The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for CWC-DATA-4

Aug. 18, 2022, 5:18 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"A 2015 study based on 2011 census data on FGM in the UK found around 103,000 women aged 15-49 and around 24,000 women aged 50 and over who have migrated to England and Wales are living with the consequences of FGM. It also found that around 10,000 girls aged under 15 who have migrated to England and Wales are likely to have undergone FGM. The study also reported that women who have undergone FGM do not only live in urban centres in England and Wales." (16,17,18)
July 6, 2022, 10:35 a.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The Government expanded its partnership with the International Organization for Migration in 2013 to include joint training sessions for officials as well as the publication of awareness-raising materials. It also continued to provide basic health care to undocumented migrants (16). "Act No. 133/AN/16/7 L of 24 March 2016 on Combating Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants was enacted. The law was enacted after it was observed and acknowledged by all the relevant actors and institutions that the previous law on combating trafficking in human beings was not in line with the general principles of the Organized Crime Convention. Its aim is to prevent, suppress and punish trafficking in persons,...more
June 14, 2022, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The number of foreign women seeking assistance from the Crisis Centre in Tórshavn remains relatively high. As part of the action plan against domestic violence a booklet aimed especially at foreigners was produced. It contains information in several languages on basic rights and obligations/duties in Faroese society. Particular focus is on providing information about where foreigners can seek assistance if they have been victims of violence. The booklet was well received and has been reprinted twice since" (43).
May 30, 2022, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"An amendment to article 50, paragraph 2 of the Foreign Nationals Act (FNA) came into force on 1 July 2013. When a spouse has not freely consented to the marriage, he or she may henceforth invoke important personal reasons to obtain or extend a residence permit. That change also enshrines in law the Federal Supreme Court’s case law under which, for the right to residence to be upheld after family breakdown, it is not necessary for both conditions, i.e. domestic violence and gravely compromised prospects of social reintegration in the country of origin, to be fulfilled. Moreover, FOGE and FOM have organized four regional workshops on enforcement of FNA article...more
March 9, 2022, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Women migrants present in Italy represent approximately 49.8 per cent of all immigrants residing in Italy. But there are huge differences in gender distribution according to nationality: As for the Eastern European countries, women are almost three times more than men; as for African countries the rate is reversed; as for the Far East, there is a marked female predominance, while other Asian countries see the male predominance" (33). "Another specific area where the Department of Equal Opportunities has put in place measures to promote the protection and integration of women migrants is the one devoted to contrast the phenomenon of trafficking, a phenomenon which sees the involvement of foreign...more
Feb. 5, 2022, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-4

"...Girls and women from rural areas, as well as migrant workers from bordering countries, were lured to cities with false promises of employment or education and exploited in domestic servitude and sex trafficking" (22).
Dec. 2, 2021, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The NGO Refugees International in April criticized the government of Curacao for failing to provide temporary status to Venezuelan refugees and other displaced Venezuelans. They found that many migrants and displaced Venezuelans without legal status ended up living on the fringes of society, with no protection against abuse from neighbors or from employers in the informal sector. They noted that some migrant women had been forced into commercial sex" (7-8). These women had migrated to the Netherlands (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 2, 2021, 7:34 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5, CWC-DATA-4

