The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DACH-PRACTICE-2

Aug. 25, 2023, 9:47 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"Unlike most European countries, emergency contraception still requires a prescription in Ukraine. Although in practice, some pharmacies have sold it over the counter, women and girls cannot rely on finding a pharmacy willing to do so and time is of the essence" (para 3). "Current conditions in Ukraine mean prescriptions for the morning-after pill – paper or electronic – are impractical and likely to cause harmful delays" (para 4).
Aug. 24, 2023, 1:08 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"Medical personnel [are not adequately trained] to ensure specialized attention and care for women and girls who are victims of sexual violence, including the provision of essential services for emergency contraception and abortion" (6). "[A]ll women and girls, including those with disabilities, [do not] have access to affordable, modern contraceptives throughout the territory of the State party" (11).
Aug. 15, 2023, 6:17 a.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"The increase in the rate of clandestine abortions from 31 per cent in 1994 to 42.5 per cent in 2012 (CEDAW/C/CIV/4, para. 233), the high rate of early pregnancies and the low contraceptive use" (12). "The Committee recommends that the State party, in line with general recommendation No. 24 (1999) on women and health and targets of 3.1 and 3.7 of the Sustainable Development Goals: (d) Ensure that all women and girls, in particular those in rural areas, have access to affordable and modern forms of contraception, intensify efforts by the Ministry of Education to raise awareness of contraceptives and sexual and reproductive health and rights by introducing age-appropriate sexuality...more
Aug. 8, 2023, 8:30 p.m.
Countries: Bulgaria
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"[There is] limited access of women and girls to affordable modern contraceptives, in particular in rural areas, and the barriers that adolescent girls face in gaining access to information on sexual and reproductive health services" (11).
Aug. 8, 2023, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"Efforts have also been made to ensure access to safe contraceptive methods and to education and information on contraception and sexual and reproductive health throughout the country." (10). "The State has taken important steps in the areas of policy, human resources, infrastructure, equipment and logistics, as follows:Jegesi naa/Yeksi naa strategy: contributes to the availability of family planning medicines and products as part of the objectives of the Ouagadougou partnership for family planning; Contribution of non-governmental organizations such as Marie Stopes International through advanced communications strategies and the provision of family planning methods..." (11). "To address this, the following steps have been taken:...Distribution of male and female condoms at all centres...more
July 25, 2023, 10:44 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"[There is] limited access to sexual and reproductive health-care services and information, including access to modern contraceptives and safe abortion, particularly by unmarried women and girls" (12).
July 10, 2023, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"During the reporting period, Maldives conducted its Census (2014), and a new Demographic and Health Survey (DHS 2016/2017) which significantly contributed to bridging some long-standing information gaps in terms of prevalence of early marriage as well as challenges and achievements in implementation of the country’s Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) legislation and other relevant regulatory frameworks."(6)(NF - CODER COMMENT - The discovery of an information gap shows that women may not have had the necessary information or understanding of contraceptives which made it harder for them to gain access to them). "A range of contraceptives are available in all islands and coordination mechanism exists to guarantee proper management of contraceptive...more
June 19, 2023, 1:46 p.m.
Countries: Iran

"In late 2021, a new law was passed severely restricting access to abortion, contraception and voluntary sterilization services—'in direct violation of women's human rights under international law,' as U.N. human rights experts warned." (para.11).
June 18, 2023, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Malta
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"What makes this situation all the more vexatious is the fact that contraception is neither free nor easily available in Malta – and there is widespread ignorance about conception (sex education in schools tends to focus on abstinence and marriage)" (Para.15). "How many Maltese women are currently having abortions? In terms of unsupervised illegal abortions using pills taken in Malta, some data exists. In 2021, for instance, 350 packets were shipped to the island. But these numbers do not include pills already in Malta, passed on by friends or well-wishers, or those who want or need to travel (either those who do not want to break the law, or whose...more
June 14, 2023, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"A campaign to distribute contraceptives was launched in the country’s nine departments, with a total investment of Bs 1,926,334. Eight hundred health professionals and technicians in the nine departments received training in contraceptive technology, with an investment of Bs 875,000; educational outreach materials (samples and leaflets) on contraceptive methods were distributed" (25). Lack of training on the correct usage may be a barrier to the usage of contraceptives (MV-coder comment).
April 1, 2023, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"The reproductive rights of citizens, based on article 10 of the Act, include: independent decision-making on the birth of their children using safe and effective reproductive technologies; obtaining reliable and complete information on their reproductive health; access to safe methods of birth control and use of contraception; medical and preventive services and protection from means that pose a threat to health, including the use of scientific experimentation; obtaining medical, social and psychological assistance, and information in exercising their reproductive rights; and the use of assisted reproductive technologies. The Act establishes a separate article 11 on the protection of women’s reproductive rights, which states that the protection of women’s reproductive health...more
March 8, 2023, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"MICS shows that the percentage of women aged 15–49 years who are currently married or in the community and who do not use (or whose partner does not use) any of the contraceptive methods is very high at 79 per cent. Women with higher education, living in urban areas, and belonging from the richest quintile are more likely to use contraceptive methods, compared to women with a secondary or lower level of education, and women living in suburban settlements and the poorest households" (22).
Feb. 27, 2023, 8:17 a.m.
Countries: Bulgaria

