The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DV-PRACTICE-1

Jan. 15, 2022, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The law criminalizes... domestic violence. The law was in most cases effectively enforced" (13). "Police and prosecutors were generally responsive to allegations of domestic violence and rape" (13). "On February 28, a 54-year-old man threw his four children, ages three, five, seven, and eight, off the balcony of their home, significantly injuring one. Following the attack, all the victims were released to their mother. The father was detained for 30 days and indicted with a charge of attempted murder. Both parents were previously convicted in 2017 of child neglect. The ombudsperson for children reported that police and prosecutors generally were responsive in investigating such cases" (14).
Jan. 14, 2022, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1

"Domestic violence was often prosecuted with charges such as harm, wounding, grievous harm, rape, and marital rape, but allegations of domestic violence were treated as civil matters. Police, prosecutors, and judges recognized both physical violence and mental injury as evidence of domestic violence. Penalties include fines or imprisonment for violations. The law empowers the Family Court to issue protection orders against accused offenders" (11). "The law allows authorities to remove a child from an abusive home environment and requires parents to maintain and support children until the age of 18. Abuse of children occurred. There were publicized cases of underage girls being victims of sexual abuse and mistreatment, in most...more
Jan. 13, 2022, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The autonomous National Institute for Children (PANI) reported violence against children and adolescents continued to be a concern, but there was no marked increase in the number of cases of child violence or abuse. Judicial authorities investigated the death of a five-year-old minor who died of internal bleeding caused by parental abuse on May 9. A few days prior, the staff of PANI received a complaint of mistreatment by his parents but did not respond adequately" (11).
Jan. 13, 2022, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities cited domestic violence as the leading cause of preventable, nonaccidental death for women. Except in cases of death, police officers generally refrained from investigating domestic violence, which they considered a private family matter"(37).
Jan. 11, 2022, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Reports of child abuse continued to increase. Police protected a larger number of victims while arresting a greater number of abusers (mainly fathers, mothers, stepfathers, or parents’ boyfriends) for physical, sexual, or psychological assaults, killing, or neglect. The MHLW received increased reports of psychological abuse as a result of witnessing domestic violence at home" (19).
Jan. 8, 2022, 9:32 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"According to NGOs, the courts rarely prosecuted perpetrators of low-level misdemeanors. Police were slow to act in domestic violence cases, and the government generally did not enforce the law and sometimes returned women against their will to abusive homes. Police generally treated domestic violence as a social rather than a criminal matter" (30). "According to the government, in 2018, 7,263 individuals were investigated for criminal offenses associated with 6,702 reported cases of child abuse. Prosecutions for child abuse were extremely rare" (33).
Jan. 6, 2022, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Domestic cases almost never reach a court. It is handled in a traditional way. Elders of both clans (if from different clans)will come together to solve the problem. If the man strikes the woman on her face, he owes her more money than if he were to strike her on the hands or feet. In most cases, the full money that is agreed upon to pay the victim does not reach her. The clan elders on both sides split it. She may receive as little as 10 percent sometimes" (1).
Jan. 4, 2022, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits violence against women, including domestic abuse, and the government enforced the law" (11). "State and territorial child protection agencies investigate and initiate prosecutions of persons for child neglect or abuse. All states and territories have laws or guidelines that require members of certain designated professions to report suspected child abuse or neglect. The federal government’s role in the prevention o child abuse includes funding for research, carrying out education campaigns, developing action plans against commercial exploitation of children, and funding community-based parenting programs" (12). "In 2017 the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse released its final recommendations on what institutions and governments should do...more
Dec. 27, 2021, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Central and local authorities coordinated with private organizations to identify and assist high-risk children and families and to increase public awareness of child abuse and domestic violence" (13).
Dec. 20, 2021, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The government continued to prosecute cases of child abuse and punish those convicted" (10).
