The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

Jan. 30, 2021, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Since the court case began on the 6th Feb, various charges have been added, removed or amended against those standing trial, with up until yesterday (19th Feb) the Ethiopian woman as well as five of the male perpetrators being charged with adultery. Similarly, where there had been some dispute regarding the woman’s marital status, the court finally accepted that she was divorced, thus mitigating the threat of a death by stoning sentence which could be levelled against a married person for adultery" (para 5). "Article 146: Whoever commits the offence of adultery shall be punished with : (a) execution, by Lapidation (stoning) where the offender is married (muhsan); (b) one...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 9:57 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"A cleric read the verdict before the truck came and dumped a large pile of stones near the municipal garden. Jihadi fighters then brought in the woman, clad head to toe in black, and put her in a small hole in the ground. When residents gathered, the fighters told them to carry out the sentence: Stoning to death for the alleged adulteress" (para 1). "The July 18 stoning was the second in a span of 24 hours. A day earlier, 26-year-old Shamseh Abdullah was killed in a similar way in the nearby town of Tabqa by Islamic State fighters. Both were accused of having sex outside marriage" (para 4). "The...more
Sept. 29, 2020, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, PW-DATA-1

"Zanzibar is 98 percent Muslim; polygamy is common and extramarital sex is taboo, so unplanned pregnancies are rare, Dr. Keogh said" (para 7).
Sept. 23, 2020, 9:40 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Among the most controversial provisions of the draft criminal code is a provision that would punish extramarital sex by up to one year in jail" (para 20).
Aug. 12, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"The criminalization of consensual adult sexual relations outside marriage likely deters girls and women from reporting assaults, because they can find themselves charged if the judiciary views the sexual act in question as consensual" (para 23).
Aug. 8, 2020, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"On January 7, 2019, a magistrate in Naifuri, an island in northern Maldives, sentenced a 25-year-old woman to death by stoning on charges of adultery" (para 15).
Aug. 7, 2020, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"On September 30, a court in Rabat convicted and sentenced Hajar Raissouni, a 28-year-old journalist, to one year in prison for having an abortion and sex outside marriage after police arrested her on August 31" (para 10). "In a report released in June, the office of the General Prosecutor stated that 7,721 adults were prosecuted for having non-transactional sexual relations outside of marriage in 2018. The number includes 3,048 who were charged with adultery, 170 with same-sex relations, and all of the rest for sex between unmarried persons" (para 24).
Aug. 2, 2020, 6:20 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Article 356 of the federal penal code criminalizes (but does not define) 'indecent assault' and provides for a minimum sentence of one year in prison. UAE courts use this article to convict and sentence people for same-sex relations as well as consensual heterosexual relations outside marriage. Women are disproportionately impacted as pregnancy serves as evidence of extramarital sex and women who report rape can find themselves prosecuted for consensual sex instead" (para 19).
Aug. 2, 2020, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Saudi Arabia has no written laws concerning sexual orientation or gender identity, but judges use principles of uncodified Islamic law to sanction people suspected of committing sexual relations outside marriage, including adultery, extramarital, and homosexual sex. If individuals are engaging in such relationships online, judges and prosecutors utilize vague provisions of the country's anti-cybercrime law that criminalize online activity impinging on 'public order, religious values, public morals, and privacy'" (para 13).
April 22, 2020, 5:16 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Catholic provisions for dissolution are also confined to non-consummation of the marriage, and the Pauline Privilege (a marriage of two non-Christians after which one converts to Christianity)and the Petrine Privilege(a marriage between a Catholic and non-Catholic in which the non-Catholic does not fulfill the obligations of Christianity and the sacraments of Christian marriage).144 Spousal violence, cruelty, adultery, or inability to continue the marriage, are valid grounds for desertion, but neither temporary nor permanent desertion actually terminate the marriage or are grounds for termination. Women’s restricted ability to terminate marriages before the Catholic courts even in cases of abuse also result in their forfeiting financial rights" (71).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"In May al-Shabaab stoned a man to death for adultery after a woman claimed he had raped her." (14).
Oct. 25, 2019, 9:36 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"The criminal code excuses a husband who kills his wife or her partner found engaging in an act of adultery in his home, but a wife who kills her husband under similar circumstances is subject to prosecution" (18).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Adultery is illegal for both women and men, although the penalty differs. Under civil law the husband can receive only a fine for adultery, while the wife can receive a prison sentence" (23, 24).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Courts may sentence women found guilty of adultery to up to one year in prison, while adultery by men is punishable only if judged to have 'an injurious quality'" (page 41).
July 2, 2019, 12:52 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"The law treats any sexual contact outside a legally recognized marriage as a crime. The penalty for violating this law is 100 lashes if the offender is not married (fornication) and stoning to death if the offender is married (adultery). Both men and women can be prosecuted, but women constituted the vast majority of the accused offenders and of those found guilty. On February 22, the president signed a bill amending section 149 of the criminal code to differentiate between rape, sodomy, and adultery as crimes. The amended article also expanded the definition of rape to include any form of penetration of the body. Human rights observers welcomed the amendment,...more
June 26, 2019, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-LAW-1

