The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for DV-PRACTICE-1

July 1, 2022, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"In relation to prosecution, a significant improvement in criminal case clearance by the Office of the Prosecutor General (OPG) was observed between 2013 and 2016 with a 27 per cent reduction of pending cases despite an increase of newly registered cases. This is due inter alia to the establishment of standards for individual performance assessment and the recruitment of new employees. As GBV cases comprise a great share of the criminal cases, these general improvements corroborate the State commitments toward an improved access to justice, including for women victims of violence. Nevertheless, formal access to justice for women experiencing DV remains a challenge, especially in rural areas" (16). "While suspended...more
June 7, 2022, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"In order to safeguard the rights and interests of women, efforts have been made to strengthen the development of the rights protection mechanism. Courts at all levels have set up collegial panels for women’s rights, or collegial panels against domestic violence, with nearly 8,000 cadres from women’s confederations acting as people’s jurors. More than 12,000 complaints stations and alert-the-police locations have been established for reporting domestic violence; rescue and assistance stations in nearly 60 cities have set up shelters for domestic violence victims. Counselling and complaints networks have been improved, with unimpeded channels for lodging complaints; the “12338” women’s rights hotline was opened in the country’s 31 provinces (autonomous regions...more
May 27, 2022, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"[T]he following activities were conducted... [e]stablishment of special bureaus at the Chief Public Prosecutors’ Offices in the cities with population above a certain number, with the purpose of efficiently investigating the offences emerging from domestic violence. Continuation of the pre-service and in-service trainings on domestic violence and violence against women, for the judges, public prosecutors, law enforcement officers and experts" (5).
May 27, 2022, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"While the law provides women the right to obtain a restraining order against abusers, the government did not enforce the law effectively" (25).
May 16, 2022, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Public discussions on issues such as domestic violence (against women), sexual harassment at the workplace or the position of inequality of women living in common law settings" (6). "Awareness on some values that are private, traditional or cultural and that are used to justify or perpetuate gender inequality and male dominance (sexual harassment, (domestic) violence (against women), the position of women in decision making)" (6). "The Ministry of Justice and Police provides resources for victims of domestic violence and continues to provide information on domestic violence through public television programs. There are victims rooms in several police stations in Paramaribo and Nickerie. Authorities have trained police units how to deal...more
May 12, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1, MURDER-DATA-1, DV-PRACTICE-1

"The law against gender violence stipulates stiff penalties for harassment and both physical and emotional abuse. The law states that sentencing for femicide is a mandatory 25 to 30 years in prison. Officials and civil society organizations agreed that domestic violence continued to be a serious crime. The PNP Specialized Unit for Domestic and Gender Violence created in 2018 continued to have 190 agents trained to work these cases. In June, Roberto Moreno Grajales was convicted and sentenced to 30 years prison for the 2016 killing of his former girlfriend, Diosila Martinez. He had originally fled to Costa Rica after the killing but was extradited in 2018 to Panama" (12).more
April 22, 2022, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"She called Quebec's Bill 92 creating a specialized court for sexual and domestic violence is a step in the right direction, but far from a conclusive solution to the various problems. 'I'm not sure it's as genuine as we would hope it would be in the sense that it's much more from pressure from the population that they have implemented these new bills,' said Gennesse, who added that only a few instances of domestic violence actually make it through the legal system and wind up in court" (para 14-15).
April 17, 2022, 12:06 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about the prevalence of gender-based violence against women, including domestic violence, and the feminization of poverty, disproportionately affecting women and girls belonging to disadvantaged and marginalized groups and facing intersecting forms of discrimination, across the territory of the State party" (2).
