrant domestic workers in 2019, mostly from the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Indonesia" (para 16). "Abuses included non-payment of wages, unsafe working conditions, long hours, document confiscation, and physical, verbal and sexual abuse" (para 16).
Aug. 2, 2020, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2, CWC-DATA-4

"Migrant domestic workers, predominantly women, faced a range of abuses including overwork, forced confinement, non-payment of wages, food deprivation, and psychological, physical, and sexual abuse for which there was little redress" (para 29).
July 28, 2020, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"We commend the government on maintaining the family violence provisions in the migration legislation, which are designed to enable partners of Australian citizens or of primary applicants for permanent residency to stay permanently in Australia after the relationship has broken down due to intimate partner violence. However, we are concerned by the limitation of this process: a) family violence is only recognised when committed by an intimate partner. b) access to family violence provisions is available for a limited list of visas only. c) the process involves assessment of the genuineness of relationships prior to assessment of allegations of family violence. This is highly problematic, as for instance, lack of...more
July 19, 2020, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Forty-seven percent of households reported that at least one person had migrated from the household at some time in the 10 years preceding the survey (data not shown). A total of 8,836 persons migrated in the past 10 years, of whom 57% were men and 43% were women. Seventy-one percent of women and 84% of men migrated in the last 5 years. One in three men migrated in the past year. External migration is not common among women; 84% of women migrated within Nepal, while the majority of men (68%) migrated outside the country. The most common destinations for male migration were the Middle East (32%) and India (17%). About...more
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"In the previous six years, CRRS has been developing the Migration Profile of the Republic of Serbia which is used to monitor migration flows and trends in the country and to introduce and develop migration data collecting mechanisms. It is updated every year and where possible, all data are classified by sex and age and also by other categories" (40).
April 19, 2020, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The incidence of in-migration combined with immigration is estimated at 11%; thus, one in nine persons in Pakistan have moved to their place of enumeration (district/city) from another place (district/city/country)" (328). "Twelve percent of female household members and 9% of male household members are either in-migrants or immigrants" (328). "Over 90% of all female in-migrants report either marriage or accompanying family as the reason for migrating, regardless of the direction of the move" (331). " Most women under age 20 also in-migrated to accompany family, while those in the older age groups moved mainly for marriage or to accompany family" (332). "Women usually move to a city (58%) or rural...more
April 3, 2020, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"In the online discussion following recent assault cases, the perspectives of two groups are strikingly absent from the conversation: migrant and 'unregistered' women. A 2005 survey by sociologists of police station data in the southern province of Guangzhou found that as many as 93 percent of rapes have migrant women as their targets. 'Migrant women are without a protective network, are often even illegal migrants, and often neglected, even targeted by the police as well as sexual predators. The victims fear the police,' Bakken told FP" (para 11).
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"UNHCR claimed there were reports of refugees facing physical and sexual abuse as well as torture and forced labor and that many refugees were susceptible to trafficking" (24).
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"He hoped to reach his sons in California. With luck, he could find work, support the girls back home -- and get asylum for the whole family" (para 74).
Dec. 14, 2019, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Instead brides are purchased from destitute families outside of Uttar Pradesh. And while they are officially married to one brother they are expected to act as a wife to several others in a practice known as polyandry" (para 13).