The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DV-LAW-2

Jan. 24, 2022, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"While the law does not specifically prohibit domestic violence, it prohibits 'torture and barbaric acts' against a spouse and specifies penalties of up to 20 years’ imprisonment for convicted perpetrators" (17).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Spousal abuse and domestic violence are illegal, but there are no specific penalties for domestic violence" (15).
Jan. 15, 2022, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"A separate law provides misdemeanor sanctions for family violence. Sentences range from fines to jail, depending on the crime’s severity... Conviction for domestic violence is punishable by up to three years’ imprisonment; the law provides for misdemeanor punishments and further protects victims’ rights" (13). "Amendments to the Penal Code which entered into force in January provided stricter penalties for the abuse of children. Penalties depend on the crime’s gravity and include long-term imprisonment if the consequence is death of a child" (14).
Jan. 14, 2022, 6:24 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The law provides for sentences of two to five years’ incarceration and a fine of three to five times the monthly minimum wage for persons convicted of abuse of a minor" (19).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-2

"Domestic violence was often prosecuted with charges such as harm, wounding, grievous harm, rape, and marital rape, but allegations of domestic violence were treated as civil matters. Police, prosecutors, and judges recognized both physical violence and mental injury as evidence of domestic violence. Penalties include fines or imprisonment for violations. The law empowers the Family Court to issue protection orders against accused offenders" (11).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape and domestic violence, and provides penalties from 10 to 18 years in prison for rape. The judicial branch generally enforced the law effectively. The law prohibits domestic violence and provides measures for the protection of domestic violence victims. Criminal penalties range from 10 to 100 days in prison for aggravated threats and up to 35 years in prison for aggravated homicide, including a sentence of 20 to 35 years for persons who kill their partners" (10).
Jan. 11, 2022, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"...Domestic violence is also a crime for which victims may seek restraining orders. Convicted assault perpetrators face up to two years’ imprisonment or a fine of up to 300,000 yen ($2,760). Convicted offenders who caused bodily injury faced up to 15 years’ imprisonment or a fine of up to 500,000 yen ($4,600). Protective order violators face up to one year’s imprisonment or a fine of up to one million yen ($9,200)" (16).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"...The law criminalizes physical, sexual, and psychological harm or abuse to women and children committed by spouses, partners, or parents. Penalties depend on the severity of the crime and may include imprisonment or fines" (26).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Clan elders are the ones who decide on the fault and punishment. The punishment is only a fine, no jail time" (1).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The laws of individual states and territories provide the penalties for domestic violence. In the largest jurisdiction, New South Wales, domestic violence offenses cover acts of personal violence (such as stalking, intimidation, or strangulation) committed against a person with whom the offender has (or had) a domestic relationship. For domestic violence offenses, courts must impose a full-time prison sentence unless a valid exception applies. In the case of strangulation, an offense associated with domestic violence, the maximum penalty is five years’ imprisonment" (11).
Dec. 27, 2021, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Courts typically sentenced individuals convicted in domestic violence cases to less than six months in prison" (11). "Courts are required to appoint guardians for children of parents deemed unfit. In light of increasing numbers of child abuse cases in childcare centers, May 2018 amendments to the Early Childhood Education and Care Act imposed tougher punishments. Childcare center owners and teachers who physically abuse or sexually harass children may be fined between NT$60,000 and NT$500,000 ($1,950 and $16,300), and the names of perpetrators and their institutions will be made public. Owners who fail to verify the qualifications of teachers and other employees face a maximum fine of NT$250,000 ($8,140)" (12). "In...more
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"...The law prohibits domestic violence and provides for fines and incarceration. Legal sanctions for domestic violence are based on the sanctions for physical violence against a third person; the latter range from eight days to 20 years in prison. In cases of domestic violence, these sanctions are doubled" (9).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The criminal code includes 'violence within partnership' (domestic violence) as a separate category of offense. Regulations extend prison sentences for assault (light bodily harm) to three years, while grievous bodily harm, violation of personal freedom, or coercion may be punishable by one to five years in prison, if committed against domestic persons. By law police called to a scene of domestic violence may issue an emergency restraining order valid for three days in lieu of immediately filing charges, while courts may issue up to 60-day 'preventive restraining orders' in civil cases, without the option to extend" (25). "Efforts to combat child abuse included a 'child protection signaling system' to detect...more
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The country does not have a law on child abuse but the law outlaws murder, battery, and rape. The penalties for such crimes range from five to 15 years in prison and, if they result in the death of a minor, up to 20 years in prison" (57).
Dec. 3, 2021, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The law makes rape, including spousal rape, illegal, with a penalty of three to 10 years’ imprisonment. The government generally enforced the law when the victim chose to press charges and if the cases were not settled out of court through mediation. The law provides for criminal penalties of up to 10 years’ imprisonment in cases of domestic violence by a spouse or by a person other than the spouse. The judicial system prosecuted persons accused of abusing women" (9).
Dec. 3, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2, GP-DATA-3, GP-DATA-5

