The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DV-LAW-2

June 14, 2022, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"There has been several amendments to the criminal law provisions in order to prevent and combat violence against women and domestic violence. For example, act number 718 (2018), increased inter alia the maximum penalty for repeated cases of domestic violence (common assaults) from three to six years. Act number 358 (2018), increased inter alia the level of sentences for aggravated violence by one third compared to the previous level. Denmark has also ratified and implemented the Istanbul Convention of the Council of Europe" (13). "In 2017 the Faroese Parliament passed a new bill on restraining and exclusion orders. The bill also grants authority, in cases of violence in intimate relationships,...more
May 27, 2022, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Domestic violence is punishable by up to 10 years’ imprisonment" (25). "The law prohibits child abuse with penalties ranging from two to 10 years’ imprisonment" (27).
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"...The law imposes sentences of four to eight years’ imprisonment for violation of protection orders by the defendant" (45).
May 12, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Child abuse is illegal. The law has several articles pertaining to child abuse and its penalties, which depend on the type of abuse and range from six months to 20 years’ imprisonment if the abuse falls under a crime that carries a higher penalty" (13).
March 25, 2022, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The criminal code does not specifically criminalize child abuse but addresses various elements of child abuse, including in sections on sexual assault... Penalties range from five to 20 years’ imprisonment" (25).
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates

"The country employs judicial supervision for individuals considered at risk from relatives threatening to commit honor crimes against or otherwise harming them. Judicial supervision typically included providing housing to individuals for their safety and well-being and family mediation and reconciliation" (12).
March 19, 2022, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"[T]he group said the bill, which did eventually pass, did not clearly define the term “violence” or “domestic violence” as punishable crimes. Nor did it provide for the removal of victims from their abusers. The bill also requires women who file complaints against their abusers to go through a one-month reconciliation process before court proceedings can begin in case the dispute can be resolved outside the judicial system"(para 8).
March 15, 2022, 11:02 a.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Rape and domestic violence are criminal offenses. Penalties for domestic violence depend on the level of injury to the victim, ranging from required public service to life imprisonment. In the first eight months of the year, authorities received 77 reports of rape, compared with 82 during the same period in 2018. Convicted rapists generally received prison sentences of three to five years. No law specifically criminalizes spousal rape, and no data on spousal rape was available. The law permits rapid government action in domestic violence cases. For example, police and other law enforcement officials may, with court approval, require perpetrators to live separately from their victims, to avoid all contact...more
March 11, 2022, 9:21 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Of particular concern is the way Icelandic courts have a tendency to ignore—and often even punish—mothers who report the abuse of their children by fathers. The justice system strictly adheres to the concept of equal shared parental responsibility, which frequently overlooks or downplays violence against children in order to consistently allow unsupervised access to children for physically or sexually abusive fathers. Icelandic courts also maintain a habitual usage of a discredited theory known as parental alienation syndrome (PAS) that actively seeks to break the bond between mother and child. PAS works on the assumption that almost all allegations of child abuse will be false, and the more a mother insists...more
March 10, 2022, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The law prohibits domestic violence; penalties range from one month to six years in prison. The law authorizes judges and prosecutors to prevent a convicted spouse or parent from returning to the family home. The law also authorizes the victim’s relatives and unrelated persons living in the home to file complaints of domestic violence. The law requires a police investigation of domestic violence to take place within five days of a complaint and obliges authorities to extend protection to female victims of domestic violence. Enforcement of these laws was lax" (13-14).
Feb. 28, 2022, 3:29 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"There are laws preventing the abuse of children punishable up to a maximum sentence of 14 years’ imprisonment" (15).
Feb. 24, 2022, 10:11 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"...For acts of spousal sexual violence, the law mandates prison sentences of six months to two years..." (24). "The law requires the government to provide victims of domestic violence immediate protection from further physical or psychological abuse" (24). "The law augments both imprisonment and fines if a crime causes 'transitory or permanent physical disfigurement,' such as acid attacks, which have a penalty of up to 50 years in prison" (25).
Feb. 23, 2022, 3:02 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Domestic violence that causes lasting injuries is punishable with a prison sentence of 10 to 20 years. If an act of domestic violence causes death, the law prescribes life imprisonment" (14).
Feb. 17, 2022, 11:59 a.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Although the law criminalizes domestic violence, including psychological abuse, and stipulates a penalty of two years in prison or a fine if convicted, it requires the abuse to be habitual and the aggressor and victim to be 'cohabitating or lodging together'..." (13). "...The law prohibits the publication of names, images, or audios of underage sexual abuse victims or witnesses and stipulates fines and one year in prison for offenders" (16).
Feb. 11, 2022, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The law provides for the issuance of provisional restraining orders by police for a maximum of five days and restraining orders by a court for a maximum of six months upon the victim’s request or at the request of a prosecutor, the state representative in charge of protecting victims of family violence, or, if the victim agrees, a social service provider. Violation of a restraining order is punishable by imprisonment for one month to one year... The FILIA Center for Gender Studies and Curriculum Development--an NGO that aims to promote gender equality--stated that police lacked procedures for the implementation and monitoring of restraining orders" (22-23).
Feb. 11, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Those convicted of abandoning a child younger than age nine are subject to a jail term of three years, a fine of up to THB 60,000 ($2,000), or both" (34).
Feb. 5, 2022, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of adults and children, including spousal rape, and domestic violence. Penalties for conviction range from two to eight years’ imprisonment if the victim is age 12 or older and 20 to 24 years’ imprisonment if the victim is younger than age 12. Conviction of abuse of a spouse or unmarried partner--regardless of gender--is punishable by one to two years’ imprisonment or longer if another crime is also applicable. The government did not effectively enforce domestic abuse law. NGOs stated domestic violence against women remained widespread" (15). "The Child Protection Law provides for protection against physical and sexual abuse; removal of children from parents who are unable...more
Feb. 4, 2022, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The law provides penalties of up to six years in prison for domestic violence and up to 21 years for aggravated rape. Violence against women, including spousal abuse, was a problem. The government generally enforced the law, although the foundation Oslo Crisis Center continued to criticize the conviction rate (approximately 10 percent) as too low" (10).
Feb. 2, 2022, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The law prohibits domestic violence, but it remained a widespread problem. Domestic violence is punishable by two to five years in prison and a fine of four million ariary ($1,100), depending on the severity of injuries and whether the victim was pregnant. There were few shelters for battered women in the country, and many returned to the home of their parents, who often pressured victims to return to their abusers. Various media articles reported during the year a general reluctance of victims to report domestic violence. Women filing legal actions against their husbands faced criticism from their families and communities" (19).
Jan. 24, 2022, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"While the law does not specifically prohibit domestic violence, it prohibits 'torture and barbaric acts' against a spouse and specifies penalties of up to 20 years’ imprisonment for convicted perpetrators" (17).
Jan. 21, 2022, 9:22 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Spousal abuse and domestic violence are illegal, but there are no specific penalties for domestic violence" (15).
Jan. 15, 2022, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"A separate law provides misdemeanor sanctions for family violence. Sentences range from fines to jail, depending on the crime’s severity... Conviction for domestic violence is punishable by up to three years’ imprisonment; the law provides for misdemeanor punishments and further protects victims’ rights" (13). "Amendments to the Penal Code which entered into force in January provided stricter penalties for the abuse of children. Penalties depend on the crime’s gravity and include long-term imprisonment if the consequence is death of a child" (14).
Jan. 14, 2022, 6:24 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The law provides for sentences of two to five years’ incarceration and a fine of three to five times the monthly minimum wage for persons convicted of abuse of a minor" (19).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-2

