The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"[T]he Committee urges the State party:...(b) To decriminalize so-called 'moral crimes', such as adultery and running away from home, under the Criminal Code" (6).
July 21, 2021, 10:18 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Campaigners say women were 20 percent more likely to be convicted than men in adultery cases" (Para 4). "In one case often cited by rights groups, a college student who came forward to accuse her professor of sexually assaulting her was sued by his wife for adultery, convicted and ordered to compensate the man's family" (Para 9).
July 20, 2021, 8 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Any person resident in or visiting the UAE is subject to its laws: there are no exceptions for tourists. There have been a few high-profile cases of tourists getting arrested while on holiday in Dubai. In 2017, for example, a British woman was arrested and sentenced to one year in prison for having consensual sex with a man she wasn't married to. She had reported him to the authorities for sending her threatening messages, who found out the two had had sex" (Para 18). "Mr Kenney says they have 'incredibly limited rights'. He cites an article of the penal code which says 'consensual violation of honour' can be prosecuted. In...more
July 20, 2021, 7:53 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Any person resident in or visiting the UAE is subject to its laws: there are no exceptions for tourists. There have been a few high-profile cases of tourists getting arrested while on holiday in Dubai. In 2017, for example, a British woman was arrested and sentenced to one year in prison for having consensual sex with a man she wasn't married to. She had reported him to the authorities for sending her threatening messages, who found out the two had had sex" (Para 18). "Mr Kenney says they have 'incredibly limited rights'. He cites an article of the penal code which says 'consensual violation of honour' can be prosecuted. In...more
June 30, 2021, 9:05 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Barrera said his human rights group has intervened on several occasions against what it saw as excessive punishment of young Indian women. In one such case, two teen-ager girls were jailed for a week in Cochoapa, a village near Metlatonoc, for having affairs with local men. The men, Barrera said, were not punished" (para 21).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Courts may sentence women found guilty of adultery to up to one year in prison, while adultery by men is punishable only if judged to have 'an injurious quality'" (p 41).
June 25, 2021, 12:02 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"The six men and five women were rounded up by religious officers who caught them behaving amorously in public, a crime under local Islamic law" (para 2). "Despite widespread criticism, public whipping is a common punishment for a range of offences in the deeply conservative region at the tip of Sumatra island, including gambling, drinking alcohol, and having gay sex or relations outside of marriage" (para 4). "A masked sharia officer known as an 'algojo' rained down between eight and 32 strokes from a rattan cane on their backs after they were caught with members of the opposite sex. The six men and five women - all in their late...more
June 25, 2021, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Traditional divorce law in many areas required women to meet stricter evidentiary standards than men to prove adultery" (p 29).
Jan. 30, 2021, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Since the court case began on the 6th Feb, various charges have been added, removed or amended against those standing trial, with up until yesterday (19th Feb) the Ethiopian woman as well as five of the male perpetrators being charged with adultery. Similarly, where there had been some dispute regarding the woman’s marital status, the court finally accepted that she was divorced, thus mitigating the threat of a death by stoning sentence which could be levelled against a married person for adultery" (para 5). "Article 146: Whoever commits the offence of adultery shall be punished with : (a) execution, by Lapidation (stoning) where the offender is married (muhsan); (b) one...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 9:57 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"A cleric read the verdict before the truck came and dumped a large pile of stones near the municipal garden. Jihadi fighters then brought in the woman, clad head to toe in black, and put her in a small hole in the ground. When residents gathered, the fighters told them to carry out the sentence: Stoning to death for the alleged adulteress" (para 1). "The July 18 stoning was the second in a span of 24 hours. A day earlier, 26-year-old Shamseh Abdullah was killed in a similar way in the nearby town of Tabqa by Islamic State fighters. Both were accused of having sex outside marriage" (para 4). "The...more
Sept. 29, 2020, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, PW-DATA-1

"Zanzibar is 98 percent Muslim; polygamy is common and extramarital sex is taboo, so unplanned pregnancies are rare, Dr. Keogh said" (para 7).
Sept. 23, 2020, 9:40 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Among the most controversial provisions of the draft criminal code is a provision that would punish extramarital sex by up to one year in jail" (para 20).
Aug. 12, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"The criminalization of consensual adult sexual relations outside marriage likely deters girls and women from reporting assaults, because they can find themselves charged if the judiciary views the sexual act in question as consensual" (para 23).
Aug. 8, 2020, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"On January 7, 2019, a magistrate in Naifuri, an island in northern Maldives, sentenced a 25-year-old woman to death by stoning on charges of adultery" (para 15).
Aug. 7, 2020, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"On September 30, a court in Rabat convicted and sentenced Hajar Raissouni, a 28-year-old journalist, to one year in prison for having an abortion and sex outside marriage after police arrested her on August 31" (para 10). "In a report released in June, the office of the General Prosecutor stated that 7,721 adults were prosecuted for having non-transactional sexual relations outside of marriage in 2018. The number includes 3,048 who were charged with adultery, 170 with same-sex relations, and all of the rest for sex between unmarried persons" (para 24).
