The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DACH-LAW-1

Feb. 16, 2024, 4:44 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: DACH-LAW-1, ABO-LAW-1

"Honduras is the only country in Latin America with absolute bans on abortion and emergency contraceptives. A recent proposal to legalise emergency contraceptives in cases of rape sparked indignation"(para 7).
Nov. 6, 2023, 11:49 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"The political rights of persons with disabilities, including women with disabilities, are guaranteed in a number of Chinese laws and regulations. It is clearly provided in the Law on the Protection of Disabled Persons that persons with disabilities shall enjoy equal rights with other citizens in political, economic, cultural and social fields and in family life and other aspects, and that discrimination on the basis of disability is prohibited. It is explicitly stated in the Regulations on the Development of Accessible Environments that the organizers of elections shall facilitate the participation of persons with disabilities in elections and make braille ballots available to visually impaired persons” (17).
Sept. 30, 2023, 4 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2014 of the State party’s combined third and fourth periodic reports (CEDAW/C/KAZ/3–4) in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following:Law on mandatory social health insurance (2015), which provides for mandatory health insurance, including for women, to be launched in 2020." (p.1-2). "The Committee commends the State party for enacting a strong legal framework for health protection and its considerable progress in the reduction of maternal mortality" (p.14).
Sept. 26, 2023, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia, Japan, Zambia
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"Spanish lawmakers adopted on Thursday a new bill creating a menstrual leave for women suffering from painful periods and strengthening access to abortion in public hospitals...When this bill is finally adopted, Spain will become the first country in Europe and one of the few in the world to integrate this measure into its legislation, following the example of Japan, Indonesia or Zambia" (para 1, 6)
Sept. 26, 2023, 10:48 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"Spanish lawmakers adopted on Thursday a new bill creating a menstrual leave for women suffering from painful periods and strengthening access to abortion in public hospitals" (para 1). "'Menstrual leave' is one of the key measures in the broader legislation, which also provides for increased access to abortion in public hospitals. Less than 15 per cent of abortions performed in the country take place in these institutions, mainly because of conscientious objections by doctors" (para 8). "This bill also provides for the reinforcement of sex education in schools as well as the free distribution of contraceptives and menstrual hygiene products in high schools" (para 11)."Spain is a country considered a...more
Aug. 15, 2023, 5:22 p.m.
Countries: Bahamas
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination against persons with disabilities, including their access to education, employment, health services, information, communications, public buildings, transportation, the judicial system, and other state services" (14).
Aug. 15, 2023, 6:17 a.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of Law No. 2014-131 of 24 March 2014 on universal health care. It is nevertheless concerned about: (a) The information provided by the delegation of the State party that only about 10 per cent of the population currently benefit from health insurance schemes; (b) The high maternal mortality and female malnutrition rates in the State party; (c) The prohibition of abortion except on grounds of a grave threat to the life and health of the pregnant woman (articles 366 and 367 of Law No. 1981-640 of 31 July 1981 on the Criminal Code); (d) The increase in the rate of clandestine abortions from 31 per...more
Aug. 8, 2023, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"To guarantee equality between men and women, the Constitution of Senegal reaffirms the principle of prohibiting all forms of discrimination, in particular genderbased discrimination. The Constitution gives women the right of...access to health and welfare..." (3). "The health policy envisions a Senegal in which every individual, household and community enjoys universal access to high-quality promotional, preventive and curative health services with no form of exclusion. The Government has therefore taken measures to facilitate the access of all to health partly or completely free of charge." (10).
July 25, 2023, 10:44 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"[The state adopted law] on regulating concentrated acid, in December 2011, which, inter alia, introduces the requirement that public hospitals provide medical care free of charge to survivors of acid attacks" (2).
July 21, 2023, 11:58 a.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"According to the Law of the Republic of Azerbaijan 669-IQ dated 21 May 1999 on Social Protection of IDPs and persons equivalent to them, medical services and medical provision for IDPs are extended by the State-run medical institutions in a way defined by relevant executive power authority" (5).
July 10, 2023, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"In addition to the above, NSPA implements a medical welfare assistance program to protect the poor and vulnerable from catastrophic health care expenditure by providing financial assistance to seek medical treatment and care not covered under the national health insurance scheme. The services provided under this program include, assistance for travelling abroad for medical care, assistance in obtaining medical care to those who are suffering from long term chronic illnesses, assistance to obtain assistive devices and medical equipment not covered by the national health insurance scheme and provision of medicines and injections not available within the country." (27). "In terms of social services and protection for women living with disabilities,...more
June 20, 2023, 9:30 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act (No. 763) was passed in 2011 to protect, promote and uphold on an equal basis all human rights of persons with disabilities and thereby ensure their full development." (6).
May 11, 2023, 10:38 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Zambia
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