"The NGO Refugees International in April criticized the government of Curacao for failing to provide temporary status to Venezuelan refugees and other displaced Venezuelans. They found that many migrants and displaced Venezuelans without legal status ended up living on the fringes of society, with no protection against abuse from neighbors or from employers in the informal sector. They noted that some migrant women had been forced into commercial sex" (7-8).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:32 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The law provides for the protection of unaccompanied foreign minors and creates a system of protection that manages minors from the time they arrive in the country until they reach the age 21 and can support themselves. As of June the Ministry of Labor and Social Policies had identified 7,272 unaccompanied minors, of whom 4,736 had left the shelters assigned to them. Of those assisted, 93 percent were boys and 86 percent were 16 or 17 years old. Girls were 7 percent of the total, of which 32 percent came from Nigeria. This group was especially vulnerable to sexual abuse and violence" (21-22). These unaccompanied minors were in Italy and...more
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The law provides for the protection of unaccompanied foreign minors and creates a system of protection that manages minors from the time they arrive in the country until they reach the age 21 and can support themselves. As of June the Ministry of Labor and Social Policies had identified 7,272 unaccompanied minors, of whom 4,736 had left the shelters assigned to them. Of those assisted, 93 percent were boys and 86 percent were 16 or 17 years old. Girls were 7 percent of the total, of which 32 percent came from Nigeria. This group was especially vulnerable to sexual abuse and violence" (21-22). Unaccompanied minors in Italy are generally considered...more
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"In its 2018 report on migrant centers in Ceuta and Melilla, the National Ombudsman noted the deterioration of housing facilities and the inadequacy of rooms for mothers with small children" (9). "...In July there were protests against unaccompanied minors in El Masnou after one of them was accused of attempting to rape a girl. The protesters tried to attack the center housing the unaccompanied minors, leaving six persons injured, including four of the youths. There have also been counterprotests condemning the protesters against the unaccompanied minors as racists" (12). All of the unaccompanied minors mentioned here are migrants (JLR-CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"[The new asylum and immigration bill] includes measures to strengthen the protection of girls and young men exposed to the risk of sexual mutilation...and adopts protective provisions on the right to remain for victims of domestic violence" (14). "According to the latest statistics available from the Ministry of Gender Equality and the Fight against Discrimination, between 40,000 to 60,000 FGM/C victims resided in the country. The majority were recent immigrants from sub-Saharan African countries where FGM/C was prevalent and where the procedure was performed. According to the Group against Sexual Mutilation, 350 excisions were performed in the country each year" (20).
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"In its August report, the UN Panel of Experts on Mali reported receiving multiple accounts of female migrants being raped during their journey. For example, on May 19, four armed men intercepted a public transport vehicle traveling from Bamako to Timbuktu near Acharane village, stole all the passengers’ belongings, and gang-raped a 20-year-old woman. On August 31, a group of seven individuals harassed and raped a girl in the Nafadji neighborhood in Bamako. Five of the assailants remained in custody, while two fled and were not captured. The case was under investigation. In October, during the second session of the Court of Assizes, cases related to sexual assault and rape...more
July 21, 2021, 11:24 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"'Feminists in Kuwait have been paving the way to see this issue in a contextually intersectional way. The murder is not the first murder, unfortunately. There have been several instances of women from tribal backgrounds, from stateless backgrounds, from migrant backgrounds, and from trans and non-binary gendered backgrounds. We hear about these instances of violence on a weekly or even daily basis and our hearts sink with every name'" (Para 13).
July 20, 2021, 8 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"She's the daughter of the ruler of Dubai. In secretly recorded videos shared with the BBC, the princess accused her father of having held her hostage in the city since she tried to flee in 2018, and said she feared for her life. The United Nations has since said it will question the United Arab Emirates (UAE) about her. She isn't the only member of her family to flee the city. In June 2019 Princess Haya bint Hussein, the 45-year-old wife of Princess Latifa's father, fled to Germany and sought political asylum. Latifa's sister, Shamsa, also attempted to escape" (Para 1-2). This suggests that females are attempting to leave the...more
July 20, 2021, 7:53 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"She's the daughter of the ruler of Dubai. In secretly recorded videos shared with the BBC, the princess accused her father of having held her hostage in the city since she tried to flee in 2018, and said she feared for her life. The United Nations has since said it will question the United Arab Emirates (UAE) about her. She isn't the only member of her family to flee the city. In June 2019 Princess Haya bint Hussein, the 45-year-old wife of Princess Latifa's father, fled to Germany and sought political asylum. Latifa's sister, Shamsa, also attempted to escape" (Para 1-2). This suggests that females are attempting to leave the...more
July 9, 2021, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Stateless persons had limited legal protection and encountered travel restrictions, social exclusion, and heightened vulnerability to trafficking, sexual and gender-based violence, exploitation, forced displacement, and other abuses" (p 26).
June 30, 2021, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"And since Kyrgyzstan has Central Asia’s highest rates of women’s labor emigration – women make up [40% of all Kyrgyz migrants in Russia], a much higher share than those from neighboring Tajikistan and Uzbekistan – migration would be a socially acceptable way to move somewhere where kidnapping is rare. Other researchers have hypothesized that Kyrgyz women migrate at such high rates because of their Russian language proficiency and Kyrgyzstan’s less restrictive gender norms. But bride kidnapping in Kyrgyzstan seems to play at least as critical a role in this trend..." (para 23-25).
June 29, 2021, 3:30 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-4

