The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DTCP-LAW-1

Nov. 17, 2022, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In Sierra Leone, customary law sits alongside statutory law, but in rural areas, where there is little access to statutory justice services, customary law tends to prevail" (12).
Sept. 26, 2022, 7 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Paraguay recognizes plural legal systems by granting indigenous population their right to draw on customary law. The country has a constitutional framework (Constitution, Art 63) in which the rights of indigenous peoples are recognized and it guarantees the right of indigenous peoples to preserve and develop their 'ethnic identity in their respective habitat' as well as applying customary norms for the regulation of their internal coexistence. Those norms are applicable as long as they do not 'infringe upon the fundamental rights established in the Constitution'. In case of conflicting laws, indigenous customary law is 'taken into account'" (3).
Sept. 1, 2022, 3:34 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Rights in the land owned by the Government of Southern Sudan shall be exercised through the appropriate or designated level of government in Southern Sudan, which shall recognize customary land rights under customary land law. All levels of government in Southern Sudan shall institute a process to progressively develop and amend the relevant laws to incorporate customary laws, practices, local heritage and international trends and practices" (11).
Sept. 1, 2022, 3:34 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Rights in the land owned by the Government of Southern Sudan shall be exercised through the appropriate or designated level of government in Southern Sudan, which shall recognize customary land rights under customary land law. All levels of government in Southern Sudan shall institute a process to progressively develop and amend the relevant laws to incorporate customary laws, practices, local heritage and international trends and practices" (11).
June 29, 2022, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"[The Committee]... is particularly concerned about: (a) The persistence of child marriages, especially in rural areas, under article 7 (2) of Law No. 16/2019 on marriage, which authorizes the religious courts to grant exemptions from the legal minimum age of marriage" (15).
April 29, 2022, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"However, the Committee notes with concern:... the application of discriminatory religious and customary laws on divorce and inheritance and the denial of child custody to women, particularly in the North Caucasus region" (14).
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Sharia (Islamic) courts, which adjudicate criminal and family law cases, may impose flogging as punishment for adultery, prostitution, consensual premarital sex, pregnancy outside marriage, defamation of character, and drug or alcohol charges. Reports of flogging were rare and tended to be confined to only a few jurisdictions" (3). "Women faced legal discrimination because of the government’s interpretation of sharia" (11). "The government’s interpretation of sharia applies in personal status cases and family law. Muslim women must have the consent of their guardians to marry. Local interpretation of sharia forbids Muslim women to marry non-Muslims. In addition, the law permits a man to have as many as four wives, women normally...more
March 10, 2022, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"While the government effectively enforced the law, its interpretation by religious courts in cases brought before them, not to civil courts, precluded full implementation of civil law in all provinces, such as in the case of an abused wife compelled to return to her husband under personal status laws, despite battery being outlawed in the penal code" (31). "In matters of marriage, child custody, inheritance, and divorce, personal status laws provide unequal treatment across the various confessional court systems but generally discriminate against women. All 18 recognized religious groups have their own personal status courts responsible for handling these issues, and laws vary depending on the religious group" (32).more
Feb. 5, 2022, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"...In some regions, particularly the northern provinces, women had limited access to the formal judicial system for enforcement of rights provided by the civil code and instead relied on customary law to settle disputes. Enforcement of laws that protect women’s rights to land ownership in the formal economy remained poor. Women typically could not inherit land under customary law" (16).
Jan. 24, 2022, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Cellule d’Ecoute (Listening Committee) addresses domestic violence in a tripartite arrangement with the Ministry of Justice, law enforcement agencies, and the council on sharia. This committee refers cases to the Ministry of Justice when abuse is violent or to the council on sharia for divorce proceedings" (17).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Yes, in most cases government will allow religious tribunals or systems of customary law to adjudicate certain types of legal matters such as divorce, inheritance, rape, etc. This is due to the major role clan elders play in society. While the provisional constitution states that such legal matters can be resolved in court, both perpetrator and the victim will have clan elders settle the matter" (1).
Nov. 17, 2021, 8:27 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Women and girls, men older than 50 years and boys younger than 16, men sentenced to death whose sentences were not commuted, and persons determined medically unfit were exempt from punishment by caning" (2).