Currently, only some Asian countries including Japan, South Korea and Indonesia, as well as Zambia, grant menstrual leave.
May 11, 2023, 10:35 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"Women who suffer from severe period pain will be allowed to take leave from work for up to three days each month under a reform plan due to be approved by Spain's government next week. The draft reform, revealed by the Cadena Ser radio station, will make Spain the first Western country to offer the right to menstrual leave, under which women would be guaranteed time off during their periods" (Para. 1-2). "According to the Spanish Gynaecology and Obstetrics Society, around one-third of women who menstruate suffer from severe pain known as dysmenorrhea, with that proportion rising if pre-menstrual pain is also counted. Dysmenorrhea symptoms include acute abdominal pain, headaches,...more
April 1, 2023, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"Since the consideration of Uzbekistan’s fifth periodic report on the implementation of the Convention, consistent and systematic work has been ongoing to strengthen the social and legal status of women, which has been facilitated by the adoption of such policy documents as: The State programme on the year of mother and child health (2016)...The strategy of action in five priority areas for the development of the Republic of Uzbekistan over the period 2017–2021, approved by a presidential decree of 7 February 2017 and aimed at implementing the State programme on the theme 'Year of public dialogue and human interests' (para. 4.2.: 'Improvement of the system of social protection and health...more
March 31, 2023, 2:31 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

""[T]he Comprehensive Health Insurance System Act ensure the provision of accessible and affordable health-care services to all women and girls, particularly for women in rural and remote areas and those belonging to disadvantaged and marginalized groups" (12). The national budget for healthcare needs to be increased before this project can be accelerated (MV-coder comment).
March 8, 2023, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"The Law on Compulsory Health Insurance sets forth the right to compulsory health insurance for all unemployed persons, regardless of whether they are registered with the National Employment Agency or not, which is exercised by registering with the Health Fund" (21).
Feb. 27, 2023, 8:27 a.m.
Countries: Bulgaria
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

“The Bulgarian Constitution includes the principle of equal treatment on the basis of ethnicity, sex, and personal or social status. The Constitution also provides for the right to health insurance guaranteeing affordable medical care, and the right to free health care in accordance with conditions set by the relevant laws” (7). “The Bulgarian Constitution protects motherhood and guarantees free obstetric care for mothers. The Bulgarian Health Act stipulates that the State shall ensure the protection of the reproductive health of its citizens through special measures. Every Bulgarian woman is provided with preventive check-ups, screenings, and obstetric care. According to a by-law adopted in 2007, which sets out a list of...more
Feb. 24, 2023, 12:54 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"The Constitution provides separate provision on rights of women and guarantees the following:… (b) Every woman shall have the right to safe motherhood and reproductive health;" (5). "The Constitution provides separate provision on rights of women and guarantees the following:...Women shall have the right to obtain special opportunity in education, health, employment and social security, on the basis of positive discrimination;" (5). "The Constitution ensures the proportional representation of women in all State bodies, and the right to acquire special opportunity in education, health, employment and social security" (6). "The GoN has adopted the following measures to eradicate all harmful practices:... (d) Strengthening the access of women to health care,...more
Feb. 19, 2023, 1:18 p.m.
Countries: Bulgaria

