The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DSFMF-LAW-1

Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"The Committee is particularly concerned about discriminatory provisions contained in the Civil Code of 1977 and the Shia Personal Status Law of 2009 with regard to child marriage, divorce, polygamy, inheritance and the guardianship of children, and about the criminalization of so-called 'moral crimes', such as running away from home or adultery, under the Criminal Code" (3, 6).
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1, GP-DATA-3

"At times women in need of protection ended up in prison, either because their community lacked a protection center or because the local interpretation of 'running away' was interpreted as a moral crime. Adultery, fornication, and kidnapping are criminal offenses. Running away is not a crime under the law, and both the Supreme Court and the AGO issued directives to this effect, but some local authorities continued to detain women and girls for running away from home or 'attempted zina.' The Ministry of Women’s Affairs, as well as nongovernmental entities, sometimes arranged marriages for women who could not return to their families" (33).
July 21, 2021, 11:24 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, DSFMF-LAW-1

"A lack of legislation that specifically targets and penalises gender-based violence against women, in addition to the prevalence of laws that enable such abuse – such as a law that allows a male kidnapper to marry their victim, or Article 153 that justifies the murder of a woman by her male family member if she was 'caught by surprise' in the act of adultery, plus a discrepancy between the sentences given to men and women for the same crimes, in which men tend to receive lighter sentences – has allowed men, like the man accused of murdering Farah Akbar, to genuinely believe that they can get away with crimes as...more
July 21, 2021, 10:19 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Brunei
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"Taiwan was one of the few countries in Asia, along with conservative Muslim places such as Afghanistan and Brunei, where adultery remained a crime." (Para 17)
July 21, 2021, 10:18 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"Adultery has been decriminalised in Taiwan after the country's top court ruled the law against it breached constitutional protections for sexual autonomy today" (Para 1). "[Adultery] had previously been punishable by up to a year in prison, although most convicted normally payed a fine and received a criminal record rather than serving time" (Para 2).
July 7, 2021, 9:52 a.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"Currently in England and Wales, unless someone can prove there was adultery, unreasonable behaviour or desertion, the only way to obtain a divorce without their spouse's agreement is to live apart for five years. The Ministry of Justice (MoJ) said this forces spouses wanting a divorce to submit evidence of a partner's wrongdoing or years of separation. They have to do this even when the decision to split is mutual"(para 12-13).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Courts may sentence women found guilty of adultery to up to one year in prison, while adultery by men is punishable only if judged to have 'an injurious quality'" (p 41).
June 25, 2021, 12:02 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"Despite widespread criticism, public whipping is a common punishment for a range of offences in the deeply conservative region at the tip of Sumatra island, including gambling, drinking alcohol, and having gay sex or relations outside of marriage" (para 4).
June 25, 2021, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Traditional divorce law in many areas required women to meet stricter evidentiary standards than men to prove adultery" (p 29).
Jan. 30, 2021, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"Since the court case began on the 6th Feb, various charges have been added, removed or amended against those standing trial, with up until yesterday (19th Feb) the Ethiopian woman as well as five of the male perpetrators being charged with adultery. Similarly, where there had been some dispute regarding the woman’s marital status, the court finally accepted that she was divorced, thus mitigating the threat of a death by stoning sentence which could be levelled against a married person for adultery" (para 5). "Article 145: There shall be deemed to commit adultery:- (a) every man, who has sexual intercourse with a woman, without there being a lawful bond between...more
Sept. 26, 2020, 7:38 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Individuals convicted of zina (sex outside of marriage) can be sentenced to prison. In addition to imprisonment, Muslims can be sentenced to flogging (if unmarried) or the death penalty (if married). Women are disproportionately impacted as pregnancy serves as evidence of extramarital sex and women who report rape can find themselves prosecuted for consensual sex instead" (para 20).
Sept. 26, 2020, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Under the penal code, sexual relations outside marriage, including adultery and sex between unmarried persons, is criminalized, as are same-sex relations between men which are punishable by up to seven years in prison" (para 20).
Sept. 26, 2020, 4:34 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2, MURDER-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5, DSFMF-LAW-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-2

“N. v. Sweden (no. 23505/09) (20 July 2010): The applicant, an Afghan national having an extra-marital affair with a man in Sweden, maintained that she risked social exclusion, long imprisonment or even death if returned to Afghanistan. Her applications for asylum were unsuccessful. The Court found that the applicant’s deportation from Sweden to Afghanistan would constitute a violation of Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment) of the Convention. It noted that women were at particular risk of ill-treatment in Afghanistan if perceived as not conforming to the gender roles ascribed to them by society, tradition and even the legal system. The mere fact that the applicant...more
Sept. 24, 2020, 10:33 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1, RISW-PRACTICE-1