Dec. 16, 2021, 11:23 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Women’s rights NGOs continued to criticize the law for not placing sufficient emphasis on the accountability of perpetrators and the tendency of authorities to blame the victims. In one case, the Appeals Court of Budapest in January sentenced a 29-year-old mother to 10 years in prison for allegedly attempting to kill the father of her child by drugging and stabbing him. The couple met in 2011, and later the relationship turned abusive. In 2016 police found each of them with multiple stab wounds. Women’s rights organizations began a petition asking for a pardon for the woman, on the grounds that she was not a perpetrator of domestic violence, but a...more
Dec. 10, 2021, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"On July 9, the ECHR issued its first ruling on a domestic violence case in the country, ordering the state to pay 20,000 euros ($22,000) to Valeriya Volodina, who had filed a complaint in 2017. Volodina stated that her former boyfriend severely beat her several times, threatened to kill her, and abducted her. Volodina also claimed that police ignored numerous calls she made for authorities to investigate. In 2018 authorities agreed to charge the man with violating her privacy after he published intimate photographs of her, but the investigations never led to a trial, and Volodina changed her name and fled the country" (54). "According to NGOs police were often...more
Dec. 3, 2021, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The law makes rape, including spousal rape, illegal, with a penalty of three to 10 years’ imprisonment. The government generally enforced the law when the victim chose to press charges and if the cases were not settled out of court through mediation. The law provides for criminal penalties of up to 10 years’ imprisonment in cases of domestic violence by a spouse or by a person other than the spouse. The judicial system prosecuted persons accused of abusing women. In October a judge who had been convicted of domestic violence by a lower court was acquitted by the Portuguese Supreme Court of Justice (STJ). The judge had been found guilty...more
Dec. 3, 2021, 6:25 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Despite recent advancements in legislation, ground-level implementation has been scarce (of domestic violence laws). Many women’s rights organizations such as the Aurat Foundation are working tirelessly to raise awareness. According to Rahman, the country’s women protection laws are commendable but lack adequate oversight" (para 20).
Dec. 3, 2021, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2, GP-DATA-3, GP-DATA-5

"The law criminalizes physical, sexual, and psychological violence in the home or community and at work. The law punishes perpetrators of domestic violence with penalties ranging from six to 27 months in prison. The law requires police to report domestic violence to judicial authorities and obligates hospital personnel to notify authorities when admitting patients who are victims of domestic abuse. Police generally were reluctant to intervene to prevent domestic violence and were not properly trained to handle such cases. The law also establishes women’s bureaus at local police headquarters and tribunals specializing in gender-based violence, and two-thirds of states had specialized courts. The Public Ministry’s Women’s Defense Department employed a...more
Nov. 30, 2021, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"PA and de facto Hamas authorities did not enforce the law effectively in domestic violence cases in the West Bank and Gaza... HRW in previous years reported that PA authorities prosecuted few domestic violence cases successfully" (95). "Child abuse was reportedly widespread. PA law prohibits violence against children; however, PA authorities and de facto authorities in Gaza rarely punished perpetrators of family violence"(97).
Nov. 17, 2021, 8:27 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The government enforced the laws on rape and domestic violence" (21). "The law criminalizes mistreatment of children, including physical, emotional, and sexual abuse. The government enforced the law and provided support services for child abuse victims" (23).
Nov. 16, 2021, 6:38 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"While courts may sentence a person convicted of domestic violence to a maximum of five years in prison, most of those found guilty received suspended sentences. The law permits authorities to place restraining orders without prior approval from a court on spouses to protect against abuse. The Women’s Rights Center reported that police were occasionally reluctant to intervene in domestic violence incidents if the perpetrator was a police officer or if victims were unwilling to cooperate" (15).
Nov. 15, 2021, 7:25 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"A new violence against women law adopted on July 17 imposes harsher penalties for crimes of domestic and gender-based violence. The law penalizes rape, including spousal rape, with six to 12 years in prison. The law criminalizes the physical abuse of women (including by family members), provides for the prosecution of perpetrators of violence against women, and helps shield abused women from publicity. Judicial protective measures for violence occurring within a family allow for an ex parte application to a civil court judge in urgent cases. A specific law on stalking includes mandatory detention for acts of sexual violence, including by partners. Police officers and judicial authorities prosecuted perpetrators of...more
Nov. 11, 2021, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"In June[2019] police arrested a man after he beat his foreign-born wife for three hours in front of their two-year-old child. A video clip of the assault was widely viewed on the internet, sparking a national debate about foreign brides and rural municipal governments offering subsidies (intended to stem rural population decline) to bring them to the country"(19).