"There were several cases throughout the year of al-Shabaab abusing and imposing harsh punishment on persons in areas under its control. For example, on September 28, al-Shabaab stoned to death a woman accused of adultery in Barawe (see section 6, Women)" (Pg 5).
June 20, 2019, 11:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Afghan law makes zina a crime punishable by up to 15 in years in prison, and women who are believed by police and prosecutors to have participated extramarital sexual relations are often prosecuted under this law, worse yet often without regard to whether sexual relations were consensual (...) Rather than dropping these cases, however, police and prosecutors appear to be going forward and charging women with 'attempted zina' instead. In May 2013, Human Rights Watch documented a 50 percent increase in the number of women imprisoned in Afghanistan for “moral crimes” over the previous 18-month period" (3-4). Zina is 'inmorality' and means sex outside marriage (CCS-CODER COMMENT).
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4, DSFMF-LAW-1

"In 2010 the FSC declared several clauses of the Women’s Protection Act un-Islamic and unconstitutional. The verdict sought to reinstate certain provisions of the 1979 Hudood Ordinance and expand the FSC’s jurisdiction in cases of adultery and false accusations of adultery. Reinstatement of these provisions could permit reintroduction of adultery charges against female rape victims. In 2011 the federal government appealed the FSC’s decision to the Supreme Court, which had not set a hearing date by year’s end. In 2013 the nongovernmental Council of Islamic Ideology, which advises Parliament and the prime minister, rejected the Women’s Protection Act, saying it was contrary to the spirit of the Koran and sharia"...more
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"While the law stipulates the death penalty for a man convicted of murdering a woman, the penal code allows leniency for persons guilty of committing an 'honor' killing or violently assaulting or killing a woman for perceived 'immodest' or 'defiant' behavior. The law also allows for a substantially reduced sentence when a husband kills his wife and a man he believes to be involved in an extramarital affair with her" (36).
March 22, 2019, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Authorities more readily accused women of adultery, in part because visible pregnancies made the allegedly adulterous act more obvious, while men could deny the charges and escape punishment because of the difficulty of proving fornication or adultery under Islamic law" (24).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"According to the media and eyewitnesses, these abuses [perpetrated by the Da'esh] included mass executions; stonings of women and men accused of adultery; crucifixions of civilians; public executions of foreign journalists, aid workers, and those suspected of being gay'"(para 9). "Under criminal law, if a man and a woman separately commit the same criminal act of adultery, the woman’s punishment is double that of the man’s" (para 197).
March 8, 2019, 6:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-2, DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"According to a 2016 Human Rights Watch report, almost half of all women incarcerated in Afghanistan – and 95% of girls in juvenile detention – are there for “moral crimes” such as sex before marriage" (para. 13).
March 1, 2019, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Many of these Afghan women are locked up for so-called social crimes — often offenses that would not be crimes in most countries, like running away from their husbands, committing adultery (or often merely being accused of it) or refusing to submit to abusive practices like forced marriage" (para 10).
Jan. 7, 2019, 11:47 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"'The Islamists dug two holes where they put the man and the woman who lived maritally without being married,' said a local official. “They were stoned to death.”The execution happened in Taghlit, close to Aguelhok in the Kidal region, on Tuesday. The same source told AFP that members of the public were invited to take part.'Four people threw stones at them until they died,' they said. Another local official said the ringleaders had accused the unmarried couple of violating 'Islamic law', which requires punishment by stoning" (para 3-5).
Oct. 29, 2018, 7:55 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"India's top court has ruled that adultery is no longer a crime, declaring a colonial-era law that punished the offence with jail time unconstitutional and discriminatory against women. The more than century-old law stated that any man who slept with a married woman without her husband's permission had committed adultery, a crime carrying a five-year prison term" (para 1-2). "The five-judge bench of the Supreme Court said: 'Thinking of adultery from a point of view of criminality is a retrograde step. Women could not file a complaint under the archaic law nor be held liable for adultery themselves, making it solely the realm of men. The court said the law...more
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Women sometimes received disproportionate punishment for crimes such as adultery, including death sentences (see sections 1.a. and 1.e.)" (para 159)
Oct. 17, 2018, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Aceh is one of the most conservative provinces of Muslim-majority Indonesia, and the only part of the country that enforces sharia law for crimes like adultery, consumption of alcohol and homosexuality" (para 3). "A Muslim couple accused of adultery received 100 lashes along with the Christian woman on Tuesday" (para 4).
Sept. 26, 2018, 11:01 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DTCP-LAW-1

"For instance, zina laws, which deal with sexual relations outside of marriage, are frequently used to punish victims of domestic violence who leave home, and are often applied with insufficient evidence" (para 5).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"Some experts on Islamic jurisprudence state that the absence of a husband for at least one year is tantamount to divorce and is, therefore, grounds for cancellation of a stoning sentence" (para 3). "Article 146 of Sudan's Criminal Act of 1991 provides that death by stoning is the punishment for adultery by a married person whereas sexual intercourse between a man and woman who are not married carries the lesser sentence of 100 lashes" (para 5). "according to Sharia law, stoning and flogging cannot be carried out if there is any doubt that the serious offence (or "Hudood") was committed. Saadia testified that she never engaged in a sexual intercourse...more
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"In September the president ratified the third amendment to the Penal Code which stated only Maldivian Islamic law penalties may be imposed for Hadd (robbery, fornication, homosexual acts, alcohol consumption, apostasy) and Qisas offenses (retaliation in kind). Penalties could include hand amputation for theft and stoning to death for adultery. Prior to the amendment, the Penal Code only allowed for the implementation of milder penalties in limited cases, including flogging for fornication..." (18). "Discrimination against women remained a problem. Authorities more readily accused women of adultery, in part because visible pregnancies made the allegedly adulterous act more obvious, while men could deny the charges and escape punishment because of the...more