“Saudi Arabia has abolished flogging as a punishment, the supreme court announced… Previously the courts could order the flogging of convicts found guilty of offenses ranging from extramarital sex and breach of the peace to murder. In future, judges will have to choose between fines and/or jail sentences, or non-custodial alternatives like community service, the court said in a statement seen by AFP on Saturday” (Para. 1, 5-6).
Sept. 21, 2020, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"Zina is a crime under the Afghan Penal Code and is punishable by 5 to 15 years in prison" (9).
Aug. 12, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"Mauritania's laws impose the death penalty for a range of offenses, including, under certain conditions, blasphemy, adultery, and homosexuality" (para 21). "The criminalization of consensual adult sexual relations outside marriage likely deters girls and women from reporting assaults" (para 23).
Aug. 7, 2020, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"In Morocco, consensual sex between adults who are not married to one another is punishable by up to one year in prison" (para 25).
Aug. 2, 2020, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"If individuals are engaging in such relationships online, judges and prosecutors utilize vague provisions of the country's anti-cybercrime law that criminalize online activity impinging on 'public order, religious values, public morals, and privacy'" (para 13).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"Adultery in al-Shabaab-controlled areas was punishable by death; unlike in prior years, there were no reports of women being stoned to death for adultery." (33).
Jan. 6, 2020, 10:14 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"A wife... was reportedly jailed for having an affair in Iraqi Kurdistan… The woman, who has not been identified, served one and a half years in jail for the affair. " (para 1-2).
Oct. 25, 2019, 9:36 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"The criminal code excuses a husband who kills his wife or her partner found engaging in an act of adultery in his home, but a wife who kills her husband under similar circumstances is subject to prosecution" (18).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Adultery is illegal for both women and men, although the penalty differs. Under civil law the husband can receive only a fine for adultery, while the wife can receive a prison sentence" (23, 24).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Courts may sentence women found guilty of adultery to up to one year in prison, while adultery by men is punishable only if judged to have 'an injurious quality'" (page 41).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"Ashraf Fayadh, a Saudi resident of Palestinian origin, continued to serve an eight- year prison term and suffered 800 lashes in February 2016 after a Saudi appellate court upheld the Abha General Court’s verdict finding him guilty of apostasy, spreading atheism, threatening the morals of Saudi society, and having illicit relations with women" (6) He is a male, law applies to men and women (AMG-CODER COMMENT).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"By law if a man and a woman separately commit the same criminal act of adultery, the woman’s punishment is double that of the man’s" (Pg 46).
July 2, 2019, 12:52 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"The law treats any sexual contact outside a legally recognized marriage as a crime. The penalty for violating this law is 100 lashes if the offender is not married (fornication) and stoning to death if the offender is married (adultery). Both men and women can be prosecuted, but women constituted the vast majority of the accused offenders and of those found guilty. On February 22, the president signed a bill amending section 149 of the criminal code to differentiate between rape, sodomy, and adultery as crimes. The amended article also expanded the definition of rape to include any form of penetration of the body. Human rights observers welcomed the amendment,...more
June 26, 2019, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"There were several cases throughout the year of al-Shabaab abusing and imposing harsh punishment on persons in areas under its control. For example, on September 28, al-Shabaab stoned to death a woman accused of adultery in Barawe (see section 6, Women)" (Pg 5).
June 25, 2019, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"The law states that a man who sees his wife, daughter, mother, or sister in the “act of adultery” and immediately kills her or the man with whom she is committing adultery faces a maximum punishment of three years’ imprisonment and a fine of 225 dinars ($743)" (p. 20).
June 20, 2019, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"HRW reported that extramarital sex is punishable by up to seven years in prison, flogging (for unmarried persons) or the death penalty (for married persons)" (p. 15).
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4, DSFMF-LAW-1

"In 2010 the FSC declared several clauses of the Women’s Protection Act un-Islamic and unconstitutional. The verdict sought to reinstate certain provisions of the 1979 Hudood Ordinance and expand the FSC’s jurisdiction in cases of adultery and false accusations of adultery. Reinstatement of these provisions could permit reintroduction of adultery charges against female rape victims. In 2011 the federal government appealed the FSC’s decision to the Supreme Court, which had not set a hearing date by year’s end. In 2013 the nongovernmental Council of Islamic Ideology, which advises Parliament and the prime minister, rejected the Women’s Protection Act, saying it was contrary to the spirit of the Koran and sharia"...more