Nov. 1, 2021, 11:19 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"In July, Khan’s government was criticised by rights activists when news surfaced that it had sent the domestic violence protection and prevention bill 2021, designed to offer protection to women under threat from domestic violence, to the Council of Islamic Ideology (CII) for review. The body, made up entirely of men, examines laws to ensure they align with the values and rules of Islam. Last week, the CII criticised the bill and shared its concerns over 'un-Islamic injunctions' and said it would destroy the institution of the family" (para 13-14).
Oct. 28, 2021, 12:31 a.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The law provides for the right to a fair and public trial, and an independent judiciary generally enforced this right. The law presumes persons charged with criminal offenses are innocent until proven guilty; authorities inform them promptly and in detail of the charges. Trials must be public and conducted orally; defendants have the right to be present at their trial. Attorneys are not mandatory in cases of minor offenses, but legal counsel is available at no charge for needy persons in cases where attorneys are mandatory. The law grants defendants and their attorneys adequate time and facilities to prepare a defense. Defendants can confront or question witnesses against them and...more
Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"[The committee] welcomes the establishment of the International Crimes Investigation Directorate by the Office of the Attorney General to ensure the prosecution of crimes against humanity, genocide and war crimes and takes note of the challenges faced by the State party in exercising effective control and ensuring security in certain areas, which has led to cases of gender-based violence against women being adjudicated by informal justice mechanisms such as jirgas and shuras. The Committee notes with great concern that gender-based violence against women and girls, including conflict-related sexual violence, persists in all spheres of life in the State party" (4).
Sept. 14, 2021, 9:15 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"A dark, shameful blot on the pages of American history, the witch hunts of Salem, Massachusetts, in the 1690s represent an era we’re all glad is far behind us. But in some areas of Africa, the same sorts of accusations that plagued the colonists of Salem still hang heavy over the heads of women every day. This is especially true in Ghana’s Northern Region, where it is not uncommon for powerful Voodoo priests to lead crusades against alleged witches whom they believe are using secret spells, rituals, and curses to unfairly help themselves and harm others" (para 1-2). "As time went on, the priest claimed the gods had revealed to...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"There was a widespread shortage of judges, primarily in insecure areas, leading to the adjudication of many cases through informal, traditional mediation. A shortage of women judges, particularly outside of Kabul, limited access to justice for women. Many women are unable to use the formal justice system because cultural norms preclude their engagement with male officials. During the year only 257 of 2,029, or 13 percent, of judges were women, a slight increase from 2018. The formal justice system is stronger in urban centers, closer to the central government, and weaker in rural areas. In rural areas lacking physical space for judges or prosecutors to operate and adequate security protection,...more
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Laws on gender equality were inconsistently enforced, and many traditional courts continued to ignore the rights of women regarding family law and inheritance" (p 10). "The Ministry of Social Welfare, Gender, and Children’s Affairs reported that women faced widespread societal discrimination, particularly in matters of marriage, divorce, property, and inheritance, which are guided by customary law in all areas except the capital. Formal laws apply in customary as well as formal courts, but customary judges had limited or no legal training and often were unaware of formal laws or chose to ignore them. Women’s rights and status under customary law varied significantly depending upon the ethnic group to which they...more
Aug. 4, 2021, 10:51 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The controversial family law, which is based on Sharia law – which was introduced into the country in 1983 by former president Gaafar Nimeiry – has not been amended, even after changes were made to other laws deemed to be derogatory and humiliating for women and girls" (Para 23).
July 30, 2021, 2:25 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Many women upon finding their matrimonial homes inhabitable run away to urban areas with their children to eke out a living, this sinks them into deeper poverty because upon deprivation of land, some women get chased away with nothing. A woman who was used to the tranquillity of village life is upon widowhood and the subsequent eviction forced into the hustle and bustle of city life trying to juggle motherhood and fatherhood to her children in the slums of Nairobi, Kampala and Dar es Salaam. The loss of land is also often orchestrated by male relatives under the guise of “a widowed woman must be inherited”, the question that needs...more
July 26, 2021, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Islamist parties in the Iraqi parliament are pushing an amendment to the personal status law that would allow men to marry girls as young as 9. Human rights activists decried the proposal, which would transfer civil matters to the jurisdiction of clerics" (para 1). "The proposed amendment basically shakes the foundations of the old law. The bill indicates that when issuing decisions on personal status issues, the court should follow the rulings of religious scholars for Sunni or Shiite sects, depending on the husband's faith. The Scholars' Congregation at the Shiite Endowment Diwan undertakes answering the court's questions per the common Shiite jurisprudence. In its absence, the Supreme Religious Authority...more
July 22, 2021, 5:07 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"For example, no woman has ever has served as Chief Justice, President of the Supreme Court, or President of the Court of Appeal. What’s more, there is not a single woman in the Kadhis’ Courts – religious courts adjudicated by Kadhi magistrates that apply a hybrid legal approach with Sharia Law. This trend is particularly disconcerting considering the Kadhis’ Courts deal with issues that disproportionately affect women such as divorce, inheritance and family matters" (Para 7).