"Women in poor rural and Romani communities had less access to contraception due to poverty and lack of information and education. The cost of contraception was not covered by health insurance. Individuals younger than 16 could not schedule an appointment with a gynecologist or have an HIV test performed without parental consent.” (22).
Feb. 27, 2023, 8:13 a.m.
Countries: Bulgaria
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

“Women in poor rural and Romani communities had less access to contraception due to poverty and lack of information and education. The cost of contraception was not covered by health insurance. Individuals younger than 16 could not schedule an appointment with a gynecologist or have an HIV test performed without parental consent.” (22). “Victims of sexual violence, who NGOs stated were mainly uninsured, often did not have access to sexual and reproductive health services. Emergency contraception was available as part of clinical management of rape. Trafficking victims had access to health care through NGOs approved by authorities.” (23).
Feb. 18, 2023, 10:52 a.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"After the ban, abortion swiftly moved underground. Doctors who had previously offered free terminations in public hospitals charged handsomely for terminations in private clinics. They offered gynecological services through classified ads with only a phone number and code words like 'anesthesia' and 'safe.' While legal abortions dropped to about a thousand a year, the actual number of terminations has stayed around 150,000, advocacy groups like Federa estimate." (Para.29).
Feb. 18, 2023, 10:31 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"An estimated 1.1 million abortions occur every year in the country, according to a University of the Philippines study in 2020, which predicted a rise as heath services were disrupted during the Covid pandemic. And the number has been growing, says Jihan Jacob, senior legal adviser for Asia at the Center for Reproductive Rights. 'Like in any other country which has restrictive laws, it does not prevent abortion, it just makes them unsafe,' she says" (Para.6). CC(The high rate of abortion indicates that women does not have access to contraceptives to prevent unwanted pregnancies) "Women, especially those in urban areas, have increasingly sought treatment online – a trend that Covid...more
Feb. 18, 2023, 9:55 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"Contraceptive use is low. Morning-after pills are expensive and only available by prescription. Japan is weighing whether to make abortion pills available. The World Health Organization calls their use a safe and noninvasive way to terminate a pregnancy" (Para.6). "Japan has been slow to provide reproductive options for women. For example, Japan only adopted birth control pills in 1999, becoming the last industrialized country to do so after 44 years of debate. That same year, the Ministry of Health and Welfare approved Viagra in six months" (Para.7). "The lack of options can have grave consequences for women such as Yuriko, 26, who saw her hopes for the future dashed by...more
Feb. 6, 2023, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee [on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women] recommends that the State party...[e]nsure confidential access to affordable, modern contraceptive methods, family planning services and HIV testing throughout the State party, and ensure access to free antiretroviral therapy for all women and girls living with HIV/AIDS, including women in prostitution, and including in remote and rural areas" (12).
Feb. 5, 2023, 9:19 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"In recent years, weddings of prosperous citizens in Turkey have sometimes featured a surprise guest: Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. He likes to give advice to newlyweds about how many children to have. 'One is awkward; two is competitive; with three, there is balance; four means prosperity,' he told one couple. (Erdoğan himself has four children.) 'Birth control is treason,' he said to another, accusing birth control advocates of attempting to 'dry out our breed.'" (para 1)."The Turkish government has worked to make access more difficult, too. In 2010, the government introduced the Family Surgeon system, which forces women to go to local clinics before specialized clinics for female care....more
Feb. 4, 2023, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"Family Planning and contraceptives are available in all public health facilities across the country and are provided free of charge to all in need. The contraceptive prevalence rate is at 50%, but he unmet needs for family planning are at 13.7%." (19).
Feb. 2, 2023, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee remains concerned about the following: (a) The challenges in acquiring access to affordable contraceptives for women living in poverty; (b) The fact that abortion services and contraceptives are not paid for by health insurance... (f) The fact that language barriers and lack of awareness often prevent migrant women from acquiring access to health-care facilities, including those for sexual and reproductive health services; (g) The difficulty faced by undocumented migrants in gaining access to non-emergency health care...In line with its general recommendation No. 24 (1999) on women and health, the Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Ensure that modern contraceptives are accessible, affordable, covered by health insurance and...more
Jan. 19, 2023, midnight
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"The Department of Health and Social Care said doctors will be required to certify in 'good faith' that the pills are only being used to terminate early pregnancies" (para 6). "Guidance for providing the abortion pills to under-18s will be published by the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health soon, the Government said. This will ensure that children who do need to access abortions services can, but that safeguarding measures are in place in case of suspected abuse" (para 14-15). "The 'pills by post' consist of two medications, mifepristone and misoprostol, taken at least 24 hours apart...Under pre-pandemic rules, women took the first pill at an abortion clinic or...more
Jan. 16, 2023, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"Ministry of Health data shows that in 2005, the number of doctors objecting to abortion was 59%; now it’s almost 70%. Scassellati attributes that change to several factors, including a 'radical' shift in the way doctors are educated. 'Gynecologists never enter a ward where abortions are done during their training – it’s not like this in other European countries,' she said, adding that general practitioners are also not educated on preventative care, such as contraception" (para 23-24).
Jan. 15, 2023, 11:31 p.m.
Countries: France

