The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DV-LAW-1

Sept. 17, 2021, 10 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1

"Domestic violence is a criminal offense. Police were responsive to reports of domestic violence. The law provides victims with 10 days of paid domestic violence leave. The government partially funded women’s shelters, psychosocial services, rape crisis centers, sexual abuse counseling, family violence victim support networks, and violence prevention services. Victims’ programs include: a new crisis response plan for the 72 hours after a sexual assault; programs to reduce harmful sexual behavior, offending, and reoffending; programs focusing on adults who pose a risk to children; and services for male survivors of sexual abuse" (9).
Sept. 13, 2021, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The Family Violence Law defines domestic violence as a civil, rather than a criminal, offense" (65). "The physical abuse of children is ground for criminal prosecution. The Domestic Violence Law also protects children" (70). "The law [in Hong Kong] does not directly criminalize domestic violence, but the government regarded domestic violence against women as a serious concern. Abusers may be liable for criminal charges, such as offenses against person, sexual assault, and ill-treatment of a child, depending on which act constituted the domestic violence" (124). "The law [in Hong Kong] mandates protection for victims of child abuse (battery, assault, neglect, abandonment, and sexual exploitation)" (125). "The law [in Macau] criminalizes...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law. Most persons convicted received prison sentences of five to 12 years. The law also criminalizes domestic violence. It authorizes prosecution of a violent family member and provides victims with 'safety orders,' which prohibit the offender from engaging in violent actions or threats, and 'barring orders' (restraining orders), which prohibit an offender from entering the family home for up to three years. Anyone found guilty of violating a barring or an interim protection order may receive a fine of up to 4,000 euros ($4,400), a prison sentence of 12 months, or both. In January the government began enforcing...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Authorities placed some women in protective custody to prevent violence by family members. They also employed protective custody (including placement in a detention center) for women who had experienced domestic violence, if no shelters were available to protect them from further abuse. The 2009 Elimination of Violence against Women (EVAW) presidential decree--commonly referred to as the EVAW law--obliges police to arrest persons who abuse women. Implementation and awareness of the EVAW law was limited, however" (8). "The EVAW presidential decree was first issued in 2009 and was reinforced by another presidential decree in 2018. Implementation and awareness of the law remain a serious challenge. The law criminalizes 22 acts of...more
Sept. 5, 2021, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-LAW-1

"In the case of Lebanon, there have been several normative and institutional measures adopted to address violence against women in the past few years, including among others, the passing of the domestic violence law in 2014, the establishment of a national technical working group on ending violence against women in 2012, and the repeal of article 562 of the Lebanese Criminal Code of 2011" (para 5).
Sept. 5, 2021, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Though China introduced an anti-domestic violence law in 2016, penalties are minimal" (para 7). "Similarly, the domestic violence law made it easier to obtain restraining orders, but judges often ask for evidence of physical violence, discounting verbal and emotional abuse. From March 2016, when the law took effect, to December 2018, Chinese courts received only 5,860 applications for restraining orders and approved fewer than two-thirds of them, according to Equality, a women’s rights organization in Beijing" (para 23).
Aug. 28, 2021, 11:07 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Currently there is no separate section for violence against women, intimate partner violence or domestic violence in Estonian legislation. At the same time, the list of aggravating circumstances of the Penal Code includes e.g. commission of the offence against a person who is in a financially dependent relationship with the offender, and against a former or current family member of the offender, against a person who lives with the offender or a person who is otherwise in a family relationship with the offender but also commission of the offence against the person by an adult in the presence of a minor, commission of the offence knowingly against a person who...more
Aug. 23, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1

"The law prohibits assault but does not specifically prohibit domestic violence. Domestic violence against women remained widespread, and police rarely investigated such cases" (p 22),
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes domestic violence but does not set out specific penalties" (21).
Aug. 11, 2021, 10:20 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law does not explicitly address spousal rape. The law criminalizes domestic violence specifically with a maximum penalty of 16 years in prison"(8)."The law entitles victims of sex crimes to a lawyer to advise them of their rights and to help them pursue charges against the alleged assailants"(8).
Aug. 6, 2021, 4:21 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law does not explicitly prohibit domestic violence, but violence against women was reportedly widespread. Husbands commonly beat their wives" (p 15). "A woman may sue her husband or lodge criminal charges for battery, penalties for which range from two months in prison and a fine of 10,000 CFA francs ($18) to30 years’ imprisonment" (p 15).
Aug. 6, 2021, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law does not prohibit domestic violence or spousal abuse, but authorities may apply provisions relating to assault with accompanying penalties.The law requires that an assault victim produce multiple eyewitnesses, a difficult condition for domestic abuse victims"(43).
Aug. 6, 2021, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes both physical and psychological domestic violence and protects the privacy and safety of the victim making the charge of rape or domestic violence" (9).
Aug. 4, 2021, 10:51 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-DATA-1