"Domestic violence was often prosecuted with charges such as harm, wounding, grievous harm, rape, and marital rape, but allegations of domestic violence were treated as civil matters. Police, prosecutors, and judges recognized both physical violence and mental injury as evidence of domestic violence. Penalties include fines or imprisonment for violations. The law empowers the Family Court to issue protection orders against accused offenders" (11).
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape and domestic violence, and provides penalties from 10 to 18 years in prison for rape. The judicial branch generally enforced the law effectively. The law prohibits domestic violence and provides measures for the protection of domestic violence victims. Criminal penalties range from 10 to 100 days in prison for aggravated threats and up to 35 years in prison for aggravated homicide, including a sentence of 20 to 35 years for persons who kill their partners" (10).
Jan. 11, 2022, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"...Domestic violence is also a crime for which victims may seek restraining orders. Convicted assault perpetrators face up to two years’ imprisonment or a fine of up to 300,000 yen ($2,760). Convicted offenders who caused bodily injury faced up to 15 years’ imprisonment or a fine of up to 500,000 yen ($4,600). Protective order violators face up to one year’s imprisonment or a fine of up to one million yen ($9,200)" (16).
Jan. 10, 2022, 10:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"...The law criminalizes physical, sexual, and psychological harm or abuse to women and children committed by spouses, partners, or parents. Penalties depend on the severity of the crime and may include imprisonment or fines" (26).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Clan elders are the ones who decide on the fault and punishment. The punishment is only a fine, no jail time" (1).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The laws of individual states and territories provide the penalties for domestic violence. In the largest jurisdiction, New South Wales, domestic violence offenses cover acts of personal violence (such as stalking, intimidation, or strangulation) committed against a person with whom the offender has (or had) a domestic relationship. For domestic violence offenses, courts must impose a full-time prison sentence unless a valid exception applies. In the case of strangulation, an offense associated with domestic violence, the maximum penalty is five years’ imprisonment" (11).
Dec. 27, 2021, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Courts typically sentenced individuals convicted in domestic violence cases to less than six months in prison" (11). "Courts are required to appoint guardians for children of parents deemed unfit. In light of increasing numbers of child abuse cases in childcare centers, May 2018 amendments to the Early Childhood Education and Care Act imposed tougher punishments. Childcare center owners and teachers who physically abuse or sexually harass children may be fined between NT$60,000 and NT$500,000 ($1,950 and $16,300), and the names of perpetrators and their institutions will be made public. Owners who fail to verify the qualifications of teachers and other employees face a maximum fine of NT$250,000 ($8,140)" (12). "In...more