"French President Emmanuel Macron said Thursday [December 8, 2022] that condoms would be made available for free in pharmacies for 18- to 25-year-olds in a bid to reduce unwanted pregnancies among young people. 'It's a small revolution for contraception,' Macron said during a health debate with young people in Fontaine-le-Comte, a suburb of Poitiers in western France. The move comes after the government began offering this year free birth control for all women under 25, expanding a scheme targeting under-18s to ensure young women do not stop taking contraception because they cannot afford it. Condoms are already reimbursed by the national healthcare system if prescribed by a doctor or midwife,...more
Jan. 12, 2023, 8:01 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"Reproductive rights and information on sexual health were non-existent…[']There was no healthcare[']…"(para 4-5) (NF - CODER COMMENT - The lack of access to sexual health programs strongly implies that awareness of safe sex and access to contraceptives was virtually non-existent). "Women’s healthcare and reproductive rights are a major priority of the FSLN. With the reinstatement of the universal right to healthcare after 2006, a series of impressive achievements have been made that mean that women, and consequently their families too, are living healthier lives" (para 33)(NF- CODER COMMENT - The implementation of this law also considers reproductive rights which can include contraceptives and safe sex practices). "Through Nicaragua’s extensive public...more
Jan. 12, 2023, 4:53 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"Females aged between 17-25 will be able to avail of free contraception from GPs from tomorrow, Wednesday [September 14, 2022], a Government source has confirmed…It will be up to individual GPs to sign up for the scheme. However, it is not expected that every doctor will do so, as this will depend on patient demographics at each practice, and the ability of doctors to take on extra work" (para 1, 3). "The Department of Health said targeting females aged 17-25 was based on research finding this age group is the most likely to experience crisis pregnancy, and is also the group of females least likely to be financially independent" (para...more
Jan. 12, 2023, 4:50 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"A source in the Department of Health said: 'It's not all going to run smoothly from the beginning and there will be some teething issues, but the plan is to have this up and running on Wednesday. This will effectively see young women potentially saving hundreds of euro a year.' The source said Mr [Stephen] Donnelly [Health Minister] recognises that the cost of accessing contraception - particularly for those financially dependent on parents or guardians, or those who may be just above the means-tested thresholds for medical cards and GP visit cards - may impose a significant barrier to access. Costs for the pill and similar repeat prescription contraceptives can...more
Dec. 9, 2022, 2:29 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"Last year, the Chinese government issued a policy memo to improve women's rights...Under a section on reproductive health, officials wrote that women will receive guidance on navigating the health-care system, including accessing contraception" (para 15).
Sept. 3, 2022, 7:50 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"The French system is far from perfect. The National Assembly’s 2020 report found that not enough doctors perform abortions, and that many in the generation energized by the loi Veil are retiring. 'Abortion appears to often be simply ‘tolerated’ in France, but it’s not always guaranteed,' the authors concluded. But France is moving in the right direction, in ways that seem eminently practical to an American resident there, which I was for many years. When the government discovered that some young women were not using contraception because it was too expensive, the state made birth control completely free for women under 26. Minors who want a day-after pill need simply...more
July 1, 2022, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"While physical barriers related to accessing medication and contraceptives remain significant, especially in remote areas, other barriers such as cultural constraints limit access to FP modern methods. Although contraceptives are provided for free in public health facilities, these services are mostly reserved to women who already have children.People without children or unmarried people might not be offered FP services due to moral and religious considerations" (36).