July 9, 2021, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Sudan’s transitional government announced on Friday that it had overturned a moral policing law that criminalized revealing clothing worn by women and drinking alcohol. It also moved to dissolve the former governing party of Omar al-Bashir — fulfilling two major demands by pro-democracy protesters[...]Those convicted of violating the act faced prison sentences, fines, lashing and confiscation of property. For decades, human rights activists had denounced the law and argued that its vague language gave the police and judges leeway to prosecute women, who later played a crucial role in the mass protests that culminated in Mr. al-Bashir’s ouster"(para 1,5).
July 8, 2021, 5:45 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"A man who attacked a woman in Iran in an alleged row over her veil was humiliated when she fought back in front of passers-by. [...]She[Iranian activist Masih Alinejad] added: 'I've talked to this 42-year-old woman. She said she went to the police station to file a complaint. 'Yet, the authorities refused to arrest the man because 1) she only faced internal injuries 2) the man said he was voluntarily enforcing morality codes'"(para 1,7,8).
June 30, 2021, 3:57 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

In the video, an SDF fighter explains the 'Hasba centre' is what ISIS call its 'religious police' headquarters. Men would observe the attire and behaviour of the local people and bring them to the torture centre if they were spotted breaking the strict Sharia Law rules.
June 7, 2021, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"'The police and the judiciary system in Sudan is based on compensations and solving problems, the prosecutors get incentives and they get upgraded for solving the problems, not for judging them'" (para 13).
Feb. 17, 2021, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"A series of events in the past few weeks have again highlighted the injustices being committed against women in the name of Islam in Pakistan. Recently, the three accused of raping an 18-year old woman at Jinnah’s Mausoleum were set free by a court in Karachi. The court refused to entertain the DNA evidence, which reportedly proved the guilt of the accused, and gave the accused the benefit of the doubt because the victim could not produce four eyewitnesses to the rape. Weeks later, the Council of Islamic Ideology (CII) decreed that the DNA evidence in the absence of four righteous men as witnesses to rape is not sufficient for...more
Feb. 6, 2021, 12:53 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

“A German state has banned the use of burqas in school, saying that the full-face Islamic covering does not belong in a free society. Baden-Württemberg in southwest Germany announced the ban on Tuesday. The state has already banned the use of such coverings for teachers. State Premier Winfried Kretschmann said that it was rare for school girls to wear burqas but that a ban was required for the exceptional cases. The new rule will apply to girls attending primary and secondary schools in the state” (para. 1-4). “Kretschmann added that such coverings, which are usually worn by conservative Muslim women and girls, do not belong in a free society, although...more
Jan. 2, 2021, 7:07 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

“In Monday’s legal ruling, Judge Peter Murphy took steps to accommodate the defendant in the case, a 22-year-old London woman who cannot be named for legal reasons. She will be offered a screen to shield her from public view while giving evidence. But the judge said that her face had to be visible to him, the jury and lawyers. If she fails to comply with the order during the trial, she could be jailed for contempt of court. Talat Ahmed, chairwoman of the Muslim Council of Britain’s Social and Family Affairs Committee said in a statement that “recent events will once again generate controversy when in fact what we really...more
Dec. 31, 2020, 4:53 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"A landmark consensus agreed by Islamic scholars (Ulema) regarding the waiting period for ‘half-widows’ to remarry in four years will have an unprecedented impact on the lives of Kashmir’s forgotten survivors" (para 1). "While widows are entitled to some compensation under civil law, half-widows are uncertain about their future and are entitled to compensation only on production of death certificates. Under Islamic jurisprudence, a widow with children gets one eighth of her husband’s property. A widow without children gets one fourth. A half-widow gets nothing. A half-widow, till her husband is declared dead, is also forbidden under customary laws from remarrying. State law dictated that a woman has to wait...more