"Lebanon has nearly 250,000 migrant domestic workers, the vast majority of them women. They are given the right to work in the country via the kafala system, a common form of sponsorship used across the Middle East that ties the legal residency of migrant workers to their employers. The workers come from African and Asian countries, primarily Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Kenya, the Philippines and Sri Lanka" (para 5-6).
June 29, 2021, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"And our research on labor migration in the country suggests bride kidnapping may push young women to leave their rural communities to avoid forced marriage" (para 4). "In Alay district, a rural region of southern Kyrgyzstan, we found that the young adult daughters of parents in a kidnapping-based marriage were 50% more likely to migrate for work, both within Kyrgyzstan and internationally. Our regression analysis controlled for other factors that could push young women to migrate, such as household size, education and wealth. Survey questions generally cannot distinguish between 'pretend' and 'real' bride kidnappings, so these findings may understate the negative effects of forced marriage on infant health and migration....more
May 24, 2021, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"In addition to deportation, undocumented Haitian victims faced increased vulnerability to trafficking" (p 10). "The International Organization for Migration reported cases of individuals deported because authorities did not permit them to retrieve immigration or citizenship documents from their residences as well as deportations of women who left children behind in their residences" (p 11). "In 2016 UNHCR recognized 787 asylum seekers, 93 percent of them Haitian, but the government historically recognized few of those claims. Of the more than 300 asylum-seeker cases between 2012 and 2016 that received a final decision, the government rejected 99 percent with the vague justification of “failure of proof.” NGOs concluded that this alone was...more
April 26, 2021, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Women migrants present in Italy represent approximately 49.8 per cent of all immigrants residing in Italy. But there are huge differences in gender distribution according to nationality: As for the Eastern European countries, women are almost three times more than men; as for African countries the rate is reversed; as for the Far East, there is a marked female predominance, while other Asian countries see the male predominance" (33). "Another specific area where the Department of Equal Opportunities has put in place measures to promote the protection and integration of women migrants is the one devoted to contrast the phenomenon of trafficking, a phenomenon which sees the involvement of foreign...more
March 13, 2021, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Immigrant women and women asylum-seekers...may be subject to multiple forms of discrimination with respect to education, health, employment and social and political participation. It notes that asylum on the grounds of gender-related persecution, including violence against women, is not frequently granted. It also notes that women in insecure immigration status are not allowed to access public funds, particularly health care services, public housing and social security benefits, with particularly negative consequences for victims of violence. The Committee is concerned that proposals to introduce pre-entry English-language tests for people applying for spouse visas may discriminate against certain groups of vulnerable refugees, in particular women" (13).
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The natural population decline in 2010 was 200,500 people, in 2013 158,700 people. The migration gain of population in 2010 was 16,100 persons, in 2013 31.9 thousand people" (7).
Feb. 15, 2021, 10:02 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"As Jacqui True explains in her upcoming book 'The Political Economy of Violence Against Women', the liberalization of markets has 'created new spaces of gender violence' (True 2012: 19). It should be noted that approximately 30 % of those trafficked into Bosnia and Herzegovina said that the reason they decided to migrate was to escape violence at home. It also explains how traffickers could operate so freely. True goes on to state that sexual violence against women is integrally linked to the material basis of power — a power that is, more often than not, specifically male. This is important because it makes a direct link between capitalist systems and...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“Even in China, where migration is the main contributing factor of urban growth, natural growth accounts for about 40 per cent” (pp. 7).
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“In South Africa, in 2004 domestic service was the second-largest sector of employment for black women, employing some 755,000 workers, with a large proportion of internal migrants from rural areas” (pp. 18).
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“In India, between 1961 and 2001, urban natural growth (the excess of births over deaths in the urban population) accounted for about 60 per cent of urban growth, with the remaining 40 per cent due to migration and the reclassification of rural areas as urban” (pp. 7).
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania, Vietnam
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“Work in private households is also a major source of employment for rural–urban migrant women in Vietnam and in Tanzania” (pp. 18).
Jan. 31, 2021, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2, CWC-DATA-4

"CALD women experience higher levels of violence than the general population. CALD women are more likely to experience abuse by extended family members, abuse related to their immigration status, dowry demands and forced marriage. The family violence provisions in the Migration Regulations only protect some women from deportation if they leave a violent relationship. Women on certain temporary visas, including temporary work visas, business or student visas cannot access the family violence provisions and are thus subject to deportation if they leave a violent relationship. It is estimated that without intervention, the cost of violence perpetrated against immigrant and refugee women will reach $4 billion in 2021-22" (23). CALD stands...more