April 5, 2022, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Domestic violence was a significant problem, and the government took limited measures to prevent it during the year. The government issued protective orders mandating the separation of victims and abusers and provided temporary accommodations for the duration of the orders. It also operated crisis rooms that provided limited shelter and psychological and medical assistance to victims"(27). "On February 1[2019], a court in Valozhyn sentenced a local resident to 15 years in prison on a charge of beating his spouse to death in April 2018. The family, with two minor children, lived in a dormitory, and their neighbors told police the victim had complained of abuse and domestic violence. According to...more
March 28, 2022, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Latvia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Domestic violence remained a serious problem. In the first eight months of the year, police initiated 193 criminal proceedings for domestic violence and detained 70 persons. In the same period, police issued 497 restraining orders, similar to 2018. NGOs stated that in some domestic violence cases, police and doctors were reluctant to act to restrain or arrest domestic partners. Complaints to police about domestic abuse rarely resulted in the police’s issuing separation orders. Instead, police initiated criminal proceedings, administrative cases, or inspections. A pilot project in Liepaja focused on improving police training, communications, procedurals, and referrals. NGOs and government officials noted a strong increase in issued separation orders in Liepaja...more
March 25, 2022, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"In addition each prosecutor’s office has a prosecutor who specializes in handling domestic violence cases. These prosecutors can apply risk-assessment tools to avoid future risk of abuse to the victim and are enabled to recommend harsher sentences for repeat offenders and violators of protective orders" (22). "The rate of prosecution [for domestic violence] was low, however, and sentences were usually lowered by the country’s second-level court. Advocates and court observers asserted prosecutors and judges favored family unification over victim protection, with protective orders sometimes allowing the perpetrator to remain in the family home while a case was pending. Sentences ranged from judicial reprimands to six months’ to five years’ imprisonment....more
March 25, 2022, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Law enforcement bodies did not effectively investigate or prosecute most allegations of domestic violence" (28). "There were reports that police, especially outside Yerevan, were reluctant to act in such cases and discouraged women from filing complaints... Most domestic violence cases were considered by law as offenses of low or medium seriousness, and the government did not hire enough female police officers and investigators for field work to address these crimes" (28). "Asatryan, who was pregnant at the time, was beaten to death with a rubber pipe and a wrench. The suspect detained for the killing, Hakob Ohanyan, was Asatryan’s partner; media outlets reported he had subjected Asatryan to violence for...more
March 25, 2022, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The penal code allows men to use physical means, including violence, at their discretion against female and minor family members. Punishments issued by courts in domestic abuse cases were often minimal. In some cases, police shared a victim’s contact information with her or his family, which sometimes reached the assailant. In general, the government did not enforce domestic abuse laws effectively, and domestic abuse against women, including spousal abuse, remained a problem. For example, in February local and international media reported the case of Hind Albolooki, an Emirati woman who fled the UAE and attempted to claim asylum in Macedonia after allegedly receiving threats from family members for wanting a...more
March 21, 2022, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"significant disparity between the number of police interventions, the number of criminal charges filed and the number of persons convicted for domestic violence against women" (6).
March 15, 2022, 11:02 a.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: MURDER-DATA-2, DV-PRACTICE-1

"Domestic violence remained a pervasive problem. In the first eight months of the year, police received 27,914 domestic violence calls and started 5,362 pretrial investigations, 15 of which were for killings. In 2018 approximately 80 percent of all domestic violence reports were against women..." (11).
March 11, 2022, 9:21 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Yet these positive realities mask several insidious problems in Icelandic society, including persistently high rates of domestic violence and sexual abuse, as well as a justice system that remains suspicious toward the victims of these abuses. Scholars have termed this phenomenon the 'Nordic paradox.' Iceland and its fellow Nordic countries have been able to achieve significant structural equality for women in some areas, yet maintain disproportionate instances of violence against them. The brutality of life for many Icelandic women has been highlighted by a recent study for the Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. The authors traced admissions to the emergency department of Reykjavik’s main hospital, documenting not just the prevalence...more
March 10, 2022, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"While the government effectively enforced the law, its interpretation by religious courts in cases brought before them, not to civil courts, precluded full implementation of civil law in all provinces, such as in the case of an abused wife compelled to return to her husband under personal status laws, despite battery being outlawed in the penal code" (31). "NGOs and activists criticized the domestic violence law, claiming that it does not sufficiently protect victims or punish abusers, who they alleged often received disproportionately light sentences" (31). "Police and judicial officials worked to improve their management of domestic violence cases, but they noted that social and religious pressures--especially in more conservative...more
March 10, 2022, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"…[T]weed’s violence against women and children was publicly exposed years ago. He was sent to jail for eight years for child abuse in 2012" (Para. 4). "...Although the Order had expelled him when he was convicted of child abuse, some of the Orangemen present wore their sashes as a sign of respect. The “Qualifications of an Orangeman” state that he “should seek the society of the virtuous, and avoid that of the evil”. The Order’s grand secretary, Presbyterian minister Mervyn Gibson, said of the controversy: 'We have no comment to make'" (Para. 10). "Mid-way through the UN’s 16 days against violence against women, it should be noted that Northern Ireland...more
March 10, 2022, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The law requires all government authorities, courts, and social service institutions to use the 'best interests of the child' standard in all decisions affecting these children. The law imposes stiff prison sentences for sexual exploitation of children, abusing minors, and child trafficking, but these crimes were sometimes confused with each other. As a result, police did not always collect the correct kind of evidence to meet the prosecutor’s evidentiary burden, and judges at times failed to apply relevant penalty provisions, particularly in trafficking cases" (15).
March 9, 2022, 7:20 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Mr. Moshe, now her ex-husband, is in prison, convicted in August of attempted murder. He is awaiting a hearing on his sentencing and could spend 20 years or more in prison" (Para. 23). "One early legal victory came when the court also convicted Mr. Moshe of child abuse, although Leon, while deeply traumatized, was not physically hurt — a judicial precedent for Israel, according to Ben Maoz, Ms. Isakov’s lawyer" (Para. 26).