"Sudan does not have a law against domestic violence and about 57 percent of Sudanese families have witnessed domestic violence, according to the Arabic Barometers" (Para 19).
Aug. 2, 2021, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes domestic violence and provides prison sentences ranging from one to 12 years. The government failed to enforce the law effectively, leading to widespread impunity and reports of increased violence from released offenders emboldened by their release" (p 21).
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The law prohibits domestic violence, but it remained a widespread problem. Domestic violence is punishable by two to five years in prison and a fine of four million ariary ($1,240), depending on the severity of injuries and whether the victim was pregnant" (p 21).
July 26, 2021, 12:32 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law provides protections against domestic violence for both men and women, although most victims were women. Although the criminal code does not define specific domestic violence offenses, assault, aggravated assault, intimidation, mischief, or sexual assault charges apply to acts of domestic violence"(8).
July 23, 2021, 2:27 p.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-DATA-1

"Domestic violence is illegal but was a persistent and common problem. Police and judicial officials were reluctant to prosecute spousal rape and domestic violence" (p 26).
July 21, 2021, 11:24 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"So where does Kuwait go from now? In a statement released online by Lan Asket and the Women's Alliance, activists called on the government to take a number of immediate actions. These include the implementation of the Domestic Violence Law, the opening of women's refuges, the creation of a telephone hotline to log women's complaints along with a process for dealing with them, training of police officers to better deal with cases of abuse and harassment against women, and the requirement of the presence of female police officers in such cases" (Para 24-25) This suggests there are currently no laws against domestic violence (CLM-CODER COMMENT).
July 20, 2021, 6:33 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Under al-Bashir’s 30-year rule, there were no laws to protect women and girls, which many campaigners say exposed them to abuse within their families" (Para 14).
July 16, 2021, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The Constitutional Declaration prohibits domestic violence, but it did not contain reference to penalties for conviction of violence against women" (p 24).
July 14, 2021, 2:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Unfortunately, Russian police don’t like to investigate this type of crime. That’s why only 3% of all reported cases are going to court, and almost half of all initially reported cases (40%) related to domestic violence are lost during investigations. Moreover, Russia is one of 18 countries where domestic violence has been decriminalized regardless of all these statistics! The current social movement against domestic violence in Russia started in 2016 when Elena Mizulina, the State Duma Chairwoman, proposed passing a new amendment decriminalizing domestic violence to the Code of the Russian Federation on Administrative Offenses. President Putin signed this amendment in February 2017" (para 2-3). "Unfortunately, we still do not...more
July 13, 2021, 1:26 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law establishes clear mechanisms for reporting and prosecuting family violence and provides for the imprisonment of persons found guilty of abusing family members. A court can issue a same-day restraining order against suspected or convicted domesticviolence offenders" (p 15). "(In TRNC) Violence against women, including spousal abuse, remained a problem. The 'law' prohibits domestic violence under a general assault/violence/battery clause in the 'criminal code'" (P 39).
July 13, 2021, 1:26 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-1

"Lebanon outlawed sexual harassment and reformed its domestic violence law in December but it does not criminalise marital rape and personal laws administered by religious courts discriminate against women in matters like divorce and child custody"(para 15).
July 13, 2021, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The report also highlighted serious concerns regarding domestic violence. Some positive steps are noted, such as a law against acid attacks" (para 6). "'Existing protections against violence are insufficient to comprehensively safeguard women and children. I acknowledge that the anti-violence bill before parliament provides some positive measures, but as my report details, it does not go far enough. I urge for further improvements to the bill before it is enforced and to extend support services for women and children who experience domestic violence,' Rehman said" (para 7).
July 12, 2021, 5:15 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, DV-LAW-1

"Officials said they dropped the under-18 age group because the survey's confidentiality clause was at odds with India's child protection law of 2012, which demands that all cases of child sex abuse must be reported to the police" (para 11).
July 9, 2021, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law’s definition of violence also includes damage to property, defilement, economic abuse, emotional or psychological abuse, harassment, incest, intimidation, physical abuse, stalking, verbal abuse, or any other conduct against a person that harms or may cause imminent harm to the safety, health, or well-being of the person" (p 33).
July 9, 2021, 11:47 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The Penal Code criminalises anyone who 'induces or tempts a male or female, by any means, into committing acts contrary to morals or that are unlawful.' It does not criminalise domestic violence or marital rape, other than one article of the family law which forbids husbands from hurting their wives physically or morally, and general provisions on assault"(para 49,50).
July 1, 2021, 9:12 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Morneau said part of what makes the change significant is that the definition of family violence [in the Divorce Act] goes beyond the physical to include a broad range of examples such as: Sexual abuse. Harassment or stalking. Psychological abuse. Financial abuse" (pare 6).
June 29, 2021, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law does not provide any specific penalty for domestic violence despite its prevalence. Although the law considers assault a crime, police rarely intervened in perceived domestic disputes. There were no reports of judicial authorities taking action in cases of domestic or spousal abuse" (p 40).