Nov. 8, 2021, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"According to the government’s delegate for gender violence, as of August 19 partners or former partners were responsible for the deaths of 40 women. According to the General Council of the Judiciary, 21,217 cases of gender-based violence were prosecuted in 2018. The Observatory against Domestic and Gender Violence reported 166,961 complaints of gender-based violence in 2018. There were 40,319 allegations of gender-based violence in the first quarter of the year. Independent media and government agencies generally paid close attention to gender-based violence" (15). "In 2018 Catalonia only accepted 48 percent of victims’ requests for protective measures, such as restraining orders, for victims of gender violence. In February the Catalan regional...more
Nov. 4, 2021, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Luxembourg
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"...The law prohibits domestic violence, and the government effectively enforced the law. The law is gender neutral and provides for the removal of abusers from their residences for a 14-day period that can be extended once for an additional three months upon request of the victim. Penalties may include fines and imprisonment. Police are required to investigate if an NGO reports having been approached by an individual for assistance in cases involving domestic abuse" (9) "In 2018 authorities investigated 122 accusations of indecent assault and 76 cases of rape, representing modest decreases from 2017. In 2018 police intervened 739 times in domestic violence situations, and prosecutors authorized 231 evictions of...more
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Women in Kashmir have fell victims to domestic violence and sexual abuse by family members as well" (para 2).
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:41 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Domestic violence against women remained a serious problem. Spousal abuse was common. According to the Ministry of Internal Affairs, 761 cases of domestic violence were registered during the first nine months of the year. Police issued approximately 44,000 domestic violence warnings and protection orders during the first nine months of the year. Punishment included fines, emergency restraining orders of up to 10 days, ordinary restraining orders from one to six months, administrative arrest, and community service. Human rights groups noted that the ability of agencies to detect and report cases of domestic violence was limited. Human rights groups asserted that law enforcement often did not consider domestic violence to be...more
Nov. 3, 2021, 9:35 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Qualitative research in 2008 found that physical violence occurred in all 61 case study families, most commonly slapping, verbal abuse, punching, kicking, and hitting with thin sticks, electrical cables and shoes. Less typical violence included shooting at children, tying them up, washing them in cold water outside during winter and public humiliation. Corporal punishment was used on children as young as 2 or 3. No clear difference between punishment of boys and of girls was found" (2). "In the penal system, corporal punishment is lawful as a sentence for crime under Shari’a law. The Juvenile Code prohibits 'contemptuous and harsh punishment' (article 7) but states in article 39 that children...more
Nov. 1, 2021, 11:19 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"In July, Khan’s government was criticised by rights activists when news surfaced that it had sent the domestic violence protection and prevention bill 2021, designed to offer protection to women under threat from domestic violence, to the Council of Islamic Ideology (CII) for review. The body, made up entirely of men, examines laws to ensure they align with the values and rules of Islam. Last week, the CII criticised the bill and shared its concerns over 'un-Islamic injunctions' and said it would destroy the institution of the family" (para 13-14).
Oct. 25, 2021, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The government did not effectively enforce existing laws on child abuse, and physical and emotional mistreatment was common... UNICEF stated there were no effective interdisciplinary child and gender sensitive procedures or processes for handling child abuse reports, and the responsibilities of the responsible agencies were unclear. The child protection workforce, especially at local levels, from social workers to relevant professionals such as police, judges, prosecutors, teachers, and medical experts, was poorly trained, uninformed, and generally insufficient to address the problem" (31).
Oct. 18, 2021, 6:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits domestic violence against women and men, including spousal abuse, and the government generally enforced the law effectively" (18). " The government actively worked to combat child abuse. Penalties are generally severe" (22). "The GREVIO report found courts rarely applied legislative mechanisms to prioritize children’s safety in custody disputes and thus did not sufficiently incorporate children’s risk of exposure to violence in custody and visitation decisions. The report also found a lack of support and assistance for children who have witnessed violence" (22).
Oct. 4, 2021, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Each state secretariat for public security operated police stations dedicated exclusively to addressing crimes against women. State and local governments also operated reference centers and temporary women’s shelters, and many states maintained domestic violence hotlines. Despite these protections, allegations of domestic violence were not always treated as credible by police; a study in the state of Rio Grande do Sul found 40 percent of femicide victims had previously sought police protection" (20).
Sept. 29, 2021, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2, DV-DATA-1

"Domestic violence against women, including spousal abuse, was prevalent. A 2012/2013 gender assessment found a vast majority of women in the country suffered from domestic violence and concluded that 76 percent of women thought it was acceptable for a man to beat a woman for burning food, arguing, going out without telling the man, being negligent with children, or refusing to have sexual intercourse. For example, in Bamako, a man stabbed his wife to death before killing himself in September. In October a woman killed her husband in a Bamako neighborhood in retaliation for his previous violence against her. Spousal abuse is a crime, but the law does not specifically...more