“While the law provides women the same legal status and rights as men, women faced some discrimination in economic participation and political empowerment. The law provides for equal opportunities in all spheres of public, economic, and political life; equal access to public resources; equal treatment; exclusion of gender-based discrimination and violence; balanced representation of men and women in all decision-making bodies; and overcoming gender-based stereotypes” (p. 23).
Feb. 18, 2023, 9:55 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"Japan has been slow to provide reproductive options for women. For example, Japan only adopted birth control pills in 1999, becoming the last industrialized country to do so after 44 years of debate. That same year, the Ministry of Health and Welfare approved Viagra in six months" (Para.7). "Under the 1948 Maternal Protection Law, women were required to obtain written consent from their husband to terminate their pregnancy. In 2013, the Health Ministry clarified that it didn’t apply to unmarried couples, and last year, it exempted married women who can prove their marriage was essentially over because of domestic violence or other reasons" (Para.21).
Feb. 4, 2023, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"Under this policy all children with disabilities have equal access to health, education and support. Rehabilitation services for children with disabilities and are strengthened and coordinated. The policy aims to implement the disability grant to reach all children with disability." (8). "The state party has undertaken various and necessary measures to protect the health of its people and to ensure that they receive medical attention when they are sick. Access to state owned health facilities is affordable to many. Patients are only expected to pay between N$ 9 and N$15 to access health services in state owned health facilities. The elderly and people with disabilities are exempted from paying any...more
Feb. 4, 2023, 8:40 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"Act No. 38 of 2013 [ensures] that all women and girls with disabilities have access to high-quality health services, including sexual and reproductive health services, and are provided with reasonable accommodation" (11). The law exists but is not fully implemented (MV-coder comment).
Feb. 2, 2023, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"The Committee remains concerned about the following:b) The fact that abortion services and contraceptives are not paid for by health insurance;b(c) The use of conscientious objection among medical practitioners, thereby limiting access to safe abortion services, which are guaranteed by law" (11).
Jan. 13, 2023, 3:39 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"Coupled with the dire humanitarian crisis, economic collapse, and several climate-related disasters, on the whole, women have significantly less access to food, medical care, employment, and education than a year ago, with no indication that the situation will change in the near future." (para 1).
Jan. 12, 2023, 8:01 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"Reproductive rights and information on sexual health were non-existent…[']There was no healthcare[']…"(para 4-5). "Women’s healthcare and reproductive rights are a major priority of the FSLN. With the reinstatement of the universal right to healthcare after 2006, a series of impressive achievements have been made that mean that women, and consequently their families too, are living healthier lives" (para 33)(NF - CODER COMMENT - The implementation of universal healthcare has allowed women access to health care which, in the past, were unable to do so).
Jan. 11, 2023, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"Every resident of Israel is insured for healthcare under the National Health Insurance Law, through payment of monthly premiums to the National Insurance Institute..." (Para. 1).
July 6, 2022, 10:35 a.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"Another measure taken to achieve the objective of health for all was the establishment of a universal health insurance scheme. Established by Law No. 24/AN/14/7th of 5 February 2014, it includes protection for the most vulnerable categories, of which women constitute a significant proportion" (22).
June 14, 2022, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"The Danish healthcare system is universal and based on the principles of free and equal access to healthcare for all citizens. Healthcare is provided on the basis of the individual needs of patients including gender sensitive aspects of health. An example is the screening program for breast cancer. The specific initiatives advanced since the eighth periodic report shall thus be considered as additional to the comprehensive coverage already ensuring women’s access to health care" (24). "Women and men must have equal access to treatment of the health service. All citizens and others with legal residence have free access to the national health service" (38).
June 7, 2022, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"The newly amended Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Protection of Disabled Persons was adopted in April 2008. The law prohibits discrimination based on disability and abuse and abandonment of women with disabilities" (12).