The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DV-LAW-2

Sept. 25, 2021, 9:48 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Domestic violence is punishable by up to four years in prison, with longer sentences in aggravated circumstances. Police have the authority to remove violent abusers from their homes for 10 days. The law states a removal order can remain in effect for a total of up to six months, including extensions" (15). "Prison sentences for persons found guilty of child abuse range from five to 12 years" (17).
Sept. 22, 2021, 5:58 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"In 2017 Russia decriminalised first instance domestic battery, meaning anything which doesn't end up in hospital is classified as an administrative offence. There is no specific category for violence by a relative. The penalty is the same as being punched by a stranger on the street" (para 22).
Sept. 22, 2021, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"[The committee] remains deeply concerned, however, about the extremely high levels of gender-based violence against women and girls, including conflict-related sexual violence, and about the lack of protection for victims and the impunity enjoyed by perpetrators of such acts" (7).
Sept. 15, 2021, 6:42 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua

"In May 2020, the Network of Women Against Violence warned about the vulnerability of the women, some of whom are even survivors of machista violence. The group indicated that among the more than 2,000 common prisoners released recently to house confinement are men who have committed crimes against women" (para 14).
Sept. 8, 2021, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law. Most persons convicted received prison sentences of five to 12 years. The law also criminalizes domestic violence. It authorizes prosecution of a violent family member and provides victims with 'safety orders,' which prohibit the offender from engaging in violent actions or threats, and 'barring orders' (restraining orders), which prohibit an offender from entering the family home for up to three years. Anyone found guilty of violating a barring or an interim protection order may receive a fine of up to 4,000 euros ($4,400), a prison sentence of 12 months, or both. In January the government began enforcing...more
Sept. 8, 2021, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Authorities placed some women in protective custody to prevent violence by family members. They also employed protective custody (including placement in a detention center) for women who had experienced domestic violence, if no shelters were available to protect them from further abuse. The 2009 Elimination of Violence against Women (EVAW) presidential decree--commonly referred to as the EVAW law--obliges police to arrest persons who abuse women. Implementation and awareness of the EVAW law was limited, however" (8). "At times women in need of protection ended up in prison, either because their community lacked a protection center or because the local interpretation of 'running away' was interpreted as a moral crime. Adultery,...more
Aug. 28, 2021, 11:07 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"In 2012 2016, the Ministry of Social Affairs is co ordinating an implementation of a 2 million EUR programme concerning violence against women funded from the Norway Grants 2009 2014 period. The aim of the programme is to prevent and tackle gender based violence by creating bases for more systematic structures to reduce gender based violence, and support victims of trafficking. Activities financed from the programme include developing services for victims of domestic violence, strengthening cooperation between different institutions and raising awareness among victims, risk groups and the general public. Women who have been subjected to violence receive information on their rights, remedies and victim support services through several sources:...more
Aug. 20, 2021, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes domestic violence but does not set out specific penalties. The penal code assigns penalties for domestic violence ranging from one to 15 years’ imprisonment" (21).
Aug. 17, 2021, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Conviction of domestic violence is punishable by a fine not exceeding five million leones ($685) and two years’ imprisonment" (p 18).
Aug. 6, 2021, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes both physical and psychological domestic violence and protects the privacy and safety of the victim making the charge of rape or domestic violence. Family courts handle cases of domestic violence and penalize offenders with fines up to CLP 720,000 ($1,065). Additional sanctions include eviction of the offender from the residence shared with the survivor, restraining orders, confiscation of firearms, and court-ordered counseling. Cases of habitual psychological abuse and physical abuse cases in which there are physical injuries are prosecuted in the criminal justice system. Penalties are based on the gravity of injuries and range from 61 days’ to 15 years’ imprisonment. Murder in the context of domestic...more
July 27, 2021, 8:22 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-2

