The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DV-LAW-1

Jan. 15, 2022, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes... domestic violence" (13). "A separate law provides misdemeanor sanctions for family violence" (13).
Jan. 14, 2022, 6:24 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape, domestic violence" (17). "The law contains provisions concerning child abuse, including physical and emotional mistreatment, sexual exploitation, and child labor" (19).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1

"Domestic violence was often prosecuted with charges such as harm, wounding, grievous harm, rape, and marital rape, but allegations of domestic violence were treated as civil matters. Police, prosecutors, and judges recognized both physical violence and mental injury as evidence of domestic violence. Penalties include fines or imprisonment for violations. The law empowers the Family Court to issue protection orders against accused offenders" (11). "The law allows authorities to remove a child from an abusive home environment and requires parents to maintain and support children until the age of 18. Abuse of children occurred. There were publicized cases of underage girls being victims of sexual abuse and mistreatment, in most...more
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape and domestic violence, and provides penalties from 10 to 18 years in prison for rape. The judicial branch generally enforced the law effectively. The law prohibits domestic violence and provides measures for the protection of domestic violence victims. Criminal penalties range from 10 to 100 days in prison for aggravated threats and up to 35 years in prison for aggravated homicide, including a sentence of 20 to 35 years for persons who kill their partners" (10).
Jan. 11, 2022, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"...Domestic violence is also a crime for which victims may seek restraining orders. Convicted assault perpetrators face up to two years’ imprisonment or a fine of up to 300,000 yen ($2,760). Convicted offenders who caused bodily injury faced up to 15 years’ imprisonment or a fine of up to 500,000 yen ($4,600). Protective order violators face up to one year’s imprisonment or a fine of up to one million yen ($9,200)" (16). "Legal experts called for MHLW’s child-care centers and police to share child abuse cases fully to identify and prevent further abuse. The law provides for a simplified process to inspect homes where child abuse is suspected; requires child...more
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"...The law criminalizes physical, sexual, and psychological harm or abuse to women and children committed by spouses, partners, or parents. Penalties depend on the severity of the crime and may include imprisonment or fines" (26). "...The law provides 10 days of paid leave for domestic violence victims" (27).
Jan. 8, 2022, 9:32 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law does not specifically define domestic violence against women and minors, but the general prohibitions of the criminal code address such violence. Legally, high-level misdemeanors occur when a victim’s injuries result in 20 days of disability leave from work. Low-level misdemeanors occur when a victim’s disability lasts for less than 20 days" (30).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law prohibits violence against women, including domestic abuse" (11).
Dec. 27, 2021, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law stipulates persons learning of cases of child abuse or neglect must notify police or welfare authorities" (12). "In May the Legislative Yuan amended Article 286 of the Criminal Code, raising the maximum age of children protected by the [child abuse] law from 16 to 18" (13) .
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"...The law prohibits domestic violence and provides for fines and incarceration. Legal sanctions for domestic violence are based on the sanctions for physical violence against a third person; the latter range from eight days to 20 years in prison. In cases of domestic violence, these sanctions are doubled" (9).
Dec. 17, 2021, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law does not specifically outlaw domestic violence" (19).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The criminal code includes 'violence within partnership' (domestic violence) as a separate category of offense. Regulations extend prison sentences for assault (light bodily harm) to three years, while grievous bodily harm, violation of personal freedom, or coercion may be punishable by one to five years in prison, if committed against domestic persons. By law police called to a scene of domestic violence may issue an emergency restraining order valid for three days in lieu of immediately filing charges, while courts may issue up to 60-day 'preventive restraining orders' in civil cases, without the option to extend" (25). "Efforts to combat child abuse included a 'child protection signaling system' to detect...more
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"There is no domestic violence provision in the law and no legal definition of domestic violence, making it difficult to know its actual prevalence in the country... The law prohibits threats, assault, battery, and killing, but most acts of domestic violence did not fall within the jurisdiction of the prosecutor’s office" (53). "A 2017 law made beatings by 'close relatives' an administrative rather than a criminal offense for first-time offenders, provided the beating does not cause serious harm requiring hospital treatment" (54). "The country does not have a law on child abuse but the law outlaws murder, battery, and rape" (57). "A 2017 law that makes beatings by 'close relatives'...more
Dec. 3, 2021, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The law makes rape, including spousal rape, illegal, with a penalty of three to 10 years’ imprisonment. The government generally enforced the law when the victim chose to press charges and if the cases were not settled out of court through mediation. The law provides for criminal penalties of up to 10 years’ imprisonment in cases of domestic violence by a spouse or by a person other than the spouse. The judicial system prosecuted persons accused of abusing women" (9).
Dec. 3, 2021, 6:25 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"In 2013, the Sindh provincial assembly passed the Domestic Violence Prevention and Protection Act. The provinces of Balochistan and Punjab followed suit with similar legislation in 2014 and 2016, respectively. The northwestern province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa passed its long-anticipated domestic violence law earlier this year. The law had been proposed earlier in 2012 but was delayed due to opposition from religious groups" (para 20).
Dec. 3, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2, GP-DATA-3, GP-DATA-5