Aug. 2, 2020, 6:20 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Article 356 of the federal penal code criminalizes (but does not define) 'indecent assault' and provides for a minimum sentence of one year in prison. UAE courts use this article to convict and sentence people for same-sex relations as well as consensual heterosexual relations outside marriage. Women are disproportionately impacted as pregnancy serves as evidence of extramarital sex and women who report rape can find themselves prosecuted for consensual sex instead" (para 19).
Aug. 2, 2020, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Saudi Arabia has no written laws concerning sexual orientation or gender identity, but judges use principles of uncodified Islamic law to sanction people suspected of committing sexual relations outside marriage, including adultery, extramarital, and homosexual sex. If individuals are engaging in such relationships online, judges and prosecutors utilize vague provisions of the country's anti-cybercrime law that criminalize online activity impinging on 'public order, religious values, public morals, and privacy'" (para 13).
April 22, 2020, 5:16 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Catholic provisions for dissolution are also confined to non-consummation of the marriage, and the Pauline Privilege (a marriage of two non-Christians after which one converts to Christianity)and the Petrine Privilege(a marriage between a Catholic and non-Catholic in which the non-Catholic does not fulfill the obligations of Christianity and the sacraments of Christian marriage).144 Spousal violence, cruelty, adultery, or inability to continue the marriage, are valid grounds for desertion, but neither temporary nor permanent desertion actually terminate the marriage or are grounds for termination. Women’s restricted ability to terminate marriages before the Catholic courts even in cases of abuse also result in their forfeiting financial rights" (71).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"In May al-Shabaab stoned a man to death for adultery after a woman claimed he had raped her." (14).
Oct. 25, 2019, 9:36 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"The criminal code excuses a husband who kills his wife or her partner found engaging in an act of adultery in his home, but a wife who kills her husband under similar circumstances is subject to prosecution" (18).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Adultery is illegal for both women and men, although the penalty differs. Under civil law the husband can receive only a fine for adultery, while the wife can receive a prison sentence" (23, 24).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Courts may sentence women found guilty of adultery to up to one year in prison, while adultery by men is punishable only if judged to have 'an injurious quality'" (page 41).
July 2, 2019, 12:52 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"The law treats any sexual contact outside a legally recognized marriage as a crime. The penalty for violating this law is 100 lashes if the offender is not married (fornication) and stoning to death if the offender is married (adultery). Both men and women can be prosecuted, but women constituted the vast majority of the accused offenders and of those found guilty. On February 22, the president signed a bill amending section 149 of the criminal code to differentiate between rape, sodomy, and adultery as crimes. The amended article also expanded the definition of rape to include any form of penetration of the body. Human rights observers welcomed the amendment,...more
June 26, 2019, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"There were several cases throughout the year of al-Shabaab abusing and imposing harsh punishment on persons in areas under its control. For example, on September 28, al-Shabaab stoned to death a woman accused of adultery in Barawe (see section 6, Women)" (Pg 5).
June 20, 2019, 11:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Afghan law makes zina a crime punishable by up to 15 in years in prison, and women who are believed by police and prosecutors to have participated extramarital sexual relations are often prosecuted under this law, worse yet often without regard to whether sexual relations were consensual (...) Rather than dropping these cases, however, police and prosecutors appear to be going forward and charging women with 'attempted zina' instead. In May 2013, Human Rights Watch documented a 50 percent increase in the number of women imprisoned in Afghanistan for “moral crimes” over the previous 18-month period" (3-4). Zina is 'inmorality' and means sex outside marriage (CCS-CODER COMMENT).
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4, DSFMF-LAW-1

"In 2010 the FSC declared several clauses of the Women’s Protection Act un-Islamic and unconstitutional. The verdict sought to reinstate certain provisions of the 1979 Hudood Ordinance and expand the FSC’s jurisdiction in cases of adultery and false accusations of adultery. Reinstatement of these provisions could permit reintroduction of adultery charges against female rape victims. In 2011 the federal government appealed the FSC’s decision to the Supreme Court, which had not set a hearing date by year’s end. In 2013 the nongovernmental Council of Islamic Ideology, which advises Parliament and the prime minister, rejected the Women’s Protection Act, saying it was contrary to the spirit of the Koran and sharia"...more
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"While the law stipulates the death penalty for a man convicted of murdering a woman, the penal code allows leniency for persons guilty of committing an 'honor' killing or violently assaulting or killing a woman for perceived 'immodest' or 'defiant' behavior. The law also allows for a substantially reduced sentence when a husband kills his wife and a man he believes to be involved in an extramarital affair with her" (36).
March 22, 2019, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Authorities more readily accused women of adultery, in part because visible pregnancies made the allegedly adulterous act more obvious, while men could deny the charges and escape punishment because of the difficulty of proving fornication or adultery under Islamic law" (24).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"According to the media and eyewitnesses, these abuses [perpetrated by the Da'esh] included mass executions; stonings of women and men accused of adultery; crucifixions of civilians; public executions of foreign journalists, aid workers, and those suspected of being gay'"(para 9). "Under criminal law, if a man and a woman separately commit the same criminal act of adultery, the woman’s punishment is double that of the man’s" (para 197).
March 8, 2019, 6:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-2, DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"According to a 2016 Human Rights Watch report, almost half of all women incarcerated in Afghanistan – and 95% of girls in juvenile detention – are there for “moral crimes” such as sex before marriage" (para. 13).