"The issue that called the most attention was that of domestic violence. Karoline da Silva, a surveyor from Bonito, reported that she realized that the local situation had grown worse. According to her, there was a general disbelief and lack of knowledge from the women who were victims of domestic violence, about the protection the state could ensure to them. This perception was discussed during one of her interviews. She expressed that if she reported her husband’s abuse, he would be arrested for a few days, and soon after released, when she would fear for her life. During the group discussions the link between land tenure security and domestic violence...more
July 27, 2021, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The law prohibits domestic violence, but it remained a widespread problem. Domestic violence is punishable by two to five years in prison and a fine of four million ariary ($1,240), depending on the severity of injuries and whether the victim was pregnant" (p 21).
July 26, 2021, 12:32 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Persons convicted of assault receive up to five years in prison. Assaults involving weapons, threats, or injuries carry terms of up to 10 years. Aggravated assault or endangerment of life carry prison sentences of up to 14 years. The government enforced the law effectively"(8).
July 14, 2021, 2:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Before 2017 an abuser could be jailed up to 2 years in the case of reported domestic violence. After the new law passing, an abuser could be jailed up to 15 days or receive a fine of $70-$440 (5,000 – 30,000 RUB). If the number of reported cases for one abuser exceeds one case in a calendar year, then the abuser could be jailed up to 4 months or receive a fine of $580 (40,000 RUB)" (para 4). "Our movement against domestic violence got the most significant push in 2019 thereupon the Khachaturyan sisters’ case became public. A year before three sisters, 17, 18, and 19 years old had killed...more
July 13, 2021, 1:26 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The law establishes clear mechanisms for reporting and prosecuting family violence and provides for the imprisonment of persons found guilty of abusing family members. A court can issue a same-day restraining order against suspected or convicted domesticviolence offenders" (p 15).
June 30, 2021, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-LAW-2

"The 24-year-old victim and her daughter have been offered protection by the social services agencies 'All necessary social service models and psychosocial support will be provided to the mother and our child,' said Zehra Zumrut, the family, labour and social services minister" (para 8-9).
June 25, 2021, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-2

"The Hungarian government announced on Monday that police can order perpetrators of gender-based violence to stay away from victims and provide them with alternative housing. Amnesty International warns the provision does not offer much help for women whose violence cases have yet to be investigated"(para 12).
June 25, 2021, 11:48 a.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The law establishes penalties of five to eight years for physical, economic, and psychological violence committed against women because of their gender" (p 17).
June 9, 2021, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"In the reporting period, pursuant to article 207 of the Penal Code, mental or physical mistreatment of an immediate family member or another person who is in a permanent or temporary state of dependence to the perpetrator, of a minor or a person who is vulnerable because of his/her mental or physical condition was subject to the penalty of imprisonment for a term of between three months and five years. If the act was connected with the practice of particular cruelty, the perpetrator was subject to the penalty of imprisonment from one year to 10 years. Other single acts which did not show all the features of an offence, consisting...more
April 5, 2021, 8:46 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"In the four years since her daughter's death, she and her grandchildren have received 'tremendous' support from child services, the government, and from schools. 'I want all victims out there to know that there are avenues [of support] out there,' she said. 'Call your local victim services area, and they've got..tons of help for people who need help in a situation like this'" (para 25-26). This suggests that some social support services are available to victims of violence and their families (RAO-CODER COMMENT).
Feb. 27, 2021, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Data on further application of fines as the most widespread form of punishment in domestic violence cases support the CO No. 26: in 2010 a fine was used as punishment in 87.7 per cent of cases, in 2012 in 88.3 per cent of cases. In March 2013 the Government submitted for consideration to the Parliament the Draft Law on Preventing and Combating Domestic Violence, which was adopted by the Verkhovna Rada at the first reading. The new draft law...cancels such form of punishment as a fine" (20). "In 2013 the regulations of the Criminal and Procedural Code of Ukraine on detention of an offender were changed, and now it is...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 9:11 p.m.
Countries: Turkey