"The law criminalizes physical, sexual, and psychological violence in the home or community and at work. The law punishes perpetrators of domestic violence with penalties ranging from six to 27 months in prison. The law requires police to report domestic violence to judicial authorities and obligates hospital personnel to notify authorities when admitting patients who are victims of domestic abuse. Police generally were reluctant to intervene to prevent domestic violence and were not properly trained to handle such cases. The law also establishes women’s bureaus at local police headquarters and tribunals specializing in gender-based violence, and two-thirds of states had specialized courts. The Public Ministry’s Women’s Defense Department employed a...more
Dec. 2, 2021, 7:34 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The law in all parts of the kingdom criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and domestic violence. The penalty in the Netherlands for rape is imprisonment not exceeding 12 years or a fine not exceeding 83,000 euros ($91,300). In case of violence against a spouse, the penalty for various forms of abuse can be increased by one-third. In Aruba the penalty for rape is imprisonment not exceeding 12 years or a fine of 100,000 Aruban florins ($55,250). Authorities effectively prosecuted such crimes" (12).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"While courts may sentence a person convicted of domestic violence to a maximum of five years in prison, most of those found guilty received suspended sentences. The law permits authorities to place restraining orders without prior approval from a court on spouses to protect against abuse" (15).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"A new violence against women law adopted on July 17 imposes harsher penalties for crimes of domestic and gender-based violence. The law penalizes rape, including spousal rape, with six to 12 years in prison. The law criminalizes the physical abuse of women (including by family members), provides for the prosecution of perpetrators of violence against women, and helps shield abused women from publicity. Judicial protective measures for violence occurring within a family allow for an ex parte application to a civil court judge in urgent cases. A specific law on stalking includes mandatory detention for acts of sexual violence, including by partners. Police officers and judicial authorities prosecuted perpetrators of...more
Nov. 11, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The law defines domestic violence as a serious crime and authorizes courts to order offenders to stay away from victims for up to six months. This restraining order may be extended up to two years. Offenders may be sentenced to a maximum of five years in prison and fined up to seven million won ($5,810) for domestic violence offenses. Noncompliance with domestic violence restraining orders may result in a maximum sentence of two years in prison and a fine of up to 20 million won ($16,600)"(18)."In August, in response to violence against migrant brides, the MOJ announced new regulatory measures to prevent abuses. These included a “one strike” policy that...more
Nov. 10, 2021, 10:14 p.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Penalties for domestic violence range from fines to prison sentences of varying lengths, depending on the severity of the offense" (28).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape; it does not distinguish between rapes of women and men. The government generally enforced the law effectively. The penalty for rape is six to 12 years in prison. The law also prohibits violence against women and sets prison sentences of six months to a year for domestic violence, threats of violence, or violations of restraining orders, with longer sentences if serious injuries result" (14).
Nov. 4, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Luxembourg
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"...The law prohibits domestic violence, and the government effectively enforced the law. The law is gender neutral and provides for the removal of abusers from their residences for a 14-day period that can be extended once for an additional three months upon request of the victim. Penalties may include fines and imprisonment. Police are required to investigate if an NGO reports having been approached by an individual for assistance in cases involving domestic abuse" (9).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"On January 11, amendments to the criminal code increasing liability for sexual, domestic, and gender-based violence came into force. The amendments expanded the definition of rape and introduced stricter punishment for sexual coercion by up to three years of prison and forced abortion or sterilization by up to five years. Domestic violence against women remained a serious problem. Spousal abuse was common. According to the Ministry of Internal Affairs, 761 cases of domestic violence were registered during the first nine months of the year. Police issued approximately 44,000 domestic violence warnings and protection orders during the first nine months of the year. Punishment included fines, emergency restraining orders of up...more
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Most victims and witnesses at the early reporting stage have not assessed their protection needs. Some are not equipped to make the assessment without assistance. Others may not be facing a risk at the time of report, but at a later stage in the proceedings. The key issue with protection provisions under the CPC is that the onus is on the victim/witness to request for protection" (6).
Oct. 28, 2021, 12:31 a.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Domestic violence is punishable under the criminal code provisions for murder, rape, sexual abuse, and bodily injury. Police can issue, and courts may extend, an order barring abusive family members from contact with survivors" (Page 9). "Child abuse is punishable by up to five years’ imprisonment, which may be extended to 10 years" (Page 10).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The law specifies acts constituting domestic violence and stipulates punishments for convicted perpetrators ranging from warnings to imprisonment for up to three years" (29).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The penalty for domestic violence against either gender varies from three years in prison and a fine of 45,000 euros ($49,500) to 20 years in prison" (18).
Oct. 12, 2021, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, of men and women, and provides penalties of up to 15 years in prison. Without a court order, officials may temporarily deny access to their household to those accused of abuse, or they may impose a restraining order. In severe cases of rape and domestic violence, authorities can prosecute individuals for assault or rape and require them to pay damages. Penalties depend on the nature of the case. The government enforced the laws effectively" (21).
Oct. 4, 2021, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape. In addition, the Maria da Penha Law criminalizes physical, psychological, and sexual violence against women, as well as defamation and damage to property or finances by someone with whom the victim has a marriage, family, or intimate relationship. Persons convicted of killing a woman or girl in cases of domestic violence may be sentenced to 12 to 30 years in prison" (19). "During the first half of the year, Congress introduced more than 150 bills related to domestic violence and other issues concerning gender equality. The record number of proposals sought to strengthen criminal penalties, prohibit convicted abusers from...more