"The law criminalizes physical, sexual, and psychological violence in the home or community and at work. The law punishes perpetrators of domestic violence with penalties ranging from six to 27 months in prison. The law requires police to report domestic violence to judicial authorities and obligates hospital personnel to notify authorities when admitting patients who are victims of domestic abuse. Police generally were reluctant to intervene to prevent domestic violence and were not properly trained to handle such cases. The law also establishes women’s bureaus at local police headquarters and tribunals specializing in gender-based violence, and two-thirds of states had specialized courts. The Public Ministry’s Women’s Defense Department employed a...more
Dec. 2, 2021, 7:34 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The law in all parts of the kingdom criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and domestic violence. The penalty in the Netherlands for rape is imprisonment not exceeding 12 years or a fine not exceeding 83,000 euros ($91,300). In case of violence against a spouse, the penalty for various forms of abuse can be increased by one-third. In Aruba the penalty for rape is imprisonment not exceeding 12 years or a fine of 100,000 Aruban florins ($55,250). Authorities effectively prosecuted such crimes" (12).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"PA law does not explicitly prohibit domestic violence, but assault and battery are crimes" (95). "PA law prohibits violence against children" (97).
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Women who kill an abusive partner are to be charged with 'murder under circumstances of reduced liability,' with a maximum punishment of 15 years’ imprisonment. According to media reports, in June and July the parole board decided to grant early release to two women convicted of killing their abusive husbands. They served 17 and 18 years, respectively, of their 25-year sentences" (33).
Nov. 17, 2021, 8:27 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Domestic violence is a crime. Victims may obtain court orders restraining the respondent and barring the spouse or former spouse from the home until the court is satisfied the spouse has ceased aggressive behavior" (21). "The law criminalizes mistreatment of children, including physical, emotional, and sexual abuse" (23).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"While courts may sentence a person convicted of domestic violence to a maximum of five years in prison, most of those found guilty received suspended sentences. The law permits authorities to place restraining orders without prior approval from a court on spouses to protect against abuse" (15). "The law requires every municipality in the country to set up an interagency team of experts to deal with domestic violence" (15).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"A new violence against women law adopted on July 17 imposes harsher penalties for crimes of domestic and gender-based violence. The law penalizes rape, including spousal rape, with six to 12 years in prison. The law criminalizes the physical abuse of women (including by family members), provides for the prosecution of perpetrators of violence against women, and helps shield abused women from publicity. Judicial protective measures for violence occurring within a family allow for an ex parte application to a civil court judge in urgent cases. A specific law on stalking includes mandatory detention for acts of sexual violence, including by partners. Police officers and judicial authorities prosecuted perpetrators of...more
Nov. 11, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape; although no specific statute defines spousal rape as illegal, the Supreme Court acknowledged marital rape as illegal"(18)."When there is a danger of domestic violence recurring and an immediate need for protection, the law allows a provisional order to be issued ex officio or at the victim’s request. This may restrict the subject of the order from living in the same home, approaching within 109 yards of the victim, or contacting the victim through telecommunication devices"(18).
Nov. 10, 2021, 10:14 p.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law prohibits all threats and violence but does not recognize domestic violence as a distinct category of violence" (28).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape; it does not distinguish between rapes of women and men. The government generally enforced the law effectively. The penalty for rape is six to 12 years in prison. The law also prohibits violence against women and sets prison sentences of six months to a year for domestic violence, threats of violence, or violations of restraining orders, with longer sentences if serious injuries result" (14). "In January the Supreme Court adopted an agreement that establishes doctrine and updates criteria to identify gender-based violence. The agreement removed the requirement to establish 'the intent to dominate' in cases of rape and domestic violence, stating that 'the...more
Nov. 4, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Luxembourg
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"...The law prohibits domestic violence, and the government effectively enforced the law. The law is gender neutral and provides for the removal of abusers from their residences for a 14-day period that can be extended once for an additional three months upon request of the victim. Penalties may include fines and imprisonment. Police are required to investigate if an NGO reports having been approached by an individual for assistance in cases involving domestic abuse" (9).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: DV-LAW-1, FSCB-LAW-1

"On January 11, amendments to the criminal code increasing liability for sexual, domestic, and gender-based violence came into force. The amendments expanded the definition of rape and introduced stricter punishment for sexual coercion by up to three years of prison and forced abortion or sterilization by up to five years" (43).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Authorities treated domestic violence cases as civil cases unless the victim suffered injuries to more than 11 percent of their body" (29).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law prohibits domestic violence against women and men, including spousal abuse..." (18). "There are laws against child abuse, including against rape, sexual assault, corruption of a minor, trafficking, kidnapping, child prostitution, and child pornography... Penalties are generally severe" (22).
Oct. 4, 2021, 8:33 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law penalizes domestic violence and stalking. A court may order an abusive spouse to leave the family home temporarily"(11,12).