“Opuz v. Turkey (9 June 2009): The applicant and her mother were assaulted and threatened over many years by the applicant’s husband H.O., at various points leaving both women with life-threatening injuries. With only one exception, no prosecution was brought against him on the grounds that both women had withdrawn their complaints, despite their explanations that H.O. had harassed them into doing so, threatening to kill them. He subsequently stabbed his wife seven times and was given a fine equivalent to about 385 euros, payable in instalments. The two women filed numerous complaints, claiming their lives were in danger. H.O. was questioned and released. Finally, when the two women were...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: DV-LAW-2

“Speaking two days before Matthew, 63, is expected to walk free from a court in Dubai after serving two years of a 15-year sentence, Mr Manning said: ‘It is grotesque to suggest that Jane insulted Francis and this means she somehow brought about her own death’” (para 3). “Lawyers for Matthew are expected to argue that during the argument his wife had incited him to killer her by insulting him and calling him a loser” (para 10).
Feb. 4, 2021, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The Committee urges the State party...To enact specific legislation to introduce heavier sentences for perpetrators of acid attacks, to regulate the sale and distribution of acid substances and to conduct large-scale campaigns to raise public awareness of the criminal nature of such attacks" (3-4).
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: DV-LAW-2

“Withdrawal of complaints is not permitted in the following cases, which are considered public order offences related to domestic violence and are punishable by prison terms of 2 to 8 years, unless there is another, more serious penalty under the legislation in force, in respect of individuals committing any of the following acts, without prejudice to the duties attributable to the perpetrator: Serious or irreversible bodily or psychological harm; Repeated failure to provide food for children and necessary assistance to a pregnant woman; Sexual abuse of a minor or of an individual of legal age with a disability who is under guardianship; Unlawful appropriation of inherited property which, because of...more
Jan. 26, 2021, 3:45 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: MURDER-DATA-2, DV-LAW-2, DV-DATA-1

“Spain has had a 40 per cent drop in the number of women killed by their partners after launching a 1 billion [euro] campaign that involved training for police and magistrates, a drive to handle allegations of domestic abuse within 72 hours, and the widespread use of restraining orders for violent men” (para 13).
Jan. 26, 2021, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: DV-LAW-2

“Edouard Philippe, the Prime Minister, said that each region would have a prosecutor specializing in domestic abuse, that men accused of violence would get electronic monitors to check that they stay away and that the government would spend 5 million [euros] to create 1,000 extra beds in refuges for victims of domestic abuse, on top of the 5,000 or so that already exist. However, Caroline de Haas, a prominent feminist, said that hundreds of millions of euros were needed to tackle the issue” (para 10).
Jan. 8, 2021, 1:51 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Her plight has again brought attention to endemic violence against women in Afghanistan, which the United Nations Development Program rated one of the worst countries in the world to be born female. Despite more than a decade of efforts to enact an Afghan legal system that protects women, and more than $1 billion in legal aid from the United States alone, Afghan women remain particularly vulnerable to abuse. And their attackers, for the most part, are only rarely punished. (para. 7) “On Sunday afternoon, Zarghona said, Reza Gul and Mr. Khan got into an argument over his having taken his uncle’s 6- or 7-year-old daughter as his fiancée, with the...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"There have been a rising number of female judges in Malaysia's top courts in recent years but women's rights groups hoped her appointment would help tackle the low conviction rates in cases like rape and domestic violence" (para 3). "In cases such as divorce and domestic violence, Majidah said women sometimes have had to wait up to 10 years to get a court judgment granting a separation because of a 'lack of empathy' among male judges" (para 6).
Dec. 10, 2020, 3:09 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: DV-LAW-2

“Gisela Valle, director of the Latin American Women's Rights Service, told the BBC that the Bill had no provision for ‘safe reporting mechanisms’, meaning migrant women who reported abuse to police could be questioned about their immigration status and even detained” (para 8). “Meanwhile Harriet Wistrich, director of the Centre for Women's Justice, who said that the Bill was a ‘landmark’ piece of legislation, highlighted that it omitted protection for victims who committed crimes in the context of an abusive relationship, when speaking to the BBC” (para 9). “Additional benefits of the legislation include better protection for victims in court — for example, it creates a statutory presumption that victims...more