March 9, 2022, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"While law enforcement and judicial authorities are not reluctant to prosecute perpetrators of violence against women, victims frequently declined to press charges due to fear, shame, or ignorance of the law" (26). "In almost all cases, violence is not reported and the partners who are reported, mostly remain unpunished. The undeclared remains very high...Therefore only few victims have reported domestic violence, 7.5 per cent, of whom only 27.9 per cent had a partner accused, while 8.3 per cent had a partner convicted. In 2.6 per cent of cases, the trial is still ongoing" (28).
March 4, 2022, 6:57 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The law defines domestic violence as a specific offense. Police practice a 'no- drop' policy, whereby they are required to pursue investigations of domestic violence cases even if a victim later withdraws the accusation. Nonetheless, women’s organizations reported police did not consistently follow this policy. Courts dismissed some cases of domestic abuse and incest or gave perpetrators light sentences. Traditional and religious practices of reconciliation between aggrieved parties in both indigenous and Indo-Fijian communities were sometimes utilized to mitigate sentences for domestic violence. In some cases, authorities released offenders without a conviction on condition they maintained good behavior" (15-16). "...Women have the same rights and status as men under family...more
March 3, 2022, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"A woman in southern Guangdong Province who asked to use only her last name, Han, out of fears for her safety, said that she had endured years of physical and emotional abuse by her ex-husband. Even though she managed to secure a divorce last year, he continues to stalk and threaten her, she said. She obtained a restraining order, viewed by The New York Times, that cited chat logs and recordings" (Para. 26).
Feb. 28, 2022, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Laws against domestic violence remained poorly enforced, and violence against women, including domestic violence, remained a widespread and serious problem"(18)."On April 24, a woman died in Guazapa after being beaten by her husband days earlier. The Attorney General’s Office charged her husband with femicide"(18).
Feb. 28, 2022, 3:29 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Social service departments in each local authority in the country maintained confidential child protection registers containing details of children at risk of physical, emotional, or sexual abuse or neglect. The registers also included child protection plans for each child" (15).
Feb. 23, 2022, 3:02 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, the government did not enforce the law, particularly when violence occurred within the family. Police usually did not intervene in domestic disputes" (14). "NGOs, including the CLVF, criticized the failure of some judges to apply domestic violence laws, citing cases in which judges claimed lack of adequate evidence as a reason to issue lenient sentences. NGOs also criticized the government’s failure to permit associations to bring suits on behalf of victims" (14). "The Ministry of Justice is responsible for combating domestic violence, but it did not make public any programs to address rape and domestic violence" (15).
Feb. 17, 2022, 11:59 a.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Although the law criminalizes domestic violence, including psychological abuse, and stipulates a penalty of two years in prison or a fine if convicted, it requires the abuse to be habitual and the aggressor and victim to be 'cohabitating or lodging together.' Judges typically issued fines, but in some cases they sentenced offenders to jail to provide for the safety of the victim. In some instances the courts mediated domestic violence cases. According to NGOs and the Ministry of Women’s Affairs, domestic violence was widespread, and thousands of women received treatment for injuries sustained in domestic altercations. In many instances victims asked prosecutors to drop cases against their attackers due to...more
Feb. 11, 2022, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Violence against women, including spousal abuse, continued to be a serious problem that the government did not effectively address... The FILIA Center for Gender Studies and Curriculum Development--an NGO that aims to promote gender equality--stated that police lacked procedures for the implementation and monitoring of restraining orders" (22-23). "Courts prosecuted very few cases of domestic abuse. Many cases were resolved before or during trial when the alleged victims dropped their charges or reconciled with the alleged abuser" (23). "The government has not established a mechanism to identify and treat abused and neglected children and their families" (24).
Feb. 11, 2022, 5 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities prosecuted some domestic-violence crimes under provisions for assault or violence against a person, where they could seek harsher penalties. Women’s rights groups reported domestic violence frequently went unreported, however, and police often were reluctant to pursue reports of domestic violence" (32). "According to advocacy groups, police showed reluctance to investigate abuse cases, which in turn impacted prosecutorial outcomes" (34).
Feb. 5, 2022, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Conviction of abuse of a spouse or unmarried partner--regardless of gender--is punishable by one to two years’ imprisonment or longer if another crime is also applicable. The government did not effectively enforce domestic abuse law. NGOs stated domestic violence against women remained widespread. The Office of the Attorney General stated that the Bureau of Family Assistance and Minor Victims of Domestic Violence handled nearly 14,000 cases of domestic violence, most of which occurred in Maputo and Inhambane Province--an increase of nearly 11 percent from 2018. The Attorney General’s Office stated it processed nearly 7,000 cases of criminal domestic violence during the year. Many cases of domestic violence were not reported...more