The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

Feb. 10, 2021, 11:51 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“The fact that bacha bazi, which has normalized sodomy and child abuse in rural Afghan society, developed within a deeply fundamentalist Islamic region of the world is mystifying. According to a 2009 Human Terrain Team study titled 'Pashtun Sexuality,' Pashtun social norms dictate that bacha bazi is not un-Islamic or homosexual at all -- if the man does not love the boy, the sexual act is not reprehensible, and is far more ethical than defiling a woman” (para 10).
Feb. 4, 2021, 10:24 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Her appearance as a man approaching adulthood was not questioned, she said. But it frequently got others into trouble, like the time she escorted a girlfriend home who had fallen ill. Later, she learned that the friend had been beaten by her parents after word spread through the neighborhood that their daughter was seen holding hands with a boy" (para 67).
Feb. 4, 2021, 6:07 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Back in Syria, women buy plastic hymens on the black market, afraid of being sent back to their families, or worse, if there’s no blood on the wedding night. Without her virginity, Nur fears she has little chance of remarrying. Even Abdul says, 'Muna would never let me marry a divorced woman'" (para 36).
Jan. 18, 2021, 2:43 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: SUICIDE-PRACTICE-1, SUICIDE-DATA-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Several advocates said that even if the girls had been sexually assaulted, they might never admit it, particularly not to a stranger. Some advocates said they were concerned that the shame surrounding rape might drive victims to suicide, though Ms. Saeed and other community leaders insisted that there had been no suicide attempts among the estimated 150 Yazidi escapees. The threat of forced marriage led D. A. to consider killing herself, but instead she decided to try another escape" (para 34-35).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“Women in Afghanistan are being forced to undergo so-called virginity tests, more than two years after a law requiring consent was introduced, researchers said on Thursday. The test involves a doctor performing an examination to identify whether the hymen – the thin tissue that may partially cover the vagina – is intact, and has been condemned by the United Nations as “painful, humiliating and traumatic’” (para. 1-2). “A study by Afghanistan’s Independent Human Rights Commission found forced gynecological examinations were still being conducted without the consent of the patient or a court order, as required by a 2018 law” (para. 3). “The Commission interviewed 129 women across Afghanistan and found...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“Yet it [virginity checks] remains widespread in some countries, including Indonesia, where women applying to the police are often required to undergo tests for “mental health and morality reasons’” (para. 10).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“In Iraq, Yazidi women who had been kidnaped by the Islamic State were routinely tested by Kurdish officials until 2016” (para. 11).
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Back in Syria, women buy plastic hymens on the black market, afraid of being sent back to their families, or worse, if there’s no blood on the wedding night. Without her virginity, Nur fears she has little chance of remarrying" (para 36).
Dec. 23, 2020, 3:19 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Analysis of the perception of this sample of Pakistani women living in a poor urban settlement about their lives demonstrated that this society has constructed a model for them based on the principles that reproduction is a woman’s only responsibility, and the family honour is dependent upon her sexual chastity" (para 44). "We found that society with the aim to preserve women’s chastity imposes certain norms like mobility restriction, social quarantine and prohibition on accessing information about sexual and reproductive issues " (para 47).
Oct. 29, 2020, 11:01 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"The Grand Mufti of Russia's North Caucasus republic Karachay-Cherkessia, Ismail Berdyev, has endorsed the practice of genital mutilation of young girls in nearby Dagestan, saying female circumcision 'does not contradict the tenets of Islam and is necessary to quell unnecessary energy and guarantees the purity of future brides,' according to news portal kavkaz-uzel" (para 1). "Villagers and local religious clerics justify the practice as a way to reduce the sensitivity of young girls' genital organs to avoid any future 'immoral behavior' once they become adults, the human rights group's report said" (para 5).
Sept. 23, 2020, 9:40 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4, EWCMS-LAW-1

"The Jokowi government failed to stop abusive, unscientific 'virginity tests' of women who apply to join the military" (para 13).
Sept. 21, 2020, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"In July 2018, a new policy was announced by the Ministry of Public Health that promised to bar government health workers from engaging in the abusive practice of forcing women and girls to undergo invasive and medically meaningless vaginal and anal exams to determine whether they are ‘virgins.’ ‘Virginity examinations’ are a routine part of criminal proceedings in Afghanistan. When women or girls are accused of ‘moral crimes’ such as sex outside of marriage, police, prosecutors, and judges regularly send them to government doctors who conduct examinations of the genitals that purport to provide information about the individual’s sexual history. The reports from these examinations are treated as fact by...more
Aug. 11, 2020, 7:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“As for daughters, they are most often considered liabilities, for whom families have to pay substantial wedding dowries, while protecting their chastity becomes a major concern in the face of rampant sexual violence and rape, besides fearing the possibility of voluntary pre-marital sex – all of which are considered as factors that bring ‘shame’ upon the family” (para 9).
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:32 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

“In January 2011, a 66-year-old Turkish woman living in Bern was sentenced to three years and six months in prison for encouraging the father and brothers of her daughter-in-law to carry out an ‘honor crime’ against her for her ‘risqué lifestyle’” (para 15).
July 15, 2020, 7:26 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"The state must also make an effort to change the underlying social norms around guardianship and family reputation that fuel these crimes. Perpetrators of honor killings are driven by a sense of fear over 'what others might say' about their unmarried daughter’s potential involvement in sexual acts. Indeed, male family members in Iran are repeatedly told they have to protect the reputation of themselves and their families by safeguarding the sexual 'purity' of the women in their families. When they feel they have been unsuccessful in shielding the women, some resort to violence, and as fathers are given a sense of ownership over their daughters, these acts seem justified in...more
June 5, 2020, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Young men are more likely than young women to have had sexual intercourse with a non-marital, non-cohabitating partner in the last 12 months (24% versus 9%). Eighteen percent of young women and 31% of young men reported using a condom during their last intercourse with a non-marital, non-cohabiting partner" (232). The higher percentage of young men who have had sex with a non-marital partner may suggest that young women face cultural standards about chastity (RAO-CODER COMMENT).
April 30, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Granted, some of these crimes against women were committed by the military and the police themselves, as women like Mona Eltahawy (a journalist whose arms were broken by soldiers) and Samira Ibrahim (a young protester who sued the government, accusing an army doctor of submitting her to a forced 'virginity test') have reported." (para 9).
March 16, 2020, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"In December 2015, the AIHRC issued a report documenting the widespread use of so-called virginity examinations on female detainees. Afghan police and prosecutors routinely order such tests on women in their custody and use the results to charge women with 'morality crimes.'" (1). "Virginity testing is one of the unethical practices that violates women’s rights. In Afghanistan, the bloodied sheets from the first night of girls’ wedding is considered as proof of virginity in many rural and urban areas. Over the years, many Afghan girls have been killed, detained and punished for lacking an intact hymen. At best, they are called impure. The Virginity Test has recently been banned in...more
Jan. 10, 2020, 4:06 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"But 'hymenoplasty', as the operation is called, needs to be performed by a surgeon and is not widely available in Sudan - and I'm told only one clinic offers it strictly for married women only. So stitching to tighten the vaginal opening is the best option. Some midwives also like to cut away more of the labia or other vaginal folds to 'tidy things up' during the operation."
Jan. 10, 2020, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Some women in Sudan are opting to undergo female genital mutilation (FGM) a month or two before their wedding to pretend to be virgins...Maha underwent the operation with two months to go to her wedding to a man 'a little bit older' than herself. 'He will never have trust me if he discovers that I have had sex before our marriage,' she said...'I wish my future wife would be virgin,' a single man in Khartoum told me, saying he would suspect her of cheating on him otherwise. This is a very common attitude across Sudan, where men expect women to be 'stitched'."
July 21, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"In terse Hindi, she answers, 'Honour of a woman, honour of the motherland, praying every day and saving the animals by not killing. Even for food.' 'Save your honour from whom?' I ask. 'From invaders. Who attack Hindus. Like Bangladeshis and missionaries in Assam,' she answers" (para 132-134). CC: Honor here is connected to chastity, but also to their loyalty to Hinduism both culturally and religiously.
July 12, 2019, 9:16 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Fear of reprisal and stigma, compounded with a culture of impunity and dearth of appropriate medical and social services, often deter victims of sexual assault from seeking justice and medical care. Survivors who pursue legal action are usually subject to the finger test of virginity, threatened by authorities, and/or imprisoned, as in the case of Lul Ali Osman Barake" (8).
June 20, 2019, 11:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Women arrested for 'immorality,' that is, zina (sex outside of marriage) or 'running away' from home without permission, are forced to undergo invasive vaginal examinations by government doctors that purport to provide findings on the woman’s sexual history including 'virginity'. The results of these examinations, despite being scientifically meaningless, often serve as the basis for conviction for 'moral crimes.' In practice, the tests can be ordered by any police officer or prosecutor, and are sometimes administered multiple times to a woman, without valid consent and for no justifiable reason" (3).
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4, DSFMF-LAW-1

"In 2010 the FSC declared several clauses of the Women’s Protection Act un-Islamic and unconstitutional. The verdict sought to reinstate certain provisions of the 1979 Hudood Ordinance and expand the FSC’s jurisdiction in cases of adultery and false accusations of adultery. Reinstatement of these provisions could permit reintroduction of adultery charges against female rape victims. In 2011 the federal government appealed the FSC’s decision to the Supreme Court, which had not set a hearing date by year’s end. In 2013 the nongovernmental Council of Islamic Ideology, which advises Parliament and the prime minister, rejected the Women’s Protection Act, saying it was contrary to the spirit of the Koran and sharia"...more
April 29, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"His third statement was more horribleness as he asked the Minister of Higher Education to conduct virginity tests female students applying to Egyptian universities as a precondition for her acceptance, alleging that this would limit Urfi marriage. This demand violates the privacy of women's bodies and increases the parental authority exercised by the MP on female students and women, additionally it incites violence against women" (7).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Virginity testing, although reportedly decreasing, continued to occur in some parts the country during the year" (34). "An NGO study published in 2014 found that because of the cultural emphasis placed on virginity, any loss of virginity--real or perceived, consensual or forced--could result in marriage" (38).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Commonly reported methods of torture and abuse in prisons included threats of execution or rape, forced virginity and sodomy tests, sleep deprivation, electroshock, burnings, the use of pressure positions, and severe and repeated beatings. UNSR Jahangir highlighted reports of prisoners being subjected to blackmail, beating, and other physical abuse" (5).
March 8, 2019, 6:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Virginity testing was banned in 2016, but Javid said police have continued to pick up girls and women suspected of having sex, and take them to hospitals or clinics where they are forced to undergo a virginity test" (para. 10)
March 8, 2019, 6:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"In a prison in the Balkh province of Afghanistan, more than 200 girls and young women are crammed into dirty prison cells… Their crime is that they all failed a virginity test performed by a health professional at a clinic or hospital" (para. 1 - 2). "According to a 2016 Human Rights Watch report, almost half of all women incarcerated in Afghanistan – and 95% of girls in juvenile detention – are there for “moral crimes” such as sex before marriage" (para. 13).
March 6, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Forced virginity testing remained legal, and police, prosecutors, and judges continued to order virginity tests in cases of “moral crimes” such as zina. Women who sought assistance in cases of rape were often subject to virginity tests. The new penal code, signed into law by presidential decree on March 4 and scheduled to take effect in February 2018, contains language criminalizing virginity tests performed without the consent